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IMPROVING THE POST-ROADS
Four Hundred and Sixty-Five Miles of
Experimental Highways Are New
Tour hundred and sixty-five* miles
of experimental post-roads of different
types, benefiting 28 different counties,
are now under construction in 13
states, which are co-operating with
the federal government. These roads,
which are being built under the su
pervision of the department, are au
thorized by the act of congress of Au
Ohio State Highway, Brick.
gust 24, 1912, which appropriated for
the post-road department $500,000, to
be expended in an experiment to test
out the value of improved rural-carrier
routes. The federal government pays
one-third and the state or county ben- j
?fited must defray two-thirds of the
cost. The entire sum of $500,000 of
federal funds and $1,000,000 of local
funds will be expended under the su
pervision and checking of federal
The following work on post-road im
provement has been undertaken, ac
cording to a bulletin dealing with the
vuiioii uv.cwu UDU ?iaititiiitiuv-o V^<T .?au.
and bridges, issued by the depart
Lauderdale county, Alabama, 30
miles of earth road.
Boone and Story counties, Iowa, 51
miles of earth road.
Dubuque county, Iowa, 20 miles of
Bath and Montgomery counties,
Kentucky, ll miles of macadam road.
Montgomery county, Maryland, 5.4
miles of macadam road.
Cumberland county, Maine, 21 miles
of bituminous macadam road.
Lenore county, Mississippi, 24 miles
of gravel road.
McDowell county, North Carolina, 16
miles of earth road.
Davie, Forsyth and Iredell counties,
North Carolina, 48 miles of sand-clay
and top-soil road.
Licking and Muskingum counties,
Ohio, 24 miles of concrete road.
Jackson county, Oregon, 51.4 miles
of earth road.
Aiken county, South Carolina, 27.3
miles of sand-clay and top-soil road.
Loudon county, Tennessee, 6.4 miles
of macadam road.
Montgomery county, Tennessee, 7.6
miles of macadam road.
Bexar, Comal, Aravis. Hays and
Guadalupe counties, Texas, 71.6 miles
of gravel road.
Fairfax county, Virginia, 12.3 miles
of gravel road.
Spotsylvania, Caroline and Hanover
counties, Virginia, 38.2 miles of sand
clay and top-soil road.
As rapidly as these roads are con
structed the department is endeavor
ing to Interest the local authorities
ia inaugurating systematic main
tenance to keep them in condition.
The county engineer has undertaken
the maintenance of the Virginia post
road in Spotsylvania county, and an
other will supervise the upkeep of
the completed part of the Ohio post
road. It is believed that this local
maintenance system will be extended
io the post-roads to be built in Maine,
Tennessee, Texas and Alabama.
Bulletin on Roads.
The United States department of
Agriculture bulletin, No. 220, is upon [
the subject of roads, and it is well
worth reading. It tells of Roman roads,
French roads, and treats not only of
road surfacing, but of road grading
and foundations for roads. Send for it,
Keep Roadsides Clean.
Roadsides and fence rows free of
weeds, rank grass and rubbish, are
not only pleasing in*appearance, but
injurious crop pests cannot start
housekeeping in such places. Neither
is there a chance for noxious weeds to
mature er dangerous plant diseases to
start on dean roadsides.
Greatest Single Factor.
The greatest single factor in nation
al economics is transportation, and the
greatest single factor in economical
transportation is good roads.
TORTOISE OUTLIVES THE HARfc
i Rabbit May Get to Be Five Years of
Age, but the Other May Reach
The ages of living things vary from
1 a moment to hundreds of years. The
tortoise is said to take the prize
among all land animals for length of
years. This animal lives, under favor
able conditions, 300 or 400 years. One
died in London in 1906 which was said
to he at least 350 years old. The
crocodile, too, sometimes lives to bc
The tortoise has to give in to the
whale, however, ?or the latter often
lives to the age of five hundred. That
is probably the oldest age reached by
any creature which exists upon the
The common little English sparrow
lives longer than most of us imagine.
Scientists tell us that some of them
get to be forty years old. This is a
ripe old age for so small a bird. The
robin, which is much larger, lives
only ten or twelve years. The eagle
holds the record for age among the
birds, lt may live to be 100.
The elephant lives, on the average,
about as long as the eagle. The old
est age among our common domestic
animals is reached by the horse,
which often reaches 30 or more. This
is practically the same as the age of
lions and camels. The cow may live
to be 25, the dog 15. the rabbit about
five. Most of us know, however, of
cases in which common beasts or
birds have lived to much greater ages
than are allotted them ordinarily.
TO GUIDE TROOPS AT NIGHT
Prismatic Compass ls Declared to Be
of Great Value to Military
Leading troops across country by
compass bearing with as much cer
tainty by night as by day is made
possible through the use of a pris
matic compass just brought out in
England. The name given this com
pass is due to the prism fitted to one
side of the frame, although this is not
the most important feature of the in
strument. The dial, which is made of
mother-of-pearl, has a center coated
with luminous paint, and in addition to
this there are luminous patches on the
lid by which the instrument is readily
sighted at night. When a night march
is to be undertaken the instrument is
opened and exposed to the daylight for
half an hour. This is sufficient to
make the dial center and sighting
patches luminous for from six to nine
hours. In the latest form of the in
strument this exposure to daylight ls
unnecessary, owing to ?ie i10*? of
Lazy, That's All.
NewV.York women are lazy house
keepers. All experiments with public
markets, co-operative food stores and
come sooner or later bang up against
the fact that housewives hereabouts
will not take the thriftiest means of
getting food supplies. Every now
and then municipal markets start off
with a flourish. But in a short time
it is found that they are doing mainly
a wholesale business. The housewives
they are supposed to benefit are buy
ing their food from the corner store
and paying the same old. prices, how
ever high they go. New York women
are too proud to take their baskets
and go to market as do the women of
Pittsburgh. Women in this city talk
"high cost of living." It is the fashion
to groan about it. But it is not the
fashion to fall to and help reduce it.
New York Times.
Artistic designs can be burned In
wooden surfaces by the use of an
acid solution formulated properly
with equally as good results as are
obtained with the pyrographic needle.
: A 20 per cent solution of sulphuric
acid should be mixed in an ordinary
ink bottle, and the liquid tinted with
red ink or other coloring matter, so
that the acid line will be visible when
it is applied.
After the design has been printed
or drawn on the wood surface a tai
lor's iron should be rubbed carefully
over lt until the desired shade is ob
tained. The acid should be painted
over the design with a small camel's*
hair brush.-World's Advance.
Sugar was not known as an article
of commerce among the Greeks, and
lt is not; mentioned in the Bible, show
ing that it was not known to the He
brews. The sugar cane is believed to
have ,?rown wild in India, and while
no reference to sugar can be found to
300 A. D. there is no doubt that the
Juice of the cane was in use long be
fore that period. The art of the evapo
ration of the juice to a solid substance
is an Indian invention of about the
seventh century, and was spread all
over the then known world. The Arabs
and Egyptians prepared candy at an
early date by recrystallizing the sugar
obtained from the pressed cane.
His Unsatisfied Yearn.
"I have long desired to be a sheriff
and capture a blonde wood nymph
who in form and trimmings resembled
the Venus de Milo," confessed J.
Fuller Gloom. "Two obstacles have
prevented. I couldn't be elected sher
iff if there was no other candidate in
the race against me, and there are
no blonde wood nymphs running loose
anywhere except in tne imaginations
ot the correspondents/'-Kansas City
SERIOUS DISEASE OF CA?ES
Diphtheria Is Due to Specific mfetion
and May Appear in Animals
. Few Days Old.
(By DR. M. H. REYNOLDS. Mindsota
Calf diphtheria is due to a sncific
infection, and is always a sericusmat
ter. The trouble may appeardwith
calves from three to five days old.
Such calves refuse to drink mik or
suck. They show more or les^ dis
charge of saliva from the moui? and
inflamed patches inside the lAputh.
These patches gradually develop into
alcers covered with a dead, grsiular,
or cheesy mass, which does no! peel
easily from the raw surface finder
neath. There is considerable rise of
temperature and an offensive? odor
from the mouth. The trouble may
easily extend to neighboring parts,
to the lining membrane of the**nose,
and then there appears a yellowish
discharge. In some cases the lining
membrane of the digestive tract is
eimilarly affected and then there is
tendency to diarrhea. Little pigs show
So far as now known the germ is
a normal inhabitant of the intestines
of healthy hogs and cattle and prob
ably always virale
ease is prevalent,
young animals are
have been reported,
six or eight months,
I'L-.u ai JJ - nu vbjxrr
The sores may be cleaned with two
per cent creolin in warm water, and
then treated with Lugol's solution, ap
plied twice a day to the ulcers. Per
manganate of potash may also be
used, two ounces to each gallon of
water; make up fresh each time, as
the mixture cannot be kept from day
to day. Either treatment should be
given to valuable animals about twice
a day for from four to six days.
Frequent and thorough disinfection
of calf pens and calf yards is one of
the first essentials in management.
DATA ON BREEDING FOR SEX
Expert of Maine Experiment Station
Gives Result of Investigations
He Has Made.
For ages untold the subject of the
control of sex has been discussed and
studied over, with very little progress
except to discover that many theories
do not work. At that, knowing what
not to expect is a great deal. The
most promising theory now relates
to the influence on sex of the time of
breeding. Of that Dr. Raymond Pearl
of the Maine experiment station writes
in a private letter which Hoard's
"My own investigations on the re
lation of the time of service in the
heat period itself, that is whether
early or late, shows that it does have
an effective Influence on the control
of sex. We are collecting extensive
statistics on the matter by means of
co-operation with breeders all over
the country and the more data we
get, the more clear does lt become
that in this matter, time bf service
related to the heat period ls a sig
FEED FOR MILK PRODUCTION
Common Cows Frequently Capable of
Returning Larger Yield Than That
Secured by Feeders.
(By T. L. HAECKER. Minnesota Ex
Common cows are frequently capa
ble of producing a much larger milk
yield than the average feeder se
cures from the average common cow.
For ten years back we have always
had a number of cows with no dairy
heredity in the dairy herd at the uni
versity farm. The average of 23 year
ly records of these cows is 5,000
pounds of milk and 222 pounds of but* I
The value of 222 pounds of butter at
27 cents a pound is equal in round
numbers to $60. The average com- '
mon cow of this state produces a re
turn yearly of but $46. She is, there
fore yielding $14 a year less than if
given the same care and feed that the
cows tn the university herd received.
Lends Zest to Game.
The maa who keeps accurate track (
of hia cows' production always has a i
record to beat, and beating a former
record lends zest to any game.
Use Your Whole
House this Winter
DONT let cold weather
lock you up in one room.
A Perfection Smokeless Oil
Heater will bring glowing
warmth and cheer to every
room of the house. With the
Perfection Heater near, you
can dress in comfort, clean in com
fort, set the table in comfort, and
live in^comfort generally.
The Perfection gives 10 hours of
glowing warmth on one gallon of
oil Clean-quick- convenient
Use Aladdin Security Oil or Diamond
White Oil to obtain best results in Oil
Stoves, Lamps and Heaters.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
Washington, D, C
Look for the Tri
In many styles and
sizes at hardware
and general stores
Highttt awnrd Panama-PatiftZ
"TxTTTTT'I'T'J1 T I I * I "
Enlarging Our Stock
We are constantly adding to our new stock of mer
chandise, md extend an invitation to our friends
in all parts of the connty to come and give us a
trial. Our goods were bought very close, and we are
making prices within reach of every purse. |
When you need Dry Goods, Shoes and furnishings *
of all kinds come to us before supplying your needs. $
We can save you money. x |
Everything new and bought from the leading manu- J
facturers and jobbers in the country. f
An invitation is extended to you. J
J. W. PEAK
The Tea of
A reason for it being handled by us
Penn & Holstein
Long-Term Loans to Farmers a Specialty.
Your farm land accepted a* security WITHOUT ENDORSER or
atlier COLLATERAL. Unlimited funds immediately available in de
nominations of Three Hundred and up. Established 1892.
. JAS. FRANK & SON, Augusta, Ga.
ijjflit haw, Lathe and girl
ie Milis. Engines, Batters,
iif)|?lies and n-p;i;rs, forta
ie, Stearn arid Gasoline Kn
i.ips, Saw 'I eel h "Files, Belts
nd Pipes. \V()()P SAWS
Gins and Press Repairs.
Go to see
Before insuring elsewhere. We
represent the best old line com
Marling & Byrd
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
The County Treasurer's office will be
open for the purpose of receiving taxes
from the 15th day of October, 1915, to
th*e 15th day of March, 1916.
All taxes shall be due and payable
betweei. the 15th day of October, 1915,
and December 31st, 1915.
That when taxes charged shall not be
paid by December 31st, 1915, the County
Auditor shall proceed tn add a penalty
of one per cent, for January, and if
taxes are not paid un ur ueiuie r eo
ruary 1st. 1916, the County Auditor
will proceed to add two per cent., and
five per cent, from the 1st of March to
the 15th of March, af ter which time all
unpaid taxes will be collected by the
The tax levies for the year 1915 are
For State purposes 7 Mills
* Ordinary County 6 "
Cons. School Tax 3 44
" Bacon School District ^nr W
*. Edgefield School District
" Long Cane S. D. 2f
" Liberty Hill S. D. 3 "
" Johnston S. D. 8 "
" Collier's S. D. 3 "
" Flat Rock S. D. 4 "
" Elmwood S. D. No. 8 2 "
" Elmwood S. D. No. 9 2 "
" Elmwood S. D. No. 30 2 44
" Hibler Township 3 "
" P. Branch S. D. 5 "
" White Town S. D. 4 "
" Trenton S. D. 5 "
" Ward Township 2
" Moss Township 3 "
" Parksville S. D. 4 *'
" Modoc S. D. 2 "
" Oak Grove 3 "
44 Red Hill S. D. 4 "
" Antioch S. D. 2 44
" Shaw Township 4 44
41 Talbert Township 2 "
"RR Bonds Wise T'sp 1 14 44
"RR Bonds Pickens 3 "
"RR Bonds Johnston 3 "
"RR t?onds Pine Grove 12 44
"RR Bonds Blocker(portion] 12 "
"RR Bonds Elmwood 12 "
"RR Bonds Elmwood
" Pickens 3 "
" Edgefield sch'l bldg. 2 "
Town of Edgefield
Corporation purposes 10 "
All the male citizens between the?
ages of 21 years and 60 years except
those exempt by law are liable to a
poll tax of One Dollar each. A capita
tion tax of 50 cents each is to be paid
on ali dogs.
The law prescribes that all male citi
zens between the ages of 18 and 55
years must pay $2 commutation tax or
wurk six days on the public roads. As
this is optional with the individual, no
commutation tax is included in the
property tax. So ask for road tax re
ceipt when you desire to pay road tax.
JAMES T. MIMS,
Co. Treas. E. C.
Premier Carrier of the South
Passenger train schedules, effec
tive October 24, 1915.
Trains arrive from
108 Augusta, Trenton 8:20 am
130 Columbia, Trenton 9:40 am
110 Aiken, Augusta 3:o?pra
106 Columbia, Augusta 8:30 p m
Trains depart for
No. Time ,
109 Trenton, Columbia 7:20 a m
129 Trenton. Augusta 9:4? a m
131 Aug-Columbia-Aiken 11:45 a m
107 Augusta, Columbia 7:30 p m
Sch ev] ules published only as in
formation and are not guaranteed.
For further information apply
'"'J. A. TOWNSEND,
Edgefield. S. C.
To Cure a Cold in One Day
Take LAXATIVE BROMO Quinine. It stops the
Cough and Headache and works ott the Cold.
Druggists refund money if it fails to cure.
E. W. GROVE'S signature on each box. Sc.