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MOTTLED BUTTER IN WINTER
Defect ls One of Workmanship and
Can Be Overcome by Application
of Proper Methods.
(From Weekly News Letter United States
Department of Agriculture.)
Mottled butter is frequently found
on the market at this time of the
year, and, even though it may be of
very good flavor, it is strongly dis
criminated against by the purchaser.
As this defect is one of workmanship,
it can be overcome by the application
of proper methods on the part of tLe
Mottles are caused primarily by an
uneven distribution of salt in the but
ter. This may be produced by .Insuffi
cient working of the butter or by
churning, washing and working it at
a very low temperature, ot by washing
or working it at a temperature several
degrees higher or lower than th?
When the quantity of butter made in
one churning is much less than usual,
it is necessary to work it a greater
number of revolutions of the churn
than usual in order to produce the
same results on the butter.
Extremely low temperatures of
cnurning. washing and working should
be avoided, because they produce so
firm a butter that it is only with great
difficulty that the salt can be worked
uniformly into it. High temperatures
of churning, washing and working
must be avoided to prevent an abnor
mal loss of fat in the buttermilk and
also the making of a greasy, leaky
Great variations in temperature dur
ing the manufacturing process should
always be avoided. Under normal con
ditions the temperature of the wash
water should be the same as. or with
in two degrees of, that of the butter
When the churn room is so cold that
the butter becomes chilled before
working is completed, mottled butter
is frequently the result. To prevent
this it is preferable to increase the
amount of working rather than to raise
the temperature cf the wash water.
Mottled butter, then, may be pre
vented by using methods that will in
sure a uniform distribution of salt.
SUPPORT FOR A MILK BOTTLE
Recently Invented Device Holds Ves
sel in Such Position That lt May
Be Thoroughly Drained.
Describing and illustrating a bottle
drainer, invented by C. H. Taylor of
Newburgh, N. Y., Scientific American
This invention provides a cheap,
strong and reliable device adapted to
support a milk bottle or the like in
such position that it may thoroughly
Milk Bottle Drainer.
drain with the mouth portion open or
free, and whereby the bottle may be
filled in position to be collected by
the milkman if desired. While espe
cially designed for use in connection
with milk bottles, the device is not so
limited in use.
Consider records more than appear
ance in buying a cow.
* * *
The sun dispels foul odors and
makes the air sweet and wholesome.
* . *
There is more money in a good
milker than in any other man on the
* * *
Be sure that the calves get all the
sunshine that is coming to them this
? * .
Thorough milking tends to develop a
cow's udder and increase her milk ca
* . *
Train the youngsters to lead. No
heifer should reach her first birthday
unbroken to the halter.
* * ?
The brush and comb are just as
necessary to dairy success in winter
as the milk pail and scales.
* * *
Where more than two cows are
milked, the calves should not be al
lowed to suck after the first day.
? . .
Few schemes of farming can suc
ceed with the cow eliminated, and the
better the cow the larger the profits.
* ? ?
If you curry the old co with the
EiilkkiL' stool, don't get mad if she
massages you in the ribs with her
ABRUPTLY CHANGED HIS MIND
Jersey City Man Had Cause to Recon
sider the Advisability of Cutting
Up State of Texas.
. We had been talking for half an
hour or so on the subject of dividing
Texas into four states, and the man
from Jersey City, who had a front seat
in the stage, insisted that the matter
ought to come up for congressional ac
tion. We finally drew up at a way sta
tion to change horses, and as we got
down to stretch our legs the one na
tive Texan among the eight passengers
pulled out a bowie knife and confront
ed the Jersey man with:
"So you reckon that there's 'nuff
of Texas to make four states?"
"It's-it's a very large state," re
plied the man, looking with anxiety
at the knife.
"Exactly. You are also a very large
"Do you reckon there's 'nuff of you
to make four men?"
"If I should even slice off your ears
you'd lose suthin' of your glory
"And you wouldn't feel that you
were much of a man with your head
gone, would you?"
"I merely illustrate," said the Texan,
as, he whetted the blade on his boot
leg. "If Texas can be divided up and
"Oh! She can't be!" interrupted
Jersey. "Texas is none too big for a
single state, for the empire state of
the West, and if I were one of her
honored citizens I should certainly op
pose such a movement with my every
energy. Gentlemen, let us drink to
Texas as she is!"
And we gurgled.-Exchange.
VALUABLE SOAP BERRY TREE
Product of Ecuador Has Remarkable
Qualities, Besides Its Worth as
a Cleanser of the Skin.
The jaboncello, or soap berry tree
(Sapindus saponaria), grows in the
humid parts of western Ecuador. It
attains a height of about fifty feet
and has wide-spreading branches and
immense quantities of fruit of the size
and shape of cherries.
The nearly transparent yellowish
skin and pulp surrounding the round
black seeds are so saponaceous as to
be used instead of soap by many peo
ple of Ecuador, being equivalent to
more than fifty times their weight of
The hard, polished seeds have been
used extensively in Spain and England
for waistcoat buttons, for they are
very durable and seldom break. They
are used also as beads.
Although considerable quantities of
the berry are utilized locally, tons of
them rot on the ground every year,
there being as yet little foreign de
mand for them Since they contain a
large percentage of saponin, they
should be of value in the manufacture
Voices of the Sea.
In "The Log of the Snnrk," by Char
mian Kittredge London, is tins bit of
"The sea is not a lovable monster.
And monster it is. It is beautiful, the
sea, always beautiful on one way or
.another, but it is cruel and unmind
ful of the life that is in it and upon
it. It was cruel last evening- in the
lurid low sunset that made it glow,
dully, to the cold, mocking, ragged
moonrise that made it look like death.
The waves positively beckoned when
they rose and pitched toward our boat
laboring in the trough. And all the
long night it seemed to me that I
heard voices through the planking,
talking, talking, endlessly, monoton
ously, querulously, and I couldn't
make out whether it was the ocean
calling from thc outside or the ship
herself muttering gropingly, finding
herself. If the voices are of the ship
they will soon cease, for she must find
herself. But 4f they are the voices
of the sea they must be sad sirens
that cry, restless, questioning, unsatis
fied-quaint homeless little sirens."
For Safety's Sake.
Business was very brisk, so the firm
appointed Patrick foreman, a position
of which he was very proud.
He was always fussing around, or
dering this and altering that. One
morning his gang of men stopped
work because they heard the well
known voice of their new foreman
Down below on the ground stood
Pat, yelling lustily, and waving his
"Oi say, you, up there!" he shout
ed. "You know that ladder at the
end of the scaffolding? Well, don't
any of yez thry to come down, be
cause Oi've taken it away!"-Phila
Gold Fields Still Prolific.
Reminiscences ot the palmy days of
the gold fields in western Australia
were recently revived when a parcel of
dollied gold was brought to Kalgoorlie
from Norland and Rudd's lease at
Broad Arrow. It was the finest dis
play seen for many years, and recalled
the rich finds of the early days of
Coolgardie. When smelted the bullion
weighed 790 ounces and is valued at
over $15,000. The reef from wnich the
gold was obtained has widened to five
feet, and there are about 300 tons of
ore !:i eight, in addition to 110 tons
on the surface, estimated to average
three ounces per ton.
THE ACHES OF HOUSE CLEANING.
The pain and soreness caused by
bruises, over-exertion and straining
during house cleaning time are
soothed away by Sloan's Liniment.
No need to suffer this agony. Just
apply Sloan's Liniment to the sore
spots, rub only a little. In a short
time the pain leaves, you rest com
fortably and enjoy refreshing
sleep. One grateful user writes:
"Sloan's Liniment is worth its
weight in gold." Keep a bottle on
hand, use it against all Soreness,
Neuralgia and Bruises. Kills pain.
25c. at your Druggist. 2
An old lady, who was sitting on
the porch of a hotel at Asheville,
N. C., where also there were a num
ber ol youngsters, was approached
by one of them willi this query:
''Can you crack nuts'/"
The old lady smiled and said:
"No, my dear, J can't. I lost, all my
teeth years ago."
"Then, said the boy, extending
two hands lull of walnuts, please
hold these while I go and get some
"Our romance began in a most
romantic way. Mv wife saved me
fro .: drowning. She's a magnificent
swimmer von know."
'"1 notice you don't go out very
far now." j
"iS'o. I don't know if she would'
save mi; again."-Philadelphia Pub- !
account and not one hom
bank account is unhappy. |
put it oil any longer, whe:
matter to start a bank ace<
BANK OF I
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, Pres
E. J. Minis, Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assis
DIRECTORS: J. C. Sheppard, Th
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins. C. C. Ful
J. C. LEE, President
If you are going to bi
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE I
We manufacture and d
stairs, interior trim, ste
pews, pulpits, etc., roue
lath, pine and cypress sh
Distributing agents for
Estimates cheerfully a
Corner Roberts ai
John Having a Hard Time.
Mr. Dooley, speaking of how 4 th'
wurrul has turned against its life
long room-mate, Tawn Barleycorn,"
and of how "Europe is chasin' him
off th' map," says:
"But it's in this counthry that
Jawn is havin' his hardest time. At
ivry iliction a part iv th' popylace
rises in their wrath an' outlaws their
ol' frind and conkerer. Half th'
state of Illinye has to walk ten
miles to quench its thirst an' five
years fr? m now, I tpll ye, if ye want
to dhrink ye'll have to go lo Dock
O'Leary an' he'll administher it to
ye with a dhrop chube. Ye better
take all ye can get while ye can get
it. Dhrink and be merry, for to
monah ye'll be dh ry.''
GOOD FOR COLDS.
Honey, Pine-Tar and Glycerine
I are recognized cold remedies. In
Dr. Bell's Pine-Tar-Honey theee|
I are combined with other couuh
medicine in a pleasant syrup. Dr.
Bells Pine-Tar-Honey quickly
Hops your cough, checks your coid,
(soothes irritation of the throat,
j Excellent for young, adult and
? aged. Its one of the best cough
I syrups made. Formula on every
.boule. Von know just what you
j are laking and your doctor knows
ils good for cough* and colds, in
sist on Dr. Bell's Pine-Tar-Honey J
Only 25c. at Druggists. 2.
Zimmerman Co---No. 44
hundred has a bank
e in a hundred who has a
-Jt seems almost foolish to
n it is such a simple, easy!
Sclent; B. E. Nicholson, Vice-President
os. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, B. E.
1er. E. J. Mims. J. H. Allen.
F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas. $
.lild, remodel or repair,
BILLS A SPECIALTY.
eal in doors, sash, blinds
re fronts and fixtures,
[h and dressed lumber,
ingles, flooring, ceiling
nd carefully mane.
id Dugas Streets.
How to Grow Bigger Crops
of Superb Fmit-FREE
YOU need this practical, expert information. Whether
yon own or intend to plant a few trees or a thousand, it is infor
mation that will save you timi?, labor r.nd money. Got it ! Simply send us your
name and address on thc coupon-or ca a pobtal, if you prefer.
Wc vriil gladly nail you a free copy
of our New Catalog-an ll x ? in. book
that is simply packed with hirts that
Will enable you to secure bumper crops
of finest fruit-and s-.-ll them at lop
market prices. Thewholebookis filled
with facts that will interest and instruct
you-facts about how iruit-tfrowurs
everywhere arc frcttinrr prodigious
crops and lr.-fr<- cash profits from crops
of young, thrifty, gen:titu Stark Bro's
trees-facts that emphasize the truth
of the n?:iom "Star!; Trees Hear Fruit."
Ecautifr.l life-size, natural-colcr photos
of leading fruits all through thc book.
Send for your copy today to
Stark Bro's Nurseries at Louisiana, Mo.
Read it and learn about the new fruit
trcc triumph of Staric Bro's lon:: C tn
tu:y of Success -thc "Double-Lire"
Grimes Golden-thc tree development
that resists "collar rot." G^t thc Kew
Facts about "Stark Delicious," Stark
Early Elberta, and all the latest
peaches, Stark Bro'r.-rrrown. J. H. Hale
Peaches, also Linccln Pear. Stark
Montmorency Cherryl Mammoth Gold
l'lum and ali thc oilier famous Stark
Bro's fruits,berries and ornamentals
Get Our New Catalog w Stnrfc
?pRPF !i * - inches-filled J& Bro's
risxx. from cover t0 # DcdlA
cover with bvnntifnl pho- j, ., ?,
tographs. Mail us tin i^Louisiona.Mo.
Coupon nr a pos:,:!, s^,^ me at once,
bearing you mame jfir po-..:p:.id. your New
and address. & Catalog, tcUinpr just
Stark Bro's jw rr.iWnfir record-breaking
Dept. A ff V**u'
I expect to piont.trcc3
? R. F.D.
NOT BOXED OUT
Although thc fire was all around us only a
corner ol' our warehouse was burned. We
have storage for 8,000 bales. Our office was
not touched, and our business goes on as
DAVISON & FARGO,
Augusta, Ga. COTTON* FACTORS,
Prescriptions . Compounded
WITH THE UTMOST CARE
Any Hour of the Day or Night
Only the Purest Drugs are Used
Your Patronage Solicited
Complete Stock of Fancy Groceries I
COLLETT & MITCHELL
?BaBBBOHBaBBtsHanasmi ail i niiiinnf BKBBH
THE FARRIERS BANK OF EDGEFiELD, S. C.
Capital and Surplus Profits.$120,000.00
Total Assets Over.$400,000.00
STATE, COUNTY AND TOWN DEPOSITORY
Does a General Banking Business. Offers its Services to You as a Safe
Guardian and Depository for Your Money.
Invest in One of Our Certificates of Deposits Bearing Interest.
It is a better investment for you than a mortgage of real estate.
You do not have to consult an attorney about titles. It does not shrink
in value like lands and houses. You do not have to insure against fire.
Finaily you do not have to employ an attorney to foreclose to get your
money. You can get your interest and principal the day it falls due.
Safety is the First Consideration in Placing Your Earnings,
I A. J. Renkl I
1 ? E I
1 W E L I
m We have the largest assortment of pres- ?t
g ents in every department that we have ever H
09 shown. We have ordered largely of Clocks. S
Jg Watches, Gold and Silver Jewelry, Sterling m
gl Silverware, Cut Glass and China. Every de- W
MM partment is filled.! S
En It matters not what you want we have it or M
Bj will order it out at once. fi
EB Come in to see us. We have our entire stock 9
m marked very low, much lower than you find the jg.
S same class of goods elsewhere.
g| 706 Broad Street, Augusta, Georgia jB