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ALL-PURPOSE CHICKEN HOUSE
Structure Possesses Four Basic Prin
ciples, Light. Ventilation, Warmth
and No Drafts.
Here is a sketch of ^\hat I consider
my best all-purpose house. This state
ment brings forth the question, why?
Before answering this I want to say
that there are many good houses in
use upon successful poultry farms or
The house as shown contains the
four basic principles necessary to a
practically constructed poultry house,
writes M. G. Scudder of Merrick coun
ty, Neb., in Independent Farmer.
These principles are as follows: Light,
ventilation, warmth and no drafts.
The tize of this house is 12 by 16 feet.
It will house sixty head of most any
variety of laying hens. Roosts and
dropping boards are placed in each
corner at the back of the building and
made so they can be inclosed in ex
treme cold weather by simply drop
ping a curtain in front of the roosts.
Two tiers of nests are placed against
the wall betwen these roosts at the
back of the building. This roosting
method gives your flock a chance to
divide during their roosting hours
without crowding, thus avoiding dan
gers from colds, etc.
A window is .?laced toward the front
in each end of the house, which helps
to furnish light at the bottom of the
building where needed when fowls are
scratching for their food in the litter.
One door, placed as indicated, with
the open front two feet from the
ground, assures against any draft
when you enter the house. There is
no need of using muslin upon this
front except in stormy or exceedingly
cold weather. The open front also fur
nishes light close to the floor, which
also helps the fowls in their scratch
ing for food. It also affords the very
best possibie system of circulation and
ventilation when the front is open by
using the adjustable windows at the
top as an outlet for impure air. These
windows at the front near the top fur
nl_ii the light which keeps the roosts
and roost boards dry. You will note
that they come in just the proper
place for the sun to shine into the
extreme corners at the back of the
building. .My experience has taught
me that we must have light in the
house. The more wc have up to a cer
tain point, the better.
A house of this size, built of drop
siding and tar paper with rubber roof
ing, will keep 50 or Gu fowls warm and
comfortable the coldest weather. Not
only is this house splendid for laying
hens, but it serves well for surplus
cockerels; cr. if divided, makes the
very best of breeding pens, or may be
put to many other uses.
USEFUL COOP FOR HATCHING
Cheep, Dura'-iie, Neat. Handy, Licc
Froof, Ciose-tc-Nature Device
for Setting Hens.
"In trying to simplify the problem of
having to set hens in boxes all over
the farm I came across this plan: This
setting coop is 12 feet long, 4 feet
wide. ;md 1 foot high. It is divided
into Vi runs each 1 by 4 feet in size,
which ia plenty of ronni for a hen. The
frame is of 1 by 4 inch boards," writes
D. O. Krehbiel of Enterprise, Kan., in
Farmers' Mail and I ireeze. "Sides, ends
Outdoor Hatching Coop.
and partitions are made of poultry wire.
Each run is covered with three slats,
the outer two being nailed down while
the middle one is used as a slide when
feeding and watering the hens. This
enables one to get at each hen with
out disturbing the others. The nest
is put in a frame one foot square
placed Ia one end."
DUCKLINGS NEED FRESH AIR
Sometimes Well to Open Door of In
cubator a Trifle to Permit Them
Ducklings, when hatched in an incu
bator sometimes need more fresh air
In the machine than chicks do and
when the hatch is complete and the
little ducklings are still in the ma
chine getting strong before being tak
en nut, ? is v ell to open the door a
little, say one- :"hth of an inch, to let
ia moro fr sh them to breathe.
This, cf cour ies to a good
hatch, not wh( are only a few
ducklings in I .nine.
(Copyright. IM?, by the McClure News
The convention during the afternoon
had been a busy one, and the men
were glad to gather for a comfortahle
smoke and chat in one of the smok
ing rooms of the hotel. They were
mining engineers and had come from
different parts of the West. Naturally,
! while the cigars were going, stories be
gan to appear of experiences that
ranged from the tragic to the
ludicrous. Finally, they swung, under J
the guidance of the spokesman of the
group, Granger by name, to a consider-1
aticm of what might be called the
meanest act they had ever witnessed. J
After various experiences had been j
related, a man who was known to be a
friend of Granger spoke:
"Suppose you picture yourself driv
ing up a winding road in New Eng
land, up among the hills, and coming
to a lane that leads to a house set
some distance back. It is almost twi
j light, and as you approach you see a
figure at the entrance. Driving near
er, you find the figure is that of a
I girl. And, then, suppose you recog
nize her as the girl who had been wait
ing there at dusk for ten years for a
chap who had never returned.
-"That is what I experienced one
early evening last year. I was going
there to see a man of the name of
Upson, who owned a small right in a i
stream that we were planning to dam.
There I heard the whole story.
"I found Upson to be a grim sort of
fellow, in a way. and yet friendly |
enough after he thawed out, and that
night, after the rest had retired, he
and I smoked a pipe together. In the
midst of our conversation, I happened i
to think of the young woman at the
entrance, and I asked him about her.
"Upson smoked in silence for some
time. Then he said slowly:
" 'Ten years ago, I had quite a little
money, and I was looking around to
invest it, and wrote in to a Boston
firm. Well, it was not long after I
had written that a young fellow came
from the city and explained a propo
sition to me. He seemed to be a fine
sort of chap in every way. The boys
took him off for a fishing trip, hunted
with him a little and all the time he
was talking to me about the proposi
"'Well, I fell for it. But I wasn't
the only one who fell. That girl
seemed to find in him Just the man to
love. They were together a good deal,
and many times alone, and the upshot
of it was-she came to me one night
in this very room, with him following
close behind her, and told me they
" 'She was so happy that her happi
ness went all through the house. '
" 'They made preparations for the
wedding and the wedding day. He
talked about it as much as, if not more
than, she did.
" 'One day he departed, taking my
money and her love.
" 'Everything moved on smoothly un
til I could see her beginning to be
troubled. Finally, I got the truth. He
had not written. My suspicions were
aroused, and I wrote to thc company.
" "Tlie information I got was like a
bomb in our quiet home. It seems he
had left the employ of the company to
go West, had vanished so far as they
were concerned, and had never report
ed thc money I ha J given him.
' "S'?O recovered from the shock, for
she comes of stern stuff: but the girl
still believes that he will return.
" "She goes down to the road about
the time you saw her, for if he came
?>uck he would arrive about that time.
It used to make my old heart ache
to see her standing there in thc dusk,
waiting for a scamp and a scoundrel;
but. some way, 1 have come to see a
meaning in it. It has helped my faith
in humanity after the jar he gave it.
She is serene and sensible through
it all. lt's a case of a splendid woman
having an undying trust in man, with
out her soul hoing wasted."
"That, gentlemen, is the story as Up
son told me,'' said Granger's friend,
"and 1 have always thought of it as a
story of the meanest man and the
meanest act within my knowledge."
Suddenly a tall figure arose, and in
a voice that was strained with emo
"Gentlemen, that was the meanest
act-it is more than that-but I tell
you that the chap who did it has suf
fered for those years. He stands right
here-I'm the man. I thought I had
forgotten, but I can't forget. I give
you my word that I shall take the
next train for New England and, God
giving me the chance, I shall reappear
there. I did not think she could be so
faithful. I did love her, and I have
always in my way. I hope I may yet
be worthy of her. I'm sorry."
Without another word, tho tall, thin
figure passed from the room.
The silence that followed his with
drawal was broken by Granger: "You
did a good job iu telling that story,
Mason. You gained your end."
"What do you mean?" someone
"Why, the facts are these," said
Granger's friend: "I recognized him
just before I came in. I had sort of
looked him up. I told Granger to steer
the conversation so that I could tell
the story. I thought if the man had
any conscience it might be touched.
"I should like to be about when ho
drives up in the evening and she
wed, she"-said one of the mon. and
not one waited tor him to finish the I
Many Particular Reasons Why
Women Cannot Afford Not
to Bs Christians.
The Bible has much to say about
woman in every position in life. It
speaks of her in the home and in
public life; as a wife and as a mother.
In all literature there is no such tes
timony to the influence of a good
woman, cud to the power of a had
woman for evil, as we have in the
Bible, and it is certain that in the
Bible the emphasis is placed upon the
work of the woman in the home. But
times have changed, you say. So they
have, yet God has not changed the
order of human society. The greatest
achievement in the world today as of
old is the making of a godly home.
A man can build a house and furnish
it in a way, but only woman can make
a home. In these latter days many
spheres of activity have opened to
women: yet it remains true that in
the home is her glory, in the home
is her happiness, in the home is the
fulfilling of her destiny.
In Joppa there was a certain dis
ciple named Dorcas. She was a
Christian. Every woman ought to be
a Christian. There is something in
congruous about a woman who is not
a Christian. When Jesus Christ carno
he hallowed motherhood for all time
by being born of a human mother.
When he began to preach, then wom
an's hour of emancipation struck. Be
fore that she had been a slave or a
chattel. The commanding position o'
woman under the Old Testament is
often referred to, and yet one of the
rabbinical rules was, "A man should
not salute a woman in public places,
not even his own wife." One of the
thanksgivings in the daily service of
the synagogue was, "Blessed art thou,
O Lord, who hast not made me a
woman." No wonder the disciples
marveled when they saw their Master
speaking to a woman, and when he
admitted women to the circle of his
followers. He accepted their kindly
ministrations. They gave to him of
their slender substance, housed him
and clothed him; and in return he
blessed them with the noblest spir
itual blessings and gave them perfect
equality in his kingdom.
Soul ls Beyond Price.
If a woman came to me and asked
me why she should be a Christian, I
might put aside the great reasons that
the human soul was made for God,
and that there is nothing so precious
in the world that for it you can af
ford to give up Jesus Christ. Men
and women sell their souls. Do you
think they make a good bargain? You
have seen a woman sell her soul for
personal adornment, for clothes; and
when in later years you see her ragj|
hanging on a distorted skeleton, do
you think she made a good bargain?
You have seen a woman sell her soul
for pleasure, and when all that has
turned to ashes, and the world has
discarded a worn-out hulk, do you
think she made a good bargain? Are
1 there any jewels so precious that they
will buy a woman's soul out of hell?
"What shall it profit," said Christ,
"if you gain the whole world and lose
your own soul?"
A woman should be a Christian he?
cause of her home. She is a wife,
or a mother, or a sister, or a daugh
ter, and her home is or should be a
place of happiness and peace. Some
Christian women keep their Lord in
the church. When the doors are
locked, they seem to think that he is
shut in. Ha should bo taken homo
with you, for it makes all the differ
ence in a home whether Jesus is thero
or not. The presence of Christ makes
a different home because it makes a
diff?rent woman, and woman makes
the home. The presence of Christ
makes clean homes and sweet homes,
and makes them tho nursery of the :
Christian church, where children are !
brought up in the nurture and admo-!
nition of the Lord. A mother who i
has learned wisdom in the school of
Christ shall have sons and daughters ?
who in later years shall rise up and j
call her blessed.
Woman's Need of Christ.
A woman should be a Christian for
her own sake. She is called upon to
bear many of life'3 heaviest burdens.
She is acquainted with tears, and pain
and sickness, and bitter trouble. Did
Christ ever turn away from a woman
in need? I do not wonder that women
become soured and bitter, and break
down under their burdens, when they
have not Jesus Christ. I do not seo
how a woman can afford not to be a
The story of Dorcas shows that if
the love of Jesus is in your heart it
begins to expand, and you are certain
to find something you can do for Je
sus' sake. A Christianity that is not
active is a misnomer. "Faith without
works is dead." You are busy all the
week working for yourself; what do
you do for Jesus Christ? I know that
many good women are busy all day,
and into the night, and that their
work is never done, but no woman is
too busy to be an active Christian, and
perhaps she cannot serve God in any
better or greater way than by making
her family a Christian household.
Await His Coming With Patience.
In our uttermost need, when per
haps we have almost ceased to look
for any deliverance, he will come; and
when he comes bc will speak, if not
the word of pow.ar with which he
called forth Lazarus, yet the word of
peace-Rev. T. V. Fosbcrg.
PORTABLE HOUSE FOR NESTS
Fowls Not Permitted to Lay in Poul
try House Proper-Cleaning ls
Very Small Task.
"I have always had my hens' nests
in the poultry house and when the
mites began to trouble them it was
a hard task to have to scald, disinfect
or whitewash the entire building, so
I planned to have portable nesthouses,
not allowing hens to lay in the poul
try house at all. Cleaning these houses
is such a small task it need not be
dreaded," writes Mrs. L. E. Armour of
Pleasant Hill, La., in Progressive
Farmer. "Every portion of them can
be easily reached. Then they can be
placed under a sheltering shed during
winter and under cool, shady trees in
"They are built on posts 4 feet high
and are 12 feet in length and 3 feet
wide. There are two rows of 12 nests,
one on each side of the door. A single
12-inch plank forms the floor of the
[ hall between the nests. Eight-inch
planks form the wall behind the nests.
The roof is made of four 12-inch
planks, two on each side. The ones
just above the rows of nests are hinged
and are opened upward.
"Besides lightening the work of mite
fighting, these houses have dark nests,
which all hens like, and are good pro
tection against nest-robbing dogs. A
short ladder at each door is necessary
for the hens to get to the nests."
To Prevent Blood Poisoning
.pplp at once the wonderful old reliable Dh.
PORTER'S ANTISEPTIC HFALIXG OIL. a sur
pical dressing that relieves pain and hgals a
the same time. Not <> Hr.iraent. 35c. 6t'^t.f/
Notice of Enrollment
Opening Books For Voters In
The Democratic Primary
Notice is hereby given, that the
following committees for enrollment
[bave been appointed to enroll the
Voters of Edgefield county in the
Democratic Primary for the year
191G, and said books of enrollment
will be opened at the places desig
nated for each club Tuesday, June
Bacon: J M Wright Secretary; G
M Smith, J II Bouknight; at Bouk
Cleveland: C C Jones, Secretary,
J W Quarles, T L Talbert; at C C
Colliers: Dr J M Crafton, Secre*
ary; D T Mathis E 13 Mathis; at
Edgefield Democratic Club No 1:
Walton Fuller, Secretary; A K Pad
gett, W E Lott; at Jones' store.
Edgefield Democratic Club No 2:
J W Kemp, Secretary; T A High
lower, J D Kern^; at the Edgefield
Lee: W L Coleman, Secretary:
W M Sawyer, John Wright; at G P
Calhoun: A M Clark, Secretary:
.1 A Lott, J W ll an iv; at store of
Lott-Wal ker Com p?ny.
Long Brand;: E L Scott, Secreta
ry; Luther Yonce, L C Clark; at
Li wis Clark's store.
Meriwether: II F Cooper, Secre
tary; A A DeLaughter, J O Soott
at A A DeLaugluer's store.
Meeting Street: J K Allen, Sec
retary; J R Blocker, George Logue,
at J K Allen's residence.
Moss: P W Cheatharn, Secretary:
T A Williams, WA Reel; at Reel's
Pleasant Lane: J T McDowell,
Secretary; S T Williams, F L Tim
merman, at F L Timmerman's
Red Hill: H E Quarles, Secreta-'
ry; II W Quarles, R M Johnson, at
H E Quarles' store.
Roners: J E Dobey Secretary;
B T Lanham, R A Timmerman; at
Shaw: W W Wise, Secretary;
G F Long, J R Moss; at J R Moss'
Talbert: J D Hughey, Secretary;
A Gilchrist, E P Winn; at E P
The qualifications for member
ship in any club of the party and
for voting at a primary are a<< fol
lows: The applicant for member
ship, or voter, shall be 21 years of
age, or shall become so before the
succeeding general election and be
a while Democrat. Ile shall be a
citizen of the United States and of
this State. No person shall belong to
any club or vote in any primary un
Less ho has resided in the State two
FT Mi F*
ri ra IK ? i G 1
Gosrricbt 1909, by C. E. Zimmerman Co -No. 44
F all the unhappy homes,
not one in a hundred has a bank
account and not one home in a hundred who has a
bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to
put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President
E. J. Mims. Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, B. E.
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins. C. C. Fuller. E. J. Mims. J. H. Allen.
COLLEGE OF CHARLESTON
South Carolina's Oldest College
One Hundred and Thirty-second Year Begins September 29 \
Entrance examinations at all the county seats Friday, July 14, at9:00
Four-year courses lead to the B. A. and B. S. degrees. A two-year
pre-medical course is given.
A free tuition scholarship is assigned to each county of the State.
Spacious buildings and athletic grounds, well equipped laboratories,
unexcelled library facilities.
Expense moderate. For terms and catalogue, address
HARRISON RANDOLPH, President.
yjars and in the county six months
prior to the snececdinir general elec
tion and in the club district GO days
prior to the first primary following
his offer to enroll; provided that
public school teachers and ministers
of the gospel in charge of a regular
organized church shall be exempt
from the provisions of this section
as to residence, or otherwise quali
fied. Cnder the rules of a new en
rollment ia required.
B. E. NICHOLSON,
May 29, 191 G.
should be "nipped in the
bud", for if allowed to run
unchecked, serious results
may follow. Numerous
cases of consumption, pneu
monia, and ether fatal dis
eases, can be traced back to
a cold. At the first sign of a [
cold, protect yourself byjij|$ji
thoroughly cleansing your jpg!
system with a few doses of f
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines. Boilers,
Supplies and Repairs, Porta
ble. Steam and Gasoline En
gines. Saw Teeth, Files. Belts
and Pipes, WOOD SAWS
GINS and PRESS REPAIRS
the old reliable, vegetable
Mr. Chas. A. Ragland, O'
Madrfon Heights, Va., says:
"I have been using Thed
ford's Black-Draught for
stomach troubles, indiges
tion, and colds, and find it to
be the very best medicine 1
ever used, lt makes an old
man feel like a young one."
Insist on Thedford's, the
original and genuine. E-67
See me before insuring else
where. I represent the Epuita
ble Fire Insurance Company of
Charleston and the Southern
Stock Fire Insurance Company
of Greensboro, N. C. I also rep
resent the Life Insurance Com
pany of Virginia.
J. T. Harling
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
Is thc ideal plant for your place. It
will furnish current for lights,
churning, pumping. Hewing: machino
and many other things.
Complete plants ready to Install ns
low as $175.00, including: the engine.
One of our plants on your farm
will save you time, labor, worry,
money. It will make your family
contented and happy. Yon can't af
ford to do without lt.
Call and Bee us or send for our
valuable book on Electric Lights for
the Farm. It ls tree and will be In
teresting to you.
Thc Dayton Electrical ???g. Company w
Dayton, Oblo, V. S. A. ?
R. H. Middleton
Clark's Hill, S. C., Dealer in Light
ing Plants and Water Works.
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and glasses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.