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USE CARE IN LAMB FEEDING
iChange From Grass to Alfalfa, Corn,
Barley, Ensilage, Etc., Must Be
(By GEORGE H, GLOVER. Colorado Ex
A small percentage of loss in lambs
,ln the feed lots is to bo expected, but
!this loss In some instances is far great
er than it should be. When range
.'lambs are placed on a fattening ration
'ithe. cnange of feed is so sudden that
Nlieteiic disturbances cause a general
'disorder and several dead sheep are
liound in the pens each morning. This
Invariably leads to the suspicion that
they are dying of some infectious dis
In some cases the ration ia not well
talanced to secure the best gain3 and
Wool and Mutton Type.
Reconditions of care and handling
might be better, but these things will
;account for only a nominal loss.
, The change from grass to alfalfa,
corn, barley, molasses and straw, en
silage, etc., must be made gradually
and herein lies the secret of the heavy
losses of lambs in the feed lots in the
(early fall. The desire to get the lambs
jon a fattening ration as early as pos
sible and failing to appreciate the dan
ger of too heavy feeding and change
(Of ration has helped to make lamb
Heeding an unprofitable business in
ison e instances. A sudden change of
?feed, or overfeeding, must be guarded
?against in the domestic animals, es
pecially is this true with the horse and
(FIGHTING WORMS IN SHEEP
ilnternal Parasites, Next to Dogs, Are
Greatest Detriment to Animals
-Change Pastures Often.
Next to dogs internal parasites are
the greatest detriment to the farm
sheep business. The trouble seems to
be aggravated by pasturing sheep year
after year on the same ground. The
best cure is prevention and the prac
tical way of prevention is changing
pastures as frequently as possible.
Scrawny, unthrifty lambs will usual
ly be found suffering from intestinal
worms, providing, of course, feed con
ditions are such that they normally
should be in good shape. Gasoline is
the best treatment.
Mix well one-quarter ounce gasoline
In three ounces sweet milk and drench
each lamb for three mornings in suc
cession. Before the first treatment
put them in a pen and give them no
feed nor water for 18 hours. Repeat
?the treatment again in three weeks.
Be careful not to let the lamb stran
gle, and draw the mixture into the
?OW HOG CHOLERA SPREADS
Story Appears In Little Leaflet Recent*
.ly -issued by Experts of the
Iowa State College.
1 How hog cholera spreads is less of
|a mystery than it used to be, due to
?careful investigations by the experts.
'The exact way is told in z. little leaflet
'recently issued by the agricultural ex
tension department of Iowa State col
lege. The story appears in the follow
ing table, based on a study of 380
tfarms in a cholera district:
r~ Per cent
Visiting neighbors, exchanging la
bor, etc.126 83.3
.Sick hogs on adjoining farms.16 4.5
Infected by dogs . 25 6.5
^Previously Infected premises. 25 6.5
Escaping hogs .-. 15 4.0
Infected by birds.104 27.5
'Contaminated streams . 31 8.0
Purchasing .new stock-.38 10.0
V Feeding for Beef.
With silage as an important part of
ithe feed of beef cattle best gains are
made at least cost. The old-time hay
and grain ration is too costly for the
narrow margins on which the feeder
must operate and the only way to In
sure a profit is to buy h:s cattle as
cheaply as possible, then cheapen the
ration with silage and cottonseed
Good Shepherd Watches.
Sometimes a good ewe is lost, or
?her. udder nearly ruined, because the
lamb, a little weakly, sucks but one
teat. The other soon becomes so full
and hard it cannot get at it, or so sore
and sensitive the ewe will not let it
be touched. A good shepherd keeps
an eye open for such cases.
WILL INSIST ON COURTESY
Raikoad Managers Have Systematic
Rules for the Governance of
"Courtesy meetings," It appears, are
to be organized by one of the great
railroad systems of the country. It is
felt that rudeness and boorishness on
the part of conductors, brakemen, por
ters, clerks and- other employees of a
carrier are neither essential nor un
avoidable, and that neither strenuosity
nor efficiency requires the sacrifice of
If "safety first" is a good slogan
"courtesy second" is just as good.
Time was in this country when busy
and energetic men assumed tacitly
that in trade and commerce manners
were of no consequence. So long as
the goods were "delivered," what did
mere words matter? Why waste pre
cious moments-which any statistician
could multiply into staggering periods
of time and enormous losses of money
-on "please" and "thank you?" Why
not leave all such empty and useless
formalities to the absurdly ceremoni
ous Latins and show the world that
business can be transacted in a down
right and swift manner?
These notions have been relegated
to the limbo of crude ignorance.
There has been a veritable rediscov
ery of manners in business. Efficiency
i is being separated from brusque dis
courtesy. Statisticians to the con
trary notwithstanding, a billion "thank
yous" will not "waste" a single sec
ond. Manners may take time, but
they bring money instead of taking it
Politeness and affability pay-and pay
on trains and cars as in dry goods
stores and restaurants. Public utili
ties need not be places of public exhi
bitions of vulgarity and rudeness. The
negligent and careless employee is a
menace; the rude and insolent one a
nuisance. All nuisances are bad for
business. The time is ripe for schools
of manners and courtesy meetings in
the so-called hard and practical world.
SHOWING THE NEXT STATION
Indicator Designed to Furnish Infor
mation for Traveler on Railroad
or Subway Cars.
An indicator to be placed In the
middle of railroad, subway and ele
vated cars to tell the next station has
just been ?patented by Bernhard Leder'
A, Buttons for Shutters: B, Shutter Let
tered; Bl, Shutter; Blank Lettered Shut
ter Shown on Other Side; C. Device to
Raise Shutters; D, Space for Advertise
ment; E, Next Station or Stop; P,
Where Shutters Are, After Dropping.
man of Brooklyn. It is designed to be
hung where it can be seen by passen
gers at both ends of the car.
Below a board lettered "Next Sta
tion" are metal shutters rising and
falling on hinges and operated by a
touch of a button from the conductor
or motorman. On leaving one station
tho button is pressed and this raises
Into full view the board bearing the
name of the next station and at the
same time sounds a buzzer. At the end
of the route the shutters are lifted
back into place by a lever.
Two electric lights illuminate the
indicator and a transformer reduces
the high current of the train line to
the low, vol tage needed for operating
the shutters. The whole ls construct
ed of sheet iron and when fitted with
shutters for 50 stations requires a
space only two feet In length.
MET ALL DEMANDS OF WAR
German Railroads Have Been Superb
ly Handled Since the Beginning
of the Conflict.
Since the beginning cf the war all
German railways have been controlled
by the military authorities, through
the military controllers that are at
tached to each line, even In time of
peace. In conquered territory the
railways are operated directly by the
military authorities with the aid of
railway men who have joined the
Movements of troops are usually
made on short notlve and they cannot
be accomplished punctually unless the
military controllers have complete
command. This is the essential differ
ence between conditions in war and
The first care ?f these officials ia to
provide the required trains at tbe
proper time and place, the second to
assure the safe operation of these
trains on short headway. The prob
lem of feeding men and horses ott the
Journey also requires much fore
thought and preparation. These ob
jects are accomplished very satisfac
torily, despite the fact that a large pro
portion of the railway employees, and
even of the rolling stock, ia at the
All this is done, according to the
Berlin Lokal-Anzeiger, without seri
ously interfering wiht ordinary pas
senger traffic, even with the fast
trains, but freight traffic is subordi
nated to military needs.-Scientific
Barred Smoking on Trains.
SmolrKg in British railway trains
was officially prohibited prior to the.
BLACKSTONE COLLEGE FOR GIRLS
JAMES CANN?Nv.Jr.,A. M. D. D., President. . '??M
Faculty of 33; 427 Students, from 20 States.
Accredited by Virginia State Board of Educa
tion. Hundreds of graduates now teaching.
$160 per year in Academic Dept.; $200 per year in College Dept.
The Leading Training School for Girls in Virginia
Where can parents find a College with as
fine a record, with as experienced management,
at such moderate cost? For catalogue address
G. P. ADAMS, Secretary, ~ BLACKSTONE, VA.
MAKE THE KITCHEN
DON'T swelter over
a hot coal stove this
sumn^er. The N EW
PERFECTION Oil Copk
stove keeps your * kitchen
cool and clean and does
away with all the ash-pan,
coal-hod drudgery of the
The NEW PERFECTION lights
like gas, regulates like gas, and
cooks like gas. It's gas stove com
fort with kerosene oil.
Something New. An oven that be
comes a fireless cooker merely by
pulling a damper. Ask your dealer
to show you the NEW PERFEC
TION No. 7, with fireless cook
ing oven; also the PERFECTION
WATER HEATER. It gives you
plenty of hot water, yet leaves you
independent of the hot, sooty coal
Use Aladdin Security Oil
or Diamond White Oil
to obtain the best results in oil
Stoves, Heaters and Lamps.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
Washington, D. C
Charleston, W. Va.
1854 WOFFORD COLLEGE
SPARTANBURG, S. C.
A Christian College with high standards and ideals. Well equiped
Laboratories !and Library. Strong Faculty and full courses. Next session
begins September 15th. Write for catalogue.
HENRY N. SNYDER, President.
WOFFORD FITTING SCHOOL
A high grade preparatory school for boys. Individual attention. Care
ful moral training. $185.00 pays all expenses. Next session September 15.
For catlogue addreas
SPART ANB?RG, - - - - - SOUTH CAROLINA
i^l I Cured-no cutting, no pain, no danger, no detention
I from business. Testimonials furnished from people
I I La lav Vt* YOU know. Call on or write me for particulars and
_ information regarding my advanced method of treating
~-- piles, Nerve, Blood, Skin and special diseases of men
and women. 25 years' exDerience. % Consultation Free. DR. W. R. j
REGISTER, 506 Union National Bank Building, Columbia, S. C.
We have hot weather garments that will keep you
cool from head to foot.
, Large assortment of Palm Beach
suits, two-piece suits in Serges and
other light material. All stylish
and reasonable in price.
. Big stock of Underwear of all
We sell Eclipse Shirts-nothing
better on the market for the money.
Try a pair of Crossett or Selz
Schwab Oxfords. All leathers and
DORN & MIMS
J. C. LEE, President F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas.
FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to build, remodel or repair,
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed .lumber,
lath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets.
Our Motto: SSS
I Mttaj Stott VicforbShMtft ImptriiTShhg. OriwMSbfagl
The four designs of Cortright Metal Shingles as shown above are
made in any of the following ways :
1. Stamped from Tin-plate and painted Red.
2. Stamped from Tin-plate and painted Green.
3. Stamped from Tin-plate and Galvanized by a hand-dipping process.
4. Stamped from special tight-coated Galvanized Sheets.
Each and every genuine Cortright Metal Shingle is embossed with this
Trade-mark, " Cortright Reg. U. S. Pat. Off." e
For Sale by
STEWART & KERNAGHAN ;
EDGEF1ELD, S. C.
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Feeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks ,
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
ffF See our representative, C. E. May.