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GOOD IN FLOWER GARDENS
j ^. -?
HTHelr Cultivation ls of Help to the
[ Children and to the Neigh
; Those having in charge the garden
.work of the city schools are also en
cduraging the building of children's
gardens at home. These juvenile ef
forts may control the whole garden or
be confined to a small space only, ap
propriate prizes having been offered
fox each, and also for every possible
phase cf home gardening. This work
should engage the serious attention
of every parent to the extent of pro
vision for children's gardens in the
homo premises just as soon as the
hardest seasonal rains are over, which
should be about the time these words
appear in print. Several years ago,
when personally interested in the start
ing of schcol gardens in Los Angeles
?the City Beautiful editor reprinted the
following goid reasons why children
should have home gardens and be en
couraged in the work. Nearly every
one of them applies with, equal force to
1. Wherever it has been tried, the
?children have been more willing to
stay at home and have taken more in
terest in the home because they love
2. They have learned to be neat and
regular in their work and to take a
i personal pride ,in it, that goes, a long
[way toward keeping them good and
1 3. It gives light and pleasant exer
cise in the open air and offers some
,thing that eau be seen and enjoyed in
(return for the work.
4. It gives safe companionship.
5. It teaches many things about out
door life that are worth much more
than those learned in the streets.
6. It makes the child feel that he
does something for the home, and this
is a great safeguard.
7. lt gives occupation and relieves
much of the restlessness that is so
'trying to the mother.
8. It gives a feeling of ownership
(and control that strengthens character, j
9. It will give flowers for the house
;ell summer and fall.
10. A flower garden is contagious.
'It 'appeals not only to its owner, but
fto a wide circle of people. In look-1
lng at it, neighbors begin to realize
that their houses, their lawns, their
'Walks, their doorways, their back
?yards, are all great gossips that tell
?tales to every passer-by, and unlike
.most gossips, they tell the truth.-Los
'Angeles Times. I j
PLAN FOR CITY MANAGERS
Kansas Municipalities May Be Given
i Power to Hire Expert to Look
An enabling act that will allow the
cities ox Kansas to name a city man
ager to handle all the business of a
ciiy was introduced in the senate by
'Senator Howe of Dickinson county.
Abilene, Senator Howe's home, has
been operating under a city ms.nager
plan. The bill provides for the se
lection of city commissioners and a
mayor as under the present commis
sion government law. They are to
receive a nominal salary and are di
rected to name a city manager, who
is to serve for an indefinite time,
and cannot be removed except upon
written chartres, and must be given
a chance to defend himself. All city
"employees are to be named by a civil
service board, except the heads of
each city department.
The commission is to have nothing
to do but pass ordinances for the gov
ernment of the city, and the city man
ager is to attend to all the business
of the city and is directly responsible
to the city commission for his acts.
The law requires that the manager be
.experienced in handling engineering
and utility problems.
The law is made optional and before
the city can hire a city manager a
vdte must be had in favor of the
Usefulness of Gardens.
: A writer in the Southern Woman's
jMagazine calls gardens "the solution
ffof misspent leisure in childhood."
"There is great economic truth," she
says, "at the bottom of the garden
movement, and its value has been rec
ognized long ago in European coun
tries, which have brought about differ
ent forms of development. Austria es
tablished experimental gardens in its
(rural schools as far back as 1869.
'Switzerland, Germany and England
have a garden course in their public
schools, while France goes farther and
?maintains not only flower and vege
table gardens, but Includes orchards,
forestry and bee industry. The garden
movement is of special significance in
'cities where large numbers of children
are turned out on the streets to loiter,
tease and maraud. When the welfare
workers and educators fully realize the
far-reaching value of this movement it
will spread like wildfire over the coun
It i t remarked that the school gar
den movement in this country had its
.beginning in Boston, but that Cleve
land's school board hps given it per
.haps tho greatest impetre. As the re
sult of it there ar* *r-; 1 to he 50,000
thone gardens in Cle'
PROPER SITE FOR VINEYARD
Hilly Ground Should Be Preferred,
With Slope Towards South-Fre
quent Cultivation Needed.
In selecting a site for a vineyard
hilly ground should be preferred and
the slope should be toward the south.
This will give the necessary air venti
lation and the hot sun for ripening.
Any soil that is not too poor will do,
but it should be free from hardpan,
as the deep roots protect the vines
during a drought. The first few years
after planting give the young vines a
chance to make a healthy growth.
Keep the weeds down with the fre
quent cultivation. This ought to be
kept up during the entire life of the
plant, for without it there can be no
great success in grape growing.
I believe I am safe in saying that
95 per cent of the vines in commercial
Grape ls Most Useful Fruit
vineyards, particularly around our
part of the country, are Concords,
writes J. P. Hess of Iowa in Orange
Judd Farmer. This is the great com
mercial grape. The sturdiness and
hardiness of its vines, which resist
both drought and freezing, and its un
failing production, make it of great
value. The fact that its picking sea
son extends over three weeks is also
an important item.
The grapes in our country are very
free from disease and insect pests.
Leaf hopper is a pest only where lack
pf cultivation allows the weeds to
grow under and about the vines.
Borers can be kept out by careful
pruning and cutting away all canes
where they appear and burning them.
Black rot appears only where rows
are too close together or on level
ground and in a wet season. These
are the only diseases or pests which
amount to anything with us. We do
not spray. In some places, however,
the requirements might he differer
CULTIVATE THE STRAWBEF
Plants Should Be Secured Prom
seryman Who Make: Spec;fdty
Them-Keep W'cds Out
Some >d :. '?tw ..; thc -romnit
growing v ' ro.? '>?.. rios . ra . shot
Bu* you* piants from some nu
man wiro leakes a specialty of
diing them. Uy doing this you ai
so liker, vc get '"n'.ix^l plants, ?
brown-rooted ones. Pick the
crowned pian ts and prune the
back to a?'out -i iee OJ- four inch'
Caramel ce cult vation as soon i
plants nre net and keep it u
autumn. Th soil muht be ioosenc
no weeds allowed to grow,
plants ha- ' done well di?rin? i
first summer mere should b
than six incl:e3 between the ru.
of adjacent p.'aats
They will bear the i:r?t year, ?
is better to pinch or? .ii' tue bk?
and wait for the si -.<.. ? year
Mulch with straw for ir w.iite;
ting it over then, tc a ? - !ith of
three inches. This st rar rak? l
from the plants in e. /. but
tween the rows to hold ? oist;;r,
lng dry weather.
PROPER DISTANCE "IO Pl. ,
Apple Trees Should Be Thi ./
Apart Each Way-Dwarf' 0?.cu
About Half of Spar.-.
Standard apples, 30 feet ap?. .
Standard pears and strong >
mg cherries, 20 feet apart of.ch
Duke and Morello cherrie^ i
Prunes, plums, apricots, i e
nectarines, 16 to 20 feet apart..
Dwarf pears, 10 to 12 feet apa
Dwarf apples, 10 to 12 feet
Grapes, rows 10 to 15 fet apa
to 16 feet in rows.
Evaporation of Fruits.
The main change which takes |
in the evaporation of fruits ls the
of water, but other changes a is
cur. Very often the right degrt
heat produces changes net u
these which occur duriug naturi
nnninir nf the ?lant.
I my horse is sick.
Prompt attention must be giv?
en ailing stock so that farm work may not be delayed.
Bell Telephone Service on the farm enables you
to get the veterinary quickly.
It also keeps you in touch with the markets and
If there is no telephone on your farm write to
day for our Free Booklet.
Farmers' Line Department.
SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE
AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY
Box 42, Columbia, S. C.
MAKE THE KITCHEN
DON'T swelter over
a hot coal stove this
summer. The NEW
PERFECTION Oil Cook
. nerdy by
y e ur dealer
l? gives you
: leaves you
, sooty coal
s in oil
Charlotte, N. C.
Charlei on, W. Va.
ICMJT ENDORSER or
.i' itely available in de
Write me and I will explain
how I was cured in four days
of a severe case of Pile of 40
vears' standing without pain,
knife or detention from busi
ness. No one need suffer from
this diseaae when this humane
cure can be had right here in
R. M. JOSE,
Route 4. Lamar, S. C.
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and glasses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds:
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
J. C. LEE, President
F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas.
FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to build, remodel or repair,
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber,
lath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets.
Our Motto: 8KB
Made in the old-fashioned way, by hand
dipping-one at a time.
As the Galvanizing is done after the shingles are
completely stamped to shape,-there are no exposed
or cracked edges. The heavy coating means long
life without attention.
8 For Sal? by
STEWART & KERNAGHAN
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Feeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
See our representative, C. E. May.
SWIFTS WAR MESSAGE
Fight for Maximum
. Crop Yield.
WIN WITH SWIFT'S
'It Pays to Use Them.
Insufficient plant food means to the growing plant just what in
sufficient food means to the human body.
Why buy Nitrate of Soda? SWIFT'S TOP DRESSER produces
better results with less money invested-means ECONOMY, RE
Cotton acreage has been reduced and plant food curtailed, there
fore crop conditions require immediate application of SWIFT'S TOP
DRESSER to assure COMPLETE maturity, which means bigger
SWIFT'S TOP DRESSER is well balanced-high in QUICK acting
Ammonia-sufficient Phosphoric Acid and Potash to supplement
needed plant food.
Use SWIFT'S HIGH GRADE TOP DRESSER. Means more crop!
More Quality! More Money!
SWIFT & COMPANY
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
WILMINGTON, N. C. - COLUMBIA, S. C. - CHESTER, S. C.