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GOOD SECTIONAL WIRE FENCE
Easily Erected, and Will Add Much to
the Appearance of Any
A recently invented sectional lenee
designed for quick and easy erection
is composed of U-shaped units, each
of which is made from a single piece
of wire, the ends of the wire being
driven into the ground in such a way
that the units overlap and are secure
Fence Made Up of U-Sh a ped Wire
Sections, Designed for Quick and
ly bound together. One leg of each
of the units is bent to farm two
loops, one located near the top of the
fence and the other at the ground
line. In erecting the fence the sec
tions are driven into the ground suc
cessively, the straight leg of teach
section being first passed through the
loops of the adjacent section.--Popu
MAKE BACK YARD ATTRACTIVE
Cost Need Not Be Great If a Little
Care ls Given to Proper
Why not make the back yard Just
RS attractive, or even more attrac
tive, than is the front lawn? lt can
easily be done and at very small ex
pense. Instead of piles of rubbish, an
unsightly ash barrel or two, a more
unsightly garbage receiver, unsightly
clothes-line poles, etc., take a little
time and spend a little money and
make the back yard lawn or gardrm
a place upon which you will like to
pass a-portion of every day.
First, by an underground garbage re
ceiver, which is sanitary, does not
take up space in the yard, keeps away
rodents, and is a permanent invest
ment. The cover operates by a sim
ple foot trip, a blessing for the wom
Keep the ash barrels in the cellar
or under the piazza, where they may
be screened from sight.
Then, instead of the clothesline
poles, bare and dirty, build a pergola
around them and cover it with climb
ing vines which will keep green all
summer; this will cost only a few dol
lars, and will add hundreds of dol
lars worth to the beauty of the back
Then, if you have two or three
shade trees there-and if you have
not, you had better have some trans
planted at once-build around each
one a rustic seat; this you can do
yourself at the expense of only a
pound or two of nails and a few
hours o? work cutting the sticks which
you will need from some nearby
DECORATOR MUST BE ARTIST
ls Compelled to Have Wide Knowl
edge to Practice Profession
Formerly the decorator or painter
merely had to deal with colors and
paints, and use them to the best ad
vantage. Nowadays a decorator is
compelled to have knowledge of the
several branches in rugs, furnishings
and draperies, their adaptation, selec
tion and utility, and even the plaster
ing branch of building construction,
advising for rough or emooth plaster,
relief or stucco work, carpenter or
cabinet work, says the Real Estate
Magazine. Ho must make himself
familiar with all thes^e things in or
der io carry out his scheme and pro
duce the effects which he may desire
to produce in the respective rooms of
the modern house.
The decorating, and, to some ex
tent, the furnishing, has become al
most as much a part of his calcula
tion and work as the mere painting.
He must make his interiors handsome
and inviting. The tenant when nego
tiating for a first-class house is no
longer content with bare, white walls
and plain floors. The demand in such
cases is for a house that is finished
according to the modern Jdea. Like
everything else in building construc
tion, these perplexities are turned over
to the architect to solve, but the mod
ern o^Topolitan owner cr manager
must take them into his business
along with brick, cement and steel.
LAST OF BULGARIAN EXARCHS
Third and the Final Man to Hold Office
Has Recently Passed Away
Joseph I, by birth Lazar Yovtcheff,
whose death is announced from Sofia,
was the third and in reality the last of
the Bulgarian exarchs.
The exarchate is older than the Bul
-garian state, and played a great part
in calling it into being and extending
its boundaries. The firman establish
ing the exarchate is dated March ll,
The first exarch was not chosen till
two years l_ier, and held office for only
five days. His successor ruled for
five years, and was compelled to re
sign when Russia declared war.
Twelve days later Joseph was elected.
His promotion was extraordinarily
rapid. Born in 1840, he was a journal
ist. The second exarch made him sec
retary general to the exarchate in 1872.
He took orders that year on the very
day when the patriarch excommuni
cated the Bulgarian church.
A month later he was an archiman
drite. In 1874-75 he was sent tc the
bishopric of Widdin, and he thereafter
returned to Constantinople as the
right hand of the exarch. In 1876 he
became metropolitan of Loftcha and a
year later exarch.
He was a man of great courage, cool
Judgment, skilled diplomacy, untiring
patience and high organizing talent.
.?He carried the exarchate through the
critical time of the war.
He resisted all efforts of Turks,
Greeks, and even shortsighted Bulga
rians to confine his authority to the
territories of the new Bulgarian s tate,
and he slowly and steadily extended
the sway of the Bulgarian church in
Thrace and Macedonia and laid the
foundation of the Greater Bulgaria.
The story ?f his establishing new
bishoprics and emancipating the Bul
garian schools from Greek control is
such a chapter in diplomacy as only
Balkan chronicles can show.
The second Balkan war virtually
confined the authority of the exarchate
to the limits of the Bulgarian state,
and its importance as a political insti
tution for the makins of the big Bul
garia apparently disappeared.-Man
SMOKING AND WAR ALLIED
Interesting te Note The Innovations
Which Have Been Brought
About by Bloodshed.
It ls interesting to note in refer
ence to Sir Ian Hamilton's appeal for
cigarettes "fer my brave fellows in
Gallipoli," that the last war in which
Britain was engaged in that part cf
Europe resulted in a new fashion in
smoking. Before the Crimean war smok
ing was regarded as a rather surrepti
tious habit tc be indulged in in
out-of-the-wa^ places, and it is record
ed that both Gladstone and Palmerston
were strongly against the tobacco hab
it, and did net like to have people
near them who had been smoking.
There was much smoking of cigars in
the trenches at Sebastopol. Soldiers
returned from the war set the example
not only of wearing long whiskers, but
of smoking with much more freedom
than in the past, and cigars appeared
in the streets. In those days some of
the old school smoked cigars in china
holders elaborately painted, an exer
cise calculated from its peculiar incon
veniences to keep smoking within
The Unccllared Neck.
The sport shirt-thus they denom
inate the decollete affair which ad
vanced dressers are displaying this
summer-is a distinct step toward the
emancipation of the masculine neck.
As in ether kinds cf war it is the
youth of the land which is bearing
the first shock of the battle. The
more conservative-or, as you might
say, cowardly-elders of the species
are watching, noncommittally but
It is not, however, a time to remain
neutral. Already insidious Influences
are at work to nip the campaign
for freedom in the bud. Jeers, japes
and jests a^e beginning to make them
selves heard, and the sex must be
warned against them. They are in
spired by the laundrymen and the
owners of scraggy necks. Don't lis
ten tc them! Let every man who
calls himself a man take a firm stand
in favor of the 'ree, uucollared neck.
At the national Inventors' show re
cently held in New York ene of the
principal attractions was a motor, net
larger than rr. ordinary watch, which
produced o^e horse newer at a speed
cf about ",000 revolutions per minute.
The tiny motor employs two gyro
scopes that a.*e operated by com
pressed air, steam cr netrol and give
che piston two imnuises per revolu
tion. During the show hundreds cf
persons had the decidedly novo! sen
sation of holding between their thumb
and forefinger a motor that was dc
/eloping one horse power!
Bill-Targets upon which riflemen
shoot at motin pictures have been ap
proved for training military marks
Jill-'Well, I've seen a whole lot of
moving pictures that ought to be shot,
Just His Worth.
j "Old Miserly ^ave the lifeguard a j
dollar when he saved him from
drowning, and what do you think the ;
I guaH dli?"
'What did he do?"
"Gave him 70 cenca change."
NEiGLECT VALUE OF RECORDS
Cow Bought at Low Price Not Always
Best Investment-Best to Keep
Track of Feed and Milk.
Is the cheaper-priced dairy cow
necessarily the better investment?
The question is well answered in the
following instance: A man wishing
a cow for dairy purposes called upon
a dairyman who kept milk records as
well as cost accounts. The buyer con
fined his attention to two cows. Gk
of these would cost him $75, the ?Wer
$175. The former was in good condi
tion, but the dairy characteristics were
not as fully developed as they might
have been; the latter was the direct
opposite. The records of the two
cows were shown the buyer, but he
was not as much interested in records
as he should have been. He did not
consider it worth while to sit down
and figure out which would be the bet
Butter sold for 35 cents per pound
the year around.
The $75 cow had a record of 226
pounds of butter.
22G pounds at 35c-179.10.
Cost of fe?l-$72.
$79.10-$72.0O-$?.10 profit per year.
The $175 cow had a record of 415
415 pounds at 35c-$145.25.
Cost of feed-$84.00.
$145.25-$S4.00-$61.25 profit per
From these figures we see that it
would take the $75 cow about ten
years to pay for herself in butter; if
she was a middle-aged cow she would
never do it. On the other hand, the
$175 cow would have paid for herself
in butter in less than three years.
The buyer bought the $75 cow.
Would he have done this if he had
appreciated the value of records, and
figured out the value of each cow?
TREATING ULCERS OF CORNEA
Touch All Parts of Sore With Stick of
Nitrate of Silver-Bathe With
Solution of Salt Water.
Ulcers of the cornea in calves may
be caused by several things, such as
bruises, abscesses, or beards from fox- j
tail; or it may be the result of a se- j
vere attack of pink eye. You can tell
ulcers of the cornea from pink eye by
means of the discharge. Instead of
pus, you will find an acid, watery fluid.
If it should be ulcer of the cornea, or
ulcers formed by very violent cases
of the pink eye, the treatment is about
the same. Take a stick of nitrate of
silver, sharpen as you would a penclJLj
get an attendant to hold the head of
the calf, keeping the eyelids back, and
touch all parts of the ulcer lightly with
the stick of silver nitrate. Wait a few
minutes and bathe eyes with a solu
tion of salt water.
Repeat this operation in about three
days. Unless you have a distinct pro
jection on the cornea of the eye, do
not use the caustic treatment. Bathe
several times a day with sulphate of
zinc, 15 grains to a .half pint of soft
water. Protect the eye3 from flies,
sunlight, etc. j
USEFUL IN CARRYING SILAGE
Contrivance Adapted to Average-Sized
and Small Feeding Yards-Arrange
ment Saves Labor.
The Nebraska experiment station in
its Bulletin No. 145 describes in de
tail the silage carrier shown here. It
is adapted to average-sized and small
feeding yards and is a highly useful
and labor-saving arrangement. The
boom or arra to which the carrier ia
attached must be strongly attached
ai;d guyed. The feeding racks arc
arranged* in a semicircle that brings
them just under the tip ol* the arm.
GIVE COWS SALT REGULARLY
Best Plan Is to Have Box Handy
Where Animus Can Help Them
selves Whenever They Wish.
Don't forget to salt the cows. In
experiments it has been found that a
cow should have three-fourths of an
ounce of salt a day live weight, with
an additional six-tenths of an ounce
for each twenty pounds of milk pro- j
duced, to keep her in the best of con
Animals deprived of salt become
emaciated ard of low vitality, filially
suffering a complete breakdown. S-.lt
should be provided regularly
The best plan is to have a box con
taining salt where the animals cnn got
to it whenever they so dosire. Either j
fine salt or rock salt can be used, al
though we prefer the latter.
CARING FOR YEARLING COLT
There Should Be Gradual Change tn
Spring From Grain to Grass
Furnish Some Shelter.
In the spring, when all the work
horses must be put to work, it is
often a problem just what to do with
the yearling colt. It goes without say
ing" that they are, in most cases, sadly
neglected. If there are a few green
spots showing in the pasture they are
turned in there to make their living,
? and all the attention they receive is
an occasional handful of salt.
This change from their ration of
grain and hay to one of grass is pretty
likely to cause a considerable setback
to the young horse. There should al
ways be a gradual change from grain
to grass, leaving the grain off entirely
by the time the grass has reached its
The young stock always become un
easy when the grass begins to look
green and the spring days begin to
warm up mother earth. They should
be turned out only for an hour or two
at first, and as they become more ac
customed to the grass they can be
kept out longer.
During this time their grain and hay
ration should be cut down some, if
they get enough grass to keep them
interested while they are out In this
way their digestive organs will gradu
ally become accustomed to the grass,
and there will be no disorders of the
I intestines when they are turned on
the grass to stay. If the colts are
handled in this manner for a week or
two it will be safe to turn them out
The colts should have some kind of
shelter for the first few nights they
are In the pasture. They have been
used to the barn all winter, and it will
be just a little trying on them to re
main out in the open on cool, dewy
nights. If there is no shelter in the
pasture they should be driven to the
barn at nights for the first two or
three weeks after being turned out
BROKEN WIND IS INCURABLE
Any Treatment Given Can Only Be
Palliative-Every Dealer Has His
Specific for Trouble.
(By W. R. GILBERT.)
Broken wind is the old-fashioned
name given to the chronic lung com
plaint, associated with difficult breath
ing in which, in marked cases, the act
of expiration ia performed by a double
effort, inspiration being little, if at
all, removed from normal.
We have only to look at a horse's
%??hk to see this double effort and ab
[dominai breathing, and press his
throat with the fingers and thumb
in other words to cough him in order
to see if he is broken winded or not.
I The cougb is characteristic, spas
modic at first, but as the disease ad
vanees becomes single, short and sup
; pressed. The trouble is incurable, and |
the treatment, therefore, can ouly bo |
The difficulty in breathing increases j
when the stomach and bowels are con- ;
gested with food and water. Eoth aro j
to be given only in small quantities at ;
a time. Green food and cut grass j
should be fed at intervals.
The food should always be damp
ened with water. Dusty or burned |
hay is to be avoided, as are also |
chopped straw and overripe rye grass, j
It is a good plan to mix a quarter j
of a pint of linseed oil with each feed. |
As regards medicinal agents, their ;
action on broken wind can only bo i
Every dealer bas his specific for
this disease. Some give thc animal a
pound of lard, or any sort of food fat ;
made into balls, while others give a ;
quantity of leaden shot. ?subcutaneoua !
injection of morphia many resort to.
These things clo no permanent good, <
but as the palliative treatment, if care- j
fully carried ont. is o: great benefit to
the poor animal, it may be looked
upon as the only treatment for a
Sayings tor ths Sheepowner.
Good iambs are money makers.
Speculation and uncertainty ot tar
iff tinkering have been the bane of
the sheep industry.
Keen dogs and strangers out of
sight of the flock.
Lamb3 will make a great growth on
clover and alfalfa hay and corn.
The ability of the ewe to properly
nourish her lamb is one of the most
important considerations in selecting
Hops Quickly Degenerate.
Pureb^-'d bogs receiving scant care
quickly degenerate and are about as
worthless as the genuine scrub.
To Have A
Oosixiiht 1909. by C. ?. Zimmerman Co-No. 44
F all the unhappy homes,
not one in a hundred has a bank
account and not one home in a hundred who has a
bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to
put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard. President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen, Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, B. E.
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller. E. J. Mims. J. H. Allen.
J. C. LEE, President F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas.
FARMERS. MERCHANTS, BUILDERS,
If you are going to build, remodel or repair,
we inviie your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BILLS A SPECIALTY.
We manufacture and deal in doors, sash, blinds
stairs, interior trim, store fronts and fixtures, \
pews, pulpits, etc., rough and dressed lumber,,
lath, pine and cypress shingles, flooring, ceiling
Distributing agents for Flintkote roofing
Estimates cheerfully and carefully mane.
Woodard Lumber Co.
Corner Roberts and Dugas Streets.
Our Motto: KS
The Tea of
A reason for it being handled by us
Penn & Holstein
j THE FARMERS BANK OF EDGEFIELD, S. C.
j Capital and Surplus Profits.$120,000.00
Total Assets Over.$400,000 00
j STATE, COUNTY AND TOWN DEPOSITORY
j Does a Genera! Banking Business. Offers its Services to You as a Safe
Guardian and Depository for Your Money.
Invest in One of Our Certificates of Deposit? Fieariug intere-t.
It. is a better investment for you than a mortgage ot" r&al estate.
You do not have to consult an attorney about titir-s. It does not shrink
in value like ?ands and bouses. You do not have to insure against lire.
Finally you do not h ive to employ an attorney to foreclose to get your
money. You can get your int?rest and principal the d?iy it falls due.
Safety ?3 the First Consideration in Placing Your Earnings.
Long-Term Loans to Farmers a Specialty.
Your farm land accepted as security WITHOUT ENDORSER or
other COLLATERAL. Unlimited funds immediately available in de
nominations of Three Hundred and un. Established 1892.
JAS. FRANK & SON, Augusta, Ca.