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GUERNSEY GAINING IN FAVOR
Deep and Prolonged Milking Qualities
Make Thia Type of Dalry Cow
The average Guernsey cow will
weigh about 1,000 pounds, with the
balla weighing 200 to 300 pounds heav
ier, says the Agriculturist. The head
cf the Guernsey cow is long, with a
slender neck. The body is large and
deep, showing ample capacity for dis
posing of roughage. The flanks are
-, thin. The muzzle of the Guernsey
,?ow is usually small, curred and wavy J
and may show yellow at the base.
Ose of the distinguishing characteris
'ties of the Guernsey is the large se
cretion of yellow coloring matter In
the skin, showing particularly where
jibs hair is white, aa around the ears
and eyes and on the udder and flanks.
The Guernsey has no pronounced
weak points. The addition of Guern
. sey blood in crossing with cows of
mixed breeding will result in a high
! er milk flow and in a richer milk. The
deep and prolonged milking qualities
of the pure-bred Guernsey, together
with the adaptability to the conditions
of the average farm, make this type ol
'dairy cow a formidable competitor to
the breeds which have a wider and
Daisy Grace bel Kol.
?rester distribution. The production
ot milk that tests 4 per cent, and even
? per cent, and sometimes 6 per cent,
means much when taken in connection
with the fact that the Guernsey is an
.economical producer. High produc
tion, low cost, high test, adaptability
lo average farm conditions, together
-with no pronounced weak points
these are the factors which make the
iGoernaey increasingly popular.
BEST TIME FOR THE CALVES
Autumn ls Favored on Account of
. flack Work Around Farm-Dan
ger of Scouring ls Less.
Calves may be reared better and
more economically when they come in
the autumn rather than in the spring
and yet this style of breeding which
bad something of a vogue 20 years ago
ls still lagging. In the winter season
the boys have ample time to attend to
the calves and can give every atten
tion to the amount of each kind of food
required to keep them humping along.
When calves are raised essentially
on Skim milk and adjuncts, the chief
danger ia that they may be more or
leas affected with indigestion. Now
vrhen the calves are on dry food such
es is given to them in the winter sea
eon this trouble is reduced to a mini
mum. If akim milk is fed in large
quantities and some flaxseed meal is
fed at the same time when the calves
sue on succulent pastures, it is almost
Impossible to prevent them from scour
In winter when on dry foods this
danger is much less Imminent. The
calves may be carried through the
winter in good form and they are vig
orous animals, if properly fed, when
tho pastures are ready in the spring.
REMOVING ODORS FROM MILK
Federal Investigators Have Discov
ered Method to Remove Unpleas
ant Smells and Tastes.
A method has been discovered by
the federal investigators for removing
disagreeable odors and flavors from
milk. The taste caused by cows eat
ing wild onions or garlic can be re
moved by blowing filtered and washed
air through the milk for thirty to
sixty minutes, according to the
strength of the flavor to be removed.
It is necessary to heat the milk to
si temperature of 145 degrees, as air
blown through cold milk in a similar
manner does not remove the disagree
able flavor. It also has a tendency
to torn the fat into butter., It was
Umnil that the onion flavor is removed
mo?V quickly when milk is heated to
160 ?degrees, but this tends to produce
a cooked taste and also reduces the
ere-un line. In the case of cream with
-flavors of this kind, the same method
can be used, except that it requires a
afl.lgb.tiy longer treatment. The loss in
evaporation by using this method
mtwnjota to two or three per cent
Benefits of Silage.
The silo makes it possible to raise
more feed and to keep more cows on
the same acreage and substitutes cer
tainty fr* uncertainty in the manage
ment of the herd to an extent impos
sible in any other way.
SHEEP NEED LITTLE CAPITAL
No Other Way of Investing Money on
Farm That Comes Back So
Profitably or So Soon.
Very little capital-that is, money
invested in sheep ie called for, and
there is no other way of investing it
on any farm that comes back so profit
ably or so soon. One year's use only
is called for before the money is
coming back into the owner's hands,
with its double Interest.
The fleece will pay one interest on
the cost and the lamb another, and
li the sheep have been well selected
there will be another interest pail
back in their growth. The benefit to
Making Use of Sheep In Cleaning Up
Weeds in Cornfield After Cultiva
the land will easily pay all the costs
of a flock for the year's feeding, and,
in general, this service to the owner
of a flock from the year's feeding, and
a field has been known to add so
much to the next season's crop as to
repay the whole amount of money
cost of the sheep, but it is a mistake
.to start with too many.
Three sheep to the acre are suffi
cient for the land that can be appro
priated for the feeding of them. Thus,
if one has ten acres' of land that
can be used for a flock each year,
30 sheep only should be procured. It
is an easy matter to add to the num
ber' if desired. But it is to be con
sidered that the flock will grow very
fast, doubling almost, under favorable
conditions, every year, if well cared
:for, and the ewes are not more than
';hree or four years old. -It is a great
mistake to make a start with a flock
of old ewes, and is money and care
BEST TREATMENT FOR COLIC
Improper Feeding ls Most Common
Cause of Trouble-Physic of
Salts or Oil ls Favored.
(By I* I*. LEWIS. Oklahoma Experiment
Colic In horses and cattle is from
various causes, but ls more particu
larly due to sudden changes in feed
or to eating more feed than can be.
easily digested by the animal at that
time. The amount of feed that an ani
mal may digest at one time under
certain conditions may be entirely too
much under other conditions. Since
colic may be caused by so many differ
ent things, no one remedy will prove
effective in all cases.
As a general rule, most of the colics
that are seen in farm stock are due to
improper feeding. In those cases the
best general treatment that might be
used would be to give as early as pos
sible a physic of salts or oil. To re
lieve the pain seen particularly in j
spasmodic colic, the safest general j
treatment that can be used is to give i
from one to one and one-half ounce j
of chloral hydrate, dissolved in a pint1
of water, to which has been added one !
teaspoonful of ground ginger.
Do not give laudanum tn such cases,
as lt only tends to produce constipa
tica, and on this account is one of the I
poorest remedies that you can use. I
TREATMENT FOR HOG WORMS
Best Preventive Is to Give Animals
Clean Troughs-Keep Away From
Stagnant Water Pools.
To keep hogs free from worms they
should at all times have a drink from j
clean troughs, feed from a clean floor j
and keep away from yards, wallows, I
manure piles, pastures and stagnant
For worms, give eight grains of sau
tonine and five grains of calomel for
erery 100 pounds of body weight.
Give the medicines in a little slop
after starving the pigs for 18 hours.
Repeat in two weeks if thought neces
The r-.oductivity of live stock ia j
measured by the value of the returns
to the farmer.
STOPPED THE APPLE BORERS
Injurious Little Insects Hunted With
Knife and Probed With Wire
Wrapping Also Used.
(By VOLNEY ROGERS.)
Finding borers in my apple and
peach trees some years ago, I hunted
them with knife and probed with wire
where unable to go with the knife.
Where probing was resorted tc I filled
the probed hole tightly with putty,
hoping to smother the enemy if still
In early May following I wrapped
the trucks of all trees with several
thicknesses of heavy paper, tying the
paper well to the trees with twine, so
that all trunks were protected from
the ground up to the crotch.
With the peach I removed fire or
six Inches of earth from the base of
the trunk and wrapped below the sur
face, filling the earth back again over
the paper. My purpose was to try to
prevent the depositing of eggs that
would become borers In the trunks
Adult Female of Round-Headed Apple
Tree Borer In the Act of Depositing
or at the base of the trees. I con
tinued this practice of wrapping for
a few years and after commencing it
found no borers where the wrapping
SERIOUS DISEASE OF^EES
Fire-Blight Has Been Termed "Great
Black Plague" of Fruit Industry
It Can Be Presented.
(By J. H. CARMODY, Kentucky Experi
Fire-blight is undoubtedly the most
serious disease that confronts the
fruit grower today. San Jose scale is
no longer dangerous when trees are
properly sprayed. The aphis is easily
controlled as are all the other greatly
feared troubles of the past After all
the other orchard troubles have been
successfully met and conquered, it ls
very discouraging to see a promising
crop of fruit ruined in a short time.
In fact, blight has been termed the
"great black plague" of the fruit In
dustry. It has been estimated that it
carries an annual loss of $25,000,000
to the country.
Blight is a preventable disease, and
In view of the tremendous losses occa
sioned by it, a systematic effort should
be made to check it
Blight is caused by a minute germ
or organism that lives during the dor
mant season in cankers, resulting
from infection of the previous season.
These cankers are formed at the base
of the fruit spurs, on the branches
and in extreme cases on the larger -
limbs and trunk of the tree. Every t
fruit grower should acquaint himself
with the appearance of the canker
and destroy lt as soon as noticed. It
every canker could be disposed of, the
blight could be held in control.
Fire-blight is a problem involving
the community, hence, an organized
endeavor should be made to check lt.
Learn to recognize the disease in its
various stages, clean up the orchard
and encourage your neighbor to do the
Do not be misled regarding the so
called "blight cures." There is no <
patent cure and no one should ever .
attempt to cure blight by spraying,
inoculation, or soil doctoring. Insects,
particularly aphis and ants, spread
blight. Use the sprays against these
Saving the Trees.
The cementing of holes in trees ls
now quite common. On old estates,
where trees have been showing holes
in their trunks for years, they are
nov; being cemented, both to add to
the stability of the trunks and to
arrest further decay. Huge trees with
holes in their trunks large enough for
a man to stand upright in are now
filled with cement, the cement being
painted the color of the bark.
Two-Year-Old Trees Best.
It is a mistake to set out trees
more than two years old. Many good .
orchcrftsts prefer yearlings, hut two- j
year-olds generally produce the best I
New Through Sleeping Car.
Between Aiken and New York,
Washington, Baltimore, Phil
adelphia, effective November
23, 1915 on the Augusta Spe
cial Via Southern Railway.
Lv Aiken 1:45 p m
Treu ton 2:25 pm
Ar Washing 7:00 a m
Ar Baltimore 8:32 a m
Ar Philadelphia 10:50 a m
Ar New York 12:57 p. m
Drawing Room, State Roora and
Open Section Steel Electric Lighted
Sleeping Cars? Dining Car Service
For All Meals. For reservations
and information, apply to
J. A. TOWNSEND,
Ticket Agent, Edgefield, S. C.
No doubt you axe, if
you suffer from any of the
numerous ailments to
which ail women are sub
ject Headache, back
ache, sideacho, nervous
ness, weak, tired feeling,
are some ot the symp
toms, and you must rid
?ourself offnem in order
> feel welt Thousands
of women, who have
been benefited by this
remedy, urge you b
? Cardui 8
Tba Woman's Tonie
Mrs. Sylvania Woods,
of Clifton Mills, Ky., says:
"Before taking Cardui,
1 wis, at times, so weak I
could hardly walk, ano
the pain In my back and
head nearly Ulled me.
After taking three bottles
of Cardui the pains dis
appeared. Now I feel aa
well as I ever did. Every
suffering woman should
try Cardin." Oct a bottle
Make the Old Suits
We are better 'prepared
than ever to do first-class
work in cleaning and press
ing of all kinds. Make your
old pants or suit new by let
ing us clean and press them.
Ladies skirts and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
Special attention givn to La
dies' Silk Waists and Skirts.
Edgefield Pressing Club
WALLACE HARRIS, PROP.
CHICHESTER S PHIS
.Arie your DrvKgiit for CHI-CHES-TER'S
DIAMOND BRAND PILLS la Rm and.
GOLD metallic boxes, scaler', with Biue\
Ribbon. TAH a NO OTHER. Buy oF your
OrurrfKt and (uk for Cni-OIIES-TER'S
DIAMOND DKAXD PILLS, for twentv-fivQ
years reijarded os Best,Safest, Always Reliable.
SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS
TRIED EVERYWHERE TEATED
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and glasses fitted
only when necessary*. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
We haye the agency for Ford auto
mobiles for the western part of Edge
field county. There is no better car on
the market for the money. The Ford
jwners who have thoroughly tested
these cars will tell you that. If you
if/ant a car, drop us a card and we will
:all on you and demonstrate the Ford
W. F. RUSH & CO.
PLUM BRANCH, S. C.
Dr King's New Discovery
KILLS THE COUGH. CURES THE LUNGS.
Ford Cars Have
Stood the Test
The experience of scores of own
ers of the Ford Automobiles has
proven that there is nothing better
made for the Edgefield roads. Ford
cars will carry you safely over any
road that a buggy or any other ve
hicle can travel.
An AU-the-Year-Around Car
They are light^yet substantially
built. They are cheap, yet the best
of material is used in their con
struction. Are you contemplating
purchasing a car? * ?et us show
you a Ford Run-About or Touring
' Gr. W.ADAMS
Edgefield Auto Repair Shop
Next to Court House
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Seeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
Augusta, Ga. i
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
?W See our representative, C. E. May.
BEST BY TEST
Sluskys Roofing Materials
Metal Shingles, Galvanized Corrugated Iron, Painted
Iron Siding, Rubber Roofing, Mantels, Tiles, Grates,
Paints, etc. Lowest prices. Prompt deliveries.
Let us quote you before you buy,
DAVID SLUSKY *
Augusta, Ga., 1009 Broad St. Agent for the Great Majestic Range.
How to Grow Bigger Crops
of Superb Fruit-FREE
YOU need this practical, expert information. Whether
you own or intend to plant a few trees or a thousand, it is infor
mation that will save you time, labor and money. Get it ! Simply send ns your
name and address on the coupon-or on a postal. If you prefer.
We will gladly mail you-a free copy everywhere are getting prodigious
of our New Catalog-an ll x 8 in. book
that is simply packed with hints that
will enable you to secure bumper crops
of finest fruit-and sell them at top
market prices. The whole book is filled
with facts that will interest and instruct
you-facts about how fruit-growers
crops and large cash profits from crops
of young, thritty, genuine Stark Bro's
trees-facts that emphasize the truth
of the axiom "Stark Trees Bear Fruit."
Beautiful life-size, natural-color photos
of leading fruits all through the book.
Send for your copy today to
Stark Bro's Nurseries at Louisiana, Mo.
Read lt and learn about the new fruit
tree triumph of Stark Bro's long Cen
tury of Success-the "Double-Life"
At Louisiana Mo.
Since J 816
Grimes Golden-the tree development
that resists "collar rot." Get the New
Facts about "Stark Delicious," Stark
Early Elberta, and all the latest
peaches, Stark Bro's-grown, J. H. Hale M
Peaches, also Lincoln Pear, Stark W
Montmorency Cherry, Mammoth Gold WA
Plum and all the other famous Stark f
Bro's fruits,berries and ornamentals. *
Get Our New Catalog fstark
FR FF 11 x 8 inches-filled M Bro'?
from cover to w
cover with beautiful pho
tographs. Mail us the
coupon or a postal,
bearlne your name
and address. _
/'how iruit-?TOwera ar.
Lo atti ana. * I expect to plant.tn?
A\ Send mc at one?,
5 ^Fpoatpaid. your New
dfr Ca tal ufr. telling jolt