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Botanist of Clemson College
Gives Simple Preventive
of Grain Disease.
FOROATS AND WHEAT SEED
Formalin Solution Applied to Small
Grain Before Planting Kills Spores
. of Smut Without Injury to Germii
' rating Powers.
.Smut is the most widespread and
destructive disease of small grain and
it occurs where ver oats and wheat are
grown. When proper control meth
ods are not practiced, it frequently
causes serious loss. Fortunately, it is
cot hard to prevent this disease. In
?ormalin we have an easily obtainable
preparation that does the work effi
ciently. Before sowing oats or wheat,
farmers should treat the seed with a
formalin solution to prevent smut.
.Smut is caused by a parasitic
growth that lives in the tissues of the
plant. The disease spreads by spores
(very small, seed like bodies) which
cling to the hulls or lodge in the
creaser of individual oat or wheat
grains and are thus carried into a
field with the seed. The spores germi
nate ai: about the same time that the
plants come up and the disease grows
directly into the tissue of the young
Smut lives in plants apparently
without doing serious damage until
the plants begin to head out. Then
(fte disease concentrates its efforts in
the he^ds and black, sooty masses of
spores fill the places where grain
should form. As these masses break
up, the spores are scattered over the
field by wind. Many lodge in grains
on healthy heads of oats or wheat and
remain alive there until the seed are
planted again. Some remain in the 1
diseased heads and are carried to the
thresher. In threshing, the smut
spores are scattered everywhere and
many lind resting places in healthy.
Oat c>r wheat ,&mut can he controlled
by soaking the plaiting 3eed in a
chemical solution that will kill the
?mut spores in the seed without injur
ing the germinating powers of the
seed. The best chemical to use for
this is formalin, which is a 40 per cent
Bolutiou of formaldehyde. It may be
procured from any reliable druggist.
Treatment With it Ls made as follows:
Make up the formalin solution by
mixing one pint formalin (40 percent
Solution of formaldehyde) with 40 gal
lons water. Sack the grain to be
treated, about a bushel to a sack. Dip
each sack of grain into the barrel of
solution and let ii: remain there for
from five to ten minutes, moving the
eack up and down several times to
make sure that all the grains are thor
oughly wet. -Finally, lift the sack and
let the salution drain out, after which
either pile the bags of treated grain
together and cover with bagging or
canvas, or pour the treated grain Into
& pi IP on a clean floor and cover with
togging or canvas. Leave the grain j
covered thus for from 12 to 24 hours.
As a last step, spread the grain thinly ?
over a clean floor to dry.
The grain seed should be dried as '.
rapidly as possible to prevent sprout-1
3ng. Naturally, grain Jthus troted '
ehould be put In clean bins or sacks I
BO as not to be again exposed to the!
disease. Sacks and bins that have1
contained diseased grain may be dis- i
infected by washing with a formalin .
polution made of one pint formalin to
10 gallons water.
H. W. BARRE,
Professor of Botany,
Clemson Agricultural College.
' ARE YOUR COWS EFFI
Putting the efficiency test to cows
with the milk scales and the Babcock
tester is one of the essentials of con
ducting a successful dairy. When feed
is high in price fi. farmer cannot af-!
ford to have boarders in his dairy j
barn who eat up more in feed than
their milk yield is worth. The Bab
cock test will show these delinquent
cows in their true light and the milk
ecales will put the clincher on the
argument. Testing cows will give
some farmers a big surprise. Some
times the 20W that looks like the
poorest creature in the lot is the best
butterfat producer. The dairy divis
ion of Clemson College offers to give
any farmer, advice about testing milk
and keeping records. Test, don't
I EQUIPPED FOR LIVE
The extension division of Clemson
College is well equipped to assist
farmers in any part of South Carolina
with any problems in livestock that
may arise. The college has two men
giving all their time to beef cattle
and swine, extension work, three dairy
extension experts and one extension
poultry man. This is one of the larg
est and best equipped animal husband
ry extension forces in the United
States. South Carolina farmer;
ehould teke advantage of their oppor
tunities along this line to get expert
help free of cost.
GET RID OF THOSE POISONS IN
You will tiud Dr. King's New
Life Pills a most satisfactory laxa
tive io releasing the poisons from
vour system. Accumulated waste
and poisons cause manifold ailments
unless released. Dizziness, spots
before the eyes, blackness and a
miserable feeling generally are in
dications tbat you need Dr. King's
New Liff Pills. Take a dose to
night and you will experience grate
ful relief by morning. 23c.-3
The union meeting of the third
division will meet with Mcdoc
church on Oct. 30-31.
11:00, Devotional by moderator
11:30 Enrollment of delegates
1 How can our churches best fit
their young members for church
work and are dey doing this?. J
M ?ussey and J CT McKie.
2 Is a church member in good
standing if he hates his neighbor?
J C Morgan and L G Bell.
12:30 Adjournment for dinner.
3 What should be the attitude
of church members with reference
to Rome 13 to 8? J YV Johnson
and J C Harvely.
4 How can the indifference of
our church members' be corrected J
and who should do this work? J P
Nixou and Will Agoew.
Sunday morning, Sunday school
in usual order.
Missionary sermon by Rev Geo
Adjournment half past twelve for
5 What is the best method to
accomplish the most good in the
Sunday school? T G Talbert and
Rev J F YVarren.
6 How can our union meetings
be improved? Dr Blackwell and W
YV. E. Bunch,
COLDS DO NOT LEAVE WILLINGLY
Because a cold is stubborn is no
reason why you should be. Instead
of "wearing:" it out. get sure relief
by taking Dr. King's New Discov
ery. Dangerous bronchial and lung
ailments often follow a cold which
ha* been neglected at the beginning.
As your body faithfully battles
those cold germs, no better aid can
be given than the use of this reme
dy. Its merit has been tested by
old and young. Get a bottle to
day. 50c. and $1.00.-3.
' Union Meeting.
The union meeting of the 2nd di
vision of the Edgefield Baptist As
sociation will meet with Hardy's
Baptist chureh on Saturday Oct.
30, ll) 15.
11:30 a. m., Devotional sermon
by the moderator. Roll call and
verbal reports from churches by
Discussion of Subjects.
L The place of intercession in
God's missionary plan? G. YV.
Medlock, J. I). Hughey.
2. Practical missionary teaching
in our Sunday schools? Walter Car
penter, W. J. Gaines.
3. How to get missionary work
on the cash basis? Charles Jones,
S. B. Mays.
4 A study of spiritual condi
tions in our associations? H. L.
Hunch, Martin Medlock and Wal
Sunday ll a. m., Devotional ser
mon by the pastor.
11:30. Missionary sermon by
Rev. J. T. Littlejohn.
Afteruoou sermon to be provi
P. B. Lanham,
EDGEFIELD PEOPLE PRAISE SIMPLE
Many praise the simple mixture of
buckthorn bark, glycerine, etc,
kno-arn as Adler-i-ka. This remedy
is the most THOROUGH bowel
cleanser ever sold being even used I
successfully in appendicitis. ONE
SPOONFUL relieves almost ANY
CASE of constipation, sour or gas
sy stomach. ONE MINUTE after
you take it the gasses rutnbie and
pass out. Adiler-i-ka cannot gripe1
and the INSTANT action is sur
prising. Penn & Holstein drug
State of South Carolina,
County of Edgetield.
In Re L. G. WTateon, commitiee of I
' tue effects of H. C. Watson:
AU persone are hereby notified to
pay all claims due II. C. Wat>on
to the undersigned, and all persons
hoi ling claims against him w ill
hav.- same properly approved and
pres'uted to nie for settlement.
L. G. WATSON,
Cum. for H. C. Watson.
OcL 12 -2t.
Ths Fiit3 That Do Cure?
Use Your Whole
House this Winter
DONT, let cold weather
lock you up in one room.
A Perfection Smokeless Oil
Heater will bring glowing
warmth and cheer to every
room of the house. With the
Perfection Heater near, you
can dress in comfort, clean in com
fort, set the table in comfort, and
live in comfort generally.
The Perfection gives 10'hours of
glowing warmth on one gallon of
oil. Clean-quick- convenient
Use Aladdin Security Oil or Diamond
White Oil to obtain best results in Oil
Stoves, Lamps and Heaters.
Eas announced a puzzle picture contest-a GAME
OF KNOWLEDGE. It is based m South Carolina
History for South Carolinians, ft will be interest
ing, instructive and may be very profitable. Five
hundred and eighty-five dollars- ytf? be given to the
38 subscribers to THE STATE who remit now and
send in their answers later.
Bead The State for Particulars of Write Direct to
the Contest Manager.
THE STATE COMPA?rf,
. COLUMBIA, 9. 0. 9
Enlarging Our Stoek
We are constantly adding to our new stock of mer
chandise, and extend an invitation to our friends
in all parts of the connty to come and give us a
trial. Our goods were bought very close, and we are
making prices within reach of every purse.
When you need Dry Goods, Shoes and furnishings
% of all kinds come to us before supplying your needs.
f We can save you money.
Everything new and bought from the leading manu
I facturers and jobbers in the countn'.
-in invitation is extended to you.
J. W. PEAK
I wish to call attention to the
Star line of pianos for which I am
the representative. They consist of
the Star, the Trayser, the Rich
mond and the Remington Pianos,
The Star Piano Company manufac
tures all of the parts which go into
each piano. There are twenty-two
buildings required for the factory's ?
equipment. T?cese pianos are used *
in over four hundred schools and
colleges in the United States. The
workmanship is the highest, and all
instruments are fully guaranteed.
Sold on terms of easy payment by
J. A. Holland
- South Carolina
J. C. LEE, President
F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas.
FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to build, remodel or repair,
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,
pews, pulpits, etc.. rough and dressed lumber, ~"
lath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling
and siding. .
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets.
Our Motto: ggj
Made in the old-fashioned way, by hand
dipping,-one at a time.
As the Galvanizing is done after the shingles are
completely stamped to shape,-there are no exposed
or cracked edges. The heavy coating means long
life without attention.
8 For Sale by
STEWART & KERNAGHAN
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Feeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
ffkW^ See our representative, C. E. May.