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LOWER EXPENSE TO FARMERS
Good Roads Reduce Greatly Trouble
of Transporting Crops to Market
-Cause of Distress.
"Before the war iii Europe tiifected
the rates at sea it cost the American
farmer more to haul a bushel of wheat
nine and a half miles to the railroad
station for shipment than it cost the
buyer to ship the same bushel of
wheat from New York to Liverpool, a
distance of 3,000 miles," according to
a bulletin issued by the American
Highway association. "The average
cost of hauling a ton of farm produce,
or a ton of anything else, over the av
erage country road is about twenty
three cents a mile; 70 years ago the
cost of the same service was 17 cents.
The cost of hauling over the railroads
ls less than one-ninth as much as it
was 60 years ago. The cost of hauling
by railroad has almost reached the
vanishing point; the cost of hauling
on the country roads has gone up as
the roads have gone down.
"By careful calculation, Logan Wal
ler Page, director of the United States
office of public roads, has reached the
conclusion that with wise and equita
ble road laws and good business man
agement lt would be entirely practica
ble for the people to save themselves
on the t*o items of hauling and ad
ministration the enormous sum of
$290,000,000 yearly. The railroads in
the United States carry about 900,000,
000 tons of freight annually, and of
this vast tonnage at least 200,000,000
tons are hauled over the country roads
to the railroad station or to the canals
for shipment The immense volume
of mining products aggregating mil
lions of tons ls not included in this
estimate, but only the agricultural,
forest and miscellaneous products
hauled by wagon over the public roads,
nor ls the cost of hauling back and j
forth between the farms and the mills, j
'The main cause of agricultural dis- :
tress," says the bulletin, "a subject of
perennial alarm to 'popular favorites,'
ie not so much the wages of the work
ers or the infertility of the soil or the
prices of the products, but the enor
mous drain of getting the stuff to j
market the waste of the roads in the ?
wear and tear of machinery, the sacri- j
fice of teams, the inefficiency of aery- j
ice compelled by Impassable highways, i
Tributary to every market town or ?
railroad station there are what Mr.
Page calls 'zones of production.'
From the first of these zones all prod
ucts can be delivered to market at a
Shaded Road in the West
profit, and from the rest one class of
products after another must be elim- j
lnated because of the prohibitive cost !
of hauling, and beyond lie vast terri
tories that cannot be cultivated with
out the building and constant main
tenance of roads suited to whatever
traffic there may be developed.
"It has been demonstrated that as
the roads from the market towns have
been improved there has been a great
increase of their business and a corre
sponding improvement in the condi- j
tion and opportunities of the rural
population, larger prosperity of the
individual farmer, greater traffic for
the railroads, better supplies and low
er prices for the consumer. It does
not pay to raise crops that cannot be
marketed readily and cheaply. Mil
lions of dollars' worth of field and or
chard crops have been utterly wasted
because of expensive and inadequate
facilities for marketing. This is one
of the hard problems with which the
United States department of agricul
ture is trying to deal through the
greatest experts in the land, and they
have found that the building of good
roads is essential to the success of
$1,000,000,000 Worth of Roads.
While talking about preparedness
it may be noted that the $1,000,000.000
proposed to be expended would build
250,000 miles of hard-surfaced high
ways at the rate of $4,000 per miles.
If the government contributed 50
per cent, its billion would cover 500,
Uss the Road Drag.
Usc the road drag to get roads into
the beat possible shape for winter.
They may be bad enough at best, but
proper work will help ereatlv.
Plain food ls quite enough tor me;
Three courses are as good as ten
, If nature can subsist on three,
Thank heaven for three. Amen.
-Oliver Wendell Holmes.
THE WINTER^ BERRY.
The appetizing cranberry is a rea
sonable fruit in price, and one that
is especially enjoyed as
au appetizer with meats.
In cooking cranberries
care should he used in
cooking them in granite
or earthenware dishes,
as the acid acts on the
tin. ' Aluminum ware and
porcelain are other
dishes that are safe to
use with acid fruits.
Pick over, wash and drain the berries
to be used for sauce, add one and a
half cupfuls of water to three pints
of berries, let them boil until tender
before adding the sugar, then add
three cupfuls of sugar and cover
closely for a few minutes. The ber
ries may then be put through a sieve
and molded, if so desired. If it is
desired to keep the berries whole
make a rich sirup and add the berries
to the boiling sirup.
A pr?tty dessert ls this: Remove
centers from cupcakes and fill with
cranberry Jelly, set 'in sherbet cups
and serve with whipped cream.
Cranberry and Orange Sauce.
Squeese the juice from an orango,
cover the peel with cold water and
heat slowly to the bolling point, boll
until tender, then scrape out the
white part and cut the peel Into nar
row strips. Simmer one and a half
cupfuls of raisins until tender, add
the orange peel and juice and a quart
of cranberries. A ld more water to
make a cupful ci the liquid, cover
and cook ten minutes or until the
berries are tender. Then add two
cupfuls of sugar, and boil until thick.
Cranberry Shortcake.-Sift together
a quart of flour, two teaspoon
fuls of baking powder and one-half
teaspoonful of salt Mix with the
tips of the fingers two-thirds of a
cupful of shortening and add milk
to make a soft dough. Roll out into
two thin cakes, spread with butter
and place the second on top of the
first Cook together a cupful of
cranberries and a half cupful each of
raisins and water. When the ber
ries are soft, stir in a cupful of sugar
am* tablespoonful of cornstarch,
we" blended with the sugar. Flavor
with nutmeg, beat well and spread
on the cakes while they are hot
If you have not the force of char
acter to make an enemy, you wlU nev
er make a friend.
Beware of the man of whom every
body speaks well.
GOOD THINGS FOR THE TABLE.
The ordinary rice pudding may be
made a most dainty dish with different
sauces or gar
nishes. Pack rem
nants ol! cold rice
into a mold. When
time to serve, turn
out on u dish and
Put a row of pit
ted dates around the base of the mold,
sprinkle with pistachio nuts. Orated
maple sugar or brown sugar with
chopped walnuts is another appetizing
garnish. Instead of the whipped cream
a half pound of melted marshmallows,
mixed with cream enough to melt
them poured over rice and garnished
with cocoa or grated choco! ate.
Date Pie.-Dates that have been
stoned, covered with a meringue and
browned or with sweetened and fla
vored whipped cream.
Stuffed Egg Salad.-Cook four eggs
until hard, shell and cut lengthwise
into halves. Remove the yolks and
beat to a paste, adding a tablespoon
ful of chili sauce, two tablespoonfuls
of minced chicken and a teaspoonful
of butter. When blended fill into the
egg whites and arrange on a bed of
crisp lettuce, pouring over a thick
boiled dressing and garnish with ca
pers and slices of pickled beets.
Stuffed Potatoes With Cheene.
Bake until soft six medium-sized pote
toes and, with a sharp knife, cut in
halves, carefully removing the cooked
potato in a mixing howl; mash with a
potato masher, add butter, minced
parsley, half a cupful of rich milk, and
a small cupful of grated cheese, salt
and pepper to taste. Beat with a fork
until light and creamy, then heap into
potato skin, dusting the tops with
grated cheese and return to the oven
until crisp and brown on top. Serve
Apple Ramekins.--Half fill ramekins
with apple sauce, filling the space with
whipped cream. Cover with a short
pie crust and bake. Serve hot or cold
with grated cheese over the top.
Turnips With Macaroni.-Quarter
and cook tender small turnips, add
some seasoned macaroni to the tur
nips. Pour over the whole some pea
nut butter, sprinkle with buttered
crumbs and bake until brown.
SCIATICA'S PIERCING PAIN
To kill the nerve pains of Sciatica
you can always depend on Sloan's
Liniment, lt penetrates to the seat
of pain and brings ease as soon as
it is applied. A great comfort too
with Sloan's is that no rubbing is
required. Sloan's Liniment is in
valuable for stopping muscular or
nerve pain of any kind. Try it ai
once if you suffer with Rheuma
tism, Lumbago, Sore Throat, Pain
in Chest, Sprains, Bruises, etc. li
is excellent for Neuralgia and Head
ache. 25o. at all Druggists. 3
A Complete Electric
Occupies but little space. No electri
cal experience required to operate it
A child can start it when you need
lights. I would be glad to figure with
you on electric lights and waterworks
for your home.
R. H. MIDDLETON.
Clark's Hill. S. C.
The County Treasurer's office will be
open for the purpose of receiving taxes
from the 15th day of October, 1915, to
the 15th day of March, 1916.
All taxes shall be due and payable
between the 15th day of October, 1915,
and December 31st, 1915.
That when taxes charged shall not be
paid by December 31st, 1915, the County
Auditor shall proceed to add a penalty
of one pi>r cent for January, and if
taxes are not paid on or before Feb
ruary 1st, 1916, the County Auditor
will proceed to add two per cent, and
five per cent from the 1st of March to
the 15th of March, after which time all
unpaid taxes will be collected by the
The tax levies for the year 1915 are
For State purposes 7 Mills
44 Ordinary County ~-f?*?**
" Cons. School Tax 3 M
V Bacon School District 4 "
u Edgefield School District 5 "
" Long Cane S. D. 3 "
" Liberty Hill S. D. 3 "
" Johnston S. D. 8 "
" Collier's S. D. 3 44
44 Flat Rock S. D. 4 44
44 Elmwood S. D. No. 8 2 44
44 Elmwood S. D. No. 9 2 44
44 Elmwood S. D. No. 30 2 44|
44 Hibler Township 3 44
" P. Branch S. D. 5 4'
44 White Town S. D. 4 44
44 Trenton S. D. 5 44
44 Ward Township 2
44 Moss Township 3 44
44 Parksville S. D. 4 44
44 Modoc S. D. 2 44
44 Oak Grove 3 44
44 Red Hill S. D. 4 44
44 Antioch S. D. 2 44
44 Shaw Township 4 44
44 Talbert Township 2 44
"RR Bonds Wise T'sp 114 44
44 R R Bonds Pickens 3 44
44 R R Bonds Johnston 3 44
44 R R Bonds Pine Grove 12 14
"RR Bonds Blocker (portion] 12 44
"RR Bonds .Elmwood 12 44
44 R R Bonds Elmwood
44 Picknes 3 44
44 Edgefield sch'l bldg. 2 44
Town of Edgefield
Corporation purposes 10 44
All the male citizens between the
ages of 21 years and 60 years except
those exempt by law are liable to a
poll tax of One Dollar each. A capita
tion tax of 50 cents each is to be paid
on all dogs.
The law prescribes that all male citi
zens between the ages of 18 and 55
years must pay $2 commutation tax or
work six days on the public roads. As
this is optional with the individual, no
commutation tax is included in the
property tax. So ask for road tax re
ceipt when you desire to pay road tax.
JAMES T. MIMS,
Co. Treas. E. C.
Notice to Creditors I
AU persons indebted to the late
T. B. Quarles will please make pay
ment at once to the undersigned,
and all person* holding claims
against the said estate will present
them to me properly attested for
W. L. QUARLES,
Buildings For Sale.
I am authorized to offer for sale
the two wooden buildings on the
school grounds that were formerly
used for the graded school. Persons
contemplating building: should see
J. C. Sheppard,
Chairman of Board of Trustees.
DR. BELL'S PINE-TAR-HONEY
For your cold, for your cough,
for your feverish throat, Dose and
head, use Dr. Bell's Pine-Tar
Honey. Honey soothes the irrita
tion, Pine-Tar cuts the phlegm,
thus relieving congestion. Pine
Tar also acts as an antiseptic, as a
result general relief follows. Breath
ing beacom es easier and t arther in
flammation is arrested, lusist on
Dr. Bell's Pine-Tar-Honey. It is
an indeal treatment. Price 25c. 3
A Few Hours Real
Pleasure in the
light ci the
makes reading ana
sewing, real pleas
ures these evenings.
The Rayo gives a
steady light that
can't hurt the eyes.
It requires almost
no attention. Its
simplicity of design
makes it easy to
keep clean. You
don't have to re
move the shade to
light it-just lift the
gallery and touch a
match. Most con
venient - most
efficient - most
Use Aladdin Security
Oil or Diamond White
Oil to obtain best results
in OH Stoves, Lampsand
The Rayo is only one
of our many products
especially suitable for
use on the farm.
Standard Hand Separator
Mica Axle Grease
Eureka Harness Oil
Matchless Liquid Gloss
If your dealer does not
carry them, write to
our nearest station.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
Washington. D. C Charlotte. N. C.
Norfolk. V?. Charleston, W. Va.
Richmond. Va. Charleston, S. C
Ga. R. R. Bank
647 BROAD STREET
AUGUSTA, GA. -
DR J. 8. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
A car load of Cypress shingles
just received. While they last I will
sell for 84.00 per 1,000 cash. I have
also just received a car of flooring,
ceiling and weather-boardintr that I
will sell for $20 per thousand.
E. S. JOHNSON.
IT MMES HOME,
Qm SO HAPPY
To nave A
CODjriaht 1909, by C. E. Zimmerman Co-- No. 44
F all the unhappy homes,
not one in a hundred has a bank
account and not one home in a hundred who has a
bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to
put it off any longer, when lt is such a simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, B. E.
I Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller. E. J. Mims. J. H. Allen.
J. C. LEE, President
F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas.
FARMERS, MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to build, remodel or repair,
we invite your inquiries.
* COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber,
lath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets?
Our Motto: SSS
The Tea of
A reason for it being handled by us
Penn & Holstein
THE FARMERS BANK OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Capital and Surplus Profits.$120,000.00
Totaj Assets Over.$400,000.00
STATE, COUNTY AND TOWN DEPOSITORY
Does a General Banking Business. Offers its Services to You as a Safe
Guardian and Depository for Your Money.
Invest in One of Our Certificates of Deposits Bearing Interest.
It is a better investment for you than a mortgage of real estate.
You do not have to consult an attorney about titles. It does not shrink
in value like lands and houses. You do not have to insure against fire.
Finally you do not have to employ an attorney to foreclose to get your
money. You can get your interest and principal the day it falls due.
Safety is the First Consideration in Placing Your Earnings.
Long-Term Loans to Farmers a Specialty.
Your farm land accepted as security WITHOUT ENDORSER or \
other COLLATERAL. Unlimited funds immediately available in dell
nominations of Three Hundred and up. Established 1892.
JAS. FRANK & SON, Augusta, Ga.