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CARING FOR LITTLE CALVES
No Good Results Can Be Secured From
Half-Starved, Stunted Animal
i Keep Them Growing.
(By N. A. BRONSON.)
Everybody has a way of doing things
and this is my way of taking care of
I have ten good cows which I raised
myself, and I found out that to raise
good cows you must begin at the be
gm?!???. No good results will come
from a half-starved, stunted calf.
I let the calf suck the cow the first
two days. It is better for it and
the mother, too, and the calf is more
apt to get all the milk than I would
be, thus getting it out of the cow's
bag and into the calf's stomach,
where it should be, with less trouble
and better results.
At the end of this time I milk the
cow and feed the calf; tie the calf
where it cannot see its mother, and
if the weather is cold I wrap some
thing around it when the barn doors
are open. Never allow a calf to shiver
If you want it to keep well.
Being Groomed for Head of Dairy
grees, adding at first a third, then a
half and when a month old I give all
separated and take care to have it
Buckwheat shorts and bran are
good, but never put them In the milk.
Have a small box nailed in a conven
ient place on the manger or side of the
wall and fill with dry feed. The calf
will soon learn to help itself.
When six weeks old put clover hay
within reach; this will aid the diges
tion and increase growth.
If eggs are plenty break one or two
in the milk, and you will be surprised
at its sleekness.
TESTS OF MILK PRODUCTION
Cost of Feed Must Be Considered in
Determining Va.ue of Cow-Fat
Content ls Factor.
You cannot tell by the test alone
the value of a cow. It depends as
much on the amount of milk she gives
^as on the test of the milk. A cow that
gives 10,000 pounds of three per cent
milk produces 300 pounds of butterfat
ana a cow that produces 6,000 pounds
of five per cent milk gives no more;
one will produce as many pounds of
butter in a year as the other, and in
asmuch as the fat content of milk ls a
fair indication of the other milk solids
present, then the 10,000 pounds of
three per cent milk is worth more
for food than the 6,000 of five per cent
milk. Therefore one cow is as valuable
as the other from a business stand
point, provided it did not cost any
more to keep one cow than another.
This third factor must therefore be
considered in determining the value
of any cow-the cost of production.
SILAGE REDUCES FEED COST
Kansas Station Conducts Test on Pro
? duction of Butterfat During Sum
mer and Winter.
. An experiment conducted at the
Kansas experiment station shows that
silage reduces the cost of producing
butterfat from 30 cents to 21 cents.
The herds in this case were of suffi
cient size to give reliable data and
eliminate the difference that might oc
cur netween two cows.
The lot which were fed silage gave
seven pounds more milk in the sum
mer and 95.5 more in winter per
month than the herd which were fed
dry i'?ed. The butterfat was also in
creased by .46 in summer and 4.6 in
winter. The difference in the cost of
fecu was even greater.
The silage-fed cows saved 60 cents
per month in the cost of feed.
OBSERVED THE UCJAL OMENS
French Astronomer Claims the Stars,
as Always, Foretold Coming
of War in Europe.
In a recent number of L'Astronomie
Camille Flammarion publishes an in
genious memoir, illustrated with
quaint woodcuts from a sixteenth cen
tury work on prodigies, in which he
shows that all the celestial and terres
trial omens of war in which our fore
fathers so firmly believed duly ush
, ered in the great conflict now raging
I in Europe. These include (1) the
I total solar eclipse of August 21, 1914,
visible in Europe and Asia; (2) Dela
van's naked-eye comet, known as the
"war comet," discovered at the close
of 1913 and destined to remain visible
for the next five years (from which
the superstitious might augur seven
years of war) ; (3) the transit of Mer
cury on November 7,1914; (4) the fall
of a 35-pound meteorito in England
j last October; (5) the great Italian
I earthquake of January 13, 1915; (6) a
! "tricolored" star, of which M. Flam
marion promises to furnish particu
lars later, only remarking for the
present that lt was an optical effect
much exaggerated by the popular
imagination; and lastly all sorts of
remarkable weather, including a win
try day in June of last year, with a
minimum temperature of 41 degrees
in Paris. It would be too bad, adds
the Scientific American, to refute this
accumulated evidence of the futility
of modern science by seeking for pre
vious periods of a year or so in which
similar omens were manifested and
no war followed.
BUYS DOG TO RECOVER RING
Man Kills Animal and Finds His $200
Gem in Stomach, as He
While William A. Thompson was
j trying to drive a pup away from him
the animal closed on his fingers and
j pulled off and swallowed a $200 dia
mond ring. Mr. Thompson was not
certain what had become of the ring,
but when he failed to find it he sus
pected the dog. He bought the ani
mal, nominally a ten-cent pup, from
H. R. Rogers, the negro owner, for
$10 after much parley, took the dog
home, killed him and found the dia
mond ring in his stomach.
He was luckier than a man in a
neighboring town who owned a valu
able vase, a family heirloom. His dog
poked his head into the neck of the
vase and it stuck. The owner cut off
the dog's head to save the vase and
then had to break the vase to get out
the dog's head to bury it.-Beckley
(tv. Va.) Dispatch to New York
Old Men Are on Top.
Oldish men still remain on top In
this war after a year of hard fighting.
The four conspicuous commanders are
Joffre of the French, Von Hindenburg
of the Germans, French of the English
and Grand Duke Nicholas of the Rus
sians. All are well up in the sixties.
That is an unusual circumstance.
Caesar was a young man when he in
vaded Gaul. Alexander was a boy
when he made his great conquests.
Napoleon became the military meteor
on earth before he was thirty, and he
and Wellington were only forty-six
when they met at Waterloo for the
last fight either ever witnessed.
Washington was but forty-five when
he wintered at Valley Forge, and he
was not yet fifty-six when Cornwallis
surrendered to him his army at York
town. Grant was only forty-three as
he stood at Appomattox. Stonewall
Jackson had won a military record for
all time before he was killed at thir
Von Molke was the exception, as he
was seventy when, 45 years ago this
summer, he trapped the annies of
France in six weeks. But these seem
to be the days when age gets the
Didn't our governor just designate
as Pennsylvania's three greatest men
one seventy-three, another seventy
five and a third seventy-seven?
"Girard," in Philadelphia Ledger.
Authority on Steel Production.
Sir Robert Hadfield, who has been
selected by the British government to
assume charge of the engineering
works that lt has obtained power to
take over for the manufacturo of war
material, ls one of the greatest liv
ing authorities on the production of
steel. In addition to the Bessemer
medal, which ls the blue ribbon of the
Iron and Steel institute of Great Brit
ain, he has received equally high
awards from similar societies in al
most every country of the civilized
world. Inventor of manganese steel,
he is chairman of the Hadfield Steel
Foundry company Ltd., at Sheffield,
one of the biggest ordnance and pro
jectile concerns in the United king
dom, in fact, in the world.
His Accustomed Place.
Seven-year-old Frances was watch
ing her papa start for the office and
reporting his progress to mamma,
who was a little near-sighted.
"The car's stopping for him," said
"Has he got on?" asked mamma.
"Yes, mamma. He has jumped on
and taken his place on a strap."
Just Picks the Kind-Hearted.
"George, you're always happy and
smiling. Is everybody good to you?"
"No, I wouldn't jes' say dat, boss
Dere's some pow'ful mean folks in dii
wori', tut when I discover 'em I jes'
nacherally don' 'soclate wif 'em."-De
troit Free Press.
HOUSING QUESTION IS VITAL
Practically No More Important Things
Can Be Given Attention by
City Planners. '
It may be said that there Is np plane
of human existence in society which
the housing question does not touch.
There is no form of vice, crime, debiU
ity or shiftlessness which bad housing
does not tend to nurture. Keeping up
appearances is often decried, and de
serves much of the reproach cast u pon
tt, when it simply means unwarranted
extravagance to maintain a position
which one's income does not Justify,
but among the poor lt is an ever
present aid to the maintenance of self
respect and is to be encouraged rather
During his campaign for the presi
dency the late Benjamin Harrison ut
tered an epigram which made him the
target of much criticism. He said: "A
cheap coat makes a cheap man," and
this statement, which was intended to
epitomize his views on the protective
tariff, was twisted into meaning that
people whose clothes were cheap were
purchasable. This was not true, and
lt would be no more true that bad
housing made bad citizens under all
ciroumstances. But, next to an inade
quate and unwholesome food supply,
poor housing does stand as the most
deleterious element in our civic life.
Sanitary research shows how import
ant is the reaction of adequate light
and ventilation on the health, stamina
and moral character of Individuals.
Bad housing furnishes the fruitful nur
series of disease germs of all kinds,
while at the same time creating con
ditions which prevent the building up
of resistance to their inroads.
IS KING OF URBAN TREES
Elm Famous for Developing Fine Sym
metry When Allowed to
"The elm is essentially a self-suffi
cient tree. It does not thrive in
groves," Walter Prichard Eaton writes
in the Century. "It has a standard
type of its own, and it either attains
this type or is lost to view. The elm
which comes to maturity is usually
the one which has lodged in a favored
spot where there is no competition,
such as a river meadow, where the
spring freshets have dropped the seed
on fertile soil and the roots can get
>down to water.
"We all know the type, the noble
trunk of massive girth tapering very
gradually upward to the first spring
j of branches, and then dissolving in
I those branches as a water jet might
j dissolve in many upward and outcurv
ing streams, till the whole is lost in
the spray of the foliage. Like many
other trees that grow alone, it devel
ops an exquisite symmetry; but with
the elm this symmetry is not only one
of general contour, but of individual
; limbs. Not only is the silhouette sym
! metrical, but the skeleton also, branch
: balancing branch. That is what gives
it its remarkable fitness to comport
with architectural lines, with geome
! trically designed vistas. It has a
? formal structure and a consequent dig
' nity which makes it the logical shade
for a village street, a chapel, a library,
the scholarly procession in cap and
. gown. Add to that dignity Its arched
I and airy lightness and its splendid
, size, and you have the king of urban
GOOD PLACE FOR FOUNTAIN
Builder In Western City Has Proved
That He Had the Right Idea In
In constructing a building In a
western city, a sanitary drinking
fountain has been
set in a niche pro
vided in the front
wall of the struc
ture between two
stores. The out
er edge of the
bowl is flush I
with the face of
so that it does not
jut out in the way
By placing the
fountain here, in
stead of erecting
a pedestal at the
curb, as is fre
quently done, the
sidewalk was left
free from obstruc
tions. The foun
tain is both % convenience to the pub
lic and an ornament.-Popular Me-1
chanics. i i
Rochester, N. Y., has an annual ex
position that is partly a municipal en
terprise. The exposition was started
by a number of private concerns, but
its success was so great that the city
government provided it with an expo
sition ground of 45 acres, fitted up
with handsome buildings. Here both
manufacturing and agricultural ex
hibits are shewn, the former including
the lines that have made Rochester
famci?. such as cameras, optical
goods, shoes, clothing, office fixtures
and prepared foods.
As soon as an attack of Rheuma
tism begin* apply Sloan's Liniment.
Don't waste time and suffer unnec
essary agony. A f? w drops of
Sloan's Liniment on the affected
pan* ijt r>ll you need The pain
goes at once. A grateful sufferer
write*:-"I was suffering for'three
weeks with Chronic Rheumatism
and Stiff Nerk. Although I tried
many medicines, they failed, and I
was under the care of a dod or. For
ninatcl-v I beard of Sloan's Lini
niemand after using it three or four
dav* ?ni up and well. I am em
ployed at the biggest department
store in S. F where they employ
from six to eight hundred hands,
an<f they surel.s will hear all about
Sloan's Liniment.- H. B. Smith.
San Francisco, Cal.-.Jan. 1915. At
all Druggists. 2
Hastings Catalogue Tells You All
No matter whether you farm or only
plant vegetables or flowers in a small lot
you need Hastings 1916 Catalogue.
It is filled (100 pages) from cover to
cover with useful farm and garden infor
It tells of seeds of kind and quality that
you can't buy from your' merchant or
druggist, seeds that cost no more but
> give you real satisfaction and a real gar
It tells how every customer can get ab
solutely free five packets of easily grown,
yet showy and beautiful flowers.
Hastings is both the best and largest
seed Lrm in thc South, the only firm that
you should buy seeds from.
When you plant Hastings Seeds, you
meet "Good Garden Luck" more than
half way. Write today for their big 1916 j
Catalogue. It is free. A postal card re
quest will bring it H. G. HASTINGS CO., |
Atlanta, Ga.-(Advt) f ,J
Go to see
Before insuring elsewhere. We
represent the best old line com
barling & Byrd
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines. Boilers,
Supplies and Repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files. Belts
and Pipes, WOOD SAWS
GINS and PRESS REPAIRS
Premier Carrier of the South
Passenger train schedules, effec
tive October 24, 1915.
Trains arrive from
No. / Time
108 Augusta, Trenton 8:20 am
130 Columbia, Trenton 9:40 am
110 Aiken, Augusta 3:00 pm
106 Columbia, Augusta 8:30 pm
Trains depart for
109 Trenton, Columbia 7:20 am
129 Trenton. Augusta 8:45 am
131 Aug-Columbia-Aiken 11:45a rn
107 Augusta, Columbia 7:30 p m j
Schedules published only as in
formation and are not guaranteed.
For further information apply
J. A. TOWNSEND*
Edgefield S. C.
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton
ST HW?. IF Tho Best Tonic,
i???Q Miki - Laxative
BI??EE?S Pially Medicine.
A. J. Renkl
W E L
We have the largest assortment of pres
ents in every department that we have ever
shown. We have ordered largely of Clocks.
Watches, Gold and Silver Jewelry, Sterling
Silverware, Cut Glass and China. Every de
partment is filled.
lt matters not what you want we have it or
will order it out at once.
Come in to see us. We have our entire stock
marked very low, much lower than you find the
same class of goods elsewhere. .
706 Broad Street, Augusta, Georgia
We announce to our Edgefield friends that we carry
the largest stock of Fresh Fruits, Candies and miscella
neous Table Delacacies in Augusta. Come in to see
us when in the city
California. Fruit. Store
Corner Jackson and Ellis Sts.
The wondefully different coffee in
Hermetically Sealed Can
Penn & Holstein
State of South Carolina,
County of Edgefield.
By W. T. Kinnaird, Probate Judge.
Whereas, Miss Eliza M. Miras, of
above county and State made suit
to me, to grant her Lettes of Ad
ministration of the Estate and ef
fects of Miss Mamie E. Lake.
These Are Therefore to cite and
admonish all and singular the kin
dred and creditors of the said Miss
Mamie E Lake of above County
and State, deceased, that they be
and appear before me, in the Court
of Probate, to be held at Edgefield
C. H., S. C., in my office on the
24th day of February, 1916 next,
after publication thereof, at ll
o'clock in the forenoon, to show
cause, if any they have, why the
said Administration should not be
Given under my Hand, this 4th
day of February, A. D., 1916.
W. T. KINNAIRD.
Probate Judge, E. C.
Feb. 9, 1916.
We have the agency for Ford auto
mobiles for the western part of Edge
field county. There is no better car on
the market for the money. The Ford
Dwners who have thoroughly tested
these cars will tell you that If you
?vant a car, drop us a card and we will
call on you and demonstrate the Ford
W. F. RUSH & CO.
PLUM BRANCH, S. C.
c^O* f^^lsS $2S*?
Ask your Drnitffiat for CHI-CHBS-TER'S
DIAMOND BRAND FILLS in Rno and
GOLD metallic boxes., sealed with Btu
Ribbon, TAKB NO OTHER. BUT OF y oar
Brassil* Md ask for cni-UHK8.T?K'8
KIA MOND BBAND PILLS, for twenty-ave
years regarded as Best, Safest, Always Reliable.
SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS
SSS EVERYWHERE SS
The County Treasurer's office will be
open for the purpose of receiving taxes
from the 15th dav of October, 1915, to
the 15th day of March, 1916.
All taxes shall be due and payable
between the 15th day of October, 1915,
and December 31st, 1915.
That when taxes charged shall not be
paid by December 31st, 1915, the County
Auditor shall proceed to add a penalty
of one per cent, for January, and if
taxes are not paid on or before Feb
ruary 1st, 1916, the County Auditor
will proceed to add two per cent., and
five per cent, from the 1st of March to
the 15th of March, after which time all
unpaid taxes will be collected by the
The tax levies for the year 1915 are
For State purposes 7 Mills
" Ordinary County 6 "
44 Cons. School Tax 3 "
" Bacon School District 4 44
'* Edgefield School District 5 "
" Long Cane S. D. 3 44
" Liberty Hill S. D. 3 44
" Johnston S. D. 8 "
44 Collier's S. D. 3 "
44 Flat Rock S. D. 4 "
" Elmwood S. D. No. 8 2 44
44 Elmwood S. D. No. 9 2 "
" Elmwood S. D, No. 30 2 44,
" Hibler Township 3 "
" P. Branch S. D. 5 44
44 White Town S. D. 4 "
44 Trenton S. D. 5 44
44 Ward Township 2 4*
44 Moss Township 3 44
44 Parksville S. D. 4 44
44 Modoc S. D. 2 44
44 Oak Grove 3 44
44 Red Hill S. D. 4 44
44 Antioch S. D. 2 44
44 Shaw Township 4 44
44 Talbert Township 2 44
44 R R Bonds Wise T'sp 114 44
44 R R Bonds Pickens 3 44
44 R R Bonds Johnston 3 44
44 R R Bonds Pine Grove 12 44
44 R R Bonds Blocker (portion] 12 44
"RR Bonds Elmwood 12 44
44 R R Bonds Elmwood
44 Picknes 3 44
44 Edgefield sch'l bldg. 2 44
Town of Edgefield
Corporation purposes 10 44
All the male citizens between the
ages of 21 years and 60 years except
those exempt by law are liable to a
poll tax of One Dollar each. A capita
tion tax of 50 cents each is to be paid
m all dogs.
The law prescribes that all male citi
zens between the ages of 18 and 55
/ears must pay $2 commutation tax or
,vurk six days on the public roads. As
this is optional with the individual, no
commutation tax is included in the
property tax. So ask for road tax re
ceipt when you desire to pay road tax.
JAMES T. MIMS,
Co. Treas. E. C.
uBg's NEW LIFE PILLS
Tho Pilis That Do Cure*