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?TREATING HOGS FOR CHOLERA
iSummary of Results Obtained From
Use of Serum Are Interesting
as Well as Valuable.
j(By GEORGE H. GLOVER, Colorado Ex
I Tn a recent report of the chief of
jthe bureau of animal industry, a sum
jmary of the results obtained from the
use of serum are interesting and valu
labio as indicating the usefulness of
?serum in infected herds. .
Of 16,152 hogs, where 70 per cent
;were sick with cholera and the serum
was given to all of them, only 24.3
per cent died. Without the serum a
loss of 75 per cent might have been
.expected. The value of the serum as
a cure is apparent. In 11,776 hogs
?that were x.-ell when given the serum
j but kept in herds with sick hogs, there
was a loss of 2.9 per cent, while in a
Itotal of 13,578 hogs that were healthy,
'then given the serum, and later ex
posed to cholera, there was a loss of
?only a little over one-half of one per
In the record kept by the Colorado
?Agriculture college, we find that in
?the San Luis valley, where hogs were
[not given the serum until the disease
appeared, there was a loss of about
22 per cent.
[INDIVIDUAL HOUSE FOR HOGS
Among Other Advantages They Are
, Light, Easily Moved to Fresh Soil
-Easy to Construct.
The Individual hog house for far
rowing, I think, has many advantages
over the combination sort, writes C. S.
Bratt of Fumas county, Nebraska, in
They are light, easily moved from
one lot to another, or to fresh soil in
the same lot, which is a good pre
ventive of disease.
The animal heat from the sow has a
greater influence or. the temperature
In cold weather than in the ordinary
combination hog house.
I have used individual houses seven
(feet long, seven feet wide of lumber,
but this year have added some made
?of galvanized sheet iron nailed on a
wooden frame. These are six feet
eight inches square at the base. They
?are warm and dry. I do not consider
?them as good for warm weather owing
to the sun's heat having so much in
fluence on them.
' Any fanner can make these sheet
iiron houses, as they are quite simple
Individual Hog House.
In construction. The material cost
me $7.50 each. For the frame I select
ed good 2 by 4 lumber and ripped
them in two making 2 by 2. I planned
my frame so as to nail all seams of
the sheeting over the wood. The gal
vanized iron I used is 26 gauge, 28 by
Use the large-headed galvanized
'SOLID TEETH ARE ESSENTIAL
!Loc'< at Ewe's Mouth Before Buying
Full-Mouthed Animal Can Be
Used for Breeding.
In buying ewes be'sure they stand
^well on their feet and have good
straight backs and good mouths.
"Broken-mouthed" ewes, that is, ewes
with broken teeth or badly worn down
Ishculd not be bought.
A sheep has one pair permanent in
cisor teeth when it is a year old, two
.pairs or full mouth at three years old.
A full-mouthed ewe can be used
for breeding even though she is as
'much as Ave years old.
; Use enough litter to keep the pens
When scouring give the pigs a good
,dose of common baking soda.
Keep the pens, troughs and barrels
clean. Don't overlook that.
' It is of importance that the brood
BOW be kept in a vigorous thrifty con
dition, not too fat but full of vitality.
Feed the brood sow protein foods as
i much as possible and avoid feeds rich
:in fat-forming elements.
The first requisite in the hog busi
ness is a good hog house well venti
lated, set with erds north and south.
' Brood Mares.
While the brood mares should not
be jammed about and abused, they
do require gentle exercise, light driv
ing and moderate work to keep their
digestion, respiration and circula
tion in good, healthy, normal condi
tion. Idleness and inactivity are not
conducive to the production of
strong, vigorous offspring.
FIGURE COST OF BAD ROADS
Hauling Produce More Expensive
Here Than in European Countries
--Total Haulage Expense.
"American farmers have begun to
figaire the matter of roads a little dif
ferently than in former years," says
President Claude .S. Briggs of the
Briggs-Detroiter company of Detroit.
"When the good-roads movement was
in its infancy they used to ask them
selves 'How much will good roads
cost me?' Thanks to the intelligent
propaganda of the daily and farm pa
pers as wefl as other agencies farm
ers are now asking themselves 'How
much are bad roads costing me?'
"According to government experts
the cost of hauling a ton of farm prod
uce a mile varies from seventeen
cents in localities where fairly hard
gravel roads exist to thirty-five cents
a ton in parts of the country where
the roads are in poor condition. $ On
the other hand, in those European
countries where hard roads prevail
the cost is as low as nine cents a ton
a mile. The department of agricul
ture has estimated that the total haul
Climbing the Continental Divide.
age expense to American farmers for
a year is approximately $500,000,000.
And every dollar of this sum comes
from the farmer's pocket, for he is
the one great producer who cannot
add tile haulage expense to his wares,
for the prices he gets are or; a de
"I believe that if every farmer wbuld
take pencil and paper and figure; the
amount in tons of the produce and
stock he markets in a year, multiply
it by the number of miles he must haul
it to market, multiply the tota"! by 25,
which is about the average haul
ing cost a ton a mile, and then
consider that he could save nearly
half of this amount every year if
he had concrete or other hard
roads all the way to his market, he
would become an earnest good-roads
"And this actual dollars and cents
saving doesn't take into consideration
the many advantages of good road3
in bringing neighbors closer together,
in making it easier and pleasanter to
get to church, school, entertainments,
"With wider interest in bStter roads
must come a more efficient system of
road building and maintenance. This
is work for experienced and compe
tent highway engineers, just as much
as building a railroad is the work
of highly-trained specialists. It is no
plaything for politicians."
SLOW IN TAKING ADVANTAGE
Certain Loss Due to Bad Roads Made
Apparent When S!edding ls Good
The heavy snows and excellent sled
ding serve to emphasize what might
be accomplished if good roads pre
vailed all over the country. Farmers
can take their bobs and put on twice
as heavy loads as is possible at other
times. It is not argued, of. course,
that with roads as smooth as a dance
hall floor the teams could pull on
wheeled vehicles the loads they do
now on bobs. But there is a certain
loss due to bad roads that is made
all the more apparent by the ease
with which transportation is made
when the sledding is good, says South
Bend Tribune. And to think that for
all these years nature has been show
ing us the advantage of good roads
and we have been so slow to take the
hint! It should make us ashamed of
our blindness and stupidity.
Solve Social Ills.
Elbert Hubbard says that "Good
roads are the most needed thing in the
world. Good roads and quick, safe
and cheap transportation are going to
solve most of our social ills."
Many Benefits Derived.
Good roads will decrease ignorance,
poverty, discouragement, immorality,
I profanity, back taxes, sheriff's sales
Gardening Time Coming.
Gardening time will be here be
fore you are ready for it, if you are
not careful, regardless of the cold
Brings Market Nearer.
The good road brings the market
nearer to you.
It is free-it tells how you can havt
local and long distance telephone ser
vice in your home at very small cost
Send for it today. Write nearest Bell Tele
phone Manager, or
FARMERS' LINE DEPARTMENT
SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE
AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY
"' *1 ?. -
Box 42, Columbia, S. C.
MEALS ARE NEVER LATE
WHEN you're behind with
your work, with only a few
minutes in which to get
supper - then the handy NEW
PERFECTION Oil Cookstove
helps you to hurry.
It lights at the touch of a match,
and cooks rapidly like a gas stove.
It regulates high or low, merely by
raising or lowering the wick. It
is easy to operate, easy to clean,
easy to re-wick.
Sold in 1, 2, 3 and 4 burner sizes
by hardware, furniture and depart
ment stores everywhere.
NEW PERFECTION OVENS
bake better because a current of
fresh hot air passes continually over
and under the food - drying out
the steam, and preventing soggi
ness. This is an exclusive NEW
Use Aladdin Security Oil
or Diamond White Oil
to obtain the best results in oil
Stoves, Heaters and Lamps.
PERK WI ON
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
Washington, D. C
Charlotte, N. C.
Charleston, W. Va.
Charleston, S. C.
Long-Term Loans to Farmers a Specialty.
Your farm land accepted as security WITHOUT ENDORSER or
other COLLATERAL. Unlimited funds immediately available in de
nominations of Three Hundred and up. Established 1892.
JAS. FRANK & SON, Augusta, Ga.
Write me and I will explain <p?>.,
how I was cured in four days tm
"&!$? of a severe case of Pile of 40- was
?S| years' standing without pain,
al knife or detention from busi
'g?? ness. No one need suffer from
this diseaae when this humane W? i
3 cure can be had right here in ?g
f? South Carolina,
gjg R. M. JOSE,
Hg Route 4. Lamar, S. C.
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and glasses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELB, S. C.
J. C. LEE, President F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas.
FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to build, remodel or repair,
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber,
iath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing
Estim?tes cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
AUGUSTA, . GEORGIA.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets.
Our Motto: SSS
2 * For Sate by
STEWART & KERNAGHAN
EDGEFIELD, S. C..
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Feeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
?fiF" See our representative, C. E. May.
SWIFT'S WAR MESSAGE
Fight for Maximum
WIN WITH SWIFT'S
"It Pays to Use Them."
Insufficient plant food means to the growing plant just what in
sufficient food means to the human body.
Why buy Nitrate of Soda? SWIFT'S TOP DRESSER produces
better results with less money invested-means ECONOMY, RE
Cotton acreage has-been reduced and plant food curtailed, there
fore crop conditions require immediate application of SWIFT'S TOP
DRESSER to assure COMPLETE maturity, which means bigger
SWIFT'S TOP DRESSER ls well balanced-high in QUICK acting
Ammonia-Sufficient Phosphoric Acid and Potash to supplement
needed plant food.
Use SWIFT'S HIGH GRADE TOP DRESSER. Means more crop!
More Quality! More Money!
SWIFT & COMPANY
CHARLOTTE, N. C.
WILMINGTON, N. C. - COLUMBIA, S. C. - CHESTER, S. C.