NO REMEDY FOR BLACKHEAD
Experts of Rhode Island Experiment
I Station Make Recommendations
for Preventing Disease.
(By MILLIGAN C. KILPATRICK. Poul
try Department. Ohio State University.)
No remedy or satisfactory method
of prevention of blackhead has been
discovered, although the disease has
been carefully studied for years. Doc
tors Cole and Hadley of the Rhode Is
land experiment station make the fol
1. Protect the yards and flocks
which may have the good fortune to
bs uninfected with the blackhead or
Bronze Turkeys on Massachusetts
ganism by a thorough examination of
all new stock whether turkeys, fowls,
geese or other domestic birds.
2. Keep the turkeys on grounds
which are as fresh as can be ob
tained and, above all, keep them Iso
lated from fowls and other domestic
Keep every turkey in the flock
pindar close observation In orde^r to
separate and at once isolate any bird
which gives evidence of the disease.
To facilitate such observations lt is
helpful to leg-band each individual and
to record its weight from time to time.
4. If it is known that blackhead is
present in any of the poultry, that
yard and house should be kept free
from sparrows, rats and mice, which
are carriers of the organism which
causes the disease.
5. In fattening turkeys for the mar
ket, increase the rations gradually.
Overfeeding or a sudden increase in
the ration will not cause blackhead,
but frequently causes death of birds
in which blackhead is present.
6. The bodies of all birds which
have died of blackhead should be
burned or buried immediately.
On most farms, it is out of the
Question to put into practice all of
these recommendations, especially
those in regard to the isolation of
the flock. The general practice is to
allow the turkeys to mingle with the
other fowls. Unless these recommen
dations can be rather closely fol
lowed, however, it is not advisable
tc attempt to raise turkeys after the
disease has once made its appear
ance. The turkeys in your flock
-which do not appear to be infected
may become chronic carriers of the
(disease. If it is necessary for you
ito rear turkeys next season on ground
-which has been occupied by fowls or
lay diseased turkeys, you are very like
ly to experience the same trouble.
MAKE FIGHT AGAINST MITES
Liberal Use of Lice Powder ls Always
? Jn Order-Dust Bath ls Essen
tial to All Fowls.
The free use of an effective lice
powder is always in order.
A dust bath is very essential in rid
ding the fowls of lice.
In applying powder hold the fowl
by the feet, head down, and work the
powder well down in the feathers.
The free use of kerosene on the
roosts and in the cracks will exter
Whitewash is very effective against
Feed for Pullets.
If the pullets begin to lay and then
shut off after the laying of a small
egg or two, take notice as to whether
you are feeding them enough. Pul
lets must be fed heavily to keep up
regular laying in winter. After they
begin laying they seldom put on too
Make the Hens Scratch.
When fowls are kept In confinement,
all grain rhould be scattered in litter
to kosp chem scratching for a living.
They will produce more eggs and keep
GROWS RICHER EVERY YEAR
United States Swells Its Coffers With
Every Twelve Months That
Pass Into Oblivion.
In the past sixty-3ve years the na
tional wealth of the United States has
increased 2,258 per cent, from $7,136,
000,000 in 1850 to $187,730,000,000 in
1912. Theoretically, every man, wom
an and child in the country is worth
$1,965. In 1850 the per capita of
wealth was only $308, so every Ameri
can's theoretical equity in the coun
try's wealth is six times as great as
sixty-five years ago.
More than 7.5 per cent of the na
tional wealth, or about $12,314,000,000,
is real estate and is exempted from
taxation. This includes public works
and property used for religious and
Of the present national wealth,
$98,363,000,000 is in taxed real prop
erty and improvements; $16,149,000,
000 represents railroads and their
equipments; $14,694,000,000 i3 in
manufactured products; $8,468,000,000
is in furniture, vehicles and the like;
$238,000,000 is in live stock and $6,
091,000,000 in manufacturing machin
ery, tools and implements.
The richest state is New York with
$25,011,000,000 of property wealth.
Then comes Illinois with $15,484,000,
000, and Pennsylvania with $15,458,
Britain's national wealth was esti
mated a year ago at $108,280,000,000,
and Germany's In 1908 at $77,864 000,
MANY WIRELESS STATIONS
Germany Prepared for Emergencies
That Would Arise in the Day
Part of German preparedness for
"the Day" was the erection of a world
wide system o' high-power wireless
stations. When the war started there
were in operation German wireless
stations in Europe, Africa, America
and the South seas. Many have been
dismantled by the allies, but the three
greatest still remain and serve to keep
Germany in communication with the
outside world, even though the cables
The three greatest stations are at
Nauen, Germany; Sayville, L. I., and
"somewhere" rn Spain. The French
claim that there is a German wireless
station in every state in the Unicn.
Outside of the Sayville station there
are known to be four high-power sta
tions in Mexico and ten in South
America, the latter having added ma
terially in the exploits of the German
sea raiders in both the Pacific and the
The Spanish, Sayville and Nauen
stations are probably the most power
ful in the world. They are each sup
posed to have a constant transmit
ting power of 6,000 miles, ocasionally
raised to 7,200 miles. Thte waves ate
so powerful that they temporarily par
alyze other aerial communications.
Waterproofing French Uniforms.
In the rainy season, which lasts well
into the summer in parts of France
and Belgium, the French army author
ities faced the necessity of providing
an inexpensive and effective means of
waterproofing the uniforms of their
soldiers. A chemist came to their
rescue with the information that the
fat extracted from wool while in the
process of cleaning it for manufacture
would serve their purpose.
Experiments proved that the chem
ist was right. The waterproofing is
done by reducing the wool fat to a
liquid by the use of a solvent and di
luting it with benzine or naphtha.
The garment is soaked in this solution
for a few minutes. It dries in a short
time. Neither the color of the article
nor the fabric is impaired by the treat
There are many opinions, but, next to
human life, opinions are the cheapest
commodities of these times. As it now
stands, human life is the cheapest and
the least regarded thing in the world
-not only human life as it exists, but
human life in the future. Both are
held in careless disregard. A rifle
has more value than the man who
shoots it A high explosive shell 1B
worth a hamlet. A battery of guns
ls more treasured than a village.
"The most important man in the
world," said a Russian cabinet min
ister to me, "ls the man who can make
or supply munitions of war."-Samuel j
G. Blythe in the Saturday Evening
Careless housewives often spoil
milk that is delivered to them in
prime condition by letting it stand
for a long time on the dining table
or in a hot kitchen; under such con
ditions it spoils quickly. Keep the
milk covered so that it cannot be pol
luted either hy the filthy fly or by
dirt falling into it
From the foundation of the Rus
sian Empire at Moscow, about 1500,
says Dr. Nansen in his recent book,
entitled "Through Siberia, the Land
of the Future," Russia has grown at
the average rate of 55 square miles
a day or 20,000 square miles a year
-a territorial increase that is almost
You Don't Just Like lt
After you've worked outdoors long
er and harder than ever before to
make the whole place more attractive
lt isr.'f; iunny to have someone ask,
"How'd you get taaned up so, pla?
lng tennis?"-Boston Globe.
$300,000,000 LOSS IS SEEN
Two Million Miles of Unimproved
Highways in United States-Farm
ers Blamed for Condition.
"There aro 6,500,000 farmers in the
United States, the most of whom raise
something for the market," says the
American Highway association.
"They have been described by Dr. T.
N. Carver, the Harvard university ex
pert in economics who was engaged
last year by the department of agri
culture to draw plans for the organi
zation of a rural community, as tem
peramentally an independent, head
strong, individualistic class, and,
therefore, difficult to organize. That
they are 'difficult to organize' is evi
denced by "he fact that there are
2,000,000 miles of unimproved public
roads in the United States over which
they must haul their products to mar
ket at a loss of approximately $300,
000,000 every year, or about the total
assessed value of property, real and
personal, in South Carolina. That they
are 'independent' of good roads to
their own great loss is evidenced hy
the enormous waste of both money
and muscle in trying to do business
without good roads and their appar
ent lack of interest in compelling their
representatives in legislatures and
congress to provide highways for their
"Good roads are equally necessary
to 'both the production and distribu
tion of farm products.' 'They are pre
requisite,' says Mr. Houston, secre
tary of agriculture, in his last annual
report, 'not only to economical produc
tion and distribution, but to the pro
motion of the broader life of commu
nities. The great need, obviously, is
for roads which will get products from
the farm to the nearest railway sta
tion, enabling the farmer to haul when
' he cannot sow or reap, and to haul at
j a lower rate, to transport his children
I to consolidated schools and to enjoy
1 comfortably his social enterprises.'
There can be, indeed, no such thing as
I community life without good roads. To
I assure such life there must be ease of
communication and transportation,
and, as Doctor Carver expressed it,
'as the characteristic evils of urban
life grow out of congestion, so do the
characteristic evils of rural life grow
out of isolation. Except for a few rare
souls, isolation means stagnation.'
"As a rule, town schools are better
. than country schools because the
' means of transportation, or the streets
and roads, are better in the towns
' than in the country. On the so-called
1 great highway between Washington
and Richmond there is a stretch of
about fifteen miles on which in the
fall and winter farm wagons and auto
mobiles sink to the hubs and traffic is
practically impossible, and this high
way between the two capitals must be
1 judged by the soft and not the hard
: Subgrade Prepared for Concrete Pave
spots. In regions where the roads
i have been improved the farmers are
; the most prosperous and community
life has been developed. In regions
i where the roads have not been im
; proved the schools, the churches and
all other civilizing agencies have run
"Withir the last few years there
have been formed 12,000 or 15,000 as
! sociatiocs of one sort and another
i among the farmers, fruit growers and
others looking to the economic han
dling of their business. But there can
bc no adequate co-operation among
farmers without the first essential of
the best farming success-good public
roads. Improved highways mean im
proved farming, Increased values of
farming lands, improved standards of
farming products, improved hanking
mean:, and facilities, improved country
schools, churches and homes. Without
improved public highways there will
continue the fearful economic waste
which has operated against the pros
perity of the farmers and made them
the prey of the combinations which
have fattened on their spoil."
Calf Must Have Roughage.
Being a ruminant, the calf will not
thrive unless supplied with some
roughage, for the stomach needs
bulky feeds to develop the capacity
and to stait the secretion of the diges
A Roup Preventive.
We have no cure for roup, but here
is a recipe for prevention:
Clean quarters, which means free
dom "som insect pests, clean floor,
new earth if the floor is of dirt, regu
lar cleaning, not necessarily daily.
A. J. Ren
J 4? R
We h ave the largest assortment of pres
ents in every department that we have ever
shown. We have ordered largely of Clocks.
Watches, Gold and Silver Jewelry, Sterling
Silverware, Cut Glass and China. Every de
partment is filled.
lt matters not what you want we have it or
will order it out at once.
Come in to see us. We have our entire stock
marked very low, much lower than you find the
same class of goods elsewhere.
70S Broad Street, Augusta, Georgia
We announce to our Edgefield friends that we carry
the largest stock of Fresh Fruits, Candies and miscella
neous Table Delacacies in Augusta. Come in to see
us when in the city
California . Fruit. Store
Corner Jackson and Ellis Sts.
B. B. RUSSELL, Jr R. E. ALLEN
SHIP YOUR COTTON TO
RUSSELL & ALLEN
Cotton . Factors . and
fonded Warehouses. Liberal Advances Made on
Cotton in Storage.
AUGUSTA - -.GEORGIA
of its Value
"One of our sales
men demonstrated the
value of the Long Dis
tance Telephone to us.
He was at Huntsville,
Ala.? and upon his own
responsibility put in
Long Distance calls for fifteen merchants within a
radius of several, hundred miles.
"In less than one hour he had sold 2100 barrels
of flour at a total cost to us of less than six dollars.
"Since then we have applied the Long Distance
Bell Telephone to everyfeature of our business with
most profitable results. The service is fine, the
rates are reasonable and there is more satisfaction
in one Long Distance Telephone talk than in half
a doten letters'*
SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE
AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY
Box 42, Columbia, S. C.
The wondefully different coffee in
Hermetically Sealed Can
Penn & Holstein
Oui tar Store Bill
Down ?sie Half
Tens of thousands of fanners as well as
town and city folks cut down their store
bills one-half last year and saved money
in spite of generally short crops and re
Absolutely n?T?ons of dollars were
saved and countless families lived better
llian ever before in the face of thc cotton
crisis and general business depression.
How were these burdensome store b?3
cut down? By the real money-saving
power of good home gardens, rightly
planted and kept planted and tended
through the season.
Hastings 1916 Seed Catalogue tells how
to cut store bills down; tells about .gar
den and farm seeds of kinds and a qual
ity that cannot be bought from your mer
chant or druggist. It's full of garden and
farm information. It's free if you ask
for it Write for it now. R G. HASTINGS
CO., Atlanta, Ga.-(Advt.)
I Auditor s Notice.
All persons owning property of any
kind whatsoever, or in any capacity,
as husband, ??guardian, executor, ad
ministrator or trustees are required to
make returns of the same to the Audi
tor under oath within the time men
tioned below and the Auditor is requir
ed by IHW to add a penalty of 50 per
cent to all property that is not return
on or before the 20th day of February
in any, year.
All male citizens between the ages
of 21 and 60 years except those ex
empt by law are deemed taxable polls.
The 50 per cent penalty will be added
for failure to make returns.
For the convenience of tax payers, I
or my representative will be at the
following appointed places on the dates
mentioned to receive tax returns:
The office will be open to receive re
turns from the first day of January till
the 20th day of Feb. 1916, as prescrib
ed by law.
J. R. TIMMERMAN,
Auditor, E. C. S. C.
Go to see
Before insuring elsewhere. We
represent the best old line com
Harting S: Byrd
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines. Boilers,
Supplies and Repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files. Belts
and Pipes, WOOD SAWS
GINS and PRESS REPAIRS
Premier Carrier of the South
Passenger train schedules, effec
tive October 24, 1916.
Trains arrive from
108 Augusta, Trenton 8:20 am
130 Columbia, Trenton 9:40 am
110 Aiken, Augusta 3:00 p m
106 Columbia, Angosta 8:30 pm
Trains depart for
109 Trenton, Colombia ?r20 a m
129 Trenton, Aagweta 9:45 a m
131 Aug-Columbia-Aiken 11:45 a m
107 Augusta, Columbia 7:30 p m
Schedules published only as in
formation and are not guaranteed.
For further information apply
J. A. Tows&htfU),
? Ticket Agent
Edgefield S. C.
A. H. Coriey,
Appointments at Trenton
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