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PRODUCTION OF BABY BEEF
Animals Used for This Purpose Must
Be Well Bred and of Fine Qual
ity-Keep Them Fleshy.
**What is meant by the term 'baby
beef and what kind of cattle are
used in baby beef production?" was
a question which was put to Profes
sor G. W. Barnes, farm advisor on
live stock of the Agricultural Exten
sion Service of the University of
Arizona College of Agriculture. He
answered that fat cattle between the
ages of one and two years, weighing
between eight and eleven hundred
pounds, are used.
They must be well bred and of tine
quality. Such cattle can be finished
quicker e.nd are the only class of |
cattle which can be used in the pro
duction of baby beef. Tbe cattle to
be used for this purpose should not be
allowed to lose their baby flesh or
baby fat. They must be kept fleshy
from start te finish, for when they,
once become run down, it is a difficult
proposition to have them finished for
market under eighteen months. They
must be fed a liberal ration of fat
producing feeds, especially grains.
"When beginning to feed baby beeves,
tiley should receive large quantities
of alfalfa or cowpea hay, or other
such rough feeds as will increase their
digestive capacity so they can handle
large quantities of grain. If heifer
calves instead of steers are to be fed,
they will finish more quickly and
should be marketed earlier.
The younger the prime heifers are
at the time of marketing, the less
discrimination in price will the butch
er make between heifers and steers.
The most common mistake is that of
marketing before the individual ls
ready or ripe.
MANAGING THE HOG PASTURE
Desirable to Have Alfalfa Fenced Off
into Suitable Areas to Secure
While a few hogs can be raised
confined in limited quarters, provided
such quarters are kept clean, they
will do better, remain healthier and
produce pork more economically if
tbey have plenty of alfalfa range,
according to Prof. G. W. Barnes,
farm advisor on live stock of the
University of Arizona. College of Ag
riculture extension service.
It is desirable to have the alfalfa
pasture fenced off into suitable areas,
so that the hogs can be shifted from
one pasture to another. This will not
<m]y provide fresh pasture, but will
(fire an opportunity to cultivate, and
1 need be, to disinfect.
. Practically all cases of intestinal
-warms, which are common in swine,
?re contracted from infected grounds;
therefore, by pasture rotation you
caa help keep your hogs free from
STRIVE TO PREVENT CHOLERA
When. Disease Attacks Herd Secure
Services of Competent Veterinary
-.Follow His Directions.
The only way to cure hog cholera
ls to prevent it. This might be said
cf almost any disease, human, bovine
The prevention, however, is not al
ways in the hands of the farmer, but
lt is generally. When hog cholera
attacks your herd, or what you believe
to be hog cholera, either secure a
competent veterinarian In your vicin
ity or apply to the veterinary depart
ment, of your state. Have them send
a veterinarian to visit your farm, and
Jail enough hogs to find out what is
the matter. Then follow his direc
While this is going on, don't allow
any person to visit your farm, and
don't visit any other farm. If dogs
come about your place, shoot them.
If you have pigeons about, shoot them.
Benefits of Cattle Feeding.
Cattle feeding will enable the man
ager to dispose* of his surplus feed
In a profitable manner, afford more
barnyard manure with which to en
rich his land. It will also be the
means of diversified farming in which
rotations may be planned, not only to
smpply a variety of feed for the stock,
but also with special reference to im
proving the fertility of the soil.
By AUGUSTUS G. SHERWIN.
(Copyright. 1914, by W. G. Chapman.)
"Well, boys," spoke Stephen Dale in
a brisk hearty way, "here we all are
and* we will now proceed to the di
vision of the spoils!"
His three elder sons, Henry, Claud
and Montgomery, looked impressed
and eager. His youngest, Jack, smiled
in half pleased interest.
The four sons sat at a table facing
their father, who had at his elbow a
pile of documents and a check book.
"I have brought you all together,"
he now announced, "to tell#you that,
having all of you reached man's es
tate, it ls time that you should assume
some personal independence and re
sponsibility. I'm not going to leave
my estate so that there will be a
family squabble over it. I'm going to
divida it up. Here. Now. Fairly."
Claud, the lawyer, who had changed
his name to Claudius, because he
fancied it sounded more classical,
pricked up his ears and looked serious.
"I'll tell you at the start," pursued
the indulgent father, "that whoever
takes Idlewild here, the family home,
will be the wise fellow in the end.
' "You can have your choice, Claud,
being the eldest-the home or $25,
"H'm!" observed Claudius gravely,
"with a vast political future ahead of
me, the ready cash will best help me
reach the destined goal of my ambi
"Very good," nodded Mr. Dale.
"And you, Monty?"
"I," replied Montgomery with short
and snappy precision "expect to re
ceive a general's commission in time.
The money will help me get it"
"And you, Hank?"
"I am devoted to club life. In debt
and need a fixed cash income, my good
father," he said, "so ? fancy the ready
money would suit me best"
? "Of cour se I'll take the old home, if
I'm lucky enough to deserve it" spoke
bluff honest Jack.
Stephen Dale -darted a grateful, af
fectionate glance at his youngest and
favorite son. He drew out the three
checks and passed them around.
"One word more," 1 he spoke, as
their recipients arose to get them
cashed as quickly as possible.
"There's something else. See here,
boys, my experience teaches me that
there's nothing so steadies a young
man as getting married. Now then,
to the first one of you who takes a
wife I will give $10,000, to the second
$5,000, to the third, $3,000 and to the
last, $1,000. By the way," he added,
a suggestive twinkle in his merry eye,
"I'm thinking you won't have to look
far to find the prettiest heiress in the
x country right nigh to hand."
Each one of the three knew whom
he meant-Miss Dalia Bliss, not a
mile away. It was said she was to
have half a million in her own right.
It was strange, hut each one of the
trio departed determined to call upon
the young lady in question and see
how the land lay.
Two mornings later Claud met Hen
ry and Monty. He informed them that
he had called upon Miss Bliss the eve
ning previous. Her father had been
greatly interested in his long talk
about the law.
Then Monty in undress military uni
form went to see the heiress.
Henry's turn followed. He fancied
he was irresistible and languidly in
formed his brothers that he believed
he would take the girl on a chance.
Miss Bliss had beencdreadfully em
barrassed at being taken by storm by
three impetuous suitors. Then she
had told them in her pretty, artless
way that she was already engaged.
About three o'clock one afternoon
Jack, plain, simple, unostentatious
Jack to the end of the chapter, direct
ing some men in parking a roadway
running through the estate, looking
over iii the direction of the Bliss home
had noted a blue ribbon fluttering
from one of its windows. He quietly
left the direction of the workmen to
one of their number. In a 'few min
utes Jack had gained the hedge separ
ating the two estates.
Soon Dalia appeared. Certainly Jack
was her friend, that she should signal
him and now make a confidant of him,
and pour into the willing ears the
story of her persecution by three great
"And such nice brothers of yours
they are," she told Jack.
"What a terrible escape they have
had in evading the wiles of a young
lady who is not duly awed by their
grandeur and importance," smiled
It was the next morning that the
three city brothers were ready to de
part. They were just completing
breakfast when Jack made the re
"Father, if you don't mind, I think
I will run up to the city with the
"Surely, son," responded Mr. Dale.
"You will need some money, I sup
"No, I have enough for the one pur
chase I intend to make," assured Jack.
"It's a ring, father," and he darted a
teasing glance at the lawyer, the sol
dier and the fop-"a ring for Miss
Bliss. You see we have been engaged
for the last six months."
"Ha! ha! ha!" chuckled old Ste
phen Dale, slapping his knee with vira
as the trio arose from the table and
sneaked away, looking bored and em
barrasseS. "It seems to me, son Jack,
that you've got the best of it all
DUCKS REQUIRE DRY HOUSES
Old and Young Fowls Should Have
Comfortable Place to Sleep In-*
Dampness Is Disease Breeder.
v Ducks, both old and young, should
have a dry comfortable place to stay
in at night. If forced to sit on the
damp ground they are liable to take
cramps and cold in the head. The
latter is almost certain to turn to
Provide suitable houses if you wish
to be successful. The houses needjnot
be very expensive but they should be
substantial so that they may be used
for the same purpose several years In
There is usually some shed or build
ing that can be converted into a duck
house at small expense. Where only
a small flock is kept this plan is ad
If the roof is good the rest is easy.
If the weatherboarding is not suffi
ciently close to keep out drafts in
cold weather, cover the outside with
tarred paper or strip with lath.
A board floor is better than an earth
floor because the ducks will often stir
up the ground in a very disagreeable
manner where there is the least sign
In cold weather ducks should be
kept in the house because their feet
are so tender that when they come in
contact with the cold ground they
suffer greatly and hobble along as
though their backs were broken. How
ever, they should not be kept housed
more than Is really necessary.
FEED CHICKENS SOUR MILK
Liberal Supply Mixed With Corn Will
Keep Fowls In Healthy ?ind
(By A. C. SMITH. Minnesota Experiment
Sour milk Is utilized in ono of the
best possible ways by feeding it to
chickens. Those who think that they
get greater returns by feeding it to
hogs should remember that the flesh
of chickens brings at least twice as
much on. the market as that of hogs.
Milk and corn are both liked by
.chickens, and a proper mixture of the
two makes one of the best and most
appetizing rations for the season when
the days are warm and the nights
cool. For the best results the corn
should be cracked and soaked several
hours in either stveet or sour skimmed
milk or in buttermilk. The corn may
be put in pails in tho morning and
the milk poured on until the top of
the corn is submerged two or three
Inches. When this has been absorbed
more should be added at Intervals
during the day and the mixture will
be excellent for feeding by night.
A liberal supply of this ration will
keep the chickens growing rapidly and
insure their being constantly plu rm
and in excellent condition for the
market. Try it once and the fowls
will tell you whether they like it. Try
it two weeks or a month and they
will show you whether it ls a good
. and economical feed.
FOR CARRYING EGGS SAFELY
Oregon Man Invents Frame Divided
Into Plurality of Compartments,
With Flexible Sling.
In illustrating and describing an egg
holder, invented by Henry S. West
brook of Portland, Ore., Scientific
The invention relates to egg hold
ers, and more particularly to a device
whereby eggs may be safely held In
carrying, shipment, storage, or in
otherwise handling the same. It pro
vides a frame divided into a plurality
of compartments, each compartment
having a flexible egg sling so disposed
and held within the frame that the
egg carried thereby Is prevented from
contact either with any portion of the
frame or any other egg held thereby.
CAN INVENT NO SUBSTITUTE
Science Not Yet Able to Find Any
thing to Take Place of Egg
Food Controls Flavor.
To date science has been unable to
invent a substitute for the egg. The
older the egg, the less is that sweet,
rich flavor noticeable.
It is of more importance to know
the average of the flock.
There is nothing in the theory that
the "sweet, rich flavor" of the egg
belongs to the breed.
That condition is alone brought
about by the quality of the food given
to the fowls.
Three Splendid Breeds.
White Wyandottes for broilers and
winter eggs; Light Brahmas for roast
ers and T/inter eggs; and White Leg
horns for summer eggs, make a good
combination for a large farm.
Your Cough Can be Stopped.
Using care to avoid draughts, ex
posure, sudden ch inges, and taking
a treatment of Dr. King's New Dis
covery, will positively relieve, and
in time will surely rid you, of your
Cough. The first dose soothes the
irritation, checks your Cough, which
stops in a short time. Dr. King's
New Discovery has been used suc
cessfully for 45 years and is guar
teed to cure you. Money back if it
fails. Get a bottle from your Drug
gist; it costs only a little and will
help you so much.-3
Premier Carrier of the South
Schedule effective April 18, 1915.
Trains arrive from
208 Augusta, Trenton 8:20 am
230 Columbia, Trenton 10:55 a m
232 Charleston, Aiken 5:05 pm
206 Columbia, Tienton 8:35 p m
Trains depart to
209 Trenton, Columbia 7:20 am
231 Trenton, Augusta 10:10 a m
229 Aiken, Charleston 11:20pm
290 Trenton, Augusta 7:40 pm
Schedules published only as in
formation and are not guaranteed.
For further information apply
J. A. TOWNSEND,
. Edgefield, S. C.
Southern Railway Schedule.
Premier Carrier of the South
Reduced Fares From Edgefield
$13.40 Charlottesville, Va., and re-J
turn. Account Summer School,
U. of Va. Tickets on sale J une
20 to 28 inclusive. Return limit
15 days with privilege of exten
sion to Sept. 30, 1915, by depos
iting and payment of fee $1.00.
3.05 Rock JEHU, S. C. and Return
Account Winthrop College Sum
mer School. Tickets on sale
June 14, 15, 18 and 30, July 1
and 2. Return limit July 31,
$10.50 Knoxville, Tenn, and re
turn. Account Summer School.
U. of Tenn. Tickets on sale
June 20, 21, 22, 26, 27, July 2,
3, 10 and 17. Return limit 15
?days with privilege extension to
r'^fcpt. 30, 1915, by depositing and
payment fee 81.00.
I $7.10 Black Mountain, N. C., and
Return. On eale special dates in
June, July and August 1915, ac
count various meetings. Inquire
of agents for.details.
Also Summer Tourist Fares to j
many resort points. For additional
information communicate with
J. A. TOWNSEND, Ag't.
Edgefield, S. C., or Magruder|
Dent , Dist., Pa>s. Agent, Augus
No doubt you are, if
you suffer from any of thc
numerous ailments to
which au women are sub
ject Headache, back
ache, sideacbe, nervous
ness, weak, tired feeling,
are some ol the symp
toms, and vou must rid
yourself of them In order
to feel welt Thousands
of women, who have
bees benefited fa
remedy, urge you
? Cardui ?
The Woman's Tonie
Mrs. Sylvania Woods,
of Clifton Mills, Ky., says:
M Before taking Car dui,
I was, at times, so weak I
could hardly walk, arm
the pain in my back and
head nearly killed me.
After taking three bottles
of Cardui, the pains dis
appeared. Now I feel as
well as I ever did. Ever/
suffering woman should
tryCarduL'* Get a bottle
To Cure a Cold in One Day
Take LAXATIVE BROMO Quinine. It stops thc
Cough and Headache and works off the Cold.
Druggists refund money if it fails to cure.
E. W. GROVE'S signature on each box. 25c
IT MAKES flo
To Have A
Ctwstbt 1909, bj C. E. Zimmerau Co.--No. 44
OF all the unhappy homes,
not one in a hundred has a bank
account and not one home in a hundred who has a.
bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to*
put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E. Nicholson, Vice-President?
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Geo. W. Adam3, Thos. H. Rainsford, John
Rainsford, B. E. Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller, E. J. Mims, J. H..
We have accepted the agency for the
Ford Automobiles for Edgefield County,
and will have constantly on hand a stock
of Touring Cars and Run-Abouts. Shall
be pleased to show them to those who
contemplate buying a car. The Ford
cars defy Edgefield's winter roads.
They are an All-the-Year-Round Car
We will also carry a full assortment of
all parts of the Ford cars, and can fill or
ders at our Garage without your having
to wait to get extra paris by express.
Make your auto wants known to us, and
we will satisfy them cn short notice and
at reasonable prices.
Auto and Repair Shop
Edgefield, South Carolina
College of Charleston
South Carolina's Oldest College
131st Year Begins October
Entrance examinations at all the county seats on Friday, July
2, at 9:00 A. M.
Full four-year courses lead to the B. A. and B. S. degrees.
A two-year pre-medical course is given.
A free tuition scholarship is assigned to each county of the
Spacious buildings and athletic grounds. Well equipped
laboratories. Unexcelled library facilities.
Expenses moderate. For terms and catalogue address
HARRISON RANDOLPH, President.
Notice to Farmers
For the benefit of our friends we wish to advise
that you can bring all of your live stock intended for
sale to our
North Augusta Abattoir
Just East of North Augusta Bridge
and sell them to our customers without charges.
Express shipments of Live Calve?, Hogs and Lambs
should be made to office in Augusta, Ga. No charge made
for handling. . .
L. Scharff & Co.