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OUR PUBLIC FORUM
VII.-Hon. Elihu Root
On Woman's Sphere
The question of Woman Suffrage ls an issue before
the American people. Twelve states have adopted it,
four more states vote upon it this fall and it is strongly
urged that it become a platform demand of the national
political parties. It Is therefore the privilege and the
duty of every voter to study carefully this subject Hon.
Elihu Root, in discussing this question before the Consti
tutional Convention of New York, recently said in part:
"I am opposed to the granting of suffrage to women,
because I believe that it would be a loss to women, to all
women and to every woman; and because I believe it
would be an injury to the State, and to every man and
every woman in the State. It would be useless to argue this if the right of
suffrage were a natural right. If it were a natural right, then women should
have it though the heavens fall. But if there be any one thing settled in the
long discussion of this subject, it is that suffrage is not a natural right, but is
simply a means of government, and the sole question to be discussed is
whether government by the suffrage of men and women will be better gov
ernment than by the suffrage of men alone.
Into my judgment, sir, there enters no element of the Inferiority of
woman, Ii is not that woman is inferior to man, but it is that woman ls
different from man; that in the distribution of powers., of capacities, of
qualities, our Maker has created man adapted to the performance of certain
functions in the economy of nature and society, and woman adapted to the
: performance of other functions.
Woman rules today by the sweet and noble influences of her character.
Put woman into the arena of conflict and she abandons these great weapons
which control the world, and she takes into her hands, feeble and nerveless
for strife, weapons with which she is unfamiliar and which she is unable to
'wield. Woman in strife becomes hard, harsh, unlovable, repulsive; as far
jremoved from that gentle creature to whom we all owe allegiance and to
;whom we confess submission, as the heaven is removed from the earth.
The whole science of government it the science of protecting life and
! liberty and the pursuit of happiness. L* the divine distribution of powers,
ithe duty and the right of protection rests with the male. It is so through
out nature. It is so with men, and I, for one, will never consent to part
I with the divine right of protecting my wife, my daughter, the women
I whom I love, and the women whom I respect, exercising the birthright of
man, and place that high duty in the weak and nerveless hands of those
[designed by God to be protected rather than to engage In the stern warfare
?of government. In my judgment, this whole movement arises from a false
conception of the duty and of the right of both men and women.,
J The time will never come when the line of demarcation between the
.functions of the two sexes will be broken down. I believe it to be false phi
ilosophy; I believe that it ls an attempt to turn backward upon the line ot
> social development, and that if the step ever be taken, we go centuries back
ward on the march towards a higher,, a nobler and a purer civilization, which
must be found not in the confusion, but in the higher differentiation of the
OUR PUBLIC FORUM
VIII-C. E. Schaff
On Railway Investments
President Wilson, recently referring to our railroad
problems, said in part: "They are indispensable to
our whole economic life and railway securities are at
the very heart oft most Investments, large and small, public
and private, by individuals and by institutions. * . *
There is no other interest so central to the business wel
fare of the country, as this. No doubt, In the light of the
new day, with its new understandings, the problem of the
railroads will also be met and dealt with in a spirit of
candor and justice."
When the first citizen of the land stresses the import
ance of understanding and dealing justly with the rail
roads, certainly the American plowman can venture upon
ia careful study of the problem. C., E. Schaff, president of the M. K. & T.
railway company, when asked to outline the relation of the public to rail
roads investments, said In part:
"It may be said that the railroad world ls encumbered with a lot of
'phantoms which exist only in the popular fancy. For instance, because
there have been a few so-called 'railroad magnates' whose names have figured
prominently in finance, many people have come to believe that the railroads
of the country are largely owned by a few rich men. As a matter of fact
nothing could be farther from the truth. Out of the colossal sum of twenty
billion dollars of American railroad securities, less than five per cent Is now,
or ?ver has been, in the hands of these men who have figured prominently in
the newspaper headlines-while the other 95 per cent is in the hands of over
two million investors, large and small, who in many instances have put the
modest savings of a lifetime into these securities in order that they might
lay away a competency for old age. When, therefore, the value of these
securities is depressed or perchance destroyed, the hardship is a hundred
fold greater upon thousands of every-day citizens, than upon the handful of
millionaires, good or bad, who haye figured prominently in railroad circles.
Hundreds of millions of dollars of the assets of our great life and fire
Insurance companies, savings banks, trust companies, educational and fiduciary'
institutions are invested in railroad bonds-and the moment, therefore, that
the soundness of these bonds is called into question the financial solidity of
these myriad institutions-directly affecting the welfare of millions of policy
holders and bank depositors-is gravely menaced. During the last several
years, many millions o? dollars representing depreciated values, have been
charged off the. books of concerns like those enumerated above. American
railroads have become a vital part of the very woof and fabric of the nation.
Their continued efficiency is absolutely essential to the smallest community
in the land.
In blindly striking at the railroads our blows fall not merely upon thou
sands who have Committed no wrong, but, in the last analysis, upon ourselves.
We should remember how interdependent we have come to be in this mighty
.republic of ours-that each is in truth become more and more his brother's
keeper, and that we need to act and think circumspectly, lest in our mistaken
zeal we destroy those who, like ourselves, need whatever of this world's
goods the toil and sweat of years has bequeathed to them."
OUR PUBLIC FORUM
On "Back to the Soil With Wall Street"
When Wall Street wants good business men she
usually goes back to the soil Io get them. That financial
thoroughfare is said to be honeycombed with men who
have plowed barefooted, who have drunk branch water,
eaten cornbread and molasses and slept on the floor in
their early days. A man is more capable of holding the
reins' of business who knows how to drive a team of
mules, shear a sheep or put a ring in a shoat's nose. A
man is better equipped to meet the problems of life who
in his youth has walked the log across the creek to get
to school, courted the girls at husking bees and
pitched horse shoes Saturday afternoon. A man who has
? spent the moonlight nights of his youth possum hunting, going to protracted
meetings and occasionally turning down the community at a spelling match,
has the right sort of stuff in him to make a good business man. The active
officials of most of the large business organizations of America it is said
were, with a very few exceptions, raised on the farm,, and could swim the
creek, pitch hay, chop wood, milk the cows or slop the hogs as easily as
they can run world-wide business institutions.
The farmers look to these capable and loyal sons of the soil to assist In
the solution of the business problems of agriculture. Wall Street ls reputed
to be capable ot financing everything from a Y. M. C. A. to a war, so why not
finance agriculture? It is not sufficient to lend money to a correspondent to
lend to a local banker, to lend to a broker to lend to a merchant, to lend to
the landlord to lend to a farmer. Such a financial system sounds like the
house that Jack built, and is just about as useful. Neither is assistance com
plete when money is furnished buyers to "move the crop." What the farmer
wants is money to hold the crop. What better security is there than a ware
house receipt for a bale of cotton, a sack of wheat or a bushel of corn and
why will such securities not travel by the side of government bonds?
The American farmer is a capable plowman. He always has filled and al
ways will fill the nation's granary, larder and wardrobe, but he has nothing
to say in fixing the price of his products. The problem confronting the farm
ers o? this nation today is marketing and its solution -depends first upon the
farmer organizing fer concert of action and tue co-operation of the financial
interests in marketing the crop. Agriculture is the biggest business in
Aaierica and the only one that has not a financial system adapted to its use.
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Use Aladdin Security Oil
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IBBMBBm I lill Hill Illiliwa III ll ?IIIIIIHIllll
J. C. LEE, President F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas.
FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to build, remodel or repair,
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber,
lath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing
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Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets,
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THE DURABLE R<
For ?ml* ty
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Feeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
See our representative, C. E. May.