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Characteristics of Chickens That. Make Them Good Laying' or
General Purpose Breeds-White Leghorn and Barred
Plymouth Rock Most Popular Varieties.
Breeds o? poultry can be conveni
ently divided into two classes: (1)
the egg breeds, and (2) the general
purpose breeds. This division is like
thai of cattle into beef and dairy
types, and of horses into light and
In the egg breeds of poultry the
primary requirement is the produc
tion of a great number of eggs of
standard size. The fowls are not ex
pected to be prime table specimens,
bat they must lay throughout the
year, except when they have to rest
and recuperate. They do not sit and
hatch chickens and they lay white
shelled eggs. The more popular egg
breeds are Leghorns, Minorcas, An
cosas and Campines. The most popu
lar variety of these breeds is the Sin
gle Comb White Leghorn:
All large egg farms are stocked
with W?ite Leghorn pullets and hens,
because it is possible to obtain
breeding stock in this variety that
has blood lines of heavy egg produc
tion behind it. Pullets from a heavy
laying strain are better layers than
pullets of no special breeding.
I A simple test of a good layer is to
measure the distance from the two
pelvic bones (one bri each side of the
vent) to the rear end of the breast
bone. This distance should be as wide
as four fingers when the hen is lay
ing. When the hen has this depth and
is also wide across her rear it proves
that she has an abundance of room to
manufacture eggs constantly and par
ticularly the egg shells, which are
formed in this part of her body. Such
a hen will lay well when properly
; cared for.
Hens with a small distance between
the pelvic bones and rear of breast
, bone and tight or unyielding rear body
are not good layers. Put bands on the
; legs of your layers and note how many
consecutive days they lay without
resting. That will show how long
each hen can maintain her egg flow
' an dthe better layers are those which
: can continue laying for longer periods.
EGG TYPE ? ?.
LAT? WHITE E???. WIT-&TTEIO.
GENERAL PURPOSE TYPE.
_ LAY? BRffllTEG?t. fity'JND&XBSS
How can one detect heavy laying
characteristics in a mature pullet or
ben? Notice the illustration of the egg
type hen. Note how her body resem
bles the wedge shape o? the dairy
cow. Narrow and trim at her neck
and -wide and deep at the rear, she
has the greater part of her body be
hind her legs. A good layer has a j
large, soft, flexible rear end, drop
ping down between ner legs and so ,
wide that the legs are set far a*art to
accommodate it. The rear end of the |
hen corresponds to the udder of the j
Hairy cow and must be large and yield- j
tag, not small and hard.
The general purpose breeds have
been selected primarily for the pro
duction of table poultry. They are
aiso good layers of brown-shelled eggs.
They hat:h* their chicks and are the
most satisfactory for those who want
one flock of purebred chickens for
both meat and egg purposes. The
moi a pop ular of the general purpose
breeds are Plymouth Rocks, Rhode Isl
and Reds, Wyandottes and Orpingtons
The most popular variety is the Bar
red P!yni3uth Rock. This is recog
nized as the best chicken for market
as it is large and well-meated and fat
tens profitably when confined Jn
FRANK C. HARE,
Clemson Agricultural College,
DESTROY CORN STUBBLE'DO NOT NEGLECT TOOLS
Farmers Can Reduce Damage from Farmers Suffer Large Losses by Fail
ure to Care for Implements That
Are Not in Use.
Corn Stalk Borer by Turning
Under Stubble in Fall.
Corn stubble should not be allowed
to stand in the field all winter undis
turbed. The corn stalk borer is one
of the "reasons" for this. This insect
is one of the most notorious corn
pests of the South and evidence of its
work can be seen in practically any
corn field at harvest time. It is the
cause of the holes that may occur in
any portion of a stalk.
The corn stalk borer remains as a
The farmer who puts away his farm
machinery without oiling and clean
ing it is certain to lose in the dete
rioration of the machinery many times
what the time to care for it would
have been worth. Failure to take care
of farm machinery is a source of large
loss to the American farmer annually.
Most farmers realize that they
larva, or worm, in the base of corn j would save money by taking good care
stubble beneath the groand during the ! of their machines, but neglect to do
winter. Farmers do this insect a j SOf either brough carelessness or in
great favor, therefore, when they let: _ "_. .
f. . , ,,, ' , - ... , , difference. The most important step
their corn stubble stand undisturbed . ., ~. . . ,. ,
, - ... . " ... ' toward having efficient machmerv is
in the field during fall and winter. . ^."" .. . .
_. ... . . ? keeping it in good repair. In spare
Destroying corn stubble is not very * ?. . ,, , y
j . , a \ time, each machine snould be care
easy, except on modern y equipped ... t"_". , ..... , ,
, .. . ". . fully inspected and all missing, broken
; or overworn parts noted. Write the
names and numbers of missing parts
, on tags and fasten these tags to the
farms where there is sufficient horse
power and the stubble can be turn
ed under thoroughly. There is" there
fore, Srome temptation to leave it un
disturbed. But the advantages of
turning stubble are such that a farm- i All machines should have a general
er cannot well afford not to- do it. inspection at least once a year. A
Turning it under helps very much in rainy day in late fall is very good for
?reducing the corn stalk borer for this purpose.
the next season. j Exposur6 t0 weather injures both
Where thorough turning cannot be ? wooden and metal parts of machines
practiced, there are other methoids and a machinery shed should by all
such as "busting out" the stubble and means be part of the farm equip
hauling it to the compost heap for rot- ment. Every machine- should be clean
ting. By anether method, after the ed, oiled, and housed after it has been
corn is gathered, stalks, stubble, and ! used,
everything else may be "busted out," I _ .
raked into ?heaps and, after a few : iUPalntmg aids ***** in improving
weeks for drying, burned. In expert- ; th,e aP^ance and prolonging the life
mental work a very large percentage ? ^ macmnes. It protects both wood
of corn stalk borer larvae (worms) a^ metal ?om the weather. Paint
was destroyed during winter where ' *Lhould, bf ^ freely whejl T**<*
the stubble was plowed out and left I 0ne, of the best P^01* for a11 farm
exposed to the weather. j implements is made with red lead and
? \ v .. j linseed oil.
But when these methods are prac
ticed by farmers only here and there, j The use of good farm implements is
it will not help the situation very lncreaeing rapidly in South Carolina
much. The control of the corn stalk and f*T*" owe it to themselves to
borer depends upon the co-operative
action of the farmers of a community,
be more careful of their tools. In the
year that has gone, they nave learned
The fact must also be borne in |Bome lmP?*ant lessons in economy,
but there is probably no more practi
cal way in which a farmer can econo
mize than by taking the proper care
of his farm implements-repairing
them, oiling them, housing them, and
SIDNEY S. RTTTENBERG,
Clemson Agricultural Coll eg*
mind that it is an extravagant prac
tice to let corn fields lie idle and ex
posed during the winter months, not
only on account of these Insect pests,
but aleo on account of the loss from
washing and leaching of soils.
A. F. CONRADI,
Professor of Entomology,
Clemson Agricultural College..
A FINE WHOOPING COUGH REMEDY.
Mothers, Dr, Bell's Pine-Tar
Honey is just the remedy for your
ohi?dren's cold ailments. The fact
is that pinr is a quick pnemy of
cold conditions. Its qualities loosen
the mucous in the throat, soothe
the lungs and open up the air pas
sages. Thc combination of honey,
soothing and pleasant, wi ti) the
loosening pine quality makes this an
ideal cough remedy for children.
Each passing year brings .for ii.
new friends. A family of growing
children cannot afford to be without
it. 25c; a bottle.-3 . ?
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills. Engines, Boilers,
Supplies and repairs, Porta?
bie, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs.
Write me and I will explain
how I was cured in four days
ol' a severe case of Pile of 40
yoars' standing without pain,
knife or detention from busi
ness. No one need suffer from
this disease when this humane
cure can be had right here in
R. M. JOSE,
Route 4. Lamar, S. C.
Before insuring elsewhere. Vie
represent the best old line com
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
Insurance Notes, Fire And
The PRUDENTIAL life (Strength
of Gibraltar Co) bas lowered the
j cost of life insurance. The PRL?
! DENTIAL ha? decided to allow
! annual dividends on their already
'?? extra low rates. At age 35, for in
stance,-an average age-PRU
! DENTIAL 15 (Fifteen) life PAR
TICIPATING rate is only ?35.70.
j The premiums are reduced by an
! nnal dividends. This is lower than
'most companies' 20-payment Life
; participating rate. I do not know
of any company represented in Edge
: field" whose Capital and Surplus is as
i much as $150,000.00,having 20 pay
j life participating rates as low as the
j PRUDENTIAL 15 payment par
ticipating rates. The PRUDEN
TIAL has Capita), Apportioned
j Funds and Surplus of ?t>4,000,
000.00. See Spectater Company's
The PRUDENTIAL wrote 887,
000,000.00 in 1014-more than any
company represented in Edgefield.
Please write ns for rate at your
agp. E. J. NORRIS.
We have the agency for Ford auto
mobiles for the western part of Edge
field county. There is no better car on
the market for the money. The Ford
owners who have thoroughly tested
these cars will tell you that. If you
want a car,, drop us a card and we will
call on you and demonstrate the Ford
W. F.'RUSH & CO.
PLUM BRANCH, S. C. .
To Cure a Cold in One Day
Take LAXATIVE BROMO Quinine. It stop? the
Cough and Headache and works off the Cold.
Druggists ?fund money if it fails to cure.
E. W. GROVE'S signature on each box. 25c.
Miss Myrtle Cothrum,
of Russel vi lie, Ala., says:
"For nearly a year, I suf
fered with terrible back
'ache, pains in my limbs,
and my head ached nearly
all the time. Our iam?y
doctor treated me, but
only gave me temporary
relief. I was certainly in
bad health. My school
teacher advised me to
The Woman's Tonic
I took two bottles, in all,
and was cured. 1 shall
always praise Cardui to
sick and suffering wo
men." If you suffer from
pains peculiar to .weak
women, such as head
ache, backache, or other
symptoms of womanly
trouble, or if you merely
need a tonic for that tired,
nervous, worn-out feel
ing, try Cardui. E-?S
Make the Old Suits
We are better prepared
than ever to do first-class
work in cleaning and press
ing of all kinds. Make your
old pants or suit new by let
ing ns clean and press them.
Ladies skirts and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
Sped.il attention givan to La
dies' Silk Waists and Skirts. \
Edgef?eld Pressing Club
WALLACE HARRIS, PROP.
CHICHESTER S PILLS
*f LADIES !
Atlc j our iimttght for CHI-CHES-TER'9
DIAMOND BRAND PILLS in RED and.
GOLD metallic boxes, seeled with Kue\
Ribbon. / TASE NO OTHES. Buy of yonr
Dru&Klst ord oak fop CHI-CUES-TtR'S
DIAMOND BK A Ni? PILLS, fer twenty-five
years regarded a9 Best,Safest, Always Reliable.
SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS
My place ne3r Rehoboth, Edge
field Co., S. C., a good place, one
onndred acres under mower wire.
Seven acres Bermuda. Apply to
T. B. Gilchrist, Augusta, Ga., R.
Oct. 26, 1915.
cures ?is? ?vi*. .v. .-u.fcw rfon'l Cart
The worst ca'-es. no matter cf he WI??Z standing
are cured by the wonderful, oid reliab?? Dr
Porter's Anti?-?;-tic He^li?:? O;!. It relievei
"Vin and Heal?? at th? snn- 25c, 50c, Sl.C
See our big
We Install all
Thc greatest thing
in modern feeding
is MOLASSES. It cata
feed bill and builds up the stock.
^?S' It's something the horses and mules like-gives them an :1|?sP|
appetite-starts the saliva running and aids digestion, 'S^?^
HHF ^ar superior to an all grain feed. Give your horses and ^
WM mules a treat, and at the same time save money. ? viii
fcff Our RED SHIRT (first grade) Horse and Mule Molasses Feed Ws.
contains Corn, Oats, Ground Alfalfa, made appetizing with salt
!? and pure cane molasses, and analyzes as foliows?
Protein IC?.; Fat 39.; Fibre 129c; Carbohydrates 579b
* PIEDMONT HORSE & MULE MOLASSES FEED
j ?? 129.; Carbohydrates 559e. "i ^
! PERFECTION HORSE & PIE FEED
(Pry Mixed) We manufacture c?so a dry mixed (no
- _____ - Molasses) Horse and Mule Feed, which analyzes: S
$ Protein 129.; Fat 3%: Fibre 12?.; Carbohydrates 579.. This is composed of straight ;j
? grain and ground Alfalfa Meal.
RED SHIRT DAIRY FEED
First Grade: A balanced ration containing Molasses. Cattle are very fond of lt- ,
* keeps them in good condition. Increases the flow md enriches the quality of the milk f
$ at a reduced cost of feeding. Contains ground Corn, C. S. Meal, Wheat Middling, ;
jj?. Ground Alfalfa, Pure Cr.ne Molasses and Salt. Analyxes: Protein 159b: Fat 3%i
k. Fibre 129. : Carbohydrates G07o.
I PIEDMONT DAIRY FEED gg?dc^?^%. Protein 12%i Fat 2%%; s
DCn CJIIDT Hflf VWli A combination of Digestive Tankage, Ground Corn. Rica
= IUJU omni nuu ILAJU screenjng_; very fattening. Keeps the hogs in good "ondition. (
We manufacture also RED SHIRT Scratch Feed and RED SHIRT Baby Chick Feed.*
"SEVEN EGGS A WEEK" HEN MASH ^i^LV0^^
Rice, Cottonseed Meal, Cow Peas, Meat Mes! and Linseed Meal. Analysis:
Protein 18%; Fat 49b; Fibre 129.; Carbohydrates 409e.
As shown on the bags in our ad. nc arly all of cur feed is made from Carolina
products, even to the bags end tvdne. W* are, therefore, in the maret
for Oats, Corn, Wheat, Alfalfa Hay and any other kind of Hay
We also carry a full stock of GRAIN, HAY
Our feeds as shown above are mixed
on scientific principles to furnish thc
greatest nourishment at the lowest
co3t. Let us shown you how to
cut your feed bills down. Write
ai for prices, etc .
Molony & Carter Co.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Om So HAPPY
To Have A
Co. j rik ht 1909, br C. E. Zimmerman Co - No. 44
F all the unhappy homes,
not one in a hundred has a baj?k
account and not one home in a hundred who has a
I bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to
put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
BANK. OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS: J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President;
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Oashier. '
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Geo. W. Adams, Thos. H. Rainsford, John
Rainsford, B. E. Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller, E. J. Mims, J. H.
Allen. . *
line of Coal and Wood Heaters
- - - $2.00 to $10.00
- $3.50 to $16.00
of Our Stoves FREE of Charge