Newspaper Page Text
jjWELVE GOOD SILO MASONS
.One Great Obstacle, the Cost, May Be
Partly Overcome by Construct
ing Pit Affair.
f Snail I build a silo?
This question is being asked by the
.more enterprising farmers and ranch
men all over the West
The cost of the silo is the greatest
obstacle, but if this stands seriously
?in the way a pit may be dug and fin
ished at a cost not exceeding fifty to
.<5ne hundred dollars for material. Pit
ellos are very satisfactory and are
certainly to be desired rather than
to have no silo at all .
Twelve good reasons why the farm
er should provide himself with a silo
?are given, by T. B. Woodward of the
jdairy division. United States d?part
ement of agriculture, in Farmers' Bul
letin. No. 556. Every one of them
toadies some spot of vital importance
Ito the feeder.
L. More feed can be stored in a
given space in the form of silage that
In the form of fodder or hay.
! 2. There is a smaller loss of food
material when a crop is made into
silage than when cured as fodder or
3. Corn silage ls a more efficient'
feed than corn fodder.
4. An acre of corn can be placed
in the silo at less cost than the same
ftrea can be husked and shredded.
5. Crop can be put in the silo dur
ing Weather that could not be utilized
for making hay or curing fodder.
6. More stock can be kept on a
A Battery of Silos on a Pennsylvania
iven area of land when silage is the
asis of the ration.
7. There is less waste in feeding
ilage than in feeding fodder. Good
pilase properly fed is all consumed.
8. Silage is very palatable.
9. Silage, like other succulent feeds,
has a beneficial effect upon the diges
10. Silage is ihn cheapest and best
form in which a succulent feed can be
provided for winter use.
IL Silage can be used for supple
menting pastures more economically
than can soiling crops, because it re
quires less labor, and silage is more
12. Converting the corn crop into
Silage clears the lund and leaves it
ready for another crop.
Almost anything in the way of for
age crops may be put into the silo
and Will keep until it is needed.
Abuse generally educates the cow
. * *
Peanuts make a splendid crop on
the dairy or hog farm.
? A good dairy cow is the most proflt
iable piece of property on the farm.
< * *
' Keep the cows clean and you will
not have so much trouble with stringy
a?lk, ' Y
. . .
Tiie-income of the dairy is the most
: constant m.'? systematic income of the
% * *'
\ For dairy cows the temperature of
the hara should not fall below 40 de
grees or rise above 60 degrees*
. . .
The good milker is the cow that
tarns the most feed into the-largest
flow of good, rich, healthful milk.
m m .rn
The young calf's digestion ls very
easily upset Be careful that it is
rightly fed and kept in clean quarters.
. . .
Leave all other work to help a
cow that appears to be in trouble,
whether it is your cow or your neigh
. . .
. Carelessness is one of the most
!co!Wso" causes of failure on thc dalry
'tarin. Look to your work and to the
details every day.
KEEP UP FERTILITY OF SOIL
When Trees Begin to Show Signs of
Starvation Nothing Is Better Than
Application of Manure. -x
A great many farm orchards' have
been left in tod for many years and
are in 6Gd ki ih? present time. Many
are cultivated each year and the crop
taken off the land, says farmer's
Guide. In most cases no effort has
been made to keep up the fertility of
the soil. Apples are as profitable as
any crop grown on the farm. If the
trees are not taken care of, a farmer
has no reason to expect that they will
give good yields. You do not expect
hogs and cattle to thrive without reg
ular feed, and just as truly the trees
will fail if you starve them. The only
difference is, that because of a store
of food In the earth, trees will live a
long time between feeds. This is so
true that young trees growing on rich
land need no feed until after the fruit
ing years begin. But after a tree has
borne three or four crops, it will be
much less vigorous. Th? leave.8 will be
smaller and of a lighter color, and
they will be noticed to drop quite
early in the fall. The leaders will
make but slow growth, perhaps none
& all, where a few years earlier theF
?xf?nded ten or twelve inches a year.
Tk? difference will be noticed in the
size' 6? the apples, for they will be
small ?i? Imperfect. ^^$53??r
All these' changes are danger sig
nals. Yotif'&eef are feeling th? ex
haustion of ft&Vattofl. The remedy
is manuring, and nuning ls so Cheap
as the barnyard mttt?fe for lt contains
matter which the soil fJ?edja td restore
its primitive condition. Do ?rot feed
in a half-hearted way, for wU?S # tree'
feeds only once in eight or tefl f?&f?
it needs a good big feed. Manure ?p
plied at the rate of 15 to 20 loads per
acre is none too heavy.
GOOD PROTECTION FOR TREE
Where Splitting ls Threatened as Re
sult of Storm or Heavy Fruit
Screws Ma)' Be Used.
When trees threaten to split down
as a result of wind storms or the bur
den of fruit they can easily be pro
tected by the use of ordinary lag
screws which can be bought at any
They should be six or eight inches
long and your blacksmith will turn the
heads into a hook as shown in the
picture. Bore holes into the trees
deep enough to give the screws a
start without splitting the wood, screw
them hi solidly and connect with a
Protection for Tree.
wire cable. Do not use rope because
that stretches when wet and is there
fore of no account.
This same method may be used to
prevent the splitting off of large
branches, always taking care that the
screws enter the tree and the branch
in such position that the wire will
form a straight pull and not an angle,
as it is likely to cause a split.
PRUNING OF THE PEACH TREE
Limited Amount of Summer Work Can
Be Done to Advantage-Reduce
Operations to Minimum.
Sometimes the owner of a peach or
chard will find it necessary to prune
his trees throughout the winter when
ever the weather is suitable for men
to work in the orchard, particularly if
the operations are very extensive. But
if the fruit buds are endangered dur
ing the winter by adverse tempera
tures, it may be advisable to delay
pruning as much au economic condi
tions permit until set tled spring weath
er arrives. This is especially advis
able if heavy heading in ot the pre
vious season's growth, is involved,
since the proportion of live buds may
determine the extent to which the cut
ting back should be earried.
A limited amount of summer prun
ing usually can be done to advantage.
The trees should be observed con
stantly throughout the season of active
growth. Whenever a branch is seen
which ls so placed that ft obviously
will need to be removed at the annual
pruning for the shaping up of the tree,
it is well to take it off at once. In
this way the annual pruning can be
reduced to a minimum and the removal
of large-limbs rarely will be necessary.
Support for Raspberries.
All of the black and purple varieties
of raspberries do better if provided
with a support or trellis to prevent the
canes bending over and dragging the
Wake up b?l?Iis !
The Bell Telephone is the Big Ben of Business.
Ring up on the Bell.
You may talk about dull times 'till you lose
your breath but it won't help matters, save your
breath to talk into your Bell Telephone.
Ring up old customers, then start on a fresh list
of prospects, there is no quicker way - none that
saves more time or expense.
If you haven't a Bell Telephone, get one now?
Call the Business office for rates, ~
SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE
AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY
Box 42, Columbia, S. C.
NO MORE DRUDGERY
NEW PERFECTION Oil
Cookstoves have made cook
ing easier and kitchens
cleaner tor 2,000,000 housewives.
No more drudgery-no more
wood-boxes, coal-scuttles, and ash
The NEW PERFECTION lights
instantly -like gas, and regulates
high or low by merely raising or
lowering the wick. You can do
all your cooking on the NEW
PERFECTION-just as cheaply
and twice as conveniently as on
your coal range.
Ask your dealer to show you the
NEW PERFECTION No. 7 with
the new oven that becomes a fire
less cooker merely by pulling a
damper. Also the PERFECTION
WATER HEATER. It makes you
independent of your coal range -
gives you plenty of hot running
Use Aladdin Security Oil
or Diamond White Oil
to obtain the best results in oil
Stoves, Heaters and Lamps.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
Washington, D. C
Charlotte, N. C
Charleston, W. Va.
Charleston, S. C.
Long-Term Loans to Farmers a Specialty.
Your farm land accepted as security WITHOUT ENDORSER or
other COLLATERAL. Unlimited funds immediately available in de
nominations of Three Hundred and np. Established 1892.
JAS. FRANK & SON, Augusta, Ga.
Winthrop College Scholarship
and Entrance Examination.
The examination for the award of
vac mt 3cl/0larships in Winthrop
College and for the admission of
new students will be held at the
County Court House on Friday,
July 2, at 9 a. m. Applicants must
not be less than sixteen years of
I age. When scholarships are vacant
after Julj 2, they will be awarded
to those making the highest average
at this ^tofr/ati.on, provided they
meet the CPWHttina governing the
award. App* ^atlt?for scholarships
should write to President Johnson
before the examination for scholar
ship examination blanks.
Scholarships are worth #100 and
free tuition. The next session will
open September 15, 1915. For fur
ther information and catalogue, ad
Pres. D. B. JOHNSON,
Kock Hill, S. C.
I J. C. LEE, President F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas.
FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to build, remodel or repair,
we invite your inquiries. ,
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber,
lath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Flintkote rjooflng
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dug?S Streets*
Our Motto: S
OVER WOOD SHI NGLES
No Dirt. No Exposure. Inexpensive. Make tho roof FIREPROOF instead of FIRE
INVITING. A stormproof roof that will (re* you from ?ll repair expose, ?ad last M
lons as tho building.
7 For Sah by
STEWART & KERNAGHAN
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Feeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
ffX?~ See our representative, C. E. May.
SWIFTS WAR MESSAGE
Fight for Maximum
WIN WITH SWIFT'S
It Pays to Use Them."
Insufficient plant food means to the ?rowing plant just what in
sufficient food means to the human body.
Why buy Nitrate of Soda? SWIFT'S TOP DRESSER produces
better results with less money invested-means ECONOMY, RE
Cotton^ acreage has been reduced and plant food curtailed, there
fore crop conditions require immediate application of SWIFT'S TOP
DRESSER to assure COMPLETE maturity, which means bigger
SWIFT'S TOP DRESSER is well balanced-high m QUICK Acting
Ammonia-sufficient Phosphoric Acid and Potash to supplement
needed plant food.
Use SWIFT'S HIGH GRADE TOP DRESSER. Means more crop !
More Quality I Mora Money!
SWIFT & COMPANY
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
WILMINGTON, N. C.
COLUMBIA, S. C. - CHESTER, S. C.