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WINTER ROOTS FOR POULTRY
Fowls Relish Beets and Turnips ss
Substitutes for Green Food
Better to Feed Raw.
Turnips and beets are good green
food substitutes, and fowls relish
them. They can be fed by cutting in
half and allowing the fowls to pick
them to pieces, or they can be ground
fine in a bone cutter and fed in
troughs. It is better to feed them
raw than cooked.
Turnips contain 90.6 per cent water,
0.S per cent ash, 1.3 per cent protein,
1.2 per cent fiber, 5.9 per cent nitro
Sugar beets contain 26.7 per cent
water. 9.2 per cen*, ash. 1.5 per cern,
fiber, 9.9 per cent nitrogen free ex
tract, and 0.1 rer cent fat.
Turnip seed may be sown either
very early in spring and an early sum
mer crop secured, or later in July and
August for winter storing. For early
use plant in rews one to one and one
half inches deep and twelve to eigh
teen inches apart in the row.
In field culture the rows are often
thirty inches apart tb facilitate horse
cultivation. The seed is sometimes
sown broadcast from July 20 to Au
gust 1, when a crop is grown for
stock. Two to three pounds of seed
are required for an acre.
Beets are usually sown the latter
part of April or first part of May.
About the same treatment in planting
is given the beet as is given the
PLACE TO FEED THE CHICKS
Difficult Problem on Account of Old
Hens Eating Most of Feed-Runs
Are in Favor.
It is often hard to feed little chicks
on account of the old hens eating most
of the feed. To prevent this I make
a feeding creep for the special use of
the little chicks, writes Owen Crisman
of Itussell, Kan., in Farmers' Mail and
Breeze. To make one of these runs
take six pieces of 2 by 2-inch lumber,
2 feet long, and saw one end of each to
bevel. Nail two of them with the
beveled ends firmly together. Nail the
rest up in the same way. When fin
ished they look like three V's upside
down. Place the pieces nailed to
Creep for Little Chicks.
gether 2 feet apart and nail lath 4
feet long on these pieces about an inch
apart. Put the bottom lath 3 inches
from the ground so the chicks can slip
under to get the feed. When through
using the runs they may be set away
for another season. By doing this
they will last several years. They save
both time and feed in raising chicks.
HATCH CHICKENS IN WINTER
While Outside Weather Conditions
Are Unfavorable Youngsters Are
Broodsd in Poultry House.
Chickens hatched by the mother hen
during thc winter are brooded in a
poultry house or shed while the out
side weather conditions are unfavor
After the weather becomes settled,
they can be reared in brood coops out
The coops are made so that they
can be closed at night to keep out
cats, rats or other animals, and enough
ventilation is allowed so that the hen
and chicks will have plenty of fresh
ESSENTIALS IN DUCK RAISING
Select One Breed and Stick to It
Fowls Should Be Fed Frequent
ly-Keep the Coops Dry.
Don't keep two or three different
kinds of ducks. Choose one variety
and breed for quality.
Don't try, by mixing it with their
food, to force ducks to eat more grit
than they want.
Don't be afraid of overfeeding.
Ducks should be fed four or five times
Don't omit fresh vegetables and
green stu if from their diet.
Don't let their coops get damp and
Don't forget plenty of clean, fresh
water, and give them a chance to rest
in the shade.
Disease Becomes Epidemic.
A disease that is transmitted
through one generation of chickens to
another is apt to become epidemic.
Weaklings Most Susceptible.
Roup is infectious and the weak
lings are the ones to first become In
Hens Pay Biggest Dividend.
A-welr*cared-for flock of hens will
pay a bigger dividend than anything
on the farm.
Prevent Waste of Feed.
Prevent waste and make every
pound of feed bring the best resulta
.JSE OF CONVICTS ON ROADS
Passed Through Pcricd of Hysterical
Wrangle Into One of Actually Suc
"The use of convicts on the public
roads has passed through the period of
J hysterical wrangle into a period of
actually successful accomplishment
and almost universal acceptation,"
stated E. Stagg Whitin, whose new
course in practical penal problems at
Columbia university was recently an
Doctor Whitin holds that the under
lying motive in convict road building
must be to secure the great efficiency
I for the state out of its possessions.
I But the convicts and the roads are
I property of the state, and the work
I ing of convicts upon the roads should
I eliminate many elements of waste in
j the administration of road and prison
"The efficiency of the convict on the
road gang," he continued, "differs
greatly in different gangs. There is
no doubt in my mind that the appli
I cation of the efficiency records in use
I at the present time in the Wisconsin
I road camps for free labor will tend
i even more perceptibly to raise the ef
i ficiency of convict labor.
"Incentive must be created before
good work can be produced. Coop
any of us up in a stuffy, unsanitary
jail for several months, arraign us for
trial amid the excitement of what we
misname as justice, and then take a
few months of breaking our spirit in
prison surroundings and there is little
j likelihood that the thing we call ginger
I will be very apparent. There is defl
I nite need of building up if the convict
is to return to society and make good.
"The great ne?d," Doctor Whitin
concluded, "is for the foreman of a
i convict road gang to throw his shoul
: der to the task and inspire his gang
. with the desire to be like him. The
! problem lies in securing such men as
I foreman of the road gangs."
j The graduate department of high
? way engineering at Columbia univer
I sity has been in close touch with the
' national committee on prisons and
! prison labor, which is located on the
! campus, for a number of years. This
' work has been carried on under the
[ joint direction of the department and
Convicts Building a Road.
the prison committee. Doctor Blan
chard, professor of highway engineer
ing, sees thc great opportunity for the
highway read work, and. as he stated
in a recent article in the Columbia
Spectator: "The humane element must
be a factor in thc education of the
highway engineer of the future." This
will be supplied through the co-opera
tion of the national committee on
prisons and prison labor and thc work
under Doctor Whitin at Columbia uni
OIL PRESERVES COUNTY ROAD
Surface Rendered Impervious to Wa
ter ard Crown ls Almost Like
Asphalt-No Signs of Wear.
The only road in Berks county,
Maryland, which is strictly a "county
road" is the stretch of five miles be
tween DouglasyiHe and Yellow House.
By this is meant that it is neither a
staie nor township road, but is entire
ly under the jurisdiction of the county
Recently the road was treated with
a coating of crude oil, and no one
doubts the wisdom of this action. The
road is now not only dust-proof, but
the surface has been rendered impervi
ous to water. The crown is almost
like asphalt, and there are no signs o?
wear or tear.
The Value of Roads.
It cost France $612,000,000 to build
the best system of roads in the world.
For many years it has reaped untold
wealth, enjoyment and benefit from
them, and now those same roads have
become the greatest single factor in
saving the republic from destruction
by invading enemies. Certainly if any
sane man doubts the profit or advisa
bility of the best roads and tho most
of thom, France affords an object les
son that none can fail to compre
Dangers of Draft.
Drafts feel best when we are hot
and perspiring, just when they are
most dangerous and the result is
Neuralgia, Stiff Neck, Sore Muscles
or sometimes an attack of Rheuma
tism. In such cases apply Sloan's
Liniment. It stimulates circulation
to the sore and painful part. The
blood flows freely and in a short
time the stiffness and pain leaves.
Those suffering from Neuralgia or
Neuralgic Headache will find one
or two applications of Sloan's Lini
ment will give grateful relief. The
agonizing pain gives way to a ting
ling sensation of comfort and
warmth and quiet rest and sleep is
possible. Good for Neuritis too.
Price 25c. at your Druggist. 1
FOR RENT-A five-room resi
dence near the high school. Pos
session given at once. Apply to
J. L. Mirna.
FOR SAXE- Fifty bushels fine
Improvnd Toole cotton seed at
?1.00 per bushel. Long staple at
?1.50. Jas. D. Mathis, Trenton,
DR J.S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
Cosjfisht 1909. by C. E.,
F all the u
not one in a
account and not one hom
bank account is unhappy,
put it off any longer, whei
matter to start a bank aec<
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, Pres
E. J. Minis, Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assis
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Th
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins. C. C. Ful
J. C. LEE, President
If you are going to bi
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE I
We manufacture and d
stairs, interior trim, sto;
pews, pulpits, etc., rous
lath, pine and cypress shi
Distributing agents for
Estimates cheerfully a
Corner Roberts ai
STATE OF SOUTH ^CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF EDGEFIELU.
By W. T. Kinnaki, Probate Judge.
Whereas, Luther G. Watson, of
above County and State, made suit
to me, to grant him Letters of Ad
ministration of the Estate and ef
fects of Henry C. Watson, late of
above County and State.
These Are Therefore to cite and
admonish all and singular the kin
dred and Creditors of the said H.
C. Watson, deceased, that they be
and appear before me, in the Court
of Probatj, to be held at Edgefield,
C. H., S. C., in my office on the 6th
dav of May, J ii 16, next after publi
cation, at ll o'clock in the fore
noon, to show cause, if any they
have, why the said Administration
should not be granted.
Given under my Hand, this 18th
day of April A. D., 191 G.
W. T. KINNAIRD,
P. J., E. C.
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton
Br Sing's mvi timm?
.ISL:.? THE COUGH. CURES THE LUNGS.
Zimmctman Co-No. 44
hundred has a bank
eji?i a hundred who has a
It seems almost foolish to
n it is such a simple, easy
skient; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President
os. H. Raineford, John Rainsford, B. E.
1er. E. J. Mims. J. H. Allen.
F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas, g
lild, remodel or repair,
JILLS A SPECIALTY.
eal in doors, sash, blinds
re fronts and fixtures,
h and dressed lumber,
ngles, flooring, ceiling
nd carefully mane.
id Dugas Streets.
:.. Announcing T?tair : y.?V
i)@fife? ::1 ; ?
How to Grow Bigger Crops
of Superb Fruit-FREE
YOU need this practicrJ., expert information. Whether
you own or intend to plant c. few trees or a thousand, it is infor
mation that will save you tim.-;, labor and money. Get it ! Simply send us your
name and address on the coupon- or on a portal, ii you prefer.
We will gladly mail you a free copy everywhere are Prettins: prodigious
of our New C?talo;:-an ll 8 in. brok crops and largo cash profits from crops
that is simply packed with hin::; that of young, thrifty, grimme Stark Bro's
will enable you to secure bumper crops trees-facts that emphasize the truth
of finest fruit-and sell them at top- of the axiom "Stark Trees Bear Fruit."
market prices. The whole bool: is filled Beautiful life-size, natural-color photos
with facts that will interest and instruct of leading fruits ni! through thc book,
you-facts about how fruit-growers Send for your copy today to
Stark Bro's Nurseries at Louisiana, Mo.
Read it and learn about thc new fruit
tree 'riumph of Stark Bro's l?rg Cen
tury of Success -the "Double-Lite"
Grimes Golden-thc tree development
that resists "collar rot." Get the New
Facts about "Star Delicious." Stark
Early Elberta, a.id all the latest
peaches,Stark Bro's-grown, J. H. Hale
Peaches, a'so Lincoln Pear, Stark
Montmorency Cherry, Mammoth Gold
Plum and all the other famous Stark
Bro's fruits.berries and ornamentals.
Get Our New Catalog /staric
PRPP ll x 8 inches-filled 4 Bro'*
r!XLL from cover to V Dept. A.
cover with beautiful pho- A .. v
tographs. Mail in the f Louiiiana.Mo.
coupon or a postal, gcnf] mc nt once,
bearing your name postpaid, your New
and'address. Zr Catcloir, telling just
/w hov/ inat-frrowers oro
Louisiana A j cxpect to plant.trees
R. F. D.
NOT BTJENED OUT
Although the fire was all around us only a
corner of our warehf "*st was burned. We
have storage for 8,000 bales. Our office was
not touched, and our business goes on as
DAVISON & FARGO,
Augusta, Ga. COTTON FACTORS,
Prescriptions . Compounded
WITH THE UTMOST CARE
Any Hour of the Day or Night
Only the Purest Drugs are Used
Your Patronage Solicited
Complete Stock of Fancy Groceries
COLLETT & MITCHELL
THE FARMERS BANK CF EDGEFIELD, S. C. I
Capital and Surplus Profits ------ $120,000.00
Total Assets Over.$400,000.00
STATE, COUNTY AND TOWN DEPOSITORY
Does a General Banking Business. Offers its Services to You as a Safe
Guardian and Depositor}' for Your Money.
Invest in One of Our Certificates of Deposits Bearing Interest.
It is a better investment for you than a mortgage of real estate.
You do not have to consult an attorney about titles. It does not shrink
in value like lands and houses. You do not have to insure against fire.
Finally you do not have to employ an attorney to foreclose to get your
money. You can get your interest and principal the day it falls due.
Safety is the First Consideration in Placing Your Earnings.
W E L
We have the largest assortment of pres
ents in every department that we have ever
shown. We have ordered largely of Clocks.
Watches, Gold and Silver Jewelry, Sterling
Silverware, Cut Glass and China. Every de
partment is filled.
It matters not what you want we have it or
will order it out at once.
Come in to see us. We have our entire stock
marked very low, much lower than you find the
same class of goods elsewhere.
706 Broad Street, Augusta, Georgia