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Quaint Amana Colony in lo
Mustaches to Men and P
Sunday by Barring T
Minneapolis, Minn.-Down in
county, Iowa, an old man who
born in Germany seventy-one i
ago told why 1,600 persons, men, 1
en and children., live a community
on 26,000 acres of Iowa's most fi
land and are happy.
The old man, who munched an t
as he talked, is the head of the Ar
society. The society is worth at
$8,000,000 in lands and improvem
Not one member has a cent of pr<
ty in his own name. Everything ea
in the Amana colony, which cont
seven prosperous little towns an
more than sixty years old, goes tc
The old man, George Heinem
was asked if it were true that
Amana schoolboys who had ph
baseball on Sunday in the little <
cnunity had been punished by b
banned from church for eight we
I had heard this about Amana an
had resulted in my trip to the col
"Yes, it is true," said the old r
"They were punished, but that is
exaggeration"-he pronounced "e
geration" with the "g" hard-"t
were only made to stay away f
our church for two Sundays, not ei
That would be too much."
P "Up where I live most boys woul
look at that as a punishment."
The old man smiled. It was a i
tie, tolerant smile, the smile \
which everybody in Amana greets
"Il is different here," he s
"Church to us is everything. It 1
so with our fathers. It is so with
sons and daughters and it is so v
our grandsons and our granddad
ters. To bar the children from chus
that is the worst punishment."
Things That Are "Worldly."
Then the old man told something
the Amana society, of the commur
life in the seven villages, a comm
ism not founded on socialistic or ec
omic belief, but a communism fount
on religion and subordinate to re
lon. He told me why the school gi
in Amana are not permitted to wi
hair ribbons, why the men of Ama
wear no mustaches, why the won:
wear sunbonnets and not hats, n
the tango has never been danced
Amana, just as the tango's preced
sors, the waltz and the two-step, w<
not danced ; why there is no card pl;
lng, why baseball and football and
competitive sports are banned.
It was, he-said, because these thin
When I rose to go I asked the (
man for his picture. "You are t
head of an unusual organization,"
said, "probably the most success!
community project in America. M
I have your picture?"
"No," he said, still smiling. "Nc
you ask me to do something which
worldly. It is not wrong to you, b
to me it is. It is not the spirit
Amana. We have no newspape
I thanked him with the feeling th
he was a kind of benevolent patriare
He smiled and said nothing, but as
opened the wooden gate which led
the road the old man on the pon
still smiling, shouted out a cheei
"Willkommen." It sounded like "Yt
are welcome," "Come again" ar
"Good luck," all combined, and
sounded as if the old man on the pore
really meant it.
The seven villages of the Amana si
ciety, grouped within a radius of eigl
miles between the bluffs in the rive
valley, look like pictures from the Ol
World. They are in the valley of th
Iowa river, on 20,000 acras of the mos
fertile land in the middle West Aman
is the largest village. It has abou
450 residents and at Amana are lc
cated the wool mills and calico prin
factory of the society. Aman* v>co
len goods and Amana calico are know:
to merchants as far east as New Yorl
.and as far west as San Francis?e
East village has its church, school
store, bakery, dairy, post office an<
The buildings in all the Amana com
munities are on the same plan, quain1
two-story gabled buildings of old Ger
man architecture. Some of the build
ings, as the stores and hotels, all con
ducted by the society, are of red brick
and covered with vines. Others are
small frame buildings, covered with
.vines, but unpainted-paint in Amana
is a sign of vanity and prohibited. It
is in these small houses that the fami
lies live. The houses and other build
ings, as everything in the colony, are
owned by the society and families are
assigned to their homes by the "eld
ers," the governing body in each town.
In front of the buildings and at the
side of the buildings and back of the
buildings are flower beds, fruit trees
In each village are community
kitchens and community dining rooms.
Here the food, and there is lots of it,
is prepared and served under the di
rection of the best cooks in the vil
lages. The boys and men sit at one
table in the dining room. The women
and girls sit at another. It is less
worldly this way, say the old Amana
It was in 1854 that the first Amana
S iE THE Cl
ars Hair Ribbons to Womer
es Boys Who Play Baseball c
From Church for Two Sun
village was founded by membc
the Church of the True Inspirati
"Separatists," as they had been i
in Germany since the beginning i
eighteenth century. The men
founded the first village nami
Amana, a name taken from the
and meaning "remain true." '
men had come to America in the f<
[ with their families seeking rel!
freedom. They had settled in
York, but the community had g
faster than land could be acquire)
they moved West. The first pun
of land in Iowa was 3,300 acres, i
ually more land was acquired am
other six villages established
Amana, South Amana, High Ac
East Amana, Middle Amana
! In 1863 there were about 1,60()S
bers of the Amana society. The
ber is about the same today.
It was in 1S59 that the society
incorporated under the laws of
state of Iowa. The men who had <
from Germany to the new country
determined on community life as
best method of holding true to
ideals of their religion. The soi
was incorporated as a religious
benevolent society under the E
The constitution of the society
clares that the foundation of the
organization shall "remain for
God." "The purpose of our orgai
tion," reads the constitution, "is tl
fore no worldly or selfish one."
I Article II of the constitution sta
; "It is our unanimous will and? res
tion that the land purchased here
that may hereafter be purchased 8
be and remain a common estate
property, with all improvements th
upon and all appurtenances thei
as also with all the labor, cares, t
ble and burdens, of which each m
ber shall bear his allotted share T
a willing hea^t"
And here is the provision in the <
stitution which shows how the Am
society makes the money to care
its people: "Agriculture, manufacti
and tradeB shall form the means
sustenance, and out of the income
these the expenses of the society si
be defrayed. If any surplus rems
it shall be applied to improvemei
to the erection of school and meet
houses, care of the old and sick,
j foundation of a business and sai
fund and to benevolent purposes
The Aged Cared For.
The control and management of
society is vested in thirteen trust
elected annually from among the (
ers. Death is about the only th
that changes the make-up of the bi
of trustees. There are no bickerii
in Amana and a public examiner 1
never been called in to audit the
clety's books. The people of Ama
place explicit trust in the trustees a
Every member of the Amana soci<
at the time of joining is in duty bou
to give his or her personal propel
and real property to the trustees 1
the common fund. The member
entitled to credit for this property
the society books and ls given a :
cept signed by the president and si
cretary. This property is secured
the pledge of the common property
the society. If a member either volu
tarily leaves the society or is expel!
this property is given back, but wit
And when he joins the society, a
cording to the constitution, "ea<
member is entitled to free board ai
dwelling, to support and care in o
age, sickness and infirmity, and to ?
annual sum of maintenance, tl
amount of which is to be fixed by tl
trustees. The members release a
claims for wages, interest and ar
share in the income and of the s
ciety separate from the comme
"That shows you that communis!
here is not practised for temporal c
pecuniary purpose," said Presider
Heinemann after he had shown th
constitution of the society. "It is nc
an experiment to solve great socis
problems. We care nothing for pol
tics, for economics. We have adopte
the communistic plan because w
think by its means we are better abl
to lead true and Christian lives."
"Do you vote?" I asked.
"Xo," said the head of the society
"Sometimes we vote in township elec
tions. But not for national issues."
"Then you are citizens?" I said.
"Yes," he replied. "And we try tc
be good citizens. We have no beei
because Iowa has gone on recorc
against beer. We have even stopped
dispensing the wine we make here.'
"How are your sympathies in thc
war?" I asked.
"War is against our religious faith."
he said. "We do not believe in war.
War is unnecessary. It ls caused by
money. Love for gain ls responsible.
Here in Amana there is no war, for
we have no love for gain."
! It is this spirit. "No love for gain,"
I that is noticeable throughout the
j Amana communities.
I Educate Their Doctors.
Take, for instance, the physicians,
j There i.re three of them, all members
of tue society. They were sent by the
society to the colleges at which the7
were graduated. All their college ex
pense was borne, by the society. One
even was sent*' to Europe to study.
And when they completed their edu
cation they came back to Amana and
became community physicians,
members of the society their servi^
are free, but outsiders are charged a
fee. This fee, however, does not-go
to the physician. It goes to the so
The physicians are the envy of
Amana, although none of the Amana
residents will admit that there is such
a thing as envy. When the physicians
pass on the road the Amana house
wives turn their sunbonneted heads
and the Amana boys and girls look
with open admiration for the Amana
physicians have automobiles. They
are the only people in the society
who have them. The machines were
purchased by the society and they
are the only machines in the Amana
Work in the Amana villages is par
celed out by the elders. If a man
likes machinery he may go to the
mills as a machinist. If he is fat and
cheerful he may be assigned to run
one of the Amana hotels. The elders
see that the tasks are done and there
is little complaint of laziness; There
is a rumor that on one occasion years
ago a man who refused to work and
on whom suspension from church had
no effect was expelled from the so
In the Amana villages there are
prayer meetings every night In the
year. There are no ministers. The
elders conduct the services in church,
at funerals and at weddings.
Marriage is neither encouraged nor
discouraged. Mr. Heinemann, the
president, is a bachelor.
The Ten Commandments are the re
ligious and civil laws of Amana. Oaths
ar9 forbidden, averments and confirma
tions are made by affirmation. No at
tempt is made to follow styles ^in
dress. Hair ribbons, mustaches, neck
ties and other adornments are banned.
Games and "all frivolous and worldly
amusements are '?ot countenanced.
Cards are unknowu.
To the outside1 it would seem that
life for the Am'.na children must be
something of x burden, for school is
conducted six days a week, fifty-two
weeks in the year, all sports are
banned, dancing is unknown and each
child must learn sixty-two "rules of
conduct for children." The teachers
^are men, members of the society.
' Despite the simple life in Amana the
children, most of them, stay in the
society. President Heinemann and
other officials estimate that 60 per
cent of the children stay in Amana.
Can Leave If They Wish.
"Sometimes they go away," said Mr.
Heinemann. "They seek excitement.
But many of them come back. We
let them go if they wish. There is no
compulsion here." Ifrfr
Women in Amana villages work in
the mills, in the stores, in the fields
and dairies. The stores are general
merchandise stores, one in each vil
lage. They are kept like the Amana
houses, absolutely clean, and many
people from outside the colony trade
in the Amana stores.
Four members of the society, includ
ing Metz, came to America in 1S42.
They were given full power to act for
all the member and purchased land
where they thought it best.
The travelers decided on 5,000 acres
of land on the old Seneca Indian reser
vation in New York. They sent word
back to germany and in three years,
from 1843 to 1S46, some SOO persons
came across the sea and settled on the
society's land. The society was then
known as the "Ebenezer" society.
Here the community idea was begun,
! says Louis L. Collins of the Minne
I apolis Journal; but it was not until
j 1S54, when the move to Iowa f*as
j made, that the present system of com
j munism was worked out in detail.
WIFE OF NAVY OFFICER
Mrs. David V. Taylor, wife of Chief
Naval Constructor Taylor, is one of
the most beautiful of the naval con
tingent of Washington society, and
is one of the most active of that set
this winter. Her dinners and enter
tainment have won for her a com
i manding place in the ranks of the
I "smart set."
Under average conditions in fatten
ing hogs 3helled corn is a more eco
nomical ration than corn meal and es
pecially when fed dry.
Keep Weeds Down.
"Weeds are sure a nuisance." Yes,
but you are doing a good thing to the
soil if you keep the weeds down by
Declaration of War.
If wo are going to declare war, It
should be on the weeda and fly breed
How To Give Quinine To Children.
FEBRILINE is the trade-mark name piven to an
improved Quinine. It is a Tasteless Syrup, pleas
ant to take and does not disturb the stomach.
Children take it and never know it is Quinine.
Also especially adapted to adults who cannot
take ordinary Quinine. Does not nauseate nor
cause nervousness nor ringing in the head. Try
it the next time you need Quinine for any pur
pose. Ask for 2-ounce original package. The
name FEURII.IXE is blown in bottle. 23 cents.
should be "nipped ia the
bud", for if allowed to run
unchecked, serious results
may follow. Numerous
cases of consumption, pneu
monia, and other fatal dis
eases, can be traced back to
a cold. At the first sign of a
cold, protect yourself by
thoroughly cleansing your
system with a few doses of
the old reliable, vegetable
Mr. Chas. A. Ragland, o<
Madison Heights, Va., says:
"I have been using Thed
ford's Black-Draught for
stomach troubles, indiges
tion, and colds, and find it to
be the very best medicine I
ever used, lt makes an old
man feel like a young one."
Insist on Thedford's, the
original and genuine. ?-67
RHEUMATIC PAIN STOPPED.
The drawing of muscles, the sore
ness, stiffness and agonizing pain of
Rheumatism quickly yield to Sloan's
Lin ?men .. lt stimulates circulation
to the painful part. Just apply as
directed to the sore spots. In a
short time the pain gives way to a
tingling sensation of comfort and
warmth. Here's proof-"I have
had wonderful relief since I used
your Liniment on ray knee. To
think one application, gave me re
relief. Sorry I havu't space to tell
you the history. Thanking you for
what your remedy bas done for
rae."-James S. Ferguson, Phila,
Pa. Sloan's Liniment kills pain.
25c. at Druggists. 3
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin- '
gie Mills, Engines. Boilers, i
Supplies and Repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoliae En- j
gines, Saw Teeth, Files. Belts j
and Pipes, WOOD SAWS
Gixs and PRESS REPAIRS
DR J.?. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE
Residence 'Phone J7-R. Office 3.
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton
Only One "BROMO QUININE" '
To get thc genuine, call for full name, LAXA
TIVE BROMO QUININE. Look for signature of ]
E. W. GROVE. Cures a Cold in One Day. Stops ?
cough and headache, and works off cold. 25c. ?
Tho Pills That Do Cur?*
PR.K?NG'S -NEW DISCOVERY
Will Surely S?OD That Gouoh
ti Your ]
IVE A DOCTOR
3 agree that rr
y diseases are
ouse fly and tr
i can be rid of
r nothing of e?
of their pr*
our house for t
ie largest stoo
windows that w
Send us your
0, $2.00 and $!
nd 65 cents. (
of these goods
stall the scree
screen your hoi
ART & KERN
Bank of Parksvilie
Pays Five Per Cent, on
A bank is a reservoir into
which and out of which flow the
financial resources of the commu
nity. We have money to lend
you. We will guard your sav
ings and make them work for
We are Conservative
We are Safe
See me before insuring else
where. I represent the Epuita
ble Fire Insurance Company of
Charleston and the Southern
Stock Fire Insurance Company
of Greensboro, N. C. I also rep
resent the Life Insurance Com
pany of Virginia.
J. T. Harling
j At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield |
Notice to Stock Eaisers
Wehave just purchased a fine jack
ind he will stand for the season at
the farm of W. F. Holston, just a
mile north of Edgefield. Due care
will be takon but each party must
l>e responsible for his own animal.
A. L. KEMP.
For Weakness and Loss of Appetite
The Old Standard s^neral strengthening tonic,
GROVE'S TASTELESS chill TONIC, drives out
Malaria and builds up the system. A true tonic
iprf wire Appetizer. For admits and children. 50c
Lany of the
Le pest mos
k: of screen
e have ever
L Doors for
j, the prices
ns at once,
is worth a
use a dozen