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Urapeis One of Hardiest and Surest Fruits, But Will Not
\ Develop Well Without Proper Care-Very Important
to Train Vines to Some Definite Form.
Unquestionably, the grape is one of
the surest fruits that can be grown bi
South Carolina, Practically all the
standard varieties will succeed. Nor
is the fruit often injured by late frost.
In general, it is safe to say that when
Tines are properly cared for there ls
almost a certainty of a crop every
But although the grape will pro
duce some fruit under almost any
treatment, yet results ?hat are really
worth having cannot be obtained with
out proper care of the vines. The old
practice of planting a vine just any
where and letting it. grow at will is en
ttrery wrong. Under such conditions,
Tines become thick and fall on the
ground, there ie a tendency to over
production of fruit, to small bunches,
and inferior berries, and at s.bout 'the
time the grapes begin to color up, they
begin to rot As * result, when the
fruit should be ready for use, one-half
tr two thirds of lt is worthless. Be
sides, vines handled thus are weak
and last only a few seasons.
Perhaps the worst mistake in grape
?tt?ture is failure to prune properly. It
ls very important that the vines be
trained to some definite form. The
tastest method of training the grape
le as follows:
Pruning the grape, (a) Young vine
transplanted and headed back to
three buds, (b) First year'? growth,
two canes allowed to. grow, (c)
First season's pruning, (d) Second
and all subsequent seasons' pruning
Third year: Numerous canes will
, be thrown out from the two that were
First year: Plant one-year-old vines, i left the preceding season. The prun
... . . . _._ "in ?#
As soon as they have been put out, i ing necessary this year will consist of
?ut them back to three buds, as shown ? removing all canes except four, one
ct (a) in illustration. Should all three ' going each way from an old vine on
t* these grow, rub one off, leaving the both wires. These four canes are com
itrongest two to grow and form the ?monly called "arms." They form the
frame of the vine. During the first ! frame on which the fruiting canes will
Mason's growth ?he young shoots ?be produced.
Should be tied to a stake, as shown at After this year the pruning will con
(b) to illustration. This is to pro- Isist of renewing the four "arms" each
luce healthy cane*. Should they be ?year when suitable canes of the pre
sllowed to run on the ground, they will ! ceding season's growth can be found
>e weak and mere liable to injury. j to take their places. If this cannot
Second year: A trellis must now be done, all the canee should be cut
fee prepared. Set posts 20 feet apart back to two or three buds. These
.?long each row of grapes. This will buds will throw out shoots the next
five space for two vines between each season on whieh the fruit will be
two posts. The posts, when set, should I borne. It is always best to renew the
show four and one-half feet above the | arms each year if possible. When this
fronad. The end posts should be set method is folio wed, each vine will pro
st least three feet in the ground and duce from 75 to 100 bunches of grapes
weH braced to prevent giving when i each year, which is enough. The
the vines are stretched. The other j vines are also kept thinned out, so
posts should be ?et at least two feet that the sun can strike all portions
Step. To the p<>sts are nailed two ?and that spraying can be done suc
wires on which to train the vines. The I cessfully.
lower wire is two feet above ground For further information on the
.sod the uppeir wile two feet above the grape, farmers should write to Sidney j
Jrtwec r Thes* pr??parations mads, the S. Ritterrbe^ ^^aon^oi?Aa^ .andJ
young c~n^ suoirm oe tauen orr" theiU^ A??-??ui^?n No. 15, "Fruit Culturen
ttakes. one cut t>?.*-at the- height of the for South Carolina,"
int wire and tied, and the other al- C. F. NrVEJN,
lowed to extend to the top wire,-.ts Assistant in Horticulture,
shown at (c). I Clemson Agricultural College.
WHY CROSS BREEDING IS NOT ADVISABLE
Farmers sometimes get the mistak
en Idea that cross breeding will im
prove their stock. On the contrary,
cross breeding has many disadvan
tages and farmers, are strongly advis
ed not te attempt it. It has at times
"been used with success in the hajid*
Of breeders of k>ng experience, but
JOT the inexperienced breeder it is a
most dangerous practice.
Cross breeding is the maUng of two
purebred animals of different breeds;
for example, a purebred Hereford bull
with a purebred Angus cow, or a pure
bred Berkshire boar with a purebred
Duroc-Jersey sow. It should be clear
ly distinguished from grading, which
means the mating of a purebred with
e scrub or an animal of very little
pure blood, and which can be dont
with perfect safety and is urged upon
One of the principies upon whieh
livestock breeding is based is that
like tends to beget like. When two
purebreds of the same breed ara
mated, we expect the offspring to be
like its parents, because there is, be
hind each parent, a long line of pure
blood. When two purebreds of dif
ferent breeds are mated (crossbreed
--4L?T,- there at once takes place a
ftaiUe^ Yre?Trs'?Tni me^?ffspTHrg wtth1 Q?~~
be like that parent whose blood is
strongest. When, therefore, two old
breeds, as Tamworth and Berkshire,
or Jersey and Holstein, are mated,
Hiere is a bitter conflict between
bloods and influences that have requir
ed centuries to reach their present
In cross breeding the first cross is
prices. If for no other reason than
this, a farmer should hestiate to cross !
breed. Keep in mind clearly the dif-i
forence between the purebred and the
crossbred. The purebred is the off
spring of two purebred parents of the
same breed. The crossbred is the i
offspring of two purebred parents of '
different breeds. A crossbred can j
never be registered, even If each of i
its parents was a breed champion.
If cross breeding is inadvisable,
however, grading ia advisable and ia,
recognized as the quickest economical I
way of building up a herd. Grading it
the mating of a purebred with a scrub
or with a grade. Generally the pure
bred used is the sire and the scrub or
grade is the dam. Grading is perfectly
safe ^because all the power is on one
side and the results can be predicted.
A purebred Angus bull mated with
scrub cows will produce calves of
which more than eighty per cent are
pure black and hornless, such is the
power of pure blood over mixed
blood; There is no better way for the
young breeder to begin than with a
grade herd and a purebred sire. In a j
few years he can make his herd as
profitable as purebreds and will have
learned how to take care of a pure
bred. But let him avoid cross breed
- .- - J. M.-E?RGESS, .
Associate Professor of Dairying,
Clemson Agricultural College.
Last year the extension division of
Clemson College put forth its great
est efforts in a campaign for increas
ing the acreage of wheat and oats.
This year it is again urging the sow
some?m?? good."" but" af ter "that" such !ing of wheat and oats- but has added
breeding is very uncertain, because ;llvestock to lts Propaganda. "Take
the nature of the offspring will de- !the second step-livestock."
pend upon whichever of its bloods gets
the mastery. Moreover, there is a Manure is subject to heavy losses
danger that sometimes the good ifrom several sources. For instance,
blood in each parent will balance that
in the other, which will cause an out
cropping of some bad characters that
bad been held in check ever since the
Because of this uncertainty of re
cults, a crossbred sire should never be
?ted nor any crossbred females kept
far breeding, except where a pure
bred ia at the head of the herd. Be
cause breeders understand this, a
crossbred can never bring more on
the market than lt is worth for meat
or work, and the farmer who breeds
such animals loses bis chance of sell
ing blt best product at purebred
many farmers lose practically all their
liquid manure, yet this contains more
valuable plant food than the solid.
There are a number of ways to save
stable manure and every farmer
should exert himself to get the most
possible out of his manure.
The most serious limiting factor in
Southern agriculture is lack of humus
in the soil. The easiest and most
economical way to get humus in the
soil is by growing and turning winter
legumes. This also enables a farmer
to get nitrogen from the air and cut
his fertilizer bills.
A PINE WHOOPING COUGH REMEDY.
Mothers,. Dr. Bell's Pine-Tar
Roney is just the remedy for youi
children's cold ailments. The fae;
is that pine is a quiet enemy o?
cold conditions. Its qualities loosen
the. mucous in the throat, soothe
the lungs and open up the air pas
sages. The combination of honey,
soothing and pleasant, with the
loosening pine qua!fly makes this ail
ideal cough remedy for children
Each passing year brings for it.
new friends. A family of growing
children cannot afford to be without
it. 25c. a bottle.-3
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines, Boilers
Supplies and repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs.
Write me and I will explain
how I was cured in four days
of a severe case of Pile of 40
?ears' standing without pain,
nife or detention from busi
ness. No one need suffer from
this disease when this humane
cure can be had right here in
R. M. JOSE,
Route 4. Lamar, S. C.
IN M ll CE
Go to see
Before insuring elsewhere. We
represent the best old line com
Haning & Byrd
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
Insurance Notes, Fire And
The PRUDENTIAL life (Strength
! of Gibraltar Co) has lowered the
cost of life insurance. The PRU
DENTIAL has decided to allow
annual dividends on their already
extra low rates. At age 35, for in
stance,-an average age-PRU
DENTIAL 15 (Fifteen) life PAR
TICIPATING rate is only $35.70.
The premiums are reduced by an
nual dividends. Thils is lower than
most companies' 20-payment Life
participating rate. I do not know
of any company represented in Edge
field whose Capital and Surplus is as
much as ?150,000.00, having 20 pay
life participating rates as low as the
PRUDENTIAL 15 payment par
ticipating rates. The PRUDEN
TIAL has Capita1, Apportioned
Funds and Surplus of $64,000,
000.00. See Spectater Company's
The PRUDENTIAL wrote $87,
000,000.00 in 1914-more than any
company represented in Edgefield.
Please write us for rate at your
age. E. J. NORRIS,.
Edgefield, S. C.
To Farmers and Stock Raisers:
Owing to improved business con
ditions and high price cotton, farm
stock will be high for years to come.
Now is the time to invest in a good
brood mare with size apd raise
some good stock for home use. All
stock dealers agree that horses and
mules will be high. A good brood
mare will be a very profitable ani
mal to keep. I will have on hand
here next season my splendid com
bination Stallion and two of the
best bred Jacks.
JAS. H. GARRETT.
Clark's Hill, S. C., Oct. 14.
DR- J.S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER P0STOFFICB.
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
Miss Myrtle Cothrum,
of Russetiville, Ala., says:
"For nearly a year, 1 suf
fered with terrible back
ache, pains in my limbs,
and my head ached nearly
all the time. Our family
doctor treated me, but
only gave me temporary
relief. I was certainly in
bad health. My school
teacher advised me to
Tlia Woman's Tile
1 took two bottles, in all,
and was cured. I shall
always praise Card ii to
sick and suffering wo
men." If you suffer from
pains peculiar to weak
women, such as liead
ache, backache, or other
symptoms of womanly
trouble, or If you merely
need a tonic tor that tared,
nervous, worn-out feel
l, try Cardul. E-65
Make the Old Suits
We are better prepared
- than ever to do first-class
'work in cleaning ard press
ing of all kinds. Make your
old pants or suit new by let
ing ns clean and press them.
Ladies skirts and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
Special attention giv?n to La
dies' Silk Waists and Skirts.
Edgefield Pressing Club
WALLACE HARRIS, PROP.
CHICHESTER S PILLS
Atb Ton?1 Drnofflit for CRI-CHES-TER'S
DIAMOND BRAND PILLS la RED andy
GOLD metallic boxes, sealed with Biue\
Ribbon, TAKE KO OTHER. Bay oF roar
Druggist and oak fop CHI-CHES-TEH'S
DIAMOND BRAND PILLS, for twenty-five
years regarded as Best, Safest, Always Reliable.
SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS
See our big
We Install all
The mint makes it and under the terms
of the CONTINENTAL MORTGAGE
COMPANY you can secure it at 6 per
cent, for any legal purpose on approved
real estate. Terms easy, tell us your
wants and we will co-operate with you.
908-9 MUNSEY BLDG.,
Cures Old Sores, Other Remedies Won't Cure
rh e worst cases, no matter cf bow lone standing
are cured by the wonderful, old reliable Dr
Porter's Antiseptic Healing Oil. It relieve!
?ain and Heals at the sam* Use. 25c, 50c, $1.0
Fresh Shipment by Express
For sale by the quart or served any style in our
restaurant. Take your dinner with us when in town.
411 of the Fresh Fruits in
Next Door to Post-office
IT MARES flo
On? So HAPPY
To Have A
COMllfht 1909, by C. E. Zimmerman Ca-No. 44
F all the unhappy homes,
not one in a hundred has a bank
account and not one home in a hundred who has a
bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish ta
'put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President;
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Geo. W. Adams, Thos. H. Rainsford, John
Rainsford, B. E. Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller, E. J. Mims, J. H.
d and Coal 1
line of Coal and Wood Heaters
- - - - $2.00 to $10.00
- - - $3.50 to $16.00
SETS STOVE MATS
TONGS ENAMEL WARE
RONS TIN WARE
of Our Stoves FREE of Charge
ilium i IM^---^--i --8
Long-Term Loans to Farmers a Specialty.
Your farm land accepted as security WITHOUT ENDORSER or
other COLLATERAL. Unlimited funds immediately available in de
nominations of Three Hundred and up. Established 1892.
JAS. FRANK & SON, Augusta, Ga.