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ESTIMATING COST OF ROADS
Much Depends on Type of Construc
tion and Amount of Grading to
Be Done-Some Figures.
The cost of a road is dependent
upon not only the type of construction
bat the amount and character of
grading to be done, the cost of labor
and materials, the width and thick
ness of surfacing, the character and
amount of drainage required, and
other factors of equal variability.
Based upon general averages, it has
been ascertained by highway special
ists of the department that under
average conditions macadam roads C?V.
be built in southern states at frcra
$4,000 to $5,000 per mile, gravel roads
at from $1,500 to $2,500 per mile, and
sand-clay and topsoil roads at from
$800 to $1,5C0 per mile.
In New England and the oilier east
ern states macadam roads are report
ed at from $0,000 to $9.000 per miie.
gravel roads at from $?,200 to $5.000,
and bituminous macadam from S8..000
Coed Road Along Pacific Coast.
to $13.000, according to the character
ot construction, whether surface treat
ed, penetration or mixing riethod. The
bituminous type is quite general in the
As indicating costs in other section?
tot country, the state highway commis
sioner of Michigan reported that In
1913 the average cost for macadam
Toads was $4,300 per mile, clay-gravel
Toads $1,500 per mile, and concrete
roads about $10,000 per mile. Tho
?rerage cost of state highways con
structed in Ohio two years ago wau
38,383. According to types, in 1912
the brick-paved highways averaged
514.650 per mile and the macadam
In California the first 356 miles o?
Che statci system of highways cost an
srerage of $8,143 per mile and con
sisted principally of thin concrete with
?a thin colt of bitumen. The maximum
sod minimum figures given are not ab
solute, but are intended to present the
naoal range of costs. The rates given
include .grading, drainage, surfacing
?nd engineering costs.
*DJRT ROADS" AND RAINFALL
Essy to Be Seen That Good Roads
Proposition Gets Down to Ques
tion of Dollars and Cents.
Back in the boom days of railroad
Jmflding many a county in full many
M middle West and western state
voted hundreds of thousands of dol
lars' worth of bonds to get a railroad
to cross its boundaries. This was in
Ike old days of pioneer poverty when
Sands were selling anywhere from
11.25 to $15 an acre. Some counties
-ss? still paying off railroad bonds,
some repudiated the debt and others
bare bad half a century of litigation
?mer tlfem. However, for the most
put the roads were built and agricul
taral development followed their com
Something like three-fourths of all
tts freight hauled by railway lines
?mst, first or last, pass over public
Mghwaya. It has been shown over
and over again that every ton so
sored costa 23 cents a mile. It is
essy to see that the good roads prop
osition gets down to a matter of dol
lars and cents.
Hext March, or maybe April, when
?ns have to walk to town across the
fields; when it takes a six-horse team
to more a load of hay a mile; when
tbs mail carrier cannot get around for
s -week and the children miss school
ss account of the mud-then we
sro all for good roads. As the mud
dries and the chuck-holes fill, we get
lukewarm. When the road-bond prop
osition comes up we begin to talk
Ugh taxes and either stay away from
the polls or vote against it.
Coed roads will never come till we
?bange our views and keep them
?banged. Left to themselves a dirt
road and a rain will always mean mud.
The split-log drag has contributed to
m large extent toward the economic
maintenance of public highways. It is
SS improvement which can be built
or purchased at ? low price and ie
easily operated by anyone who can
drive a team.
Good Roads Would Help,
ft costs $2 to hat 1 a ton of freight
s hsedred miles by rail. It costs $2
ts han* jt ton ten miles on the ordi
n?r? -sountry road. Would good roads
I SNOW CHERRIES !
1 ~~ I
T By CATHARINE CRANMER. |
I .. . _ j
Miriam trotted breathlessly up tc
the conductor of the last Pullman and
was hustled up the steps of the train,
which was already creaking and jerk
ing in its first efforts to break from
its moorings under the sheds.
Miriam shrugged uncomfortably as
she made ready for her berth, know
ing that she would have to be roused
before daylight to leave the train at
Skagmore, but she soon fell asl .ep,
weary with the exertion of getting
ready for the hurried trip and col
lecting that basketful of hothouse veg
etables and Florida strawberries with
which she hoped to tempt her aunt's
truant appetite. In her dreams she
went back to the summer days of a
year and a half before when she had
roamed Skagmore's shady streets and
played many a lively game of tennis
with Hilton Moore, who was there
for a whole month when clematis,
strawberries, roses and rasberries
followed each other in a competition
of loveliness and lusciousness.
The train stopped with a jerk that
awakened Miriam, and she shivered
slightly as with consciousness came
the memory of the quarrel that had
ended that idyllic period. Hilton had
gone back to the last year of his med
ical course, and she had gone back
to "finish" for a year before formally
entering society. As for the quan-el,
it began in a mere disagreement about
the rights and duties of men and
maids in general, and it might have
blown over easily had not Miriam's
distant cousin, a bachelor of forty,
come to visit her aunt. Miriam sought
to r.rove her indifference to Hilton by
assuming great fondness for this
cousin, who was frankly amused at
the audacious way in which she flaunt
ed him before Hilton.
Miriam raised herself on her elbow
and looked out of the window as the
train stood panting at a waler station.
The hills were becoming white with
snow and the skies looked dark and
low. The prospect of arriving at Skag
more before daylight, alone and un
expected and in a snowstorm, was not
pleasant, but Miriam dropped back in
to the warmth of her blankets and
once more fell asleep. The next she
heard was the porter calling softly:
"Skagmore next! Awake, Lower
Halif an hour later, she stood almost
knee deep in snow beside the tiny
station at Skagmore, while the long
black train puffed its way up the steep
grade. The whiteness of the snow
and a pale light at the eastern horizon
relieved the darkness, and as her
aunt's house was only three blocks
away Miriam smiled as she thought
of the old lady's surprise when she
should appear before her with a dainty
breakfast with strawberries as the
chief attraction. Stuffing her smallest
bundle into her handbag and pushing
the other one under the handle of the S
basket, she took up her two burdens
and started up the street >
Not a sound was audible in the '
town. Even the snow fell stealthily j
without any accompaniment of wind
When Miriam had gone but one block j
j she was compelled to let her luggage ?
j drop into the snow and to stop to rest, i
Standing there, she saw in the dim ?
gray distance ahead a tall man com- i
ing toward her. She gave a sigh of re-1
lief at the prospect of being rescued, j
but, alas, the man turned at the first ?
corner without seeing her.
Knowing how willing the villagers
were to be of service, Miriam tried to
call out, but her throat was so dry and
her breath so short from her great ex
ertion that she made a failure of it.
Then she moistened her lips and
sent out a trifling whistle-an accom
plishment which Hilton Moore had
taught her once upon a time.
At sound of the whistle the man
stopped short and bent his head to
! listen. Again she whistled, louder
I this time, and he turned and looked
, searchingly toward her. Then he came
' bounding toward her with astonishing
! rapidity considering the depth of the
snow. His face was almost hidden by
a pulled-down fur cap and a turned-up
fur coat collar, but there was about
him an unmistakable air of protection.
"It's BO good of you to come to my
rescue, sir," began Miriam, buf she
stopped with a gasp as the man took
her by the shoulders and looked sharp
ly into her frightened eyes.
"Miriam! I'd come through fire in
answer to your call."
"Hilton! You in Skagmore? Why,
how does it happen?"
"Came up to grandfather's to rest
up a bit before taking up my work in
a New York hospital. Arrived Sunday
; to find half the people in town, ?nclud
I ing the two doctors, down with the
grippe. Hence I've been in demand
day and night, which accounts for my
being abroad at this hour. But come,
there'll be still another patient on my
list if you stand in this snow."
At her aunt's gate, Miriam pointed
to the brightening horizon in the east
and asked Hilton to join her in an
early breakfast, promising him some
strawberries from the basket as his
reward for rescuing her And they
laughed like two happy children.
"But suppose I 7>refer cherries as
my reward?" Hilton's tone was light,
hut his eyes were serious and the clasp
of his strong hand was unyielding.
"Yes-cherries." and he kissed her
by Wey ot' illustration.
(Copyright, 1916, by the McClure Newspa
PROBLEM OF RAISING GEESE
Goslings Should Have? Tender Grass to
Eat From Start-Mashes Should
Be Dampened Slightly.
Goose eggs may be batched under
geese or hens, putting from four to six
under the latter and eight to ten under
a goo:5e. They require about 30 days
to hatch. Goslings should have tender
grass to eat from the first. Give them
a mash of bran, cornmeal and any
other ground grains that are fed to
chickens. Rolled oats, . whole or In
parts, make best feed for the first few
days. All mash should be dampened
Be sure to not allow any lumps cf
salt to get in. Give the goslings plenty
of exercise and room or. account of leg
weakness. When two months old give
them whole grain. Those intended
for table use should be confined in re
stricted quarters T about two weeks
before killing am. all the cornmeal or
corn moistened they can eat.
TREATING ROI? AMONG HENS
Where Fowls Are Badly Affected Ax
ls Best Means of Procedure-Iso
late Valuable Elirds.
If fowls are badly affected with
roup the use of the a:: is the best
means of procedure. Roup is con
tagious and must be eliminated from
the flock at all costs.
If some of the fowls are especially
valuable, they may be isolated from
the rest of the flock and their heads
dipped in a solution of potassium per
manganate, made by adding a quarter^
teaspoonful of the commercial mix
ture to two quarts of hot water. The
operation ls repeated three times
As a preventive enough potassium,
permanganate is added to the drink
ing water of the flock to turn it cherry
VALUE OF POULTRY MANURE
Worth ls Placed at Not Less Than $5
and Up to $8 Per Ton by Some of
If the average farmer realized the
great value placed on poultry manure
by some of the largest experimental
stations in the United States, he
would be more careful in the gather
ing, storing and proper distribution
of same over his land.
It is claimed that average poultry
manure consists as follows: Water,
66 per cent; nitrogen, 2 to 8 per cent;
phosphoric acid, 2 to 5 per cent; pot
ash, 8 to 10 per cent. This analysis
would place the value of every ton
of poultry manure at not less than $5
and up to $8.
PREVENTION OF FROST-BITE
Difficult Matter to Keep Long Watties
of Males From Getting Wet
Treat With Vaseline.
Even in well-ventilated, comfortable
houses, it is difficult to keep the long
wattles of the males from getting wet
and freezing. A good preventive is to
keep the comb and wattles greased
wi th vaseline.
If the mischief is already done, do
not take the bird to a warm room
until the frost is out. Apply cold wa
ter, or snow, handling very gently,
and when the parts are o' normal
size, apply mutton tollaw, or comphor
Big Returns From Capons.
The capon is gladdening the palate
and pocketbook of the chicken raiser
who had foresight enough to caponize
instead of letting the matter go.
Estimate Cost of Keep.
In estimating the cost of keeping
poultry lt is best to allow one bushel
of grain a year for each laying hen.
Dust Bath and Powder.
Keep the hens supplied with a dust
bath, and a little insect powder mixed
with the dust will have its goo i effect.
Have Charcoal Handy.
A box of charcoal should be kepi
where the chickens can get at it.
QoF^elsome Cocks a Nuisance.
Quarrelsome cocks are a nuisance
on the farm or in the poultry yard.
GOOD FOR COLDS.
Honey, Pine-Tar and Glycerine
are recognized cold remedies. In
Dr. .Bell's Pine-Tar-Honey the8e
are combined with other cough
medicine in a pleasant syrup. Dr.
Bells Pine-Tar-Honey quickly
ttops your cough, checks your cold,
soothes irritation of the throat.
Excellent for young, adult and
aged. Its one of the best cough
syrups made. Formula on every
bottle. You know just what you
are taking and your doctor knows
its good for coughs and oolds. In
sist on Dr. Bell's Pine-T?r-Honey
Only 25c. at Druggists. 2.
To the Citizens of Edgefield County:
I respectfully announce myself as a
candidate for Supervisor of your coun
ty, and if elected will try to serve the
people as near right as I conceive,
pledging myself to abide by the results
of the election, and support the
nominees of the democratic party.
W. G. WELLS.
I hereby announce that I am a can
didate for the office of Supervisor of
Edgefield county and solicit the sup
port of the people, pledging myself, if
elected, to serve the people to the best
of my ability and Ur abide the results
of the Democratic primary eU-ction.
J W. HUDSON.
Morgana, S. C.
I respectfully announce to.the voters
of Edgefield county that I am a candi
date for the office of supervisor and
pledge myself to abide the result of the
Democratic primary election.
R. J. MOULTRIE.
I hereby announce that I am a can
didate for the supervisor of Edgefield
county and solicit the support of the
people, pledging my-elf to abide by
the result of the primary election.
The State of South Carolina.
County of Edgefield.
By W. T. Kinnaird. Probate Judge.
Whereas, Frank L. Middleton, of
above County and State, made suit
tfi me, to grant him Letters of Ad
ministration of the Estate and ef
fects of P. C. Middleton, late of
above County and State.
These Are Therefore to cite and
admonish all and "singular the kin
dred and Creditors of the said P.
C. Middleton, deceased, that they
be and appear before me, in the
Court of Probate, to be held at
Edgefield C. H., S. C., in my of
fice on the 30th day of March 1916
next, after publication thereof, at
ll o'clock in the forenoon, to show
cause, if any they have, why tne
said Administration should not be
Given under my Hand, this 1st
day of March, A. D., 1916.
VV. T. KINNAIRD.
P. J., E. C.
New Through Sleeping Car.
Between Aiken and New York,
Washington, Baltimore, Phil
adelphia, effective November
23, 1915 on the Augusta Spe
cial Via Southern Railway.
Lv Aiken 1:45 p in
Ijf Trenton 2:25 p m
Ar Washing 7:00 a in
Ar Baltimore 8:32 a m
Ar Philadelphia 10:50 a m
Ar New York 12:57 p. m
Drawing Room, State Room and
Open Section Steel Electric Lighted
Sleeping Cars? Dining Car Service
For All Meals. For reservations
and information, apply to
J. A. TOWNSEND,
Ticket Agent, Edgefield, S. C.
Notice to Stock Baisers
My stallion, "Denmark," and
also two of the best bred Jacks, will
stand at my farm for short season.
Best possible care taken of mares,
but not responsible for accidents
should any occur.
J. H. GARRETT,
Clark's Hill, S. C.
March l\, 1916.
Notice to Stock Eaisers
My Jack will make the season at
Wm. Allen Mobley's farra west
end Edisto Street, Johnston, S. C.
He will stand as follows: Service
fee ?15.00 insuring foal, 85.00 pay
able when mare is bred, the balance
when colt is foaled. Notes or con
tracts for defsrred payments must
be given. Not liable should acci
dents occur. Phone No. 12-3.
B. T. BOATWRIGHT,
Johnston, S. C.
The Best Hot Weather Tonic
GROVE'S TASTELESSchill TONIC enriches the
blood, builds up the whole system and will won
derfully strengthen and fortify you to withstand
the depressing effect cf the hot summer. 50c.
The Pills That Do Cure.
Ford Cars Have
Stood the Test
The experience of scores of own
ers of the Ford Automobiles has
proven that there is nothing better
made for the Edgefield roads. Ford
cars will carry you safely over any
road that a buggy or any other ve
hicle can travel.
An All-the-Year-Around Car
They are light, yet substantially
built. They are cheap, yet the best
of material is used in their con
struction. Are you contemplating
purchasing a car? Let us show
you a Ford Run-About or Touring
Edgefield Auto Repair Shop
Next to Court House
..^?J.-MIVHWlM^l^AllllllUMMMII-I. M||| 1W I
ARRINGTON BROS. & co.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Seeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
See our representative, C. E. May.
How to Grow Bigger Crops
of Superb Fruit-FREE
YOU need this practical, expert information. Whether
you own or intend to plant a few trees or a thousand, it is infor
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everywhere are getting prodigious
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trees-facts that emphasize the truth
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r P. O..
DR J.S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton
How To Give Quinine To Children.
FEB Ri!. I XE ir. the trade-mark name given to an
improved Quinine. It is a Tasteless Syrup, pleas
ant to take and does not disturb the stomach.
Children take it and never know it is Quinine.
Also especially adapted to adults who cannot
take ordinary Quinine. Does not nauseate nor
cause nervousness nor ringing in the head. Try
it the next time you need Quinine for any pur.
pose. Ask for 2 ounce original package. The
We FEBRILINE is blown in bottle. 25 cent?.
Whenever You Need a General Tonic
The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless
chill Tonic is equally valuable as a
General Tonic because it contains the
well known tonic propertiesof QUININE
and IRON. It acts on the Liver, Drives
out Malaria, Enriches the Blood and
Builds up the Whole System. 50 cents.