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NO PLACE FOR COUNTERFEITS
Difficulty of Replenishing and Starting
Herds With Good Animals Wor
ries Dairy Farmer.
The development of the Increasing
demand for well-bred dairy cattle is
based "upon the recognition of the fact
that under present production condi
tions, the counterfeit dairy cow has no
place on the pasture'or in the feed
During the past few years, difficulty
in replenishing and starting herds
with good animals has confronted the
Select Animals on Wisconsin Dairy
dairy farmer at every turn. High feed
bills have demonstrated the futility
of expecting satisfactory returns when
keeping poor producers, and the wide
awake, progressive, business dairymen
are centering their demands on merit,
of which there must be a greater sup
ply to meet this demand. Fore'gn
competition has created a well grou- d
ed impression that the most effective
way of evading lt is by greater pro
duction per animal and better i rod
BUILDING UP A DAIRY HERD
Mot Necessary to Go to Great Expense,
but Few Years of Time Are Re
quired for Purpose.
Are you .satisfied with your present
herd of nonpaying common cows? Ii
not why not b?gin now tc improve
them and get out of the old rut?
When developing the dairy herd from
common stock lt is not necessary to
go to great expense, but a few years
of time are necessary in which to ac
The amount of time called for will
to some extent, be dependent upon the
character of the stock that you now
have, or the one you intend to use for
a foundation herd.
In some instances two.^ or three gen
erations of correct breeding will build
up a common herd to a fine paying
herd. In other instances a longer
time will be required but it should
not require more than four or five
generations to effect the changes
sought, . 4,
NEED OF WATER FOR A CALF
Necessity Not Generally Understood
and Young Animal 1? Quite Fre
quently Painfully Thirsty.
The young calf does not receive all
the moisture lt needs from the skim
milk which it gets as a regular ration.
.At a very early age it "will drink a lit
tle water if it has an opportunity and
it will do this a number of times dur
ing the day.
It is a good plan to have water be
fore it at all times. This need of the
calf for water is not generally un?
demoed and the young animal is
usually painfully thirsty as well as
hungry at feeding time. The result
is that it gorges itself with the milk
or drinks too rapidly when it has a
chance. Thus it does not get the full
benefit of the milk and digestive trou
bles will result. Remember that milk
is the calf's food. Water should be
Care of Calf After Weaning.
Make sure that the calf does not
get to the cow again, once it is sepa
rated from her and put on the skim
niilk diet, as it will tend to spoil, not
only the calf, but will cause the cow
to worry after the calt and reduce her
Leave Calf With Cow.
It is a g;ood practice to let the calf
rock the cow for about forty-eight
hours after birth, after which it should
be taken from its motier. In the case
of a weak calf, however, it is better
to let it remain two or three days
Cleanliness Is Necessary.
In raising calves, remember this:
Cleanliness in all ot the feeding op
* ?rations is extremely" necessary.
Use Artificial Coloring.
If lt ls desired to use artificial color
ing, it should be added to the cream
Just before churning.
USE OF FORMALIN
TO PREVENT SIT
Botanist of Clemson College
Gives Simple Preventive
of Grrain Disease.
FOROATS AND WHEAT SEED
Formalin Solution Applied to Small
Grain Before Planting Kills Spores
Of Smut Without Injury to Germii
Smut is the most widespread and
destructive disease of small grain and
it occurs wherever oats and wheat are
grown. When proper control meth
ods are not practiced, it frequently
causes serious loss. Fortunately, it ia
not hard to prevent this disease. | In
formalin we have an easily obtainable
preparation that does the work effi
ciently. Before sowing oats or wheat,
farmers should treat the seed with a
formalin solution to prevent smut.
Smut is. caused by a parasitic
growth that lives in the tissues of the
plant. The disease spreads by spores
(very small, seed like bodies) which
cling to the hulls or lodge in the
creases of individual oat or wheat
grains and are thus carried into a
field with the seed. The spores germi
nate at about the same time that the
plants come up and the disease grows
directly Into the tissue of the young
Smut lives in plants apparently
without doing serious damage until
the plants begin to head out. Then
&e disease concentrates its efforts in
the heads and black, sooty masses .of
spores fill the places where grain
should form. As these masses break
up, the spores are scattered over the
field by wind. Many lodge in grains ?
on healthy heads of oats or wheat and i
remain alive there until the seed are
planted again. Some remain in the
diseased heads and are carried to the !
thresher. In threshing, the smut '
spores are scattered everywhere and^
many find resting places in healthy',
Oat or wheat smut can be controlled
by soaking the placing seed in a.
chemical solution that will kill the,'
smut spores in the seed without injur- j
lng the germinating" powers of the
seed. The best chemical to use for ?
this is formalin, which ls a 40 per cent
solution of. formaldehyde. It may be
procured from any reliable druggist. !
Treatment with it is made as fo'Iows: !
Make up the formalin solution by
mixing one pint formalin (40 percent
I solution of formaldehyde) with 40 gal
lons water. Sack the grain to be j
treated, about a bushel to a sack. Dip |
each sack of grain into the barrel of
solution and lee it remain there for
from five to ten minutes, moving the
sack up and down several times to
make "sure that all the grains are thor
oughly wet Finally, lift the sack and
let the solution drain out, after which
either pile the bags of treated grain
together and coyer with bagging or
canvas, or pour the treated grain into
a piie on a clean floor and cover with
bagging or canvas. Leave the grain
covered thus for from 12 to 24 hours.
As a last step, spread the grain thinly
over a clean floor to dry.
The grain seed should he dried as
rapidly as possible to prevent sprout
ing. Niaturally, grain Jthus treated
should be put in clean bins or sacks
BO as not to be again exposed to the
disease. Sacks and bins that have
contained diseased grain may be dis- I
infected by washing with a formalin
solution made of one pint formalin to
10 gallons water.
H. W. BARRE,
Professor of Botany,
Clemson Agricultural College.
ARE YOUR COWS EFFI
Putting the efficiency test to cow?
with the milk scales and the Babcock
tester is one/of the essentials of con
ducting a successful dairy. When feed
is high in price a farmer cannot af-1
ford to have boarders in his dairy
barn who eat up more in feed than
their milk yield is worth. The Bab- .
cock test will show thesg delinquent
cows in their true light and the milk
scales will put the clincher on the
argument Testing cows will give
some farmers a big surprise. Some
times the cow that ' looks like the
poorest creature In the lot is the best
butterfat producer. The dairy divis- j
ion of Clemson College offers to give
any farmer advice about testing milk
and keeping records. Test, don't
EQUIPPED FOR LIVE
The extension division of Clemson '
College is well equipped to assist;
farmers in any part ot South Carolina
with any problems In livestock that
may arise. The college has two men
giving all their time to beef cattle
and swine extension work, threedairy
extension experts, and one extension
poultryman. Thi3 is one of the larg
est and best equipped animal husband
ry fixtension forces in the United
States. South Carolina farmers
should toke advantage of their oppor
tunities along this line to get expert
help free of cost.
How to Grow Bigger Crops
of Superb Fruit-FREE
YOU need this practical, expert information. Whether
you own or intend to plant a f.-w trees or a thousand, it is infor
mation that will save you time, labor and money. Get lt ! Simply send us your
same and address on the coupon-or on a portal, if you prefer.
everywhere are getting prodigious
We will gladly mall you a free copy
of our New Catalog-an ll x 8 in. book
that is simply packed with hints that
will enable you to secure bumper crops
of finest fruit-and sell them at top
market prices. THe whole book is filled
with facts that will interest and instruct
you-facts about how fruit-growers
crops and large c ash profits from crops
of young, thritty, genuine Stark Bro's
trees-facts thal emphasize the truth
of the axiom "Stark Trees Bear Fruit."
Beautiful life-size, na:-.:ral-col<T photos
of leading fruits all thmu?rh the book.
Send for your copy today to
Stark Bro's Nurseries at Louisiana, Mo.
Read it and learn about the new fruit
tree .triumph of Stark Bro's lnnjr Cen
tury of Success-the "Double-Life"
Grimes Golden-the tree development
that resists "collar rot." Get the New
Facts about "Stark Delicious," Stark
Early Elberta, and all the latest
peaches, Stark Bro's-grown, J. H. Hale
Peaches, also Lincoln Pear, Stark
Montmorency Cherry, Mammoth Gold
Plum and all the other famous Stark
Bro's fruits,berries and ornamentals.
ince J 816
'*. A Send me at once,
9 & postpaid, your New
p C?talo?, telling just
coupon or a postal,
bearing your name
and address. *
/how fruit-growers are
I expect to plant.
Spray With Red Devil Lye
Makes old orchards produce; doubles the
of garden and truck. Buy a can at your ?ro
spray and grow prize winners. SiSaggSss&L
Wm. Schleid Mfg. Co., St. Louis, Mo.
B. B. RUSSELL, Jr R. E. ALLEN
SHIP YOUR COTTON TO
RUSSELL & ALLEN
Cotton . Factors . and
Bonded Warehouses. Liberal Advances Made on
Cotton in Storage.
AUGUSTA - -.GEORGIA
Do You Consider Expense
As Well As Appearance?
Don't you often pay more than vou can
afford just to be sure that you will not get
badly styled, poorly made clothes?
You don't have to pay a premium to safe
guard your appearance when you buy
tMM HAM HIIITI
"The Mme price the world oveel '
They are for the men who consider their
dollars as well as their appearance. And
the price $17 fits the income of more i
than 63 out of 100 men. Guaranteed
all-wool fabrics, high grade tailoring,
plus the styling of a fashion artist
whose work is famous.
Come in and see one of these suits thu c are
nationally popular. We have all the new cloth
conceptions and a range of models that con
eider sons, fathers and grandfathers-all tastes,
Style plus guaranteed wear for $17. You can?
not beat it, so why not try it?
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Ford Cars Have .
Stood the Test
The experience of scores of own
ers, of the Ford Automobiles has
proven that there is nothing better
made for the Edgefield roads. Ford
cars will carry you safely over any
road that a buggy or any other ve
hicle can travel.
An AU-the-Year-Around Car
They are light, jet substantially
built. They are cheap, yet the best
of material is used in their con
struction. Are you contemplating
purchasing a car? Let us> show
youva Ford Run-About or Touring
G. W. ADAMS
Edgefield Auto Repair Shop
Next to Court House
Our Edgefield Friends
Are invited to make our store their headquarters
when in Augusta. # < .
W? are better prepared than ever before to supply
their needs, lavery department of our large stock is
filled with stylish fall merchandise.
In Dry Goods we were never better stocked. Our
Shoes were bought from the leading manufacturers.
Our stock of Men's and Boys' Clothing was never
We invite the ladies to see our tailored suits frcm
the largest makers of women's ready-to-wear factory in
Our Millinery Department is also filled with the
most Stylish Hats and Trimmings ever brought to Au
gusta. Do not fail to call in to see us whether you
buy or not.
Augusta Bee Hive
816-918 Broad Street Augusta, Georgia
I J. WILLIE LEVY CO.
I AUGUSTA, GEORGIA
Is ready with Fall Suits, Hats, Overcoats for Men and Boys.
H Our Wemen's Department carries the Most Up-to-Date Suits,
Cloaks, Dresses and Furnishings in the entire South.
Waiting and Resting Rooms for the Ladies. Send your packages
jjjSjt here. We'll send them to the train for you.
Make Your Augusta Headquarters
Serving you and yours since 1848
W. W. ADAMS & CO.
Members State Warehouse
All persons storing cotton with us,
we think, will have no trouble to bor
row money on certificates issued by the
We will appreciate any business
W. W. ADAMS & COMPANY
Edgefield, South Carolina