Newspaper Page Text
"Old Colonial Days."
The first settlers who came to
America had great difficulty in find
ing shelter. Although they had
plenty of clay, trees and rocks, they
had no implements with which to
make these things into shape so they
could be used. The first houses were
caves on the shores of ^the ocean,
and on the banks of rivers. Some
made huts by digging holes in the
shape of a square on the banks of
rivers. The roofs were matte of
rushes covered with sand. Chimneys
were made of clay and sticks. The
cold was almost unendurable in
these rough houses. Many suffered
and died from starvation and cold.
These bouses were in common use
for about a half century. The set
tlers lived in these until they had
opportunity to build better ones.
The caves were then used for cel
lars to the houses which were built
over them. The houses in the south
were quite different from the caves.
Some of them were made of plaited
grass in the shape of a wigwarm."
Others were made of bark slightly
fastened to a light frame. The only
instrument for cutting and shaping
the timbers was the axe. Thus, rude
log houses were made. These houses
wrere a great advancement in archi
tecture. A rough board supported
by strong posts served as a bed. The
floor usually ,was the bare earth,
while a floor of rough wood was
considered a luxury. The Dutch
houses of this country were v?ry
picturesque. The inside of the house
was very neat and a scene of ad
miration. The roofs were very state
ly. The windows were small and
they as the doors were hung with
leather hinges. All farm houses had
cellars which were filled with ap
ples, potatoes, turnips, beets, fruits
of all kinds and meat. Nails made
of steel were valuable and scarce.
Often an old house was burned in
order to get the nails.
As time wore OP a great improve
ment was made in houses. Near each
dwelling was a small spinning house.
The roofs of many houses were
thatched, and chimneys were m ide
of reeds and mortar. Firts were fre
quent, and it was necessary for peo
ple to keep a large number of buck
ets for use in case of fire. These
buckets were made of costly leath
ei. Most settlements were surround
ed by paiisades^to prevent assaults of
Indians. Fields were enclosed by
feuces made of split rails, were very
high, strong and closely made, so
that no horse, cow nor pig could get
ever them and injure the growing
By the second century houses
were simple but beautiful. On the
doors were brass; knockers.
The first way of lighting the
houses was by the pine kuot. Oils
and fats were next in use. Candles
were made of tallow and were very
valuable in those days. Fire in the
houses was seldom allowed to go en
tirely out, for the usual method of
starting it again was with flint and
steel. This method required a great
deal of patience and you did weli
to get fire started in half an hour.
Various ways of starting tires were
used uutil about fifty years ago.
A place of much interest was the
kitchen. ..This roeta : was very bare
of furniture, but was considered
the most important in the house.
The fire place was almost as wide
as one side of the room, and was
large enough for seats on the side
of it. When wood became less plen
tiful the chimneys and fireplaces
shrank in size. All food was cooked
on the tireplaees. Pots were hung
from the ceiling by straps, and meat
and bread were cookel in pans on
the coals. Later, most of the cook
ing was done in ovens made in the
brick on one side of the chimneys.
The most .important utensils were
the pot, kettle, spider and skillet.
They were made of brass and were
prized "very highly by the house
wife. The andirons were of brass
The furniture of the house was
scant and very rude. The bed was
generally put in the kitchen because
Tne Mammoth Yellow
promises to be one of the most
profitable crops for southern farm
ers everywhere. Makes a large
yield of beans, which are readily
salable for oil-producing and food
purposes, in addition to i+s use for
forage, soil-improving and stock
feeding. Splendidly adapted to our
southern soils and climate.
The New 100-Day
the quickest growing of Velvet
Beans, promise to supercede Cow
Peas very largely as a soil-improv
ing, forage and grazing crop
throughout the South. Cheaper
to seed per acre than cow peas.
Write for prices and "Wood's
Crop Special'* giving full in
formation in regard to Soja and
Velvet Beans, Cow Peas, rV?i(lctp
Seed Corns, Sorghums, Sudan
Grass, etc. Mailed free.
T. W. WOOD ? som,
SEEDSMEN, - Richmond, Va.
I it was warmer than any other roon
and ropes were used in making th
beds, which were folded up durinj
The table for serving the meal
on was a narrow board supported a
each end by a sawhorse. The tabl
cloth was always kept snow white
Knives and spoons were used bu
forks were unknown. Salt cellar
usually made of silver and considei
ed an ornament, and were so impoi
tant that they were mentioned in th
wills. Most of the food was cooke?
in the form of soup, and was servei
in wooden bowls. Two usually at
out of one bowl. Cups and spoon
were also made of wood. One larg
glass served for a whole family ant
was passed from one ..to another
Benches served for seats for th
grown folks, and the children hac
to stand back of their parents au<
let the food be handed to them
They were to eat in ?ilence and rap
idl3\ and were to leave the room a
soon as possible. Deer were oftei
hemmed up and killed by starting ;
fire in a circle in the woods and thu:
forcing the deer to the center. Wile
turkeys were plentiful, and some
time weighed from thirty to sixtj
pounds each. Pigeons were so nu
merous that they sometimes brok<
the limbs of trees when they alight
ed. Squirrels and rabbits were con
sidered as pets. Sugar ?as mad<
from the sap of the maple. Whei
this sap was collected it was oooket
by the men and boys. They won lc
spend many happy hours with th?
girls tasting the sugar and makinj.
candy by dropping the syrup in tin
snow. Fishing and hunting were
great sports. Lobsters six feet long,
and crabs and oysters were ofter
caught. The flight of a drove ol
swans sounded like the coming o?
a thunder storm.
Corn was the first crop to bi
planted and proved to be very use
ful. The Indians taught the settler*
how to plant, grind and cook the
corn, which was usually in the form
of hominy. Corn was ground by a
hand mill. If it had not been foi
corn, most of the settlers would
hbve starved. Rooms were made
picturesque by hanging the differ
ent colored ears of corn around the
walls. The most plentiful food wag
corn, pumpkins, fish and game. A
very good dish enjoyed by all wa?
corn, beans and pumpkin boiled to
gether. Sweet potatoes were rare,
for they were thought to be poison
ous to animals. Irish potatoes were
cooked with butter, sugar, grape
juice, dates, cinnamon and pepper,
then covered with a frosting.Apples,
peas, turnips, huckleberries and
blaokberiies were plentiful. Rye
and corn were mixed to make
bread. Beer, wine, ale and cider
were preferred to water, for it was
thought that water was dangerous
if commonly drank. Milk was plen
tiful and sold for a penny a quart.
Sausage was made by putting the
meat in a big box and letting the
men chop it fine with spades. Leaf
sugar was commonly used and was
bought in blue paper. The paper
was used for dye. Blackberry leaves,
sage and golden rod were used for
tea. It was boiied, the juice thrown
away, and the leaves eaten. Parched
rye and chestnuts were used for
coffee. The settlers thought more
about variety than quantity and
Wool and flax were raised by the
men and boys, and the women, spun
it into cloth. People nowadays know
very little about the way cloth was
made, so it is very difficult to make
it clear to any one how it was made.
No sheep under two years were al
lowed to be killed. The women knit
all the mittens and stockings that
were worn. Knitting was an occupa
tion learned by the children at an
early age. It took a good days work
to knit a pair of mittens. A yard of
cloth meant many days of hard
work, but cloth lasted so muoh long
er then than now. Flowers and
leaves were used fer dye.
All the soap used was made by
the women. It was hard to make,
for the only lye with which to make
it was from ashes. It took six bush
els of ashes to twenty pounds of
grease to make a small barrel of
Geese were kept for their feath
ers. They were allowed to go on the
streets in summer. If anybody hap
pened to be out late at night the
geese would make such a noise that
it would disturb the whole neigh
borhood. They often disturbed
church services until they became a
nuisance. Goose picking was an un
Hats and bonnets were made of
plaited straw and grass, but were
considered very beautiful and sty
lish. Purses Cmade of beads were
much admired. They were very ex
pensive, selling for five dollars each.
Children were taught to sew with
paper, and then the cheapest kind
of cloth made. Boys wore clothing
almost like their father's and girls
wore hooped skirts and high heeled
shoeR as soon as they could walk.
Their complexion ^seemed a matter
of great importance, for it was pro
tected by maskf? and long gloves
from the sun. Men's clothing were!
OUR MISS FANNIE.
Oh, Sunday school scholar, why do we
Oh, look! see the seed she has sown.
First she loved God, which was better
This to her was sweeter than lilies in
Oh, Sunday school scholar,
Her, let us follow.
She was kind, gentle and true,
She went smiling all the day thro.
She did live on the bread of life,
When in trouble or strife.
Oh! Sunday school scholar,
Her, let us follow.
Where ere she went hither or thither,
Her little steps shall not wither.
She loved to teach our Sunday school,
And no one knows the price for it she
Oh! Sunday school scholar,
Her, let us follow.
The last words she sai 1 to us,
"You all will turn over a new leaf ^
She taught us our Bible to read,
And on the bread of life to feed.
Oh! Sunday school scholar,
Her, let us follow.
And so God took her by the hand,
And led her on to a better land.
And now she is not here,
But she has gone to live above this
world of care.
Oh ! Sunday school scholar,
Her, let us follow.
And let us think each day
Of the kind words she did say:
And let us never disobey her rule,
In church or in Sunday school.
Oh! Sunday school scholar,
Her, will you follow?
Oh ! let us each day,
Do and say what she told us to cay.
And oh! days, will you only fly?
Then we shall see her in the sweet by j
Oh, Sunday school scholar,
Her, will you follow?
[The above poem was written by j
Gladys Lyon, one of the devoted Sun
day school scholars of Mrs. Fannie
Tompkins. It is full of splendid,
thought and deep feeling.]
made the same ^colors as women s.
Women's and children's shoes were'
made of thin cloth and paper soles.]
These were protected by overshoes
when wurn outdoors. Men wore
knee breeches and wigs on their
heads, which were changed every
Medicine was made of bark and j
The first mode of travel was on
foot. The forests were very dense, \
therefore the settlers had to clear
paths before any kind of traveling i
could be done. The next mode was
horseback. Stones were set in front
of each house, for the purpose of
mounting the horses more easily.
Inland transportation was carried
on, on horse back. After better
roads were made, wagons were used
more numerously. They were covert
ed and very low in the middle. The
wagons were drawn by four or six
borges. The horses were beautiful
and greatly admired. Later, coaches
were used for traveling.
Free accommodation was so com
mon that no law could make any
one pay, unless an agreement was
made beforehand, no matter how
long the guests stayed. In the city,
the streets were ill-paved and poor
ly lighted. In the large cities, men
went around calling the hour of the
night and the condition of the
The first church service was held
in tents under trees. The next
church was made of Wuod in the
form o' a square with high and
decorated steeples. They were not
painted, but "allowed to become
brown by the weather. People were
summoned to church by a man get
ting in the steeple and beating a
drum. A certain man went around
to the houses when the service tirst
started, (which lasted from four to
six hours) and forced everybod}' to
go to church who were able. The
pews were built like closets with
shelves for seats. Each pew was as
signed by a committee. The best as
signed to people of wealth and dig
The conduct of the children was,
carefully watched by a committee I
of men. If they didn't behave, they!
were punished publicly after service.)
The services lasted all day with a
little time for dinner. Prayers lasted |
one to two hours. There were no
song books. The preacher read
lines, then the people repeated it
with some kind of a tune, each per
son usually having a different tune.
The settlers were very economic
al and their cnildren were taught
(The above essay was written by
Miss Louise Padgett of Trenton, a
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. M. M.
Padgett. It won the first prize in a
contest that was conducted by the
Trenton chapter, D. A. H., and was
read at the commencement of the
Trenton school by Rev. E. C. Bai
le^.-Editor Edgefield Advertiser.)
FOR SALE-One eleven horse
power, twin cylinder, three speed,
Harley-Davidson Motor Cycle, in
first-class condition. Tires good as
new. One extra casing.
J. G. HOLLAND.
lio- BET S L RS AND KIDNE?S
(Continued from First Page,)
gave errent events which were
very interesting. The mother's hymn
closed the meeting. The next meet
ing will be at 5 o'clock with Mrs.
Gov. Manning visited the high
school here on Thursday morning
and the pupils felt greatly honored
to have him with them.
Mr. and Mrs. Taylor Goodwyn
and Lee Goodwyn of Greenwood
were guests in the home of Mr.
Owington S. Wertz, on Sunday.
Miss Sallie Heyward delighted
her grade of the high school on Sat
urday by taking them on a picnic
to Yonce pond. Every hour brought
forth a new pleasure.
On the evening of the 24th, a re
ception will be held in the Baptist
church for the new pastor and his
family, and it is hoped that every
church member can be present.
Cradle roll and Mothers' day ex
ercises were held on Sn oday morn
ing at the Baptist church and both
were beautiful. In the cradle roll j
department, Mrs. James White is
superintendent, and Mrs. O. D.
Black assistant, there being 52 on
this roll. The idea of a national
mothers' day was organized by Miss
Anna Jarvis of Philadelphia the
second Sunday in May to be the
day, with the white carnation, the
designated flower to be worn in
honor of mother. On this day acts
of kindness are done, letters are
written to mothers in far-away
lands, sermons preached, and ser
vices held in mothers' honor.
The Sunday school room was
prettily decorated in many carna
tions and other white flower-? and
conspicuous was the cradle which
contained the names of all the ba
bies. Misses Marion Mobley and
Virgie Courtney had baskets of
white flowers which they gave to
every one wore the white flower.
The exercises began with "Hark the
herald angels sing," by the school;
vocal solo, "Nobody told me of
Jesus," Mary Walker; prater, Mr.
S. J. Watson; responsive reading,
Mr. M. R. Wright; quartette, "Let
me hear the songs my inolhjr used
to sing," Mrs. L. C Latimer, M?6S
Clara Sawvcr, Messrs. Avery Bland
and F. M. Boyd. March by pianist,
Mr. Fred Parker, Jr., for classes
to form. After classes the exercises
were resumed; song by the children
"Tis Mothers' Day," reading, "A
tribute to mother," Mrs. ,'ioe Her
long; welcome to the cradle roll
babies." Marion Lewis Lott. Cradle
roll report by Mrs. J. H. White and
roll call of babies and as each one
came up, Mrs. G. P. Cobb pinned
on them a white carnation. Little
Billie McGarity was placed upon
the table and the new motto was
displayed, being hung about his
shoulders and he made a beautiful
picture. Song, "Suffer the children
to come to me," the cbildVen;
Offeratory, '"Schubert's serenade,"
Mr. F. L. Parker; vocal solo,
"May God and the angels guard
you dear, that is your mother's
prayer," Miss Sallie Ileyward. Bi
bles were now presented to each one
of the children who had been pro
moted to the first grade during the
year. Vocal duet, "My mother's
Bible," Mrs. L. C. Latimer, Prof.
W. F. Scott; vocal solo, "Mother,"
Mrs. J. H. White. A memorial was'
held for the little ones who had
died during the year, during which
time "Around the throne of God in
heaven," was sung by Mrs, L. 0.
Latimer and Miss Sara Carwile.
The exercises closed with a prayer
by Dr. W. T. Derieux.
On Saturday afternoon Mrs. Olin
Eidson very pleasantly entertained
for her guest, Miss Nell Carter of
Westminster. She was assisted by
her sister, Miss Eva Rushton in re
ceiving and Miss Jessie Rushton
carried all to the punch bowl,
where fruit nectar was served by
Misses Heltij Barr and Annelle
Thacker. The table was covered with
a handsome lace cloth and was
decorated in Dorothy Perkins roses.
The pretty flowers were also used
to adorn the tables for rook where
six games were played after all ar
rivals. The score cards were of
spring flowers and were given by
Master John' Olin Eidson. After the
games all enjoyed strawberry cream
with silver cake. The time was hap
pily spent anfl all were glad to know
Miss Carter who is a very sweet and
attractive young woman.
Thb children of the Confederacy
met with Miss Jessie Edwards on
Saturday afternoon with a very
pleasant meeting. It has been sug
gested that the children of the Con
federacy should take upas a definite
work the e rection of a monument
to the youths who volunteered for
tue war between the states. This is
a work in which this chapter is in
terested and will be glad to do
their part when this is really begun.
The chapter had recently had a so
cial evening in which each invited
a friend and a delightful time was
reported. The following program
was arranged by the historian, Miss
Frances Turner, the subject being
"Memorial day." "Origin of Me
morial day," poem, "Decoration j
day;" reading, "The cross of hon
or;" reading, "A war-time sketch." j
Awhile was very pleasantly spent in j
a social way and the hostess served
A Needed Public Improvements
A contract has been let to Stew
art & Kernaghan for the erection
of a public toilet immediately to the
rear of the court house. It will be
modernly equipped, having the nec
essary water supply, sewerage, etc.
The expense for the supplying of
the public need of long standing
will be paid for by the people of
the town, the county and the town
council, each bearing one-third. En
trance to building can be had
through the hall of the court house
or from Jeter street.
How To Give Quinine To Children.
FEBRILINE ls the trade-mark name given lo an
improved Quinine. It is a Tasteless Syrup, pleas
ant to take and does not disturb thc stomach.
Children take it and never know it is Quinine.
Also especially adapted to adults who cannot
take ordinary Quinine. Does not nauseate nor
cause nervousness nor ringing in the head. Try
it the next time you need Quinine for any pur
pose. Ask for 2-ounce original package. The
?ame FEBRILIN5 is blown in bottle. 25 cenU.
Honor Roll Lott School.
Second Grade-Evelyn Salter,
Gertrude Pardue. Ruth Coursey,
Elease Franklin, Lewis Jackson.
Third Grade-Frontis McGee,
Azilee Salter, J. Y. Kimsey, Mar
Fourth Grade-Iona Ripley, Wil
Fifth Grade-Jasper Derrick,
Carrie Ouzts, Sadie Franklin. Pearl
Eighth Grade-Cephas Derrick,
Willie Franklin, Hanse Franklin.
Unable to Work For
GREENVILLE MAN SAYS HIS AIL
MENTS MADE HIM A COMPLETE
W. R. Henson Says Not Unfil he
Took Tanlac Did he Get
Relief---Gained 10 Pounds
on 3 Bottles.
"Tanlac is the best medicine I
have ever tried and ir, 1ms improved
my health so much that I can work
now. Though my ailments had
made me a complete wreck and had
kept me from working for sixteen
(ic) months, declared W. R. Hen
eon, a carpenter, who resides on
Grove Road, near Augusta St., in
the Cherokee park suburb of Green
ville, S. C.
The case of Mr. Henson is one of
the most remarkable; in Greenville
which has yet come to the attention
of the Tanlao representative. Mr.
Henson had kidney and bladder
trouble so badly that his health was
undermined and his strength was
lost. From October,1914, until a few
weeks ago, when he -began to take
Tanlac, Mr. Henson had been una
ble to find anything which would
give him satisfactory results, he
said, he gained ten (lb) pounds
while taking the first three bottles
Just three bottles of "the master
medicine" made almost a new
man of him, said Mr. Henson, and
he is strong and sincere in his praise
We have the large:
ents in every departir
shown. We have ord?
Watches, Gold and ?
Silverware, Cut Ci lass
part ment is filled.
It matters not what ;
will order it out at once
Come in to see us. ? A
marked very low, much
same class of goods else
70S Broad Street,
of this wonderful preparation. He
considers remarkable the relief it
yave him. Mr. Henson's statement
"1 ?iiffered from a very had form
of kidney and bladder trouble from
October, 1914. I had keen pains
in my back and left side. After
this trouble hit me, my health gave
way completely and I became loo
weak to work. I did nothing but
the lightest kind of work around
the house until after I began talcing
Tanlac. I lost much weight as a
result of my ailments, and I had
absolutely no energy. One of the
most distressing symptoms I had
was that I had absolutely no control
over the bladder muscles.
. "I sought treatment from many
qualified persons andi was told that
I had catarth of the bladder. I
also tried many medicines but ob
tained no satisfactory results in any
case until I began Tanlac.
"My daughter had hpen for some
time an interested reader of the tes
timonials of those who had been
aided by Tanlac, and she finally
convinced me that Tanlac was the
medicine I needed. It was exactly
the medicine I needed, as later was
''Tanlac gave me wonderful re
lief. I gained t*n (lu) pounds and
have taken only three bottles. I
can do much work now, and, as an
illustration of the heavy work I can
do, I today lifted a heavy piece of
timber and carried it across the lot.
That shows how much my strength
has increased. I work a great deal
more now than I have for sixteen
months-since this trouble hit me.
I feel so much better in every way.
If it had not been for Tanlac I guess
I would be in bad ahape now sure
"It certainly does make me feel
so good to be able to work again. I
am much livelier now, and my kid
neys have been regulated and
strengthened. That is the very
thing which makos rae happy-my
greatest trouble bas been relieved
"Yes, I certainly can recommend
Tanlac. lt is the best medicine I
have ever tried. I have taken
three bottles and I know it is do
ing for me what it is advertised to
Tanlac, the master medicine, is
sold exclusively b.t Penn & Hoi- -
stein, Ridgefield; Johnston Drug
Co., Johnston; G. W. Wise, Tren -.
ton. Price: $1.00 per boUle straight*
I E N
will find in MOZLEY'S LEMON
ELIXIR, ths ideal laxative, a pleas
ant and thoroughly reliable remedy,
without the least danger or possible
harm to them in ?ny condition pecu
liar to themselves.
Pleasant in taste, mild in action
and thorough in results.
50c. and $1.00 a Bottle
"ONE DOSE CONVINCES"
S-ST Sold and recommended by Penn
& Holstein, Edgefield, S. C.
st assortment of pres
lent that' we have ever
ered largely of Clocks.
Jilver Jewelry, Sterling
and Cliina. Every de
you want we Wive it or
Ve have our entire stock
lower than you find the
, Augusta, Georgia