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GET BEST PRICE FOR BUTTER
Important to Have Flavor Pleasing to
Senses of Smell and Taste-Put
in Neat Package.
In order to secure the best price for
butter it must have a flavor which is
so pleasanj to the sense of smell and
so sweet to the taste that it will cre
ate a desire for more. The texture,
grain and closeness should be waxy
and firm, and not salvy, greasy or
crumbly. It should be close in body,
not spongy, and contain not too much,
nor too little, moisture.
The color should be uniform and ac
cording to the requirements of the
market. Salting according to the de
mand of the market for which the but
ter is intended is an important fea
ture. Too much salt destroys the
;sweet taste, and too little salt makes
the butter insipid and tasteless.
The package in which the butter is
.marketed demands careful considera
tion. The apparence of the package
when the butter goes to market is one
of the things that h sips to sell that
.butter. The package ought to be neat,
clean and attractive. The one-pound
brick print is the style most used and
Js superior to the plan of putting the
butter up in rolls or otherwise, for
it can be handled at less cost and with
The butter, of course, should be
wrapped in parchment or butter pa
per, which should be of good quality,
?of proper size and dipped in cold wa
ter before being used. It pays well to
have some special brand printed on
the wrapper in fancy letters with the
name of the maker or the name of the
farm. The prints ought to weigh not
les3 than 16% ounces each, the extra
weight being for shrinkage before
"reaching the consumer. The time of
marketing depends on local conditions.
VALUE OF BEET PULP RATION
Results Given of Five Weeks' Test
Made at Massachusetts Station
Gain Made in Weight.
In a test for five weeks conducted
by the Massachusetts station, six cows
were fed by the reversal method on
a ration of hay, bran and cottonseed
meal to which was added 4.3 pounds
of either cornmeal or of beet pulp
dally. The herd lost in live weight 33
pounds on the cornmeal ration and
gained 37 pounds on the beet pulp ra
There was no substantial variation
in the yield or average composition of
the milk. It required for the cornmeal
ration 112 pounds of dry matter to pro
duce 100 pounds of milk and 20.51
pounds to produce one pound of
milk fat, for the beet pulp ration
110.72 pounds and 20.54 pounds respec
tively. In a similar experiment to the
above, molasses, beet pulp and corn
meal were compared.
The amounts of digestible nutrients
in each ration were approximately the
same. Thc herd gains were similar.
There was no wide variation in milk
yields and only a slight advantage in
the production of milk-fat with the
corn meal ration.
It required for the corn meal ra
tion 104.4 pounds of milk, and 18.72
pounds to produce one pound of fat;
for the molasses beet pulp ration
108.1 and 19.87 pounds, respectively.
HANDY MILK BOTTLE HOLDER
Device Patented by Washington Man
Holds Receptacle Securely in Its
Cats will upset the milk bottle now
and then, especially after they have
developed the habit. Other times it
may be broken by being blown off a
window ledge by the wind. By means
of this holder, recently patented by
a Pal ou se (Wash.) man, the milk bot
tle ls securely held in place. A metal
lic plate is securely hinged onto the
upper end of the holder to cover the
cap and hold lt securely in place. This,
besides keeping the dog or cats from
clawing the cap out to get to the milk,
prevents dirt from settling cn the cap
to cause annoyance and keeping lt from
falling into the bottle and its contents
when opened. A continuous piece of
wire is used in making the main por
tion of the holder. This wire is so
welded together smoothly that there
are no rough edges to catch and tear
the hand or clothing. The wire makes
a loop beneath the bottom of the bot
tle so that it may act as a sort of
cushion to prevent breaking in case
of being set down hard. The double
band about the center of the bottle
prevents it being struck against the
cement curb or stone when set down
vy the carrier.
Milk Bottle Holder.
AVOID SPREAD OF INFECTION
Thorough Disinfection ls Essential to
and Efficient in Preventing
In any outbreak of infectious dis
ease among animals thorough disin
fection of the premises is essential to
preventing thc spread of the conta
gion. Certain substances, such as
fresh slaked lime or unslaked lime in
powder form, chloride of lime, car
bolic acid, corrosive sublimate, for
malin, formaldehyde gas, and com
pound solution of cresol possess the
power of destroying bacteria with
which they come In contact. To make
the use of such substances of value,
however, the work must be done with
the utmost thoroughness.
Ia the disinfection of stables and
premises the following directions
should be carefully observed:
1. Sweep ceilings, side walls, stall
.partitions, floors, and other surfaces
until free from cobwebs and dust.
2. Remove all accumulations of
filth by scraping, and if woodwork has
become decayed, porous, or absorbent,
it should be removed, burned, and re
placed with new material.
3. If the floor is of earth, remove
4 inches from the surface, and in
places where it shows staining with
urine a sufficient depth should be re
placed to expose fresh earth.
4. All refuse and material from sta
ble and barnyard should be removed
to a place not accessible to slaked
5. The entire interior of the stable,
especially the feeding troughs and1
drains, should be saturated with a dis-1
infectant, as a 3 per cent solution of ?
compound solution of cresol (U. S. P.),
which would be four ounces of the '
compound to every gallon of water.
The best method of applying the dis- ;
infectant is by means of a strong :
spray pump, such as those used by
This method is efficient in disin
fection against most of the conta
gious and infectious diseases of ani
mals, and should be applied immedi
ately following any outbreak, and, as
a matter of precaution, it may be used j
once or twice yearly.
AID TO VETERINARY^ WORK
Device Illustrated by Means of Which
Horse's Mouth Is Held Open Dur
"iTwo pairs of pivoted Jaws are
equipped with teeth plates to cover
the teeth of a horse. One of the jaws
terminates in a set of fixed teeth,
which may become engaged with a
Holding Horse's Mouth Open.
latch affixed to the other jaw. A strap
holds the device in position on the
head of the animal. By means of the
teeth and latch, the horse's mouth
may be held open during a veter
inary's examination. - Popular Me
TELL SHEEP'S AGE BY TEETH
When Purchasing an Animal One
Should See to lt That None of
Molars Are Missing.
A lamb has eight small first-teeth
on the lower jaw. When the animal
reaches the age of about one year, the
middle pair are replaced by two per
manent teeth, at the age of about
two the teeth on either side of these
permanent teeth are also replaced
with a permanent pair; at the age of
three the next tooth on either side
gives way to a permanent tooth; and
at about the age of four, the last or
back teeth are replaced in like man
Briefly, then, a sheep with one
pair of permanent teeth is a yearling;
sheep with two pairs is a two-year
old; with three pairs, a three-year
odl; and with four pairs, a four-year
After a sheep is four years old, one
cannot tell by the teeth about the
age. However, one who is purchasing
a sheep should see to lt that it has
not lost any teeth, or that the teeth
have not become long and shoe-peggy
Have Some Sheep.
A nice herd of sheep will fit in al
most any farm equation. Look up
tho pros and cons of the question
very carefully and we believe that you
will include them in your next year's
schedule. If you have not the cash or
inclination to start with an entire
purebred flock, buy the best ewes you
can and grade up with a purebred
Important Stock Function.
It is an important function of live
stock on the farm to furnish a market
for the crops grown, enabling farmers
to convert the grasses, forage crops,
legurue?. and so on, into higher-priced
finished producta and to return to tbs
Boil the plant f Dod taken from it
FIXING BAD SPOTS IN ROADS
Temporary Expedients for Making
Them Passable-Should Be Em
ployed Only in Emergencies.
(From V/eekly News Letter, United States
Department of Agriculture.)
Temporary repairs to roads are, or
at least should be, confined to emer
gency measures. In proportion to the
results obtained, temporary work is al
ways expensive and is never justified
by ordinary conditions. Unusual con
ditions, however, often occur to plague
the road man. For example, the clos
ing of a main highway to traffic be
cause of construction, repair or wash
outs may suddenly throw a heavy traf
fic for a short time ou a little-used and
probably unimproved byway. Clearly,
in such a case temporary expedients
The most common troubles met with
in a case of this kind are mudholes
and ruts if the soil is heavy, and dust
and loose sand if the soil is light or
On a clay or gumbo road mudholes
usually cause the most trouble. As
water is absolutely necessary for the
existence of a mudhole, any treatment,
whether temporary or permanent in
character, must provide for getting rid
of the water. The first step is, there
fore, to dig a trench to the side and
allow the water and mud to drain. If
necessary, open up also the side
ditches. Furthermore, remove all of
the soft mud left in the mudhole. The
bottom of the trench should be filled
with broken stone or coarse gravel so
as to provide a drain to prevent any
further accumulation of water. Gravel
is the best material for filling the old
mudhole. If gravel is not available,
use the best earth at hand, tamping it
down in three or four-inch layers. If
possible, spread a little gravel or sand
over the new fill, which should be
made slightly higher than the adjoin
ing road surface. The best treatment
ol' all, however, is to keep the drain
age in good condition. Serious mud
holes will then rarely develop.
Don't try to fill a mudhole without
first draining out the water and re
moving the soft mud. Don't try to fill
it with large stones, because if this is
done there will soon be two mudholes
instead of one. Don't try to fill a mud
hole with sods or similar material
which absorb water readily.
On an earth or gravel road ruts are
best treated with the drag. Don't be
afraid of dragging too often dttribjjy
rainy spell. If a thin, coat of s^Mmr
gravel be spread over the roaoTrer
face when it has been softened by rain
and then worked in by traffic and a
liberal use of the drag, a poor earth
road can be much improved and made
to carry a surprisingly heavy traffic
for a short time.
In contrast to the clay or gumbo
road, the sand road gives least trouble
Experimental Concrete Road.
during wet weather. On sandy roads
anything that will prevent the free
movement of the sand particles will
be of value. As long as the road ia
damp, the surface tension of the capil
lary water acts as a binder and holds
the separate grains of sand in place.
All efforts should, therefore, be direct
ed toward preventing the sandy places
from drying out, or to adding some
binder. The addition of clay furnishes
a positive binder and is really the best
and most permanent treatment. The
addition of any fibrous material such
as straw, spent tan bark, sage brush
or pine needles Is of value and, when
spread on the road and covered with
a thin coat of sand or allowed to work
into the surface, will make an almost
impassable sand road fairly good for a
time. But the best way to treat a bad
place, whether on a clay or a sand
road, is to treat it before ft gets bad.
Immediate attention to small injuries
will prevent later prolonged attention
and extensive repairs to serious dam
A good road between every farm
and market is a reasonable and worth
Crushed Oats for Horses.
There is no doubt that crushing the
oats fed to al1 horses is far the most
economical way of feeding them. Any
thrifty farmer can well afford to own
his ov. n crusher.
Prevent Chuck Holes.
Chuck holes in the road multiply it
neglected. Each chuck makes anoth
er. Road patrol prevents the first one.
Servants, Not Masters.
Our country roads should be our
servants, not our masters.
No doubt you are, if
you suffer from any of the
numerous ailments to
which an women are sub
ject. Headache, back
ache, sideache, nervous
ness, weak, tired feeling,
are some of the symp
toms, and you must nd
yourself of them in order
to feel well. Thousands
of women, who have
been benefited by this
remedy, urge you to
The Woman's Tonic
Mrs. Sylvania Woods,
of Clifton Mills, Ky., says:
"Before taking C a r d u i,
I was, at times, so weak I
could hardly walk, ana
the pain in my back and
head nearly killed me.
After taking three bottles
of Cardui, the pains dis
appeared. Now 1 feel as
well as I ever did. Every
suffering woman should
tryCarduL,r Get a bottle
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and glasses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELB, S. C.
FREE FLOWER SEEDS
Hastings Catalogue Tells You All
No matter whether you farm or only
plant vegetables or flowers in a small lot |
you need Hastings 1916 Catalogue.
It is filled (100 pages) from cover to
cover with useful farm and garden Infor- J
It tells of seeds of kind and quality that
you can't buy from your merchant or ]
druggist, seeds that cost no more but j
give you real satisfaction and a real gar- '
It tells how every customer can get ab
solutely free five packets of easily grown,
yet showy and beautiful flowers.
Hastings is both the best and largest
seed i-rm in the South, the only firm that
you should buy seeds from.
"When you plant Hastings Seeds, you
meet "Good Garden Luck" more than
half way. Write today for their big 1916
Catalogue. It is free. A postal card re
quest will bring it. H. G. HASTINGS CO.,
Go to see
Before insuring elsewhere. We
represent the best old line com
Harting & Byrd
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines. Boilers,
Supplies and Repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Saw Teeth, Files. Belts
and Pipes, WOOD SAWS
GINS and PRESS REPAIRS
To Cure a Cold in One Day
'Cake LAXATIVE BROMO Quinine. It stops the
Cough and Headache and works off the Cold.
Druggists refund mc ney if it fails to cure.
E. W. GROVE'S signature aa each box. 25c.
We have the large;
ents in every departir
shown. We have ord?
Watches, Gold and S
Silverware, Cut Glass
partment is filled.
It matters not what
will order it out at once
Come in to see us. A
marked very low, much
same class of goods else
706 Broad Street,
IF NOT, TRY IT. ALSO
Both are guaranteed to
Rockport Milling Company
We have the agency for Ford auto
mobiles for the western part of Edge
field county. There is no better car on
the market for the money. The Ford
owners who have thoroughly tested
these cars will tell you that. If you
want a car, drop us a card and we will
call oo you and demonstrate the Ford
W. F. RUSH & CO.
PLUM BRANCH, S. C.
Premier Carrier of the South
Passpnger train schedules, effec
tive October 24, 1915.
Trains arrive from
8:20 a m
9-A? a m
3:00 p m
8:3u p m
108 Aogusta, Trenton
130 Columbia, Trenton
110 Aiken, Augusta
106 Columbia, Augusta
Trains depart for
109 Trenton, Columbia 7:20 a m
129 Trenton, Augusta 8:4ft a m
131 Aug-Columbia-Aiken 11:45 a m
107 Augusta, Columbia 7:30 p m
Schedules published only as in
formation and are not guaranteed.
For further information apply
J. A. TOWNSEND,
Edgefield S. C.
CHICHESTER S PILLS
Aak your Drturgtat for CHI-CHES-TER'S
DIAMOND BRAND PILLS in RED and
GOLD metallic boxes, sealed with Blue
Ribbon. TAKE NO OTHER. Buy oF you
Druggist and ask f<? CIII-CUES-T?li'!
DIAMOND BRAND PILLS, for twenty-five 1
years regarded as Best, Safest, Always Reliable, j
SOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS j
TIME EVERYWHERE W0RTH
st assort merit of pres
lent that we have ever
ered largely of Clocks.
Jilver Jewelry, Sterling
and China. Every de
you want we have it or
Ve have our entire stock wg
i lower than you find the S?
, Augusta, Georgia ?S
give satisfaction. Made by
7 of Rockport, Indiana.
L. T. MAT
e wondefully different coffee'in
lermetically Sealed Can
nn & Holstein
Turn On the Lights!
Electric Lighting System
will give yon
Better Service-Last Longer
Than any other kind of lighting plant
on the market. It ls cheaper* than
acetylene-cleaner, safer, less expen
sive to operate, and will last a life
WE HAVE A VALUABLE BOOK
that tells yon all abont Electric
Lights for the Farm.
Write for a copy or call and see ns.
R. H. MIDDLETON,
Clark's Hill. S. C.
ELECTRIC LIGHT PLANTS AND
No woman can hope to be beauti
ful, who has not a good complexion.
Nor can any woman hope to have a
good complexion, who suffers with
lyspepsia, Indigestion, Sick Head
ache, Torpid Liver or other Irregu
Mozley's Lemon Elixir
will cleanse your system of all im
purities, build you up, give you per
fect health, and as a consequence a
Pleasant to take, gentle in action,
but thorough in results. No un
50c. and $1.00 a Bottle
"ONE DOSE CONVINCES"
?@*Sold and recommended by Penn
& Holstein, Edgefield, S. C.
"ET? FfW? ."i'1 ?he iiest Tonic,
^LJ&?J? Mild - Laxative,.
L?I'TL??O Family Medicine