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MAKING A PROFIT IN CREAM
Many Dairymen Are at Loss to Know
Which Ts Most Profitable Way
1 to Dispose of Product.
<By G. L. MARTIN. Montana Experiment
' -The rapid development of the ice
cream business within the past few
years and the increased call from city
trade, hotels and restaurants has cre
ated a large demand for sweet cream.
For these trades it is desirable that
the cream should test about 20 per
cent, but often the test may vary up
to 40 per cent, depending greatly
upon the method of operating the
band separator. When selling cream
to creameries, the price is quoted per
pound of butterfat, but for ice cream
and hotel purposes it is customary to
pay by the gallon. As a' consequence
many dairymen are at a loss to know
which is the most profitable way to
dispose of their cream. The follow
ing general rules may serve to de
termine the relative market pri?e per
pounds of butterfat or gallon of
To find the value of a gallon of
cream when butterfat is a certain
price per pound, multiply the percent
age of fat by 8 (the number of pounds
In a gallon) and the product by the
price per pound. At 30 cents per pound
ior At, 20 per cent cream would be
worth 48 cents per gallon; 25 per cent
cream, 60 cents per gallon; 80 per cent
cream, 72 cents per gallon; 40 per cent
.?ream, 96 cents per gallon. At 35 cents
per pound for fat, 20 per cent cream
would be worth 53 cents per gallon,
and so on.
To find the price per pound for but
terfat when the price per gallon of
cream is known, divide the price per
gallon by eight times the per cent of
tat At 40 cents per gallon, 20 per
cent cream would be worth 25 cents
per pound of fat At $1 per gallon, 40
por cent cream would be worth 31%
cents per pound of fat.
CONVENIENT AS MILK STOOL
Lard Tub or Large Candy Pal! Can
Easily Be Converted Into Handy
Device for Dairy Barn.
(By G. A. RANDALL.)
The cut shows a handy milk stool
and one very easily made. From a lard
tab or large candy pall, with a key
bole saw cut out the wood at the top,
aa shown. One may thus make three
or more legs, as desired. I find four*
are best. The top hoop must be re
moved to do this. Remove .the side
handles or ball and cut in the center
of the bottom two semicircular open
ings to fit the hands as desired, these
for a handle. This stool ls stout, light
and the right height: for an ordinary
i/ Most Profitabie Cow.
The dairy farmer realizes that the
comfortable cow is the most profitable
?ow and that induces him to look after
the comfort of all his stock. Naturally
he gets better returns from them.
Cleaning Dairy Pallu.
i . In cleaning the dairy palls, special
attention must be given the ears and
seams, else dirt and milk will be
lodged there, souring and tainting the
milk as soon as drawn.
; Unprofitable Cow.
There Is no longer an excuse for the
unprofitable cow, the Babcock test and
a pair Of ssa'les, anti ft fs easy to ascer
tain whether or not she ls "delivering
To have your cows milk long, milk
. . .
Uneven salting and working malee
. . .
Good, cows are the first essential of
. . .
It pays to please and satisfy a cow.
'SL happy cow is a profitable cow.
. . *
Use the curry comb and brush on
th? dairy cow every day. It pays.
"i . . .
' To feed economically, cows should
bo fed as individu?is, not as i* herd.
? . *
Cream that is being ripened should
be strained several times belora it li
ready for churning
. ? .
There is more money In feeding a
steer than In feeding a poor dairy cow,
and much less work.
. . o
Protecipij? cream and milk frern be
ing contaminated by stable air by
fcgeplQff tho cana, covered.
BUILT AROUND A DEAD TREE
Summer Rest Seat That Is Not Expen
sive, and an Ornament to Any
The fact that summer rest seats do
not have to be expensive to be at
tractive is demonstre.ted in the seat I
s sen in the accompanying illustration.
The seat has been termed the "Tree
Summer Seat," from the fact that it is
really built around a tree which was
at one time growing at the point where
Attractive Summer Seat and Shade
Built About the Trunk of a Dead
it now stands. Upon finding that the
tree had lost.all signs of life, the gar
dener in this park devised the novel
idea of turning the dead trunk into
this artistic seat rather than dig it
Suiting the action to the decision he
cut the main limbs off about six feet
from the ground and to the top of
these he fastened a pretty roof, which
is made of palin branches. This done,
the seat, which runs all around the
trunk at a distance of about a foot
and a half from the ground, was made
out of sections of palm branches. In
addition to being inexpensive, this seat
is one of the most attractive in this
very elaborate park.
This suggestion might well be fol
lowed by others. It is not an uncom
mon sight to see unsightly dead trees
in public parks, which might be con
verted into useful and ornamental ob
jects fcLstead.-r-Wwld's Adyanee.
SCREEN OF GOOD APPEARANCE
Has Durability and ls Distinguished
Looking, ls Claim Made for New
Idea on Market.
The attitude of the average person
toward screens is expressed by the
epigram, "Screens is Screens." When
the fly fooler is in need of repairs,
the man who is doing the work gets
a few yards of screen with no regard
to its nonrusting and wearing abilities.
A western concern has invented a
rust-proof which, acording to the man
ufacturers, is finished with ten coats
composed of three different materials.
The copper coats are put on first; then
the zinc coats are applied, and lastly
a finishing material of lacquer ls put
on, which protects the zinc and also
adds to the rust-resisting qualities of
All these coats are applied to the
wire cloth after weaving by an elec
The color after finishing ia a dull
aluminum, making a handsome, dla*
tlnguished looking screen.
Billboards a Public Nuisance.
Billboards are a pabilo nuisance.
The*- are dangers to human beings
who have to live near them. They
present real perils from the stand
point of public health, fire protection,
police protection and reasonable safe
guarding against accident.
This ls the new and practical prin
ciple upon which the city council is
now asked to amend Sections 706 and
707 of the present building code.
It is a weapon against the billboard
nuisance forged out of the perfectly
definite practical rights of the citizen
instead of from that newer metal
known as his aesthetic rights. We
may not nave reached feilte stage mhea
we have established the fact that a
citizen has the right to be protected
against eye-sores, but we' certainly
long ago reached the point when we
recognized that his sanitary welt be
ing, the protection of his life and prop
erty were charges of .the state.-Chi
Barter? Soul for Lump of Boll.
The vice of earth eating ls spread
ing through, tropical parts of the
Americas, the natives being from in
fancy addicted to the fatal habit,
known scientifically as geophagy. lt
Is always fatal, producing dysentery
in adults and dropsy in the very
young. Native mothers inculcate the
vice into their children by giving them
chunks of soft clay to eat. Once
fastened on a person, the vice of
geophagy becomes insatiable, and tbs
victim will barter his Immortal soul
for a lump pf soft, white clay.
BLACKSTONE COLLEGE FQR;G!RLS
. JAMES CANNON, Jr., A.. M., p." D^P.reiic?ent;.. ? .;.
Faculty of 33; 427 Students, from 20 States.
Accredited by Virginia State Board of Educa
tion. Hundreds of graduates now teaching.
$160 per year iri Academic Dept.; $200 per year in College Dept.
The Leading Training School for Girls in Virginia
Where can parents find a College with as
fine a record, with as experienced management,
at such moderate cost? For catalogue address
G. P. ADAMS, Secretary, BLACKSTONE. VA.
FRESH AIR BAKING MEANS
"VT'ES ! I am doing all my baking in
X a NEW PERFECTION Oven on a
NEW PERFECTION Oil Cook
stove this summer."
"It bakes bread so richly browned-such
delicious biscuits - such light, fluffy
The secret is the current ef fresh hot air
passing continually over and under the
food -drying out the steam and preven
ting sogginess, an exclusive advantage
of the NEW PERFECTION Oven.
With a NEW PERFECTION Oil
Oven you can have a cool, clean kitchen
all summer. No wood to cut; no coal
to carry; no smoke or ashes.
The NEW PERFECTION is like a
gas stove. It is ready day or night.
Needs no priming. Made in 1, 2, 3
and 4 burner sizes. Hardware dealers
and general stores everywhere.
Uss Aladdin Security Oil
or Di-am ond Wkite Oil
to obtain the best results in oil
Stoves, Heaters and Lamps.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
Washington, D. C
* Charlotte, N. C.
Charleston, W. Va.
Charleston, S. C
The Great Soap-Maker
Red Devil Lye
Cold Process or
Four of the Big 5c. Cms of Red
Devil Lye will make twenty
pounds of the best soap.
Red Devil Lye is pulverised, and dis
solves as soon as it touches the water.
Best for Qeaning, Washing, Scrubbing.
I wish to call attention to the
Star line of pianos for which I am
the representative. They consist of
the Star, the Trayser, the Rich
mond and the Remington Pianos.
The Star Piano Company manufac
I tures all of the parts which go into
each piano. There are twenty-two
buildings required for the factory's
equipment. These pianos are used
in over four hundred schools and
colleges in the United States. The
workmanship is the highest, and all
instruments are fully guaranteed.
Sold on terms of easy payment by
J. A. Holland
J. C. LEE, President
F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas.
FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to build, remodel or repair,
we invite your inquiries..
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber,
iath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets.
Our Motto: SSS
For Sale by
STEWART & KERNAGHA
EDGEF1ELD, S. C.
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Feeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
See our representative, C. E. May.