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BEST TIME TO PRUNE TREES
Delay Work Until Danger of Winter
Killing Is Past-Sometimes Desir
able to Prune in Summer.
Questions are often asked about
the desirability of early winter prun
ing of orchard trees. Some people
have a notion that early pruning
causes more watersprouts and heavy
growth than will be the case if the
pruning is delayed until late winter.
Others are fearful of cutting limbs
after the sap begins to flow or after
buds have started.
The horticultural department at the
Ohio College of Agriculture states that
as a general rule winter pruning pro
motes wood growth, while summer
pruning checks growth of trees. It
makes no difference, then, at what
time during the dormant season the
Pruning Peach Trees.
pruning is done, the effect on tree
growth will be the same. However,
there is a certain advantage in delay
ing the pruning until late winter.
There is always danger of a certain
amount of winter killing of twigs and
smaller limbs. Pruning after this dan
ger is over ?will obviate any necessity
of pruning twice. Then, too, where
wounds are made early in the winter
the freezing and thawing is apt to
check wood growth and to dry the tis
sues so that a prompt healing is hin
dered and sometimes prevented.
In case trees are making too vigor
pus a growth, It is sometimes desir
able to prune them in summer. How
ever, summer pruning, to be effective,
must take place just after the terminal
buds have completed their growth.
This ls usually during the latter part
of June. Later pruning simply starts
new wood growth and defeats the
These general principles of pruning
apply to all fruit trees of all classes
CARING FOR THE PLUM TREE
More Injury Caused by Trimming
Them Than From any Other Cause
-Keep the Saws Out
Keep saw and trimming shears out
of your plum tree, says a writer. Just
cut off the dead limb and if some limb
so interferes with another oue that it
must be cut off, then do it. I have in
jured more trees by trimming them in
the earlier days of my pium raising
than from any other cause.
Spray the trees just before the buds
open with lime-sulphur cue to ten, thin
after the fruit has set with lime
sulphur, one to forty, adding three
pounds arsenate cf lead to the bar
rel, which will be beneficial to destroy
the brown rot. This spraying may be
repeated every ten days, but must not
be used within four or five weeks of
ripening of the fruit
Cut down or dig up old trees when
they have lost their vigor and set out
new ones. Dig a hole as big as a bush
el basket at least in which to set the
tree. Put some good rich loam in the
hole, and a half-peck of wood ashes
turned in after the small roots are
covered will be found beneficial.
STONY SOILS FOR ORCHARDS
Often Recommended as Desirable for
Fruit-Soil Must Be Brought to
A stony loam is often recommended
as desirable fruit soil, but stones are
advantageous only in that^ they may
help a soil that is too heavy or clayey
or too impervious, by making it some
what more pervious to water. The
fact that a soil is stony does not
necessarily imply that it is produc
If apples are to be grown with
profit, and competition is keen, the
soil must be productive or at least
capable of being brought to a produc
tive state and so maintained.
Much of the current belief that
"stony" soils possess some peculiar ad
van?rg" for or.chun! fruits has un
doubtedly arisen from tho success of
many orchards located on stony hills.
BEST WAYS TO COOK BACON
Meat ls Too Frequently Wasted Bo
cause Insufficient Thought Is
Bestowed Upon lt.
Bacon is an extravagant article in
the list of cooking materials because
of its increased price and the fact
that often twice as muca as is needed
is used for garnishing other foods.
This delectable meat will probably
never be low-priced again, yet it will
always be a great addition to the
menu, so that to know the best ways
of using it without waste is a neces
sity if one is to cook well.
The drippings from bacon are the
best sort of shortening for cookies
and everyday pastry; therefore,
j every bit of the fat that renders out
in cooking should be strained and
I saved for such uses. This reduces the
first cost of the meat very much, for
the shortening bill has soared with
the price of pork.
All left-over bacon makes excellent
seasoning" for meat loaves and may
be nicely browned for garnishing by
.being dipped into egg batter and then
' Into fine crumbs and placed in a hot
j oven, on a bacon rack, until golden
If you have never broiled bacon on
! a rack you have a culinary treat in
I store, for even inferior bacon becomes
i fine tasting when broiled so and best
bacon delicious. Any wire broiler or
oven rack may be used; the slices ure
spread out, just touching, not cover
ing, one another, on it and placed over
a dripping pan in a hot oven.
Sometimes bacon is as salty as salt
can make it#and requires soaking in
hot water after it is cut; after such
treatment the salt is not too apparent.
The best of sausage can be made
at home with the following ingredi
ents: One pound of veal, one pound
of fresh pork, one cupful of bacon
chopped and one cupful of cracker
crumbs. Grind the veal and pork fine,
add crumbs and bacon, seasoning of
pepper and sags with little salt, as
the bacon supplies this. Grind the
, mixture again and shape into cakes
? and fry. Cold meat of any sort may
j be used in place of the veal.
GOOD LUNCHEON FOR CHILD
i Delicacies the Youngster Will Appre
ciate and That Will Keep Him
In Best of Health.
Fairy Apples-Pare and core enough
tart cooking apples to fill a baking
dish: cover them with sugar, and put
a little cold water in the dish, also
several slices of lemon and two cloves.
Then pour a little melted butter over
the apples and bake them until ten
der. Serve them cold, with a blob
of fruit jelly put on the top of each
and whipped cream about them.
I Ambrosia.-This delicious dessert
I could be an occasional treat, as lt ls
j rather troublesome to make. It re
I quires grated cocoanut, sliced oranges
and bananas, sugar and a wee taste
of lemon juice. Pill a dish with lay
ers pf the different fruits, putting
sugar over each one, and continue in
this way until the ingredients are all
in. Let the dish "blend" while in a
cool place before serving. Fresh
cocoanut is needed, and if the milk of
the fruit is sweet this may be added i
to the dessert.
Brown Sugar Sandwiches.-For the
children incessantly craving sweets
brown sugar is.an excellent thing to
keep in the hcuse. Spread it thickly
on buttered wiiite bread and put the
slices together so as to make narrow
Quick Ginger-Cake Pudding-Get
any sort of small or large ginger or
molasses cakes from the grocer and
cover them with a custard made of
boiling hot milk into which several
eggs are beaten up. Pour' the milk
gradually into the eggs, stirring vigor
ously all the while; sweeten and pour
over the calces, allowing them to
stand until they have "drunk" up a j
good deal of the custard. Serve warm
or cold. I
Pare and core one-half dozen not
very tart apples. Butter a granite j
saucepan and set in apples with very
little water. Add one cupful of sugar,
two tablespoonfuls of brandy and a
dash of nutmeg. Put over a slow fire,
cover and let simmer without cooking
hard till apples are tender. Take up
when done, being careful not to break
them, and set away to cool, pouring
over them the sirup in which they
were cooked. When quite cold and
ready to serve put in a glass dish,
sprinkle them over with fine macaroon
crumbs and send to table.
Pressed Flank of Beef.
Wipe, rexove superfluous fat and
roll a flank ot Deef; put in a kettle,
cover with t oiling water and add one
teaspoonful salt, one-half teaspoonful
peppercorns, a bit of bay leaf and a
bone or two which may be at hand;
cook slowly until meat is in shreds.
Tnere should be but little. liquor in
the kettle when meat is done. Ar
range meat in deep pan, pour over
liquor, cover and press with a heavy
weight. Serve cold, thinly sliced.
Orange juice can be made to serve
as a most delicious drink if only a
little thought and time be spent upon
it. Serve chilled in tall glasses, with
some diced banana, a grapefruit cul.
and seeded, a bit of pineapple or any
To Wach Silk Lace.
9ilk lace should be soaked in milk
over nignt, then vr.shed in warm soap
suds, v.ase and pin out smooth on a
clean ironing beard until dry. Do no* j
COUGHS THAT ARE STOPPED!
Careful people see that they are
stopped. Dr. King's New Discovery
is a remedy of tried merit. It has
held its own on the market for 4'3
years. Youth and old age testify
to its soothing and healing quali
ties. Pneumonia and lung troubles
are often cau-ed by delay of treat
ment. Dr. King's New Discovery
stops those hacking coughs and re
lieves la grippe tendencies. Mon??y
back if it fails. 50c. and ?1.00.-2
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines, Boilers,
Supplies ano repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files, Belts
and Pipes. WOOD SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs.
jg NOTICE TT
jssjfa Write me and I will explain S
isjgr how I was cured in four days 'ag
of a severe case of Pile of 40- OTY
vears' standing without pain, j?*2.
^ knife or detention from busi- g?
'3$ ness. No one need suffer from ?SK
this diseaae when this humane SQ
^ cure can be had right here in ?ra
South Carolina. 'p:
R. M. JOSE, jp
Route 4. Lamar, S. C.
Go to see
Before insuring elsewhere. We
represent the best old line com
Harling & Byrd
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
Insurance Notes, Fire And
The PRUDENTIAL life (Strength
of Gibraltar Co) has lowered the
cost of life insurance. The PRL7
DENTIAL has decided to allow
annual dividends on their already
extra low rates. At age 35, for in
stance,-an average aere-PRLT
DENTIAL 15 (Fifteen) life PAR
TICIPATING rate is only ?35.70.
The premiums are reduced by an
nual dividends. This is lower than
most companies' 20-payraent Life
participating rate. I do not know
of any company represented iu Edtre
field whose Capital and Surplus isas
much as 8150,000.00, having 20 pay
ii fe participating rates as low as the
PRUDENTIAL 15 payment par
ticipating rates. The PRUDEN
TIAL bas Capital, Apportioned
Funds and Surplus of #64,000,
000.00. See Spectater Company's
The PRUDENTIAL wrote *S7,
000,000.00 in 1914-more than any
company r3presented in Edgefield.
Please write us for rate at your
age. E. J. NORRIS.
Edgefield, S. C.
We ha~e the agency for Ford auto
mobiles for the western part of Edge
field county. There is no better car on
the market for the money. The Ford
owners who have thoroughly tested
these cars will tell you that. If you
want a car, drop us a card and we will
call on you and demonstrate the Ford
W. F. RUSH & CO,
PLUM BRANCH, S. C.
A. H. Coriey,
Appointments at Trenton
Mrs. Jay McGee, of Steph
enville, Texas, writes: "For
nine (9) years, I suffered with
womanly trouble. I had ter
rible headaches, and pains in
my back, etc. It seemed as if
1 would die, I suffered so. At
last, I decided to try Cardui,
the woman's tonic, and it
helped me right away. The
full treatment not only helped
me, but it cured me."
The Woman's Tonio
Cardui helps women in time
of greatest need, because it
contains ingredients which act
specifically, yet gently, on the
weakened womanly organs.
So, if you feel discouraged,
blue, out-of-sorts, unable to
do your household work, on
account ox your condition, stop
worrying and give Cardui a
trial. It has helped thousands
of women,-why not you?
Try Cardui. E-71
Make the Old Suits
We are better prepared
than ever to do first-class
work in cleaning and press-,
ing of all kinds. Make your
old pants or suit new by let
ing us clean and press them.
Ladies skirts and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
Special attention givm to La
dies' Silk Waists and Skirts.
Edgefield Pressing Club
WALLACE HARRIS, PROP.
Aik your Drajcgirt for CHT-CHES-TER'S
DIAMOND B&AND PILLS in "
GOLD metallic boxes, sealed
Ribbon. TAZB NO OTHER. L?,
DiUKftlit and ?ak for CDI-CUES.'* <
DIAMOND BRAND PILLS, for twentv-five
years regarded as Best, Safest, Always Reliable.
SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS
Greet the cold weither with t
snappy Wool Snit or warra Over
coat. Prepare for jack frost's ar
rival now and give us your ordei
before it's too late. We are raak
ing some classy Winter Overcoat:
with Convenable Collars. Alst
other styles. See our Une of Hart
Schaffner <fc Marx Ready-Mad?
Suits. They are handsome-sl?.O?
F. G. MERTIN'S,
See our big
BRASS FI Ri
We Install all
The greatest thing
in modern feeding
is MOLASSES. It cat*
down the feed bill and builds up the ?tock.
pr RED SHIRT ^_
? HORSE AND MULE MOLASSES FEED
Ifs something the horses and mules like-gives them an
appetite-starts the saliva running and aids digestion.
f Far superior to an all grain feed. Give your horses and
? mules a treat, and at the same time save money.
Our RED SHIRT (first grade) Horse and Mule Molasses Feed
contains Corn, Oats, Ground Alfalfa, made appetizing with salt
and pure cane molasses, and analyzes as follows:
Protein 10% ; Fat 3% ; Fibre 12% ; Carbohydrates 57%
? PIEDMONT HORSE & MULE mikm FEED l?T^^T^;..
& 12% ; Carbohydrates 55%.
^WM? FOX HORSE & MULE MOLASSES FEED
i3rd Grade) This analyzes : P?tdn 9%: f
Fat2%: Fibre 12%; Carbohydrates55<ft.|
I S?S?SS !
? grata and ?round Alfalfa Meal.
n ana grouna AU?"?
RED SHIRT DAIRY FEED
* T**T ... _iinia..M fattie are very fond of i
Fir t : A bllanced ration containing ^^^^^^ ??? j
keeps them in good condition. Increpes the flow g4???*? Meal? Wheat Middling.
Fibre 12%; Carbohydrates 60%.
_- ? ,nvr TTTTi C/.pfl
^ nore nw r-_.
I PIEDMONT DAIRY FEED Stftft. Prote?n 12*: F" 2%%;
~ RED SHIRT HOG FF*D A combination of Digestive Tankage, Gronnd Corn. Rice
= ? ?i i screenings; very fattening. Keeps thc hogs in good condition.
We manufacture also RED SKIRT Scratch Feed and F.ED SHIRT Daby Chick Feed. /
*SEYEN EGGS A WEEK" HEri KASH J
Rice, Cottonseed Meal, Cow Peas. Meat Meal and Linseed Meal. Analysis:
Protein 18%; Fat 4%; Fibre 12%; Carbohydrates 40%.
As shown on the bags in our ad.nearly ail cf our feed is made from Carolina
products, even to the bago and tvine. We are, therefore, in the market
for Oats, Com, Wheat, Alfalfa Hay and any other kind of Hay
We also carry a full stock of GRAIN, H*-"
Our feeds as shown above are mixed
on scientific principles to furnish the
greatest nourishment at the lowest
cost. Let us shown you how ta
cut your feed bills down. Write
us for prices, etc,
Mokiy & Carter Co.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
To lave A
"~ C0P7ri*ht 1909, by C. E. Zimmerman Co - -Ko. <*
F all the unhappy homes,
not one in a hundred has a bank
" account and not one home in a hundred who has a
I bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to
put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President;
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Geo. W. Adams, Thos. H. Rainsford, John
Rainsford, B. E. Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller, E. J. Mims, J. H.
r line of Coal and Wood Heaters
$2.00 to $10.00
- - - - $3.50 to $16.00
of Our Stoves FREE of Charge