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COW TESTING HELPS FARMER
Members of Associations Enabled to
Hire Tester to Keep Records
Expense ls Not Great.
(By PROF. OSCAR ERF, Ohio State Unl
. 1 versity.)
Year after year many farmers milk
cows that do not pay for the feed
ithat they eat. Cow testing associa
tions assist the farmer In finding out
; those cows that cost him money to
?keep and those that are making
! money for him. Some cows start their
lactation period with a heary milk
iflow, but soon drop to an ordinary
flow. Other cows give a more regu
lar flow throughout the year. At the
lend of the year the latter cows will
have probably produced the most milk,
but the farmer very often will ?on
I8ider the cows that started well the
'most profitable. The main purpose of
I cow testing associations is to enable
the members to hire a tester to keep
;records which, in practice, it is almost
j impossible for farmers to keep for
i themselves. Another feature of the
(tester's work is to work out for the
I farmers the most economical rations
for their herds. The expense to the
members of the association will be
i $1.50 per year for each cow in their
To many farmers it may seem un
necessary to hire a man to do work
which they are perfectly capable of
doing. Many farmers are unquestion
ably able to do this work, but it is un
likely that, during the pressure of
I farm work, they will do it. .Exped
ience has made the tester rapid and
j accurate. He has at his finger ends
I the strength of the acid he uses, the
: amount to charge for roughage and
j concentrated feeds, and the analysis
,0t the common feeds. It will take
the average farmer some time to be
come familiar enough with the things
to do the work as well as the tester.
Npt only do the tester's records
show which cows make or lose money
for their owners, but they show to
what extent each cow is profitable!
and what kind of feed at the prevail
ing price produces the most economic ]
?ATTACHMENT ON COW'S TAIL
j Prevents Introduction of Dirt, Dust
i - and the Like Into Pail During
The Scientific American In describ-|
jing a cow's tail holder. Invented by E.
Quick of Trinidad, Colo., says:
j The main object of the invention ls
Ito so secure the tail of a cow that the
animal may not switch its tail in an
I effort to rid itself of insects, such asl
Cow's Tail Holder.
.flies, mosquitos, gnats, etc. It is weill
known that cows switch their tails con
tinually, either to brush off insects, or
;from a nervous habit, and this tends
to brush foreign matter, such as dirt,
dust, and the like into the pail during
milking, particularly when the tail is
filled with the filth of the yard or
pasture. The invention prevents such
Foundation for Separator.
A good, solid foundation ls very es
sential to the smooth running of a
separator, to be sure, but the separa
tor must not be bolted down solid to
tfie foundation. Just simply screw" lt
down tight and level, care be.ing "taken
not to have it down too tight.
Feeding the Dairy Cow.
When feeding the dalry cow remem
ber that she cannot do two things J
with the same feed-that is, she can
not make beef and milk at the samel
A good cow can be raised cheaper |
than she can be purchased.
* * *
If the mother is worth keeping the
?cal? should be worth raising.
! .> .
; Use the Babcock test and know the
good cows from the poor* ones.
? ? ?
? Keep the cream as near 60 de
grees as possible while waiting for
the churn. *
. . .
If a patron will not dairy in a busi
ness way, is it surprising he finds no
money in it?
. * *
Every heifer should have a chance
to prove her worth in the dairy before
* * ?
Every purebred cow does not make
money Keep records and see if
every one of youl cows pays for Its
FARMERS MAKE HOMES UGLY
Beautiful Scenes Are All Too Fre
quently Spoiled by Lack of
To reach the home of a prosperous !
farmer in a" corn belt community one|
passes back from the road between
cornfields for 80 rods. The approach
to the house is through the cowlot.
The woodpile is also there, near the
front gate. From the parlor window
one looks out-over the hoglot toward
the barn. To get a view of grassland,
trees and real scenery one must go
to the kitchen door, which opens to
ward the rolling pasture and the wood
beyond. But even there one must
look over the ar ray of chicken coops
close by the house.
If this house had been near the road
lt could have overlooked a wide ex
panse of beautiful prairie-flanked
woods, says the \ Breeder's Gazette.
Another home in that section is beau
tifully placed about 100 yards back
from the highway on a broad knoll
overlooking a 60-acre sparsely tim
bered hill pasture lying across the
road. But unappreciative of the glori
ous natural view, the builder of that
homestead put the horsebarn to the
left and the cowbarn to the right of
the house and both nearer the road
than the house.
We are told by landscape garden
ers that it is well to have the view
from the home framed in, but old
barns are not good picture framing
material. Trees and shrubs are bet
ter. There is an evident lack of plan
to blame for most of these ugly farm
homesteads. Location and natural
scenery are sometimes very attrac
tive, but the effect is spoiled by poor
arrangement of buildings and enclos
ures. Perhaps some farmers do not
pay enough attention to the beauties
about them. Certainly there are great
differences in farmsteads.
On other farms the front of the
house is the first thing seen from the
road, and lt ls set about by trees in
such a way as to frame a complete
picture of it Shrubs and trees are
placed so as to leave desirable views
as one looks from the porch. All
blend with lawn and surroundings
into one harmonious living picture.
Barns and stock lots, chickens and
vegetable garden are grouped back of
the house. To each side of the house,
flanking the road, are pastures or
meadows of alfalfa or small grain.
The distant view is unobstructed. The
family enjoys, and to that extent owns,
all it can see. There is more inspira
tion in a view of distant fields, woods
and homesteads than in the contem
plation of nearby pigpens and cow
A white rambler (Dorothy Perkins)
over a colonial doorway. The ram
blers with their fragrant clusters of
white, yellow, or crimson blossoms
are among the mest popular roset.
They need no protection during the
A Community's Job.
It is little use for the local editor
to waste his lungs and sprain his
spine on trying to boom a town when
the citizens all stand around with
their hands in theil- pockets and in
differently walt for something to turn
up. If the capitalists or business
men do not put their shoulders to the
wheel and do a Utile boosting it is
useless for the edito:: to try and boom
things. He can write "boom" articles
until he gets bald headed, but if the
citizens themselves do not take hold
and push the town will forever stick
in the mud. Of what use is lt for the
local paper to suggest improvements
and new enterprises if the suggestions
are never acted upon? One man can
not boom a town. It requirer, the
concerted action of the citizens. Wher
one man shoulders a town and at
tempts to carry it there are always
a lot of cranky kickers ready to jump
on top of the load.-Valley Times.
Up With th! Weedsl
Pull up the weeds ! Now is the time
of the year that unless weeds are
pulled yp the seed viii be carried by
the winds into the many beautiful gar
4ens'o? the city.-Manoa Chronicle,
B L AC KSl?N Es CO L L EG E ;FO?? G I R LS
Faculty of 33; 427 Students, from 20 States.
Accredited by Virginia State Board of Educa
tion. Hundreds of graduates now teaching.
$160 per year in Academic Dept.; $200 per year in College Dept.
The Leading Training School for Girls in Virginia
Where can parents find a College with as
fine a record, with as experienced management,
at such moderate cost? For catalogue, address
G. P. ADAMS, Secretary, BLACKSTONE, VA.
'"No^Serving 1000.000 Homes ~
LOOK FOR THIS*
NEW PERFECTION GIRL
You'll see her in the windows
and ?n the counters of hardware,
? furniture and department stores
She stands for the NEW
PERFECTION OIL COOK
STOVE-the simplest, most
efficient Oil Cookstove made.
Already it has made cooking
easier and kitchens cleaner for
over 2,000,000 housewives.
Made in 1, 2, 3 and 4 burner
sizes; also NEW PERFECTION
stoves with fireless cooking oven
Use Aladdin Security Oil
or Diamond White Oil
to obtain the best results in oil
Stoves, Heaters and Lamps.
PE RJEqp ON
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
Washington, D. C. (New Jersey) Charlotte, N. C.
Norfolk, Va. , (BALTIMORE) Char Ie. t on, W. Ve.
Richmond, Va, Charterten, S. G,
1854 WOFFORD COLLEGE 19,3
SPARTANBURG, S. C.
A Christian College with high standards and ideals. Well equipped
Laboratoriesiand Library. Strong Faculty and full courses. Next session
begins September 15th Write for catalogue.
HENRY N. SNYDER, President.
WOFFOKD FITTING SCHOOL
A high grade preparatory school for boys. Individual attention. Care
ful moral training. $185.00 pays all expenses. Next session September 15.
For catlogue addreas
SPARTANBURG, -.SOUTH CAROLINA
f>| I Cured-no cutting:, no pain, no danger, no detention
ll from business. Testimonials furnished from people
I S La La YOU know. Call on or write me for particulars and
_______ information regarding my advanced method of treating
------ Piles, Nerve, Blood, Skin and special diseases of men j
and women. 25 years' experience. * Consultation Free. DR. W. R. j
REGISTER, 506 Union National Bank Building, Columbia, S. C.
I wish to call attention, to the
Star line of pianos for which I am
the representative. They consist of
the Star, the Trayser, the Rich
mond and the Remington Pianos.
The Star Piano Company manufac
tures all of the parts which go into
each piano. There are twenty-two
buildings required for the factory's
equipment. These pianos are used
in over four hundred schools and
colleges in the United States. The
workmanship is the highest, and all
instruments are fully guaranteed.
Sold on terms of easy payment by
J. A. Holland
Greenwood - - - South Carolina
J. C. LEE, President
F. E. Gibson, See. and Treas.
FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to build, remodel or repair,
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber,
lath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
AUGUSTA, ' GEORGIA.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets,
Our Motto: SSS
OVER WOOD SHI NCLES
No Dirt. No Exposure. Inexpensive. Maka tho Not FIREPROOF instead of FIRE.
INVITING. A ?tonaproa!roof that will fr?* you from ?Il icp&ir aspens*, and last a*
loas ai the. build in ty
t Fer Sofa by
STEWART & KERNAGHAN
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all ?J
Kinds of Feeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
Jp!^* See our representative, C. E. May.