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NO PLACE FOR COUNTERFEITS
Difficulty of Replenishing and Starting
Herds With Gocd Animals Wor
ries Dairy Farmer.
The development cf the increasing
demand for well-bred dairy cattle is
based upon the recognition of the fact
that under present production condi
tions, the counterfeit dairy cow has no
place on the pasture or in the feed
During the past few years, difficulty
in replenishing and starting herds
with good animals has confronted the
Select Animals on Wisconsin Dalry
dairy farmer at every turn. High feed
hills have demonstrated the futility
of expecting satisfactory returns when
keeping poor producers, and the wide
awake, progressive, business dairymen
are centering their demands on merit,
of which there must be a greater sup
ply to meet this demand. Fore-gn
competition has created a well grou-ti
ed impression that the most effective
way of evading it is by greater pro
duction per animal and better prod
BUILDING UP A DAIRY HERD
Not Necessary to Go to Great Expense,
but Few Years of Time Are Re
quired for Purpose.
Are you satisfied with your present
herd of nonpaying common cows? If
not why not begin now to improve
them and get out of tho old rut?
When developing the dalry herd from
common stock it is not necessary to
go to great expense, but a few years
of time are necessary in which to ac
The amount of time called for will
to some extent, be dependent upon the
character of the stock that you now
have, or the one you intend to use for
a foundation herd.
In some instances two or three gen
erations of correct breeding will build
up a common herd to a fine paying
herd. In other instances a longer
time will be required but it should
not require more than four or five
generations to effect the changes
NEED OF WATER FOR A CALF
Necessity Not Generally Understood
and Young Animal lu Quite Fre
quently Painfully Thirsty.
The young calf does not receive all
the moisture lt needs from the skim
milk which it gets as a regular ration.
At a very early age it will drink a lit
tle water if it has an opportunity and
it will do this a number of times dur
ing the day.
It is a good plan to have water be
fore it at all times. This need of the
calf for water is not generally un?
derstood and the young animal is
usually painfully thirsty as well as
hungry at feeding time. The result
is that it gorges itself with the milk
or drinks too rapidly when it has a
chance. Thus it does not get the full
benefit of the milk and digestive trou
bles will result. Remember that milk
is the calf's food. Water should be
Care of Calf After Weaning.
Make sure that the calf does not
get to the cow again, once it is sepa
rated from her and put on the skim
milk diet, as it will tend to spoil, not
only the calf, but will cause the cow
to worry after the calf and reduce her
Leave Calf With Cow.
It is a good practice to let the calf
suck the cow for about forty-ei.?;ht
hours after birth, after which it should
be taken from its mother. In the case
of a weak calf, however, it is better
to let it remain two or three days
Cleanliness Is Necessary.
In raising calves, remember this:
Cleanliness in all ot the feeding op
erations is extremely necessary.
Use Artificial Coloring.
If it ii desired to use artificial color
ing, it should be added to the cream
just before churning.
THE GRUEL LOVE TEST i
By MIRIAM LEE SANBORN.
"I don't like your suggestion one
bit," said Winnie dubiously, but Myr
tle was persistent in her plan. "It
might be the making of Elwyn to try
him out," and then circumstances aid
ed the precious project, the heedless
Myrtle not reckoning the manner in
which it might affect the emotion ol' a
really worthy young man.
For such Elwyn Moss was, in man
ner and thought. Winnie had awak
ened a new soul in the reckless young
fellow, who had checked the "sowing
of wild oats" under the influence of
her helpful, sympathizing gentleness.
Twice during the next few days El
wyn sought and found an opportunity
to get Winnie alone, ready to tell her
his love. On both occasions, however,
she managed to flit away before the
avowal materialized. This discour
aged him. He felt repelled and hurt.
In the meantime, Ned Parsons was a
good deal in Winnie's company. Myr
tle, harmless but scheming, managed
It so that when Elwyn left the village
it was with the conviction that Winnie
Thomas had taken up seriously with
Ned, and that she regarded himself
only as a friend.
More than this, an old chum In
formed Elwyn that he had It on pretty
good authority that Winnie and Ned
had become engaged.
A few days after Elwyn went back
to work in the city he wrote in his
diary: "Any true man who has been
under the sweet influence of the com
panionship of such a girl as Winnie,
has an ideal to cherish, a guardian
angel, the memory of whom will never
leave him. ' 'Tis better to have loved
and lost than never to have loved at
If he suffered disappointment, heart
break, he kept it to himself. He felt
strong In his ability to fight loneliness
and keep to the right course. Then a
new element entered his life. Ned,
too, came to work in the city.
Elwyn recalled the evident evasion
of Winnie to give him an opportunity
to tell her of his love. Their parting
had been simply that of friends. She
had given him no encouragement. Now
in his daily tasks and evening leisure
fate seemed to throw him in the way
The latter was "enjoying life to the
full," as he termed it. Little did his
friends at home imagine the drift his
follies were leading him into. Elwyn
saw and deplored.
For the sake of the one he might
wed, Elwyn felt he must do all he
could to win this reckless young man
from th? path of waywardness. He
became his constant adviser. He was,
in fact, his guardian.
Once af a great sacrifice of tte?
and money he got Ned out of a sorlou*
gambling scrape, exposure of which
would have lo3t him his position.
At another time he tock blame upon
his own shoulders in behalf of Ned
It led to his losing a month's salary
and an advance in business promo
tion. Day after diiy, however, Elwyn
wat eked, encouraged, reformed th? ?to*
ject of his solicitude.
Reward came. It was with a thrill
of gladness that Elwyn realized that
he had not labored in vain, when Ned
said to him one dav, grasping his hand
fervently, tears in her eyes:
"You have saved me, old boy. R all
came over me what a true, self-sacri
ficing friend you have been. I felt lt
my duty to straighten out with the
house here their misconception re
garding mistakes I made and not you.
I have written the folks home. I am
through with all the old folly and 1
owe it all to you. Then there is the
dear little girl even the folks don't
know about-Flora Day. She'll bless
you for your good work, and you'll
have to be the best man-"
"Flora Day!" repeated Elwyn In be
"Why, yeB, we have bee? secretly
engaged for six months."
Glad! He was suddenly roused to
emotions that swayed his soul in an
indefinable whirl. Ned read some hid
den mystery under his strange man
ner. He got the truth out of him.
"Thought I was favored by Win
nie?" he laughed. "Why, man, I'm a
hopeless scapegrace in her estimation!
I see it all-oh, you noble, noble fel
low! For Winnie's sake you tried to
make a better man of me, so I would
be worthy of her!"
Winnie cried like a child when
Myrtle read to her a letter written by
her brother. She reproached herself,
she declared she was unworthy of the
brave hearted man whom she had put
to a cruel, crucial test.
"I shall never dare to face him
again," she sobbed. "Oh, Myrtle, it
"It was grand!" cried Myrtle. "Tell
your mother all about it, while I tell
mine of her boy, the new brother and
son we are going to have after this
and all through Elwyn Moss!"
When Elwyn got off the train at his
home town a week laier, lt was Myrtle
who met him at the depot. She told
him the whole story.
There was somebody waiting for
him, she said, and Elwyn knew who it
"Forgive!" was the first fluttering
word that greeted him from Winnie's
"I have blessed you when I thought
your heart had turned away from me,"
said Elwyn. How much more, now
that I know you are all my own!"
(Copyright, 1915, by W. G. Chapman?) i
SPREAD HOG CHOLERA GERMS
Disease Communicated to Healthy An
imals Only by Permitting Germs
to Be Carried to Them.
(By DR. B. T. SIMMS, Oregon Experi
Hog raisers need to be on the alert
to prevent the introduction and
spread of the dread disease into their
parts of the state. Since the disease
is due to a germ of microscopic size
it naturally follows that it can be
communicated to well hogs only by
permittiug the germs to be carried
to them. A knowledge of the differ
ent methods of carrying the germ
from infected hogs to well hogs is es
sential to prevention. Some of
these methods of spread are as fol
1. By direct contact with hogs suf
fering from cholera,
2. By carriers, that ls, hogs that
have recovered from cholera, but still
pass germs wi th their droppings.
3. By humans that have come into
contact with infected hogs or prem
4. By dogs, coyotes, buzzards and
other carrion-eating animals that have
fed on the carcasses of infected hogs.
5. By stock cars, stock yards, etc.,
in which havei been placed infected
6. By infected water.
7. By slops, swill and garbage that
have been infected with bacon rinds
or ham bones from hogs that had
been afflicted with cholera at slaugh
Germs will ordinarily die out in four
months in lot conditions, but are so
resistant that they survive the usual
curing and packing process as carried
on in the big packing houses. After
they have once found lodgment in
the hog there itf no remedy known but
hog cholera serum. Growers should
therefore take every precaution to see
that germs do not enter their herds
by any of the foregoing means.
MAKE CONCRETE STOCK TANK
Directions for Making and Illustration
of Receptacle for Water-Neces
sity on Any Farm.
Here is a little cross-section sketch
of a concrete stock tank I completed
just recently. I made the forms, inside
and out, of 1 by G inch matched
yellow pine boards, with two-inch
cleats about two feet apart, greas
ing the forms with machine oil, writes
?rnest Heuer in Farmers' Review.
Whitre we wanted the tank to stand
T7s filled in the ground with an eight
tech base of cinders. On this we put
np fhe outside form. Then we were
ready for the concrete.
Tire bottom ls eight inches thick of
1-2-4 concrete. For tan..s and walls I
Mb? to have the concrete rather wet
^ftfgr&tt g fe /:
Concrete Water Tank.
After the bottom had become some
what stiff we put in the inside form
and began filling the sides. For these
we used a Ficher eoncrete, l-l%-3.
The whole taak is re-enforced, as
shown in the sketch, with a good hog
wire, No. 9, with stays six inches
apart. Around in the top I put square
twisted half-inch steel rods.
After two day? I took off the form.
Then I mixed cement and water to
the thickness ol! cream and with a
whitewash brush I painted the whole
tank two or three times over till all
holes and uneven spots were filled
DUE TO AN
Many of the troubles of life such
as headache, indigestion, constipa
tion and lack of energy are due to
GRIGSBY'S LIV-VER-LAX ie
a natural, vegetable remedy that
will get the liver right and make
these troubles disappear. It has
none of the dangers or disagreeable
effects of calomel.
Get a 50c or $1 bottle of this
splendid remedy from your drug
gist today. Every bottle bears the
likeness of L. K. Grigsby, who
guarantees it through.
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton
The Standard Visible
Yes, the crownh
It is just out-ai
For makers have striven a lif
again, as we scored when we
There is truly no other
touch so light that the tread
had the Optional Duplex Shift. I
gers of the right and left hands,
of any standard typewriter. Thui
ber "9" with more speed and greai
discovery. For while the Oliver
pense to us by simplifying constru
spend a dollar for any typewriter,
more this one does. If you are us
17 Cents a Day! \
matic spacer, fi 1-2-onnce touch-plus
Yet we have decided to sell it t
every user can easily afford to have
like print, included FREE if desired.
ists, employers, nnd individuals every
It's a pleasure f<-r us to tell you abou
The Oliver 7j
You can rent the Oliver Typewri
Go to see
Before insuring elsewhere. We
represent the best old line com
Harting & Byrd
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
Land for Sale
Life is too short to go on
renting landjwhen you can
buy a small farm for almost
the rent money.
I have land in small lots
around Mohnston, and near
Batesburg, Meeting Street,
Celestia, Rocky Creek or
Fruit Hill.. Ropers and near
Edgefield, and lots and
stores in the town of Edge
Edgefield, S. C.
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and glasses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
ig typewriter triumph is here!
nd comes years before experts expected it!
e-time to attain this ideal machine. And Oliver has won
gave the world its first visible writing.
typewriter on earth like this new Oliver "9." Think of
of a kitten will run the keys!
e new-day advances that come alone on this machine are all controlled
Oliver. Even our own previous model.?-famous in their day-never
t put the whole control of 84 letters and characters in the little tin
And it lets you write them all with only 28 keys, the least to operate
i writers of all other machines can immediately run the Oliver Num
This brilliant new Oliver conies at the old-time price. It costs no
more than lesser makes-now out-of-date when compared with this
's splendid new features are costly- -we have eqauiized the added ex
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If you are using some other make you will want to see how much
ing an Oliver, it naturally follows that you want the finest model.
Lemember this brand-new Oliver "9" is the greatest value ever given in a
ypewriter. It has all our previous special inventions-visible writing, auto
the OptionBl Duplex Shift. Selective Color Attachment and all these other
o everyone everywhere on our famous payment plan-17 cents a d^y! Now
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ypewriter Co., olioer ^S^L
ter three (3) months for $4.00
F all the unhappy homes,
not one in a hundred has a bank
account and not one home in a hundred who has a
bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to
put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy
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BANK OF EDGEFIELD
""""OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President;
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Geo. W. Adams, Thos. H. Rainsford, John
Rainsford, B. E. Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller, E. J. Mims, J. H.
S. M. Whitney Co.
Personal Attention to all Business, Correspond