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McDuff?e Literary Society Held
Meeting. School Addressed
by Or. Bosmajian, an
The McDuflie literary society
was called to order by the president
Friday afternoon, January 17. The
minutes were read and approved
and the roll called, after which the
regular program followed. Current
events, Neta Ouzts. Nata's paper
was the most interesting one we
?have had because the time from the
Blast meeting was live weeks, and
SF her paper consisted of the impor
W tant events which happened during
that time. Al-o a few high school
tips kept the audience in a laugha
ble mood. Reader, Annie Mae Oul
breatb. The selection this time was
description of a "quilting" in the
days of long ago, and it was ren
dered splendidly. Margaret May
played a beautiful selection. The
most interesting number on the
program was a well written essay
by Lallie Peak, her subject being
"Robert E. Lee.'^The debate fol
lowed: Resolved, "That invention
is greater than discovery." Affirma
tive, Brook Jones, Cleora Thomas.
Negative, Willie Peak, Emmie Lou
Edmunds. Helen Dorn, Annabel
Saunders and Edwin Folk were ap
pointed to act as judges and their
decision was rendered in favor of
the negative. The subject decided
upon for debate at the next meeting
wan resolved: "That we should have
woman suffrage in South Carolina."
By a unanimous vote Helen Dorn
and Ruth Lyon were received into
the society. After the report of the
critic the society adjourned to meet
On last Friday morning the most
interesting visitor that we have had
in a long time made a talk in chap
el. Dr. Bosmajian is an Armenian
by birth, but because of the reli
gion in that country, he came to
America and intended going back
as a missionary to his native people,
but after remaining io America for
several years he decided not to re
turn. We who have been studying
about the Balkan states and keeping
up with the war, were delighted to
have him tell and show us many
of the customs and habits of that
land. He visited all the history class
es and made talks oot only interest- j
ing but of great value lo the stu
On Monday at one o'clock at the
college Dr. Bosmajiau lectured to
the students. He told of the past
and present conditions of the Bal
kan states, how deficient they were
-v^r-in regard, to -religion, and education,
how they lacked the spirit of unity,
and to what condition the present
war bas reduced them. He dressed
several of the girls in costumes
which he had brought from that
country and this gave us an idea
as to how the people in thai far
away land looked. William Hol
lingsworth donned the apparel of
an Armenian bride groom, and Dr.
Bosmajian showed us what the mar
riage ceremony of a heathen people
was like. He played several familiar
songs on a piccalo, which delight
ed the children to the utmost, and
then he sang several songs in the
Armenian language. The admission
was ten cents, half of which will
go to Dr. Bosmajian and the other
half to the school improvement
Don't forget the exercises at the
school Wednesday morning at
eleven thirty o'clock. The program
will bo a very interesting one and
we feel sure you will enjoy it. No
The union meeting of the third
division will meet with the Plum
ll a. m.-Devotional by mod
11:30 a. ra.-Enrollment of dele
gates with reports.
1st Query-Do we forgive the
erring ones as Jesus did, if not are
we right ourselves? J C Morgan,
2nd Query-How cao a church
rid itself of stumbling blocks and
those who cause others to sin. J C
Harvely, J P Nixon.
12*80-Adjournment for dinner.
3rd Query-Can a church mem
ber be efficient if he seeks his own
glory? L G Bell, J M Bussey.
4th Query-Are the church mem
bers making the sacrifices that God
expects of them? J G McKie, C Y
Sunday morning, Sunday school
in usual order.
Missionary sermon by Rev. J.
Adjournment half past twelve for
5th Query-Should we discard
the Bible because we do not under
stand all of its mysteries? Dr. W
G Blackwell, W R Legget.
A Sunday school talk by T G
H. E. Bunch.
Old Soldier Advocates Changes
in Payment of Pensions.
I shall bring several charges
against the officials of South Caro
lina, the legislature, the Executive
and the Judiciary; for the way they
have treated the old veterans. And
in doing so, I must go back to the
civil war to lay the foundation for
Alleged first, South Carolina rais
ed more cain in starting the war
than any other State; th<u is an his
toric fact known to all America.
In January 1861 the war dogs from
the mountains to the sea howled for
war, saying that the war would be
over in three months; that we could
whip the-whole business with corn
stalks. And some went so far as to
say that they would drink all the
blood spilled, etc. But that class
never did get there; and when it
came to fire, sweat and blood South
Corolina did not do her duty to her
soldiers on the field. This is also a
fact of history, and I can prove
every allegation in the complaint.
I use the word South Carolina ad
visedly. ' My complaint is to the
POWERS that BE, and them only.
Very few of those fellows that
would drink the blood ever is
much as beard the music of the
bullet-showers of a battlefield.
My second complaint of indict
ment is, that South Carolina has
signally failed lo come up to the
other States on the "pension" bill.
These men who went to the front
and returned with wounded legs,
empty sleeves and bullet scars on
their bodies are heroes of nobility
and patriotism; men who for four
years bivcucing on the ground,
sleeping on fence rails, marching
and fighting in the heat and cold,
often pressing the ice and snow with
bare and bleeding feet. Now after)
being benefited by the storms and
conflicts of life, they feel the need
of a helping hand. Is this State so
poor that she cannot do for her old
veterans what other States are do
ing? No, it's not that. It is an
other ''Pharaoh who knew not Jos
eph." Another generation that never
knew anything of the pain and suf
fering that follows in the wake of
My third complaint is, the prop
erty qualification embraced in the
pension bili of this State. I take
the ground (and I think it tenable),
that where a man went into the war,
leaving everything that was sacred
and dear to him behind, doing his
duty in camp or on the battlefield,
and got back home, and went to
work and accomplished a fortune
I maybe, by honest toil, he bas the
?same right to a "pension" as the fel
low that has never made anything.
As I understand it, that is abso
My" fourth complaint is, the way
the "Old Soldiers' Home" is con
ducted. I have visited the home
often, and it is always the same, as
I see it.
And I have said, aud now say,
that I bad rather die in a sheep
pasture exposed to the fowls of the
air aud the beast of the forest, than
at that "Home." And yet for 1915
there was an appropriation of nearly
$19,354 to run that institution.
There is something dead np the
creek-the fountain is not pure. I
say in the name of all that is holy
abolish the "Home;" givo the old
soldiers a good pension and let
them live among their relatives and
My fifth complaint is the way the
Pension Board cuts down the pen
sion of the widows of dead soldiers,
and I shall prove this alegation,
and will put only two witnesses on
the staud,. namely J. W. Eidson and
G. YV. Lott deceased. These men
went in the army at the beginning
to tight to the finish, no better sol
diers ever lived or died, membors
of my Regiment company. G. W.
Lott left his leg on the rocky sides
of Gettysburg, J. VV. Eidson left
hts on the banks of Chickaraauga.
They both suffered for years and
without auy help from the State,
finally they both received the small
pittance of $72.09 a year, 86.00 a
mouth for giving their service and
a leg to the iState. Listen, six dol
lars per mouth, and when these men
died, the State Board cut that down
to ?20.00 a year, nearly two dollars
per month for their widows, every
body knows these widows needed
the $72.00 a great deal more after
their bread winners were gone than
while they were living. I could
tell of numbers who have been treat
ed the same way. And it is a burn
ing shame. Do you say tell it not.
No, tell it in "Gath and proclaim it
in the streets of Askelon. And
from "Dan to Beersheba," and from
Beersheba back to "Dan."
The Confederate veterans will be
the jurj-'in this case, what say yoi
gentlemen, guilty or not guilty.
J. Russell Wright.
FOR SALE: All improved va
rieties o"f strawberry plants now
ready, 500 for $1.25; 1,000 for ft
f. o. b. Edgefield, S. C. John G
Edwards, M. D., Edgefield, S. C.
Negro Race Conference to Meet
in Columbia. Feb'y 6 to 9.
The seventh annual session of the
Negro Race Conference of South
Carolina, of which Rev. Richard
Carroll is president, will meet at the
same time the white Laymen's Mis
sionary Conference meets. Rail
road Commissioner. Mr. W. H.
Fitzgerald, wrote Carroll that the
colored delegates to the Negro Race
Conference can take ad vari tage of
the very low rates granted for the
white Laymen's Missionary Confer
ence- These rates are granted to
all railroads in South Carolina.
Tho purpose of the conference
has been for the last seven years to
stimulate the colored people along
industrial, moral and religious lines.
The program this .year is a very
strong one. One whole day, Feb
ruary 8, will be devoted to evangel
ism, and among the prominent
white speakers on that day are Dr.
Weston Bruner, of Home Mission
Board, Atlanta, Ga., and Dr. John
B. White, of Anderson, S. C.
Col.F.N. K. Bailey, of Greenwood,
S. C., and Mr. B. E. Geer, presi
dent of Judson Cotton Mills, Green
ville, S. C., will address the colored
laymen on February 9.
Among the oolored preachers who
are to speak on evangelism are Dr.
C. T. Walker, of Augusta, Ga., J.
C. Clement, editor of Star of Zion,
Rev. J. M. Green, D. D., Green
ville, S. C. Subjects will be dis
cussed on the church'and sanitation.
Dr. H. M. Green, of Knoxville,
Tenn., a physician who has had
quite a success in the cure of pel
lagra, will addrest. the conference on
Special arrangements have been
made for school teachers to hold
sessions Friday night, February 4,
Saturday ? and Sunday 6 at Bene
dict College. This will enable the
negro school teachers to attend the
conference and not be away from
their schools. Dr. B. F. Riley
(white),, of Birmingham, Ala., au
thor of "The White Man's Barden,"
will speak to the teachers. Dr. J.
H. Dillard, secretary of the Joannes
Fund Board, of Charlottesville, Va.,
and Mr. Swearingen, superintendent
of Public Schools, City of Colum
bia, have been invited to address the
Samuel J. Stafford, a negro of
Tennesee, who bas made money
raising Berkshire hogs, is on the
program to speak on hog raising
aud prevention of hog cholera.
W. F. Coleman, of Kershaw county,
a successful negro farmer, will tell
how he makes a bale of cotton per
acre on sandy soil.
Carroll has a large number of
jubilee singers, who will sing during
the conference under the manage
ment of J. A. Smiley, evangelistic
singer of Louisville, Ky. Richard
Carroll is anxious that the white
readers of this journal will inform
the colored preachers, and especially
the laymen aud farmers in their dis
tricts, to attend this conference, as
this conference for the last seven
years has been very helpful in mak
ing the colored people more useful
and better citizens.
All information concerning the
conference can be bad by addressing
I. S. Leevy, 1221 Taylor St., Co
lumbia, S. C., or
There is no Substitute for Potash.
We are being repeatedly asked
for a substitute for potash in the
fertilizers for 1916. We regret that
we know of none. It is true that
certain methods of handling the
soil may make more of the potash
already in the soil available for
feeding the plants; but it is too late
now to bring about those results. If
for ihe last ten years our soils had
been fed with stable manure or
crops turned under, as they should
have been, we might now be able
to get along better without potash.
Oa most of the olav and clay
loam soils, especially from Alabama
westward, generally crops like cot
ton, corn, etc., will not be seriously
affected by the fact that the fertiliz
ers contain little potash. On the
southeastern soils, especially for
crops like tobacco and truck, the
scarcity of potash is a much more
Lime is being recommended as a
substitute for potash, on the ground
that it will set free the potash al
ready in the soil; but to what extent
lime will do this is not clear, noi
are all those who assume to know
agreed as to the extent potash will
be set free by the use of lime. It ie
quite generally a good practice tc
use lime 3n southern soils, but it ii
doubtful if it should be done with
the expectation of its setting fre<
sufficient potash on those soils when
past experience has shown that ap
plications of potash are necessary tc
produce satisfactory crops.-Pro
FOR SALE-My house and lo
on Columbia street. Terms can b
arranged. Mrs. S. A. Morrall, Edge
held, S. C.
Clark'* HUI and Meriwether
Take on New Life Witn
The New Year.
My, how busy the wood wagons
areaiound Clark'? Hil) to Meri
wether! Mr. John G. McKie and
Frank Middleton seem to be the
wood kings. They keep the road
full nt wagons every day and are
delighted to see the cold spell which
calls for wowd. He who wants wood
can get it on short notice.
We have other kings here besides
the wooden ones. There is John G.
McKie, Jr., who will soon have
placed on the C. and W. C. right
of way 2,000 oak cross ties. Thin*
of $1,000 before any cotton is plant
ed, what does he care about potash
The grain crop is looking so
well. Wheat, oath, and rye all over
our hills hold them together. Some
clover and alfalfa patches are here
Farmers are getting ready for !
planting, not that they are going to
plant in the next few days but have
dedided to get their land in good j
shape. Briers and bushes are being.
cut and gullies filled. Some ten or
fifteen thousand peach trees have1
been put out this fall and some let- ;
luce is being put out .for market. !
The strawberry patches are looking '
Some of OUT men will go to Mc
Cormick tomorrow to indulge in the j
auction sale of town lots. We hate j
to leave our good friends in old j
Edgetield but McCormick is calling :
to us to come. We do not know
what will be the outcome.
Do you remember Mr. G. O.
Whatley? You would not know him
now, My, how he has grown since j
the arrival of G. O. Jr., on Christ
mas eve. He feels like he is the big
gest mau and has tho finest boy in
all the world. We have been look
ing for him to como out to Sunday;
school and let us enroll the boy'?
name but not so. He will not leave
the boy for one minute, not even to
wait on a custom.
Mrs. G. B. Satterwhite and little
Frank who have been visitiug Mrs.
S. T. Adams left last week for
Greenville, York and points in Vir
ginia. From here she will go to her
home in Iowa
! Mrs. 6. T. Adams is spending
this week in Augusta with friends.
Poor Sam is at home keeping batch
and has quite a plenty of it too.
Great will be the day for him when
Mr. and Mrs. E. L. Fouchee spent
the week-end with friends- in Meri
wether and Clark's Hill,
j Mr. and Mrs. W. T. Walton and
sweet little Frank, the brightest
-?iii in Clark's Hill, spent Sunday
with Mr. Walton's brother, at
Dr. J. B. Auamsof Plum Branch
was among us one day last week
driving one of those great Fords.
' Mrs. Eugenia Middleton, whom
we all love and miss so much at
Sunday school, ia with her daughter,
Mrs. J. E. Luke of Augusta.
Mrs. Mattie Jones of Macon, Ga.,
is visiting cousins here, Mr. and
Mrs. J. D. Baxley.
We were told at Meriwether this
morning by the man that bau con
tract for sawing the lumber for
Meriwether depot that it would be
loaded on cars tomorrow. Guess we
will have to mark or bell H. A.
Adams or we will never find him iu
a large depot. He has been in a lit
tle box car so long.
Miss Nola Ilawls, one of our
bright young girls, got married last
week /to Mr. White of Alabama.
We regret verv much to give her up
but could not help ourselves.
FOR SALE-2 young home
raised horses. For terms apply to
T. E. Miller, Colliers, S. C.
RENT-To rent or work on
shares to white or colored, a 2
horse farm. Address B. F. Lan
drum, Eureka, Aiken county, S. C.
FOR SALE-A No. o Liddell
saw mill, 48-inch diston saw, a yoke
of good oxen five years old, good
engine and boiler. Apply to H. J.
Turner, Johnston, S. C., R. F. D.
For Constipation, Biliousness, Indi
gestion, Sour Stomach, Colic, Dizzi
ness, Headache and anything caused
by a Disordered Liver. Removes
"That Drowsy Feeling"
by putting your digestive organs to
work, increasing your appetite, and,
in fact, makes you feel like a "NEW
50c. and $1.09 a Bottle
"ONE DOSE CONVINCES"
For Sale and Recommended by Penn
& Holstein, Edgefield, S. C.
Ford Cars Have
Stood the Test
The experience of scores of own
ers of the Ford Automobiles has
proven that there is nothing better
made for the Edgefield roads. 'Ford
cars will carry you safely over any
road that a baggy or any other ve
hicle can travel. s
An AU-the-Year-Around Car
They are light, yet substantially
built. They are cheap, yet the b?st
of material is used in their con
struction. Are you contemplating
purchasing a car? Let us show
you a Ford Run-About or Touring
Gk W. ADAMS
Edgefield Auto Repair Shop
Next to Court House
S. M. Whitney Co.
Augusta ...... Georgia
Personal Attention to all Business. Correspond
A. J. Renkl
J <$> R
We have the largest assortment of pres
ents in every department yt hat we have ever
shown. We have orderecF0argely of Clocks.
Watches, Gold ano Silver Jewelry, Sterling
Silverware, Cut Glass and China. Every de
partment is filled.
lt matters not what you want we have it or
will order it out at once.
Come in to see us. We have our entire stock
marked very low, much lower than you find the
same class of goods elsewhere.
706 Broad Street, Augusta, Georgia
I HEADQUARTERS FOR
We announce to our Edgefield friends that we carry
the largest stock of Fresh Fruits, Candies and miscella
neous Table Delacacies in Augusta. Come in to see
us when in the city
California . Fruit. Store
Corner Jackson and Ellis Sts.
The wondefully different coffee in
Hermetically Sealed Can
Penn & Holstein