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Edgefield advertiser. (Edgefield, S.C.) 1836-current, January 26, 1916, Image 2

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PROTECT YOUNG APPLE TREES
Thin Wooden Veneer Wrapper Will
Prevent Girdling by Rodent?
Screen Wire Also Good.
i '
Perhaps the best protection against
girdling of fruit trees by mice and
rabbit? is obtained by using a thin
wooden veneer wrapper which has
been soaked to keep it from breaki ng,
then bent around the tree and held
in place by a single wire about line
middle, writes C. C. Wiggans in Mis
souri Valley Farmer. The wire stays
in place better if passed through a
hole near the outer edge of the veneer
wrapper. The wrapper should be
pushed down into the earth so mice
cannot burrow under it, or they may
be shut out by heaping soil up around
the bottom of the case and tramping it
firm. Coiled screen wire may be used
in much the same way, but it ls more
expensive The veneer wrappers do
not usually cost more than half or
three-quarter of a cent apiece, and
can be secured from any orchard sup
ply house.
Bunche? of long grass, or split corn
: stalks, may give good protection
against rabbits, but fail to keep mice
j from doing harm. Newspapers or tar
! paper wrapped around the tree trunk
! have been successfully used by many
I orchardia ia.
Paint and washes do not give good
?results, an the rabbits sometimes seem
to attack the washed trees more than
the untreated ones.
Damage from mice should be avoid
I ed by the removal of all loose, trash?
{material from the neighborhood of thc
base of the tree trunk. If the ground
j has been fall plowed, the under furrow
j cilice has good nesting places for mice
I and the nearby trees are likely to suf
! fer, but if the ground near the tree if
Idean and well compacted little dam
j age will be done by these rodents.
_
?STANDARD OR DWARF TREES
I ' -
Planter Will Be Governed in 8eleetior
by Object to Be Attained-Soil
Also ls Factor.
Strong, well-rooted, one-year-ol<
trees are preferable to any other age
! whether standard or dwarf.
f , AB to the selection of standard o;
f dwarf trees, every planter will be gov
\ ^ A .
Anjou Pear.
I erned by the object to be attained. I
, early fruitfulness is desired, dwarf
1 are preferable; but it should be born?
' in mind that such trees are usuall;
shorter lived and seldom attain larg
size. For these reasons they are bel
j ter adapted to small lots or to garde)
j purposes. Some varieties, such, for in
?stance, as Anjou, Angouleme, Die!
Louise Pear.
louise, etc., do better on the quin?
foot than on the pear stock.
On the other hand, if longevity o
tree, larger size, and capacity for pro
Cueing heavier crops are desired
standards should be planted. It ii
well also to consider the character ol '
the soil in the location selected as tc '
adaptability of class desired. I
SPRAYING IS NOT DIFFICULT j
?Have Clear Idea of What ls Required
--Mix Materials Properly and
Follow Directions.
It does not pay to spray, aa spray
ing is done by hall of those who try it. j
Yet proper spraying is not difficult, j
Have first a clear idea of what you
want to do. Know the enemy you are
fighting. Then mix your material!
properly. Study the formula and fol
low directions carefully. No haphaz
ard work will do. The details given
for the mixing are all necessary.
Spraying well done pays, and pays
big. . I
Apply it right, with a strong pres
sure.
You can do it right if you try to,
and ye* It is no easy job. It is work
ifum first to last, but it is work that
lays.
CABBAGE IN VARIED FORMS
Vegetable That la Usually Considered
Somewhat Plebeian Has Many
Possibilities.
Cabbage has not a very good reputa
tion among some people, and it ls a
stand-by winter vegetable of thousands
of others. Even for the fastidious
taste there are delicious ways of cook
ing cabbage, and in salad it can also
be used with appetizing results.
Chop a small head of cabbage, re
moving the heart. Put three table
spoonfuls of butter In a frying pan,
and two tablespoonful of flour, and
turn in the cabbage after the butter
and flour are well blended, then pour
on gradually a cupful of milk. Bring
to the boiling point and add two tea
spoonfuls of salt, a few dashes of pep
per, mix thoroughly and cover tightly
and cook forty minutes on the back of
the range. About five cupfuls of cab
bage are used for the other ingredi
ents. All vegetarians will relish this
toothsome dish. Its flavor is delicate
and delightful.
Baked Cabbage.-Soak cabbage one
hour in cold water, then boil ten min
utes after cutting in good sized pieces.
Place in a baking dish and cover with
one tablespoonful of butter, one of
flour and one cupful of milk. Salt and
pepper to taste. Cover with bread
crumbs and bake one hour.
Creamed Cabbage.-Soak a cabbage
for half an hour In cold water, then
trim it and cut it in eighths, and drop
it into a saucepan of boiling salted
water. Add a clove and a whole onion
and cook until tender. Remove the
onion, drain the cabbage and chop it
?fine,' Put in a saucepan with a table
spoonful of butter and slowly add
three tablespoonfuls of cream. Heat
thoroughly, season with pepper and
salt and serve.
USES FOR PARAFFIN PAPER
Cheap Article Which lt Will Be Found
Economical to Keep Supply
on Hand.
Paraffin paper costs only about five
cents or ten cents for a big roll, and I
try to keep some on hand always.
Besides being fine for lining almost
every kind of a mold from cake to ice
cream, it's also good to use inside a
dish in which fish, like salmon loaf or
some other souffle dish, ls being
cooked. It's easy to remove-and, Joy
of joys-as you throw away the par
affin paper you throw away the fish
aroma which makes the washing of
fish utensils so odious.
Then it's also good to use to wrap
around foods before placing them In
the Ice box Of course, I cover almost
all foa?Xvrith the cover that comes
witfr tpBBtsh. /what*can you use
to cover a roast that has been cooked?
I haven't a dish cover of any kind
that's large enough or shaped right
to do this. Answer, I wrap lt in a
little paraffin paper dress. The paraf
fin doesn't absorb the Juices as tissue
paper would, and lt keeps away odors
of other foods. In fact, a little sheet
of paraffin paper can be used to cover
any dish in the refrigerator in lieu of
any other kind of cover, and it is a
sure protector against the dish ab
sorbing odors from neighboring foods.
-Exchange.
Beefsteak Chowder.
Cut slice of salt pork into small lots,
with one onion minced fine; cook un
til a nice brown; add one quart of
boiling water, let simmer five minutes,
then add one pound round steak cut
into strips one-half-inch thick and two
inches long; bring this quickly to a
boil, then simmer until the meat is
tender; add four or five pared and
sliced potatoes, season with salt and
pepper, add more boiling water and
when potatoes are tender add one and
one-half cupfuls of good rich milk or
cream; split six or eight crackers, put
into soup dish and pour chowder over
them, serving at once.
To Starch Fine Lingerie.
Many housewives experience great
difficulty in laundering fine lingerie,
such as dainty waists, jabots, collars
and so forth. The chief difficulty
seems to lie in giving them just the
proper degree of crispness. Rinsing
them In a solution of borax gives the
right degree of stiffness and renders
them Just like new. Two heaping ta
blespoonfuls of borax to five quarts of
water ls a good proportion. This is
also excellent for thin dresses
trimmed with lace.
Corn With Cheese.
Cut cold bolled corn from the cob,
put in double boiler with milk enough
to cover. When hot add cheese to
suit your taste cut in thin bits, pep
per and salt. Keep hot till cheese
melts, but do not boil. Nice for sup
per.
Fig Compote.
Wash one pound figs, cover with
one pint cold water. Soak over night.
In the morning add two bay leaves
and cook one-half hour. Strain gen
tly. Boil sirup down to one cupful and
pour over figs. Chill, serve with sweet
ened whipped cream.
Warming Over Meat.
Th? best way to warm up a roast of
meat is to wrap it in thickly greased
paper, and keep it covered while In
the oven. By having it covered the
steam will prevent the meat from be
coming hard and dry, and it will be
some heated through in le&s time.
German Pancakes.
To each egg take one tablespoonful
of flour, a pinch of salt, a pinch of
baking powder and add enough milk
so it will pour easily into the pan.
Make about as thick as griddlecakes.
SAMPLE THESE HAM DAINTIES
Are Worth a Place at Any Tabla
Where Good Living ls Properly
Appreciated.
Ham With Pickle Sauce.-Buy a
four-pound piece of tender raw ham.
Remove the skin and neatly trim all
round. Heat a tablespoonful of lard
in a saucepan, lay in the ham and
lightly brown for five minutes on each
side. Lift up the ham and place on a
plate. Put in the saucepan two ounces
of larding pork cut in small pieces,
one small sonni sliced carrot, one
small sliced onion, one branch sliced
celery, two branches of chopped pars
ley, one bay leaf, two cloves and one
saltspoonful of thyme. Allow this mix
ture to brown for five minutes, mixing
occasionally, and add the ham. Moisten
with a cup of hot water, and, if handy,
two tablespoonfuls of tomato juico.
Season with half a teaspoonful of pep
per. Cover the pan and let boil for
five minutes. Then place in the oven
to bake for 35 minutes. Strain into
another saucepan and add six vinegar
pickles, finely chopped, one table
spoonful of chopped capers, half a
teaspoonful of chopped parsely and a
tablespoonful of vinegar. Lightly mix
and boil for two minutes. Pour over
the ham and serve. This dash requires
careful preparation to be tasty, but
when properly cooked it is a meal in
Itself with a service of potatoes'.
Delicious Ham Savory.-Place in a
chopping bowl three ounces of Rooked,
lean ham and chop for ten minutes
until it Is a smooth pulp. Then add
half a tablespoonful of good butter,
two teaspoonfuls of table sauce, half
a saltspoonful of cayenne pepper and
half a teaspoonful of mustard. Chop
the whole well together for five min
utes more and place this paste on a
plate. Prepare six small round, pieces
of toast Divide the ham preparation
evenly on the toast and serve imme
diately.
HINTS TO HOUSEWIVES
Do not fry fish in butter.
Do not allow fish to stand in water.
Very good fish chowder ls made
with haddock.
When the top of the stove is red
hot, the oven ls not hot.
Old velveteen should be saved for.
polishing cloths.
Dry flour rubbed on tin with a news
paper will clean it beautifully.
Cheese is very nourishing, and
should be served in many different
ways.
Do not forget whole hominy when
planning nourishing and inexpensive
dishes.
French fried potatoes Upped in
cornmeal before frying atufecrcellent
Baked Apple Dumplings.
Select tart apples, pare'and core
them and cut in quarters. Three large
apples should make six dumplings.
The dough ls made as follows: Two
and a half cupfuls of flour, one heap
ing teaspoonful of baking powder and
one teaspoonful of salt. Sift these in
gredients together. Rub two-thirds
cup of lard into the flour and mix
with enough cold water to make a
dough which can be easily handled.
Divide the dough in six parts and roll
each part out large enough to hold
the apples. When the dough ls rolled,
put the apples in the center and fold
the dough over it, pinching the ends
together. Bake in a shallow buttered
dish in a moderate oven and serve
with cream and sugar.
Corn Pudding Au Gratin.
Dice two tablespoonfuls cream
cheese, and mix with one-half pint
canned corn. Add one-half pint milk,
one well-beaten egg, one-half tea
spoonful sugar, one-half teaspoonful
salt, and pepper to taste. Now melt
one tablespoonful butter in baking
dish, pour in the mixture and sprinkle
bread crumbs over top. Bake in a
quick oven. When I open a can of
corn, I always divide lt in two, and
make two different dishes of it.-Bos
ton Globe.
Veal Scallop.
Chop cold roast veal very fine, put a
layer in the bottom of a pudding dish,
season with salt and pepper, cover
with a layer of rolled crackers and
bits of butter; wet well with milk and
continue until dish ia fun. Wet the
whole with broth and milk; invert a
pan over it so as to retain steam and
bake one-half hour.
Italian Salad.
One cupful of shelled peanuts, four
large bananas, a few white grapes and
one cupful of mayonnaise dressing.
Put the peanuts through a food chop
per; spilt the bananas and dip them
in the dressing, then roll in the nuts.
Serve on crisp lettuce leaves gar*
nished with the grapes.
Tomato Timbales.
Boll two cupfuls of tomatoes and
half an onion five minutes. Thicken
with a teaspoonful of dissolved flour.
Cool, add three beaten eggs and fill
small buttered molds. Set in a pan of
hot water and bake until firm like
custard.
Baked Onion With Cheese,
Peel and cut out in one-half inch
slices large white onions. Parboil in
salted water, drain, and arrange tn a
buttered baking dish with bits of but
ter,' and bake until soft; then sprinkle
with salt, pepper and a layer of
cheese. Return to the oven long
enough to melt the cheese.
Worth Knowing.
Dark calicoes should be ironed on
the wrong side with irons that are not
too hot.
A. J. Renkl
W E L
We have the largest assortment of pres
ents in every department that we have ever
shown. We have ordered largely of Clocks.
Watches, Gold ana Silver Jewelry, Sterling
Silverware, Cut Glass and China. Every de
partment is filled.
It matters not what you want we have it or
will order it out at once.
Come in to see us. We have our entire stock
marked very1 low, much lower than you find the
same class of goods elsewhere.
706 Broad Street, Augusta, Georgia
HEADQUAETEES FOE
FRUIT
We announce to our Edgefield friends that we carry*
the largest stock of Fresh Fruits, Candies and miscella
neous Table Delacacies i^ Augusta. Come in to see
us when in the city
California . Fruty . Store
Corner Jackson and Ellis Sts.
Augusta, Georgia
B. B. RUSSELL, Jr. R. E. ALLEN
SHIP YOUR COTTON TO
RUSSELL & ALLEN
-(INCORPORATED)
Cotton . Factors . and
Commission Merchants
Bonded Warehouses. Liberal Advances Made on
Cotton in Storage.
AUGUSTA.. . . . GEORGIA
Our Edgefield Friends
Are invited to make our store their headquarters
when in Augusta.
Wi are better prepared than ever before to supply
their needs. Every department of our large stock is
filled with stylish fall merchandise.
In Dry Goods we were never better stocked. Our
Shoes were bought from the leading manufacturers.
Our stock of Men's and Boys' Clothing was never
more complete.
We invite the ladies to see our tailored suits from
the largest makers of women's ready-to-wear factory in
the country.
Our Millinery Department is also filled with the
most Stylish Hats and Trimmings ever brought to Au
gusta. Do not fail to call in to see us whether you
buy or not.
Augusta Bee Hive
816-918 Broad Street Augusta, Georgia
S. M. Whitney Co.
Cotton Faetors
Augusta.Georgia
Established 1868
Personal Attention to all Business, Correspond'
ence Invited
VOTAN
The wondefully different coffee in j
the
Hermetically Sealed Can
SOLD BY
Penn & Holstein
FREE FLOWER SEEDS
Hastings Catalogue Tells You All
About Them
No matter whether you farm or only
plant vegetables or flowers in a small lot
you need Hastings 1916 Catalogue.
It is filled (100 pages) from cover to
cover with useful farm and garden infor
mation.
It tells of seeds of kind and quality that
you can't bey from your merchant or
druggist, seeds that cost no more but
give you real satisfaction and a real gar
den.
It tells how every customer can get ab
solutely free five packets of easily grown,
yet showy and beautiful flowers.
Hastings is both the best and largest
seed Lrm In thc South, thc only firm that
you should buy seeds from.
"When you plant Hastings Seeds, you
meet "Good Garden Luck" more than
half way. Write today for their big 1918
Catalogue. It is free. ? postal card re
quest will bring it EG. HASTINGS CO.,
Atlanta; Ga.-(Advt) ' t
Auditor s Notice.
All persons owning property of any
kind whatsoever, or in any capacity,
as husband, guardian, executor, ad
ministrator or trustees are required to
make returns of the same to tne Audi
tor under oath within the time men
tioned below and the Auditor is requir
ed by btw to add a penalty of 50 per
cent*to all property that is not return-'
on or before the 20th day of February
in any year.
All male citizens between the ages
of 21 and 60 years except those ex
empt by law are deemed taxable polls.
The 50 per cent penalty will be added
for failure to make returns.
For the convenience of tax payers, I
or my representative will be at the
following appointed places on the dates
mentioned to receive tax returns:
Meeting Street, Wednesday Jan. 26.
Johnston, Thursday, Jan. 27.
Herring's Store, Friday, Jan. 28.
Trenton, Saturday, Jan. 29.
The office will be open to receive re
turns from the first day of January till
the 20th day of Feb. 1916, as prescrib
I ed by law.
J. R. TIMMERMAN,
Auditor, E. C. S. C.
Dec. 8-1915.
BB
FIRE
INSURANCE
Go to see
Marling
&
Byrd -
Before insuring elsewhere. We
represent the best old line com
panies
Harting & Byrd
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines. Boilers,
Supplies and Repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files. Belts
and Pipes, WOOD SAWS
and SPLITTERS.
GINS and PRESS REPAIRS
Try LOMBARD
AUGUSTA, GA.
Southern Railway
Premier Carrier of the South
Passenger train schedules, effec
tive October 24, I9l?.
Trains arrive from
No. Time
108 Augusta, Trenton 8:20 a
130 Columbia, Trenton 9i40-a
110 Aiken, Augusta 3:00 p
106 Columbia, Augusta S :3t> p
Trains depart for
No. Time
109 Trenton, Columbia 7:20 a
129 Trenton. Augusta 8:4?va
131 Aug-Oolumbia- Aiken 11:45
107 Augusta, Columbia 7:30"
Schedules published only as
formation and are not gu?rante
For further information apj
to
J. A. TOWNSEND,
Ticket Agent
Edgefield S. ?.
Surgeon Dentist
Appointments at Trenton1
On Wednesdays.

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