PRUNE TREES IN SUMMER
Farmers Trim In Foliage Season in
Order to Check Wood
Summer pruning, as contrasted with
the regular practice, is the pruning of
trees while in foliage. Its influence
upon the tree in many respects is oppo
site to winter pruning. The latter
stimulates wood growth, while the for
mer tends to lessen wood growth.
AB a rule, any practice that checks
wood growth tends to induce fruitful
ness. Growers have taken advantage
of this fact for many years. In Eng
land the result is attained by root
pruning. The method consists in dig
ging a trench around the tree at some
considerable distance and severing
some of the roots. This interferes
with the food supply and necessarily
Ia the famous Ozark apple region
of Missouri and Arkansas the same
result ls attained by ringing or gir
dling the trunk or main branches of
9' the tree, thus checking the downward
sU. flow of sap. The roots in this way are
- partially starved and are, therefore, un
able to Induce a strong wood growth
' the following season. The work is
done during the growing season and,
sss result, the wound soon heals over.
A complete or partial defoliation by
insects, disease, or spraying injury dur
[lng the early summer seems to have
the same effect-Farm and Home. i
CITY MANAGER PLAN GROWS
The Commission Form of City Govern
ment Being Carried a Step
Though the so-called commission
form of municipal government had its
origin in Galveston, Iowa has done
mach to popularize the idea. The Des
Moines plan of commission rule, which
is s modification of the Galveston plan,
has been much advertised. Several
other cities of Iowa have the same sys
tem in operation.
The city manager plan, which is
simply the commission plan carried a
j step further, is believed by many to
represent the best thought on the sub
ject of city government. Under this
;plsn the commission chooses an execu
tive officer to carry out its policies and
holds him responsible for results ob
! fained, whereas under the simple com
mission plan the commissioners divide
fthe administrative responsibility
among themselves, each commissioner
taking the headship of a department of
' Iowa has shown its progressiveness
by making it possible for cities of that
i state to add the city manager feature
'to the commission plan. An enactment
.'of the legislature at its recent sessions
.permits cities governed by commis
sions to adopt the city manager feature
fby popular vete. y ,
I _f i
..DEA IN ORNAMENTAL POSTS
iTo Maintain Proper Alignment Prop
? erty Owner Build? Them ,
Over the Gutter.
In planning to place a pair of orna
mental pillars on opposite sides of a
.roadway intersecting a thoroughfare
in front of his grounds, a property
.owner found that the posts would be
ont of proper alignment if erected
hack of the curb line as had been in
tended. To overcome this difficulty
?lo had the stonework constructed over
[the gaiter, the back edges of the two
.'members resting on the curb and the
foreparts projecting into the street
In order not to obstruct the drain, the
tases of the pillars, each of which are
30 inches square, were built with pas
sages IB inches broad and 8 inches
nigh, beneath them.-Popular Meehan- j
Matter of Position.
' Photographer-Why don't you bring j
your candidate up here for a photo
Manager-He says he won't stand
tor ? sitting, .
Photograph sr-I believe he's lying/*
EQUAL TO ALL OCCASIONS
Great Scotch Lawyer Never at a Loss
for an Answer-Samples of
A writer in the British Weekly, re
viewing a biography of Henry Ers
kine, lord advocate for Scotland, gives,
among others, the following examples
of his wit:
A brother advocate who had little
or no practice died in embarrassed
circumstances. His death was an
nounced to Erskine by Sheriff An
struther, who added: "They say he
has left no effects." "That is not sur
prising," was the rejoinder. ' As he
had no causes, he could have no ef
Erskine did not despise the lowly
pun, and once inscribed upon a tea
chest the words: Tu doces-Thou
The lord advocate maintained a
great reverence for religion, though
surrounded by friends of avowedly
skeptic opinions. One of these was
Hugo Arnot, an attenuated, lantern
faced man, who usually rode a white
horse as lanky and sepulchral-looking
as himself. Returning from a Sunday
afternoon ride, Arnot met Erskine
coming from divine service, and called
out to him: "Where have you been,
Harry? What has a man of your
sense to do consorting with a parcel
of old women?" Adding with an extra
sneer, "What, now, was your text?"
"Our text," replied Erskine, impres
sively, his eye fixed sternly the while
upon the white horse jud his rider,
"was from the sixth chapter of the
Book of Revelation and the eighth
verse: "And I looked and beheld a
Pale Horse: and his name that sat on
him was Death, and Hell followed
with him.' "
WEBSTER FAILED AS PROPHET
Great Statesman Unable to See Possi
bilities of the Great Territory
of the West
Daniel Webster was surely a great
orator when he uttered the peroration
of his reply to Hayne, and a great
statesman when he formulated the
Ashburton treaty, but he failed as a
prophet when in the United States
senate he denounced a proposition to
establish a mail route from Independ
ence, Mo., to the mouth of the Colum- j
bia river. "What," said the godlike
Daniel, "do we want with this worth
less area? This region of savages and
wild beasts, of deserts, of shifting
sands and whirlwinds of dust, of cac
tus and prairie dogs? To what use
could we ever, hope to put these great
deserts, or those endless mountain
ranges, impenetrable and covered to
their very base with eternal snow?
What can we ever hope to do with the
western coast, a coast of 3,000 miles,
rock-bound, cheerless, uninviting and
not a harbor on it. Mr. President, I
will never vote one cent from the pub
lic treasury to place the Pacific coast
one inch nearer to Boston than it now
Exploring Our Friends.
One day I found an exquisite clump
of sweet violets hiding in the very
heart of a bed of nettles! And I think
this discovery gave me more pleasure
than those I found in the protective
company of the harmless ivy! That
is what Froude tells us he found in
Thomas Carlyle. That is *what we
should find in one another, if only we
had eager, patient, and love-washed
eyes. Human life is not all nettles ;
to affirm it is the perverted judgment
of the cynic; they who have a pas
sion for God will find the Godlike
everywhere; they will find the violets
of moral loveliness even in the midst
of the noisome waste. And when
they have found them their fellow
searchers shall hear an exultant shout
and they shall come together, and in
the gracious discovery there shall be
a common "rejoicing in the truth."
J. H. Jowett, D. D., in the Christian
Little Johnny on the Duck.
The duck is a low heavy-set bird and
a mighty poor singer, having a coarse
voice caused by getting so many frogs
in his throat he likes the water and
carries a toy balloon in his stomach to
keep from sinking the duck has only
two legs and they arc set so far back
that they come pretty near missing
his body some ducks when they get old
are* called drakes and don't have to set
or hatch but just loaf and go swim
^ming and eat everything in sight if I
were to be a duck I would rather be a
drake their toes aro set close together
but they have a wide bill they use lt
for a spade; they walk like a drunk
man they bounce and bump about from
side to side. If you scare them they
will flap their wings and try to make a
pass at singing.-From the Carrollton
In theory it ls good to go about shed
ding sunshine and making two smiles
grow where one groan grew before,
but in practice the pursuit is some
times unpleasantly painful. Should
you, at the dinner table in the board
ing house which you' infest, humorous
ly request the waitress to fetch you a
few capsules in which to take your
butter, or inform the landlady that she
does not really keep her boarders
longer than any other reduced gentle
woman In that part of town, but in
stead keeps them so much thinner
that they look longer, you may win a
few pale smiles from your fellow
guests, but the mistress of the man
sion wil> soak you two dollars more
per Week for your wit.-Kansas City
F FLOWERS FOR THE ROCKERIES
Makes an Attractive Substitute for the
Flower Garden-White Blossoms
If one has not space enough for a
flower-garden, or does not wish the
care of a garden, a little rockery will
be an attractive substitute and one
that involves little labor in mainten
A rockery of white blossoms is es
pecially effective. Here ia a combina
tion that is easily grown; Sweet alys
sum, which blossoms profusely and
I can be cut all summer; candytuft,
gypsophila and white portulacca. Do
not sow portulacca until the weather
ls warm and settled; but once under
way it is a sturdy plant and needs
little care. All these flowers are hardy
annuals, may be sown from seed in
the spring and will flower during the
If the rockery is to be permanent
lt would be better to plant some per
ennials. Kenilworth ivy, a small trail
er that bears small lavender or pur
ple flowers, and the helianthenum or
rock rose, which comes in various
colors, are good selections, f For a
yellow and white efTect use, say, the
? yellow dwarf nasturtiums and the yel
low portulacca. The nasturtiums
spread rapidly and flower profusely
during the greater part of the season.
Dwarf morning glory is a pretty vine
for rockeries, and the pink and white
flowers are especially effective when
grown with a mass of lavender flow
ers, rose-colored portulacca, rock rose,
Kenilworth ivy, gypsophila and sweet
VALUE OF SCHOOL GARDENS
' Encourages the Child to Get Into
Close Communion With
The value of school gardens in plac
ing the child in close communion with
Mother Nature cannot be overestimat
ed. In these times of warfare we re
call the words of one writer who
"What conqueror in any part of life's
battle could desire a more beautiful,
more noble or a more patriotic monu
ment than a tree planted by the hands
of pure and joyous children?"
Ex-Gov. Curtis Guild of Massachu
setts said: "Let the children in the
public schools be taught that every
egg they take from the nests of ttye
birds means the loss of a little friend
of Massachusetts; means one less
winged crusader against the gypsy
moth, the brown-tail 'moth and the
crawling pests that destroy the food
of the people and the beauty of the
land. Save the trees! Save the birds
that we may save the trees!" In the
school gardens the children have some
very practical and often painful les
sons regarding damage to plant life
through destructive insects.
Take Care of the Parks.
Years and years ago the necessity
for presenting any extended argument
in favor of the ownership of extensive
parks by municipalities was obviated.
It has come to be generally under
stood and appreciated that these out
door breathing places afford not only
pleasure, but profit, and that-instead
of being a liability they are a very
valuable asset in the community
which has them. To be sure, those
who have automobiles or horses and
who can go out into the country as
far and as often as they like are not
particularly anxious for these nearby
grass plots, and yet when they have
visitors they are sure to take them
there, and they point with pride to
these evidences of municipal enter
prise. They ought cheerfully to pay
their share to provide these parks
for those whose lack of means pre
vents them from getting out into the
country at their will, and having an
hour or an afternoon in the sun or the
shade, in the fresh, pure air. There
is no other tax in town which ought to
be more cheerfully paid than that
which goes for parks.-Utica Press.
* Save the Trees.
The National Highway Protective as
sociation reports that two states have
adopted Its legislation to mitigate the
evil of defacing trees, fences and
buildings along public highways with
advertisements. The states that have
shown this wisdom are Rhode Island
and New York. The measure is not
drastic. It merely requires that no
advertisements can be placed on trees,
fences or buildings flanking highways
without the written consent of the
owner. A moderate penalty ls im
posed Tor violation. It is not to be
hoped that this will wholly prevent the
evil, but it will exercise a wholesome
check on its prevalence. Other states
might well follow the example, and
even more drastic legislation would
be in order.
Helping a Lady.
"Jack, I wish you'd come to see me
''Why, Vanessa, I thought you were
engaged to Algernon Wombat?"
"No; ??ut I think I could be if I
could get up a little brisk competi
New Through Sleeping Car.
Between Aiken and New York,
Washington, Baltimore, Phil
adelphia, effective November
23, 1915 on the Augusta Spe
cial Via Southern Railway.
Ar Bal ti more
1:45 p m
2:25 p m ?
7:00 a m
8:32 a m
10:50 a m
12:57 p. tn
Ar New York
Drawing Roon)? State Roora and.
Open Section Steel Electric Lighted
Sleeping Cars? Dining Car Service
For All Meals. For reservation*
and information, apnlv to
J. A. TOWNSEND*,
Ticket Ageni, Edgefield, S. C.
Mrs. Jay McGee, of Steph
enville, Texas, writes: "For
nine (9) years, I suffered with
womanly trouble. I had ter
rible headaches, and pains in
my back, etc. lt seemed as if
I would die, I suffered so. At
last, 1 decided to try Cardui,
the woman's tonic, and it
helped me right away. The
full treatment not only helped
me, but it cured me."
V? The Woman's Tonio
Cardui helps women in time
ol greatest need, because ft
contains ingredients which act
specifically, yet gently, on the
weakened' womanly organs,
f So, if you feel discouraged,
blue, out-of-sorts, unable to
do your household work, on
account of your condition, stop
worrying and give Cardui a
trial It bas helped thousands
of women,-why not you?
Try Cardui, E-71
Make the Old Suits
We are better prepared
than ever , to do first-class
, work in cleaning and press
ing of all kinds. Make your
old pants or suit new by let
ing us clean and press them.
Ladies skirts and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
Special attention giv ?n to La
dies' Silk Waists and Skirts.
Edgefield Pressing Club
WALLACE HARRIS, PROP.
' nruKftlst BOU WK ?or i;ux-bui.>ii<a'9 -
I DiAMOXIi BRAND PILLS, for twenty-five
years regarded as Best,Safest, Always Reliable.
?SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and glasses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
We have the agency for Ford auto
mobiles for the western part of Edge
field county. There is no better car on
the market for the money. The Ford
owners who have thoroughly tested
these cars will tell you that. If you
want a car, drop us a card and we will
call on you and demonstrate the Ford
W. F. RUSH & CO.
PLUM BRANCH, S. C.
JUpVi E&pC SS THEO
QUUCVLLII u BBS}!Aa
GENUINE MflSyi 5
The greatest thins;
In modern feeding
ia MOLASSES. It cot?
down tho feed bill and build? np tho stock.
HORSE AND MULE MOLASSES FEED
' lt's something the horses and mules like-gives them an
' appetite-starts the saliva running and aids digestion.
Far superior to an all grain feed. Give your horses and
mules a treat, and at the same time save money.
Our RED SHIRT (first grade) Horse and Mule Molasses Feed
contains Corn, Oats, Ground Alfalfa, made appetizing with salt
and pure cane molasses, and analyzes as follows:
f[ ^ Protein 10%; Fat 3%; Fibre 129b; Carbohydrate? 67% f* ==BF
PIEDMONT HORSE & MULE MOLASSES FEED fST??S?$ rS^P
12%; Carbohydrates 55%.
j PERFECnOW HORSE & MULE FEED iSM'??'JlS?S; !
I Protein 12%; Fat 3%; Fibre 12%; Carbohydrate? 67%. This ia composed of straight g
* grain and ground Alfalfa Meal. j ?
RED SHIRT DAIRY FEED
^ First Grade: A balanced ration TM tainins* Molasses. Cattle arc very fond o? it -
? keeps them in good condition. Increases the flow and enriches the quality of the milk
?ta reduced cost of feeding. Contains ground Corn. C. S. Meal, Wheat Middling,
Ground Alfalfa, Pure Cane Molasses and Salt. Analyzes: Protein 16%: Fat 3%:
Fibre 12%; Carbohydrates ?0%.
PIEDMONT DAIRY FEED "
Second Grade-Analyses: Protein 12%; Fat tWfol Fibra
- 12%; Carbohydrates 65%.
?> RFD SHIRT HOG FEED A combination of Digestive Tankage. Ground Corn, Rle?
~ . screenings; very fattening. Keeps the hogs in good'otuBtion.
We manufacture also RED SHIRT Scratch Feed and RED SHIRT Baby Chick Feed. ?
"SEYEN EGGS A WEET HEN MASH %>T??"* ?* Ground. Corn , Ground fl
? . Oats. Ground Wheat, Barley, Maize, <
Rice, Cottonseed Meal, Cow Peas, Meat Meal and Linseed Meal. Analysis:
Protein 18%; Fat 4%; Fibre 12%; Carbohydrates 40%.
As shown on the bags in our ad. nearly all of our feed is made from Carolina
products, even to the bars and twine. We are, therefore, in the market
for Oats, Corn, Wheat, Alfalfa Hay and any other kind of Hay.
We also carry a full stock of GRAIN. HAT
Our feeds as shown above are mixed
on scientific principles to furnish the
greatest nourishment at the lowest
cost. Let us shown you how to
cut your feed bills down. Write
us for prices, etc.
Molony & Carter Co.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Offi 50 HAPPY
To Have A
Cowrriaht 1909, by C. E. Zimmerman Co-No. 44
F ali the unhappy homes,
- not one in a hundred has a bank
account and not one home in a hundred who has a
bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to
put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President;
E. J. Mirna, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, B. E.
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller, E. J. Hims, J. B. Allen.
How to Grew Bigger Crops
of Superb Frait-FREE
\7"OU need this praciicnl, c:
* you own cr i:;tend to ?j!aat n ?
mation that will save you time, la'.
name and address cn thc coupon-or on
We wi'.l gladly mail you a freo copy
of our New Ca?alos-au il :?: ii ';. ok
that is simply packed with hints that
.will enable you to secure bumper crops
of finest fruit-and sell then at top- -
market prices. Thewholebock :s filled
wi:h facN that will interest r.nd instruct
you-facts about how fruit-growers
:pert information. Whether
.tfw trees or a thousand, it is inior
id money. Get it! Simply send us your
a postal, if you prefer,
everywhere r.re* Retting prodigious
c-uT1-' nn \ ]r>r?"f><;Yl r-vnfUs fromcrr.ps
of young, tr.n ty, genuine Stark Bro s
trees-facts thnt emphasize the truth
of the axiom "Stark Trees Bear Fruit."
Beautiful life-size, nntural-coler photos
cf leading fruits all through the book.
Send for your ccpy today to
Stark Bro's Nurseries at Louisiana, Mo.
R-ad it and learn about the new froit
trce triumph of Stark BroY.,!or.?r Cen
tury of Success-tho "Double-Life
Grimes Golden-the tree development
that resists "collar rot." Get the New
Facts about "Stark Delicious," Stark
Early Elberta, and all the latest
peaches,Stark Bro's-srrown, J. H. Hale
Peaches, also Lincoln Pear, Stark t\W.
Montmorency Cherry, Mammoth Gold A
Hum ?nd all thc other famous Stark f
Bro's fruits.berries and ornamentals. ^
8?id me at one?.
Get Our New Catalog
CRFF ll * 8 inches-filled M
rixcJC* from covcr to ey
cover with br.'iutiful pho
tographs. Mail ut the
coupon cr a postal, _
bcarintr von mame Jp po?tpuid, your New
I and address.
italog. tell inf J nit
hov/ ij.*uit-3rowt?rs aro
mnl-inff record - breaking
I expect to plant.
At Louisiana Moi
'. ._?? '_:-:-;-'-^
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