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BENEFITS FROM GOOD ROADS
Increase Value of Every Acre of Land
Slowly but surely farmers are
everywhere coming to the realization
that good roads increase the value of
every acre adjoining or in proximity to j
them, and that the best of land will
te hard to sell if it can be reached
only through heavy, muddy roads the
greater portion of the year. In so far
as our section (northern Indiana) ls
concerned, the progress in making
good roads has been quite marked
during the last five years, says a
?writer in Farmers' Review.. As soon
as it was announced that the Lincoln
highway would have its course through
oar section, the value of farms lying
along and near this course increased
to quite a degree, in some Instance?
as much as 25 per cent.
ft is really astonishing how foolishly
the methods of road making were for
merly carried on. Farmers had fallen
into a habit of working on the roads
ls a very different way from what they
worked on their own farms. It often
looked as if some feared they might
do more work than their neighbors
hence they were determined to do less.
Sometimes, in fact nearly always, the
most incompetent man in the district
was chosen supervisor, and he often
sad great difficulty in prevailing upon
the farmers to do enough work to en
able him to make proper returns to the |
Another matter quite noticeable in
those days was that in making roads,
all principles of good road making
were as a rule violated. No effort was
made to drain the roadway. It was
simply thrown up a little higher than
the roadsides so that when the heavy
sains came the water, Instead of run
ning off, would settle into the depres
sions made by the wagon wheels and
remain there until slowly evaporated,
the ruts in the meantime growing)
deeper and deeper. The farmers them
selves despised the roads heartily.
As to materials for road making, it
was the almost universal rule to take
that most convenient. If it happened
to be good gravel, well and good, but
ft as in a large majority of cases, it
happened to be sand, it was used just
But in these days such roads will
so longer be tolerated. We have in
northern Indiana any number of good
gravel beds and from these gravel is
drawn and spread upon the roadbed to j
a good depth. In the course of a short
time it is possible with such good ma
In Ute Pass, Near Manltour Colo.
?erial, and a knowledge of how to
?Bake roads, to have a hard, smooth
highway that is a credit to the district
sad a delight to the traveler. Even in
.sections where grs.vel cannot be found
naturally, lt has been found a paying
proposition in many ways to get lt
shipped is by rail.
California Improving Roads.
The seven counties comprising
southern California will spend $7,000,
OOO this year in road construction.
The schedule includes 324 miles of
concrete boulevard, 160 miles of de
composed granite boulevard and 290
miles of desert highway.
Los Angeles county, which already
claims the finest highway system in
the country, will spend nearly half of
the total named. It already has 404
miles of asphalt boulevards.
Encouraging Thrifty Growth.
Transplanting of cabbage, tomato
and olher plants encourages a thrifty
grewth of root and stem. Neglect
traxisplanting and when ready to put
fat thq garden the plant3 will be spiiv
diing and weak and may opt survive.
Radishes slwalti be grown quickly
and* ;>ftlled at Ute proper time. They
sopn become, b"?,Td and woody. The
besr pls*3 with Radishes is to sow a
short rOw every week un'.il it is too
jaie in the season^ to sow them.
PRODUCTION OF BABY BEEF
Animals Used for This Purpose Must
Ea Well Bred and of Fine Qual
ity-Keep Them Fleshy.
"What ls meant by the term 'baby
beef and what kind of cattle are
used in baby beef production?" waB
a question which was put to Profes
sor G. W. Barnes, farm advisor on
live stock of the Agricultural Exten
sion Service of the University of
Arizona College of Agriculture. He
answered that fat cattle between the
ages of one and two years, weighing
between eight and eleven hundred
pounds, are used.
They must be well bred and of fine
quality. Such cattle can be finished
quicker and are the only class of
cattle which can he used in the pro
duction of baby beef. The cattle to
be used for this purpose should not bo
allowed to lose their baby flesh or
baby fat. They must ba kept fleshy
from start to finish, for when they
once become run down, it is a difficult
proposition to have them finished for
market under eighteen months. They
must be fed a liberal ration of fat
producing feeds, especially grains.
When beginning to feed baby beeves,
they' should receive large quantities
of alfalfa or cowpea hay, or other
such rough feeds as will Increase their
digestive capacity so they can handla
large quantities of grain. If heifer
calves instead of steers are to be fed,
they will finish more quickly and
should be marketed earlier.
Tfce younger the prime heifers ari?
at the time of marketing, the les:}
discrimination in price will the butch
er make between heifers and steers.
The most common mistake is that of
marketing before the individual is
ready or ripe.
MANAGING THE HOG PASTURE
Desirable to Have Alfalfa Fenced Off
Into Suitable Areas to Secure
While a few hogs can be raised
confined in limited quarters, provided
such quarters . are kept clean, they
will do better, remain healthier and
produce pork more economically If
they have plenty of alfalfa range,
according to Prof. G. W. Barnes,
farm advisor on live stock of the
University of Arizona College of Ag
riculture extension service.
It ls desirable to have the alfalfa
pasture fenced off into suitable areas,
so that the hogs can be shifted from
one pasture to another. This will not
only provide fresh pasture, but will
give an opportunity to cultivate, and
f need be, to disinfect
Practically all cases of intestinal
worms, which are common in swine,
are contracted from infected grounds;
therefore, by pasture rotation yoa
can help keep your hogs free from
STRIVE TO PREYENT CHOLERA
When Disease Attacks Herd Secura
Services of Competent Veterinary
-Follow HI* Directions.
The only way to cure hog cholera
Is to prevent it. This might be said
of almost any disease, miman, bovine
or porcine. '
The prevention, however, is not al
ways in the hands of the farmer, but
it is generally. When hog cholera
attacks your herd, or what you believe
to be hog cholera, either secure a
competent veterinarian in your vicin
ity or apply to the veterinary depart
ment of your state. Have them send
a veterinarian to visit your farm, and
kill enough hogs to find out what is
the matter. Then follow his direc
While this is going on, don't allow
any person to visit your farm, and
don't visit any other farm. If dogs
come about your place, shoot them.
If you have pigeons about, shoot them.
Benefits of Cattle Feeding.
Cattle feeding will enable tho m?n
ager to dispose? of his surplus feed
in a profitable manner, afford moro
barnyard manure with Which to en
r?en his land. It w<?i also be the
mesas of diversified farming in which
rotations may be planned, not only to
supply a variety of feed for the stock,
but also with special reference to im
proving the fertility of the soil.
A Doctor's Prescription For
Cough an Effective Cough
One-fourth to one teaspoonful of
Dr. King's New Discovery, taken
as needed, will soothe and cheok
Coughs, Colds and the more dan
gerous Bronchial and Lung Ail
ments.^ You can't afford to take
the risk of serious illness, when so
cheap and simple a remedy as
Dr King's New Discovery is ob
tainable. Go to your Druggist to
day, get a bottle of Dr. King's New
Dif-eovery, start the treatment at
once. You will be gratified for the
relief and cure obtained.-1
Notice of Election oil
Notice is hereby given that an
election for public cotton weighers
for thetowns of Edgefield,Johnston,
Trenton and Plum Branch for a]
term of two years commencing Sep
tember 1st 1915, will be held at the
respective towns on Saturday, Au
gust 7th, 1915. The polls will open
at eight o'clock a. m., and close at
four o'clock, p. m. All qualified
electors of Edgefield County who
market cotton at the respective
towns will be allowed to vot?, but
no person eau vote at more than one
place. There will ?be two cotton
weighers elected for the town of
Johnston, and one for each of the
other places. The following man
agers aie appointed to hold said
Edgefield-Albert' Kemp, L. H.
Prescott, Warren Hill.
Johnston-J. Walter Sawyer, j
George Hardy, and Mimn Walker.
Trenton-P. B. Day, Jr., Julius j
Vann, W. S. Marsh.
Plum Branch-J. C. Sanders,
Walter Lanham, and J. A. Self.
The managers at each place are
authorized to appoint persons to take
place of any managers absent.
A. A. EDMUNDS,
Supervisor for County Board of |
July 19, 1915.
Greenville, S. C.
Affords complete advantages for
a broad, liberal education. Trains
its students for lives of fullest
efficiency and responsibility.
Equipment, faculty, courses of
study, and cultural influences are
entirely in harmony with present.
Administration, instruction and dor
mitory buildings equipped along the
most modern lines, for convenient,
comfortable life and efficient work.
Entrance requirements npoa 14-nm't bini.
High standard coursesleudlng to B. A.,
B. L. and M. A. degrees. Literature,
Languages, Sciences. Practical train
ing In Domestic Science. Baiineis Count,
leading to diploma.
Thorough courses leading to diplo
mas in CoQienritoryof Muk, departments
Of Art, Eipret?on, Physical Cuitare, Kicderj ar
ten, Normal Traiuof Coane.
This institution aims to afford the
best educational advantages obtainable
ata minimum cost For CataJopM atiitn
DAVID M. RAMSAY, D. DU Pre*.
Greenville, S. C
CHICHESTER S PILLS
Aik your DnucrUt for CHLC BBS-TE&'S A
DIAMOND BRAND PILLS la .HUD a nd/A
GOLD metallic boxes, sealed with Btue(?/>
Ribbon. TAU KO OTHER. Buy rf your v/
Drwnrll* aad Mk for CIII.CHES.TfiK'S V
DIAMOND BRAND PI LUI, for twenty-five
ye irs regarded aa Best,Safest, Always Reliable.
SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS
TRiw) EVERYWHERE T^XED.
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD S ATV S
Gins and Press Repairs.
Premier Carrier of the South
Schedule effective April 18, 1915.
Trains arrive from
208 Augusta, Trenton 8:20 am
230 Colnmbia, Trenton 10:55 a m
232 Charleston, Aiken 5:05 pm
206 Columbia, Tienton 8:35 p in
Trains depart to
209 Trenton, Columbia 1 7:20 a m
231 Trenton, Augusta 10:10 a m
229 Aiken, Charleston 11:20 p m
290 Trenton, Augusta 7:40 pm
Schedules published only as in
formation and are not guaranteed.
For further information apply
J. A. TOWNSEND,
Edgefield, S. C.
Make the Old Suits
We are better prepared
than ever to do first-class
work in cleaning and press
ing of. all kinds. Make your
old pants or suit new by let
ing ns clean and press them.
Ladies skirts and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
Edgefield Pressing Club
WALLACE HARRIS, PROP.
Ai should be "nipped In the
? Ul bud'*, for if allowed to run
ri unchecked, serious results
may follow. Numerous
cases of consumption, pneu
monia, and other fatal dis
eases, can be traced back to
a cold. At the first sign of a
cold, protect yourself by
thoroughly cleansing your
system with a few doses of
the old reliable, vegetable
Mr. Chas. A. Ragland, o<
Madison Heights, Va., says:
"I have been using Thed
f or d's Black-Draught for
stomach troubles, indiges
tion, and colds, and find it to
be the very best medicine I
ever used, lt makes an old.
man feel like a young one."
Insist on Thedford's, the
original and genuine. E-67
The Military College of
South Carolina .
Announced as "Distinguished Military
College" by U. S. War Department.
Full courses in Civil Engineering,
Science, English and Modern Languages.
Confers B. S. and C. E. degrees.
All expenses pay cadets from South
Carolina, $282.00 a year.
A scholarship worte $300.00 a year is
vacant from Edgefield county, and will
be filled by competitive examination at
the countv seat on the 13th day of Au
For necessary information and blanks
COL. O. J. BOND,
The Citadel. Charleston. S. C.
Go to see
Before insuring elsewhere. We
represent the best old line com
Harling & Byrd
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
31 WI l-"Pi'? IS THE ONLY
GENUINE ARRIGA SALVE
To Have A
Onrtitht 1909, by C. E. Zimmerman Co-No. 44
F all the unhappy homes,
not one in a hundred has a bank
account and not one home in a hundred who has a
bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to
put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
BANK OF ED GE FIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Shepp?rd, President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President;
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Geo. W. Adams, Thos. H. Rainsford, John
Ramsford, B. E. Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller, E. J. Mims, J. H.
We have accepted the agency for the
Ford Automobiles for Edgefield County,
and will have constantly on hand a stock
of Touring Cars and Run-Abouts. Shall
be pleased to show them to those who
contemplate b.uying a car. The Ford'
cars defy Edgefield's winter roads.
They are an All-the-Year-Round Car
We will also carry a full assortment of
^a'll parts of the Ford cars, and can fill or
ders at our Garagj without your having
to wait to get extra parts by express.
Make your auto wants known to us,- and
we will satisfy them cn short notice and
at reasonable prices.
Auto and Repair Shop
Edgefield, South Carolina
College of Charleston
South Carolina's Oldest College
131st Year Begins October
Entrance examinations at all the ceunty seats on Friday, July
2, at 9:00 A. M.
Full four-year courses lead to the B. A. and B. S. degrees.
A two-year pre-medical course is given.
A free tuition scholarship is assigned to each county of the
Spacious buildings and athletic grounds. Well equipped
laboratories. Unexcelled library facilities.'
Expenses moderate. ' For terms and oatalogue address
HARRISON RANDOLPH, President.
Notice to Farmers
For the benefit of our friends we wish to advise
that you can bring all of your live stock intended for
sale to our
North Augusta Abattoir
Just East of North Augusta Bridge
and sell. them to our customers without charges.
Erpress shipments of Live Calves, Hogs and Lambs
should be made to office in Augusta, Ga. No charge made
L. Scharff & Co.