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MORE ATTENTION TO BRIDGES
Greatest Menace to Tractor Which
Could 3e Put to More Use on Many
of the Small Farms."
We will never be able to readily
make much use of the gas or steam
tractor on the farms until we make UJD
our minds to pay more attention to our
roads and bridges. Especially the
bridges. They are the greatest men
ance to the tractor and the tractor's
driver, and there has been little im
. provement in the type of bridges since
the eng;ne was put to work on the
farms, writes William E. Rose of Iowa
in Farm Progress.
It is rather strange that we are will
ing to use the traction engine to pull
our road plows and our road graders
and still refuse to build bridges and
. culverts strong enough to allow the
same engine to pass in safety when
pulling a threshing outfit or a train of
farm wagons. But it is the truth, nev
In spite of all the possibilities of the
tractor, or the old-fashioned traction
engine, a lot of people look upon it as
an ;ugly contraption that ruins road
surfaces, smashes culverts, breaks
down bridges, scares horses and sets
fire to meadows and rail fenoes.
It is altogether wrong. We could
make splendid use of the tractor on
any and all farms of more than eighty
acres. Some day we will make these
engines do much of the work, the
heavy hauling done by horse teams,
and we will save1 money by BO doing.
But that time will not come until we
have better roads. And that cannot
comes to pass until we get a better su
pervision of road building than we
have at present.
In many states the traction driver
who crosses a bridge takes a chance
not only of injury to himself and his
expensive engine, but also assumes the
liability of having to repair the bridge
if he breaks it down. Such laws dis
courage the use of tractors as much
as they do better road building. The
bridges are the worst feature of this
The tractor has a right to use the
public highways. It has just as much
right to the public road as the heavy
automobile, the overloaded farm wag
on or any other heavy conveyance.
The men who build such engines and
the men who would like to own and
use them should insist that these ma
chines be given that right. No one
dreams of forcing the automobile off
the public highways now, and the over
loaded farm wagon has used the public
Ute Pass on Pike's Peak, Ocean to
roads since they were the merest
The heavy wheels and the weight of
& tractor help pack, the highways and
make them more durable. The big
wheels compact the road surface, and
this is one reason why the tractor is
BO efficient as a road grader and build
er. With good bridges and solidly built
-culverts there will be no trouble with
the usual type of tractor, whether gas
We are going to have to pay more
attention to the kind of work contrac
tors do on our steel and concrete
bridges and we will be forced to see
that the original specifications make
allowance for the weight of tractors.
Change to Broad Tires.
I* ? wagon can be changed from nar
row tires to broad tires at a very
?mall cost Don't wait for a law to
force this- upon you. Do it for the
sake of the roads, for the sake of your
tax money which maintains good
Good roads will encourage the coun
try folks to come to town, and will
bring the city folks out in the country
for fresh air.
Good Roads Advocates.
It is gratifying to observe that ev
ery owner of an automobile immedi
ately becomes an advocate of good
Having Hard Roed.
Good roads appear to be having a
GOOD USES FOR KEROSENE
Excellent for Cleaning Glassware
Will Remove Rust From Kitchen
Stove-Fer thc Refrigerator.
A little kerosene added to very hot
writer will make windows, locking
glasses and picture glasses bright and
clear. Use a small, clean cloth, wring
it dry and rub it over the glass, after
wiping down the framework with an
oiled cloth. Then proceed to the next
window and treat it similarly on both,
sides. After that go back to the first
one and wipe it dry with a large clean
cloth. No real polishing is required
and the window or glass will look
clear and shiny.
Kerosene will clean your hands bet
ter than anything else after blacking
a range or stove. Pour a little in the
water, wash your hands in it, then
wash them in tepid water, and finally
with plenty of soap and a stiff brush
in hot water. If possible finish up by
rubbing the hands with lemon and
rosewater and glycerin.
When your kitchen sink is rusty rub
it over with kerosene.
Squeaks in shoes may sometimes be
prevented by dipping the soles in kero
The white spots appsaring in the
spring on the lining of your refrigera
tor will disappear if you rub the zinc
with kerosene. Leave the refrigerator
open several hours, then wash with
water, soap and ammonia. The re
frigerator will then be clean and
sweet and all spots will have disap
To clean painted walls wipe them
first with a cloth wet in kerosene and
let stand 15 minutes. Then wash the
walls with good warm soapsuds, but
do not rub soap on the cloth, or the
paint will be streaked. Rub spots of
tar or pine pitch on clothing in kero
sene before washing them.
MANY WAYS TO SERVE EGGS
Albumen Water, for One Thing, lt
Palatable and Highly Beneficial
After a bilious attack or any other
kind of stomach trouble when a child
cannot digest the yolk of the egg, it
is possible to make the needed albu
men more palatable by poaching just
the white, removing the yolk before
the white is dropped into the poacher.
Of course this can only be done in
the transition period after the albu
men water (raw white shaken np in
water) is no longer strong enough.
Those who have babies generally
know how to make albumen water,
but for the benefit of those who do
not know, the proportion depends
upon the age of the child.
The usual formula for older chil
dren is the white of one egg shaken
up in a glass of water, put on ice or
served with ice chopped with a little
orange juice for flavoring, if the doc
tor will allow lt.
A refreshing drink for a sick person
is the white of egg shaken up in two
thirds of a glass of water, mixed with
the juice of a whole orange and half
a lemon, with a little cracked ice.
The acid cuts the albumen and pre
vents the stringiness besides adding a
delicious flavor, coolir/g to a fevered
Have butcher cut 1% pounds of
round steak into small squares. Put
meat, with one small onion chopped
iir_e, in frying pan with two table
spoonfuls of butter and simmer for
a few minutes. Cover with boiling
water and boil-not too rapidly-until
tender. Add four potatoes, cut into
small cubes the last 15 minutes.
Mike pie crust and line baking pan.
Prick and place in oven until dry but
not brown. Put stew into this, adding
one-half teaspoonful of chopped pars
ley, one-quarter teaspoonful of black
pepper and one-half teasjoonful of
salt. Put on top crust and brown in
oven. Serve from baking dish. Mush
rooms may be added with potatoes if
The juice of two oranges, two lem
ons, a pint of cream and a cupful of
sugar sirup (or less, depending upon
the fruit). Strain the juice and add
the cream and sirupt then freeze.
The proportion of ice and salt for
ice cream is one part salt to three
For ices and sherbets use one part
salt to four parts of ice. For packing
use one part of salt to four parts of
Ice. Use a gunnysack and a heavy
mallet to crush the ice.
Take one pint of lentil pulp, one-half
pint of bread crumbs (entire wheat
preferred), three beaten eggs, two
tablespoonfuls of grated onions, one
quarter cupful of butter. Salt and pep
per to taste. Mix ingredients together,
cook in double boiler or steam until
eggs are set. Chill, then form in cro
quettes. Dip in egg, roll in crumbs
arid fry in deep fat. To add one-half
cupful of shredded English walnuts
or pecans imparts a rich, delicate fla
Mince cold boiled tongue and mix
It with half as much finely diced cel
ery. Moisten with mayonnaise and
to a cupful add a tablespoonful of
good tomato catchup. Spread between
white bread and butter.
Take an even quantity of cold,
cooked vegetables-peas, turnips,
beets and potatoes, cut fine. Add a
little minced onion. Cover with salad
dressing, mix lightly and serve cold.
cf its Value
"One of our sales
men demonstrated th
value of the Long Dis
tance Telephone to us
He was at Huntsville
Ala., and upon hisowi
responsibility put ii
Long Distance calls for fifteen merchants within J
radius of several, hundred miles.
"In less than one hour he had sold 2100 barrel,
of flour at a total cost to us of less than six dollars
"Since then we have applied the Long Dintana
Bell Telephone to every feature of our business wit!
most profitable results. The service is fine, th<
rates are reasonable and there is more satisfactior
in one Long Distance Telephone talk than in hal
a dozen letters"
SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE
AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY
Box 42, Columbia, S. C.
FRESH AIR BAKING MEANS
"li/ES! I am doing all my baking in
1 a NEW PERFECTION Oven on a
NEW PERFECTION Oil Cook
stove this summer."
"It bakes bread so richly browned-such
delicious biscuits - such light, fluffy
The secret is the current of fresh hot air
passing continually over and under the
food-drying out the steam and preven
ting sogginess, an exclusive advantage
of the NEW PERFECTION Oven.
With a NEW PERFECTION Oil
Oven you can have a cool, clean kitchen
all summer. No wood to cut; no coal
to carry; no smoke or ashes.
The NEW PERFECTION is like a
gas stove. It is ready day or night.
Needs no priming. Made in 1, 2, 3
and 4 burner sizes. Hardware dealers
and general stores everywhere.
Use Aladdin Security Oil
or Diamond White Oil
to obtain the best results in oil
Stoves, Heaters and Lamps.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
Washington, D. C.
Charlotte, N. C.
Charleston, W. Va.
Charleston, S. C.
Cured-no cutting, no pain, no danger, no detentio
from business. Testimonials furnished from peopl
YOU lenow. Call on or write me for particulars an
_ information regarding my advanced method of treatin
~" Piles, Nerve, Blood, Skin and special diseases of me
25 years' experience. Consultation Free. DR. W. R
REGISTER, 506 Union National Bank Building, Columbia, S. C.
Winthrop College Scholarship
and Entrance Examination.
The examination for the award of
vacant scholarships in Winthrop
College and for the admission of
new students will be held at the
County Court House on Friday,
July 2, at 9 a.m. Applicants, must
not be liss than sixteen years of
age. When scholarships are vacant
after.lilli 2, they will be awarded
to those making the highest average
at this examination, provided they
meet the conditions governing the
award. Applicants for scholarships
should write to President Johnson
before the examination for scholar
ship examination blanks.
Scholarships are worth $100 and
free tuition. The next session will
open September 15, 1915. For fur
ther information and catalogue, ad
Pres. ?. 13. JOHNSON,
Rock Hill, S. C.
J. C. LEE, President
F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas
FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to build, remodel or repair,
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture anti deal in doors, sash, blinds
stains, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber,
lath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets.
Our Motto: SS
H?tjl Slate Victoria Shingla Imperial Shingle Oriental Shingle
The four designs of Cort right Metal Shingles as shown above are
made in any of the following ways :
1. Stamped from Tin-plate and painted Red.
2. Stamped from Tin-plate and painted Green.
3. Stamped from Tin-plate and Galvanized by a hand-dipping process.
4. Stamped from special tight-coated Galvanized Sheets.
Each and every genuine Cortright Metal Shingle is embossed with this
Trade-mark, "Cortright Reg. U.S. P?t. Off." 6
For Sale by
STEWART & KERNAGHAN
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Feeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
See our representative, C. E. May.
SWIFTS WAR MESSAGE
Safety First ?
Fight for Maximum
WIN WITH SWIFT'S
'It Pays to Use Them.
Insufficient plant food means to the growing plant just what in
sufficient food means to the human body.
Why buy Nitrate of Soda? SWIFT'S TOP DRESSER produces
better results with less money invested-means ECONOMY, RE
Cotton acreage has been reduced and plant food curtailed, there
fore crop conditions require immediate application of SWIFT'S TOP
DRESSER to assure COMPLETE maturity, which means bigger
SWIFT'S TOP DRESSER is well balanced-high In QUICK acting
Ammonia-sufficient Phosphoric Add and Potash to supplement
needed plant food.
Use SWIFT'S HIGH GRADE TOP DRESSER. Means more crop!
More Quality! More Money I
SWIFT & COMPANY
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
WILMINGTON, N. C. - COLUMBIA, S. C. - CHESTER, S. C.