TURNING SILAGE INTO BEEF
lt Cannot Be Considered as Substi
tute rb*- Other Necessary Materi
* als in Animal's Ration.
The word ''silage" at one time sug
gested only brimming milk pails and
big milk checks. Nowadays it is as
well a big factor in putting the fin
ishing touches on choice sirloin beef.
Silos are common in the beef feed
ing sections of Wisconsin. The main
reason for feeding silage to beef cat
, tie is economy of production. It can
not be considered as a substitute for
other necessary materials in the ra
tion, according to J. L. Tormey, Col
lege of Agriculture, University of Wis
consin, who gives a few suggestions
as to the feeding of silage for beef
production under local conditions.
"Clover or alfalfa hay should be
fed along with the silage in the win
ter. If clover or alfalfa hay is not
obtainable, use timothy or mixed hay.
In addition to the corn silage and hay
allowance, about three or four pounds
of cottonseed meal for each 1,000
pounds of live weight of the animal
should be fed dally.
"Two-year-old steers weighing about
1,000 pounds may he started on about
20 to 25 pounds of silage, 6 to 8 pounds
of clover or alfalfa hay, and 5 to 6
pounds of a mixture consisting of six
parts of corn to one part cottonseed
meal by weight daily. In a period
of two weeks the cattle may be
brought up to full rations, if care
fully watched. At this time they will
eat about 15 to 20 pounds of silage,
5 to G pounds of hay and 12 to 14
pounds of grain mixture daily.
"As cottonseed meal is rather high
priced this year, wheat bran or glu
ten feed may be used instead with al
most as good results and at a saving
in cost of production."
OIL ON THE TROUBLED HOGS
Solution of Dipping Problem Solved
Much Added to the Generai Health
of the Animals.
Oiling hogs when and where the j
hog desires has been found to be the i
proper solution of the dipping prob- |
lem and adds much to the general !
health of the hog. We have presented
several of these devices for oiling J
hogs to our readers, all of which are |
Automatic Hog Oiler.
being manufactured in increasing ?
numbers to meet the popular demand
for something of the kind. Here is
one that works on a little different
principle than the others. As the
hog rotates the barrel of the cylindri
cal stem the knobs hit the trip and a 1
little oil is released to run down to j
the hog's hide. The slope of and angle
at which the "post" stands makes it
possible for the hog to get oil on any
part of its body-top, bottom, sides or
BUILDING D0G-PR00F FENCE !
Most Economically Constructed by
Setting Posts Ten Feet Apart
Put Barbed Wire First.
A dog-proof fence can be economic
filly built in the following manner:
Posts are set ten to twelve feet apart
and a barbed wire is first stapled to
them right on the surface of the
ground. Three inches above this is
placed a pansl of close-woven wire, 3G
inches high, and about this two
strands cf ordinary barbed wire. Care
should be taken to see that there are
no openings between the ground and
the lowest barbed wire. An inclosure
mad? ia this manner, into which sheep
may be turned at night, is inexpensive,
and dogs will not go through it. Most
of the damage by dogs is done at
New Feed for Stock.
The stock melon, which is a cross
between citron and watermelon, is
being fed to stock in the Kansas and
Oklahoma experiment stations for ex
perimental purposes. The fruit has
somewhat the appearance of a water
melon. The flesh is solid and lacks
Prevention ls Cheapest.
Have little bedding in the pen at
farrowing. Wait until the pigs get
large enough to take caro of them
selves beiore bedding heavily. Have
the pen ??ry and clean and keep it
thus, "lake lib?rai use of the well
known disinfectants. Prevention is
cheaper tLan cure.
HIS VISION OF FUTURE CITY
French Architect Sees Great Change?
to Be Brought About in the
Years to Come.
At a recent gathering of world-re
nowned architects Edouard Henard,
architect for the city of Paris, pre
sented a paper which included a num
ber of novel suggestions as to the re
quirements in the city plan of the fu
ture. He predicted that public service
within the next quarter of a century
will include many details not yet even
under consideration. Mose of these
are to he supplied by tube and pro
vision for a perfect network of serv
ice tubes must be made in city plan
ning. They would seriously interfere
with present arrangements.
Vacuum cleaning may be one of
these and it will require a pipe from
every house for the pneumatic dust
removal which will be regarded as an
essential part of public health work.
As the uses of cold air increase, oth
er tubes will supply it to lower the
temperature as desired and for the
distribution of fresh air from the sea
or the mountains. Mr. Henard empha
sized the feasibility of this fresh air
supply a? a health measure, because
of the fact that a meter of fresh air
'from a nearby street contained 6,000
disease germs, while the same amount
from the mountains or the sea need
contain almost none. As coal oil is
largely used for fuel purposes in Paris
and is productive of less smoke and
dust than other fuels, he suggests the
possibility of an oil pipe service for
all residences similar to the gas pipes
now in use.
The old idea that the street should
be level with the ground may in fu
ture be considered erroneous. It
should be sufficiently above the sur
face it is held, to give room for all
these service utilities between it and
the ground. The adjacent houses
should have basement floors. The
sidewalks and roadways should be
built like continuous substantial
bridges, which after proper construc
tion, would not need to be meddled
with except for repairs They should
be supported by walls of masonry par
allel to the adjacent houses and on a
level with the second story.
Such a plan would make the modern
city street two storied, the upper
part for pedestrians and light weight
vehicles, the lower for service and
heavy traffic. This arrangement has
already been introduced in Chicago
for traffic between the railway sta
tions and certain private warehouses.
Re-enforced concrete roots, Mr. He
nard holds, will provide gardens and
also landing places for the aeroplanes
which will come into more general use.
Garages and hangars will be available
below the surface and great elevators
will lift these machines from their
subterranean quarters as desired.
The beginning of these innovations
is said to be already in sight. At least
one large American hotel has already
provided a roof landing for aeroplanes.
New York has now a public play
ground and garden built upon bridge
trestling fifty feet from '.ie ground.
BEST TREES FOR THE STREET
Selection Should by No Means Bc Al
lowed to Be a Mere Matter of
As to the planting of street trees
it is well before coning to any definite
decision to study the special situation
carefully and to consult a reliable nur
seryman and then plant with a fixed
determination to gh'e each tree every
possible chance to make good, which
means protection from insects, giving
water when needed, insisting that
drivers do not leave their horses near
the trees where they can gnaw the
bark, and last but not least, seeing
that the trees have an occasional prun
ing. The following is a list of th3
best standard street trees: Rock and
Norway Maples, the foliage turning
a rich gold and crimson in tho au
tum ; American Ash, which has beau
tiful compound foliage, dark green
above and lighter beneath, and turns
from green to. yellow and then to a
purplish tint in the autumn; English
Elm, which is very ornamental and re
tains its leaves longer than any other
variety in tue autumn, but which!
should be protected by spraying from :
the gypcy moth and elm beetles; j
American Linden, which Howers in !
Juiy, but as tho blossoms arc small ?
the falling petals do not litter the j
ground; Ginkgo, a Japanese tree, grow
ing to a height of some forty to sixty
feet and robust enough to endure gen
eral city planting; Sycamore and Ori
ental Plane, the latter a rapid grower
and singularly free from insects. Thc
Blue Gum tree may be also added to
the list in southern climates.
Many Mislaid Articles.
Protectors against rain seem to be
the most easily forgotten impedimenta
that the traveler carries. During a re
cent week 157 articles were left in
trains of the Chicago & Northwestern
railway. Of these, 34 were umbrellas
and 15 were raincoats. These articles
were probably carried by unusually
forehanded travelers, but doubtless
the cJour!d cleared off and the careful
citizens became preoccupied in fair
SPRAYING FOR CODLING MOTH
Insect That Causes Wormy Apple*
May .Be Controlled by Application
of Arsenate of Lead., .
(By LEONARD HASEMAN, University^
of Missouri, Collego o? Agriculture.) u
The codling moth is the insect that
usually causes wormy apples. /.The
adults appear in spring about
the time the apple trees are in'bloom,
and they remain for several weeks.
They deposit their eggs on the snjpoth
Fig. 1-Sprayed Tree Bore Four B?r^
j reis of Apples, 87.3 Per cent Mar
surfaces of the leaves near the fruit
and at times on the stems of the
young fruit. The eggs hatch in a few
days and the larvae of this first brood
usually crawl to the blossom end of
the apple and eat their way In. When
the larva (worm) is full grown it eat3
its way out of the apple and goes into
the pupa stage under any kind of rub
bish or rough bark. The adult
emerges, giving us the second brood,
beginning about six or seven weeks
after the bloom falls.
i The best spray for codling moth is
arsenate of lead. Arsenate of lead
paste should be used at a strength of
about two and one-half pounds to 50
gallons of water. Since the insect
eats its way into the blossom end, it
is very important that the calyx (blos
som end) he filled with the poison.
\ The parts of the calyx close over the
calyx tube about seven days aftervUhe
bloom falls, so it is very important i
that the calyx tube be fl?od with the |
I spray before this time since it would
not penetrate afterwards. The thor- ,
oughness of this spraying will largoly
determine the effectiveness of our sea- I
j son's work. In some states a single
very thorough spraying is all that is
used on the apple orchard in one sea- j
; son, though it has been found in this j
; section that two or three sprayings
Fig. 2-Unsprayed Tree Bore One Bar- j
rel of Fruit, 12.7 per Cent Market- j
able-Note Scanty Foliage.
will better control the codling moth.
The first one is given as mentioned j
above within seven days after the
bloom falls; the second in about two
or three weeks and the third usually
early in July, or about six or seven
weeks after the bloom falls.
TO DESTROY GRAPE INSECTS
Flea-Beetle and Leaf-Hopper as Adults
Spend the Winter Under Old
Trash and Fallen Leaves.
Several grape insects winter among
the fallen grape leaves in trash in
vineyards and much may be done to
destroy them if the trash be raked
together and burned.
Such work will be of value against
the grape-berry moth and the grape
ieaf folder, which hibernate in the
pupal condition in the fallen grape
The grapevine flea-beetle and the
grape leaf-hopper spend the winter as
adults under trash of ?all kinds in and
about vineyards, and the destruction
of trash as indicated will expose them
to adverse climatic conditions.
HOW TO CURE COLDS
Avoid exposure and drafts. Ea
right. Take Dr. Kind's New Dis
covery. It is prepared frum Pin?
Tar, bealiug balms and mild laxa
uves. Dr. King's New Discovery
kills and expels the cold germs,
soothes the irritated throat and al
lays inflammation, li h-als th(
.iiui'uu? in eui b ra ne. Sea ri ii as you
\yili,you cannot hud -a belter vougl
?ind cold n'medy. Its use id yean
is a guara t i of satisfaction. A
all Drill?LM>t<. 2
the RAYO Gives!
ITS glow is so soft
and bright that you
can read all evening
without tiring your
is the most popular
kerosene lamp ever
-because it gives a clear,
powerful, mellow light
-because it is easy to
clean and light
-because it is durable,
good looking and
Use Aladdin Security
Oil or Diamond White
Oil to obtain best results
in OH Stoves, Lampsand
The Rayo is only one
of our many products
that bring comfort and
economy to the farm.
Matchless Liquid Gloss
Standard Hand Separator
Eureka Harness Oil
Mica Axle Grease
If your dealer does not
carry these, write to
our nearest station.
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
Washington. D. C. Charlotte. N. C
Norfolk. Va. Charleston. W. Va.
Richmond. Va. Charleston, S. G.
Make the Old Suits
Wy art- Inlier prepared
than ever to do first-class
work in cleaning and press
ing or all kinds. Make your
(dd pants or MUl new by let
ing us clean anti press them.
Ladies skirts and suits al
so cleaned and pressed. Sat
Speeiil attention, tiv TI to La
dies' Silk Waists mid Skirts.
Edgefield Pressing Club
WALLACE HARRIS, PROP.
How To Give Quinine To Children
FEBRILINBis the trade-mark name given to ai
improved Quinine, ft is a Tasteless Syrup, plea:
ant to take and does not disturb the stomach
Children take it and never know it is Quinine
Also especially adapted to adults who canno
take ordinary Quinine. Does not nauseate no:
cause nervousness nor ringing: in the head. Tr;
it the next time you need Quinine for any pur
pose. Ask for 2-ounce original package. Thi
?ame F EB RI LINE is blown in bottle. 25 cenU
Whenever You Need a General Toni?
The Old Standard Grove's Tastelesi
chill Tonic is equally valuable as f
General Tonic because it contains the
well known tonic properties of QUININE
and IRON. It acts on the Liver, Drive.?
out Malaria, Enriches the Blood ant
Builds up the Whole System. 50 cents.
Cos7rieht 1909, by C. E. Zimmcman Co --rio. 44
F all the unhappy homes,
not one in a hundred has a bank
account arid not one home in a hundred who has a
bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to
put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President
E. J. Minis, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, B. E.
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller. E. J. Mims. J. H. Allen.
J. C. LEE, President
F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas.
FARMERS. MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to build, remodel or repair,
we invile your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures,
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber,
lath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets,
Our Motto: ?
TMIIW-HT"IP'" ,L-"'!U ? -M^MM-iii
The Tea of
A reason for it being handled by us \
Penn & Holstein
THE FARMERS BANK OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Capital and Surplus Profits.$120,000.00
Total Assets Over.$403,000.00
STATE, COUNTY AND TOWN DEPOSITORY
Does a General Banking- Business. Offers its Services to You as a Safe
Guardian and Depository for Your Money.
Invest in One of Our Certificates of/Deposits Bearing Intereit.
It is a better investment for you than a mortgage of real estate.
You do not have to consult an attorney about titles. It does not shrink
in value like lands and houses. You do not have to insure against fire.
Finally you do not have to employ an attorney to foreclose to get your
money. You can get your interest and principal the day it falls due.
Safety is the First Consideration in Placing Your Earnings.
Long-Term Loans to Farmers a Specialty.
? . . ; ?i
Your farm land accepted as security WITHOUT ENDORSER or
other COLLATERAL. Unlimited funds immediately available in de
nominations of Three Hundred and up. Established 1892.
JAS. FRANK & SON, Augusta, Ga.
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