Newspaper Page Text
Fir ano Cedar Stump Land-Good
(Prepared by the United States Depart-]
ment of Agriculture.)
"Low-yielding acres, like boarder!
cows, are oft^rt fatal to successful
farming," according to J. C. McDowell
of the office of farm management,
United States department of agricul
ture, in the new year book. "Our
farm survey records show that areas
of poorly drained, compact and sour
soils, or soils low in humus, greatly
reduce net promts. Sometimes these
records show that as much as 30 per
cent of the entire farm acreage does
not produce enough to pay its way.
"One farm in Wisconsin, on which
records were recently taken, has 40
acres of poorly drained land that in
its present condition is practically
worthless. Twenty-five dollars per
acre spent iu drainage will make this
40-aere tract the equal of any in that
district, and good land is selling there
at ?150 per r.cre. A small portion of
similar land on this farm has already
been tile-drained and is now produc
ing a fair profit on each acre so im
"The successful business man al
wavs tries to weed cut all unprofitable
enterprises and to expand these that
pay a profit. Unprofitable acres can
not always be disposed of as readily
as boarder cows, but usually they can
be improver, until they become profit
bearing. If the income from such land
cannot be increased it is quite possi
ble that the labor spent upon it can
be reduced until the income at least
pays a little more than the cost of
itemize Before Purchasing.
"In buying a farm, unprofitable
acres that cannot easily be made prof
itable should ordinarily be considered
as having little or no agricultural
value. They may even be a burden
to their owner, in which case they
have a negative value. A farmer was
about to buy a Quarter-section farm
Stony Land-Very Hard to Clear and
Net Worth Much When Cleared.
In the corn belt at ?100 per acre. This
appeared to him to be a very reason
able price for a farm in that region,
until a careful annlyris of the preposi
tion called his attention to tho large
amount of waste la^d on the farm.
Actual measurements and careful es
timates furnished the following data:
20 acres ric':;, sandy loi.tn, not stony,
not rough, gi ntly slopingr, well
drained; actual value $123 per acre:
45 a"res poor land, sandy, stony,
ronan, hilly, probably of little or
no agricultural value: actual
value . 0
Ci acres poor pasture ?anti, wet land
that can be drained. l>ut that can
not be drained at a profit: actual
value S10 per aero; $:.> . :Z . 330
Buildings . 2.450
"These figures gave the farm, includ
ing buildings, a value cf $80 per acre,
though a part of it was worth consid
erably more than the average price
per acre asked for thc ??rm. An item
ized study of the farm, acre by acre,
and a detailed study of fences, build
ings and other improvements, should
always be made before purchasing.
Such investigation often calls atten
tion to enough unprofitable acres to
stop the sale.
Utilization of Unprofitable Acres.
. "To what extent and at what rate
we should attempt to decrease the
number of unprofitable acres depends
largely on the increased demand for
agricultural products. The law of di
minishing returns prevents the re
clamation of waste land until the ris
ing prices or cheaper methods of pro
duction make such action practicable.
Frequently it pays better to spend
time and money In the further Im
provement of acres that are now prof
Kable rather than in the reclamation
of less desirable land.
s FATAL TO SUCCESS
Soil, But Very Expensive to Clear.
"Much money and valuable time ls
lost each year in almost every local
ity in the attempt to put unprofitable
acres on a paying basis. Lack of sat
isfactory agricultural credit forces
many a deserving family to waste time
in trying to get a start on acres that
moneyed men pass by. Misleading ad
vertisements and inflated magazine
articles have lured many a family to
give up a comfortable living in the city
to drag out a miserable existence in
toil and worry on worthless land.
Lack of knowledge of the business
side of farming is largely responsible
for loss in the management of unprof
itable acres. The problem of how to
prevent a waste of money, time and
energy in the attempt to develop
worthless land is worthy of careful
study. At best such waste can only
partially be prevented. The pity of
it is that so much of this loss falls on
those who can least afford to lose.
"Every fanner who owns unprofit
able land should make a detailed ex
amination of his farm, acre by acre, to
detect all unprofitable cfreas. Next, he
should determine the approximate
cost of making each acre pay its way.
Such study will disclose what and
hew much is needed In the way of
; manure, commercial fertilizer, drain
? age or other preparation, to produce
I satisfactory crop yields. This analy
I tical study of each portion of the farm
. will sometimes call attention to many
j acres that cannot be cultivated prof
itably. It is bettor to leave such land
in permanent pasture, cr even to let
it lie idle, than to work it at a loss.
The farm not only furnishes a home,
hut it is a place of business. As such,
j each enterprise and acre should re
I ceive individual attention, and, so far
' as practicable, the entire farm should
j be placed on a paying basis."
ERADICATION OF CORN SMUT
Only Method ls to Cut Off Smutty
Stalks and Burn Them-No
Treatment cf Seed.
(By O. M. ALLYN. Illinois Experiment
There is no treatment of seed cern
for smut. The spores which causo
smut in corn live over from one year
until the next in manure, soil, refuse,
etc. In the summer, under favorable
conditions these. rporcs which may
have wintered in the soil or nay have
been hauled to the field in tho manure,
find lodgment on the tender parts of
the corn plant, usually by the action
of the wind, and start to grow.
The source of the spore s not the
seed corn, therefore, tre 'meat will
do no good. Thc only met!. of erad
ication is to cut off the smutty stalks
and burn them. Tins, of course, is im
FASTEN IM G WIRES TO POST
Difficult Problem Said to Have Been
Successfully Wcrked Out-Idea
A new way to fasten the wires to
concrete posts is being tried out suc
cessfully, it is claimed. If it works
well a real triumph will have been
Wiree Fastened to Post.
won, for the question of how to fasten
wire to concrete posts has been a diffi
The new device consists of a slot
made at an angle in the post, while
a vertical slit is made to connect with
the outside cut. The wire is placed
in the slot while loose, and when
tightened cannot get out of the groove.
The idea looks sensible.
Union Meeting Program.
The union meeting of the second
division of the Edgefield association
will convene with the Red Hill
church Saturday before the fifth
Sunday in this month.
Saturday morning at 10:30 o'clock
the union will he called to order by
the moderator, J. P. Hughey.
The devotional exercises will-' be
conducted by Mr. J. P. Hughey.
After the enrollment of delegates
the following queries will be dis
1. "The church as the centre of
community life." Speakers, W. J.
(fainos, L. R. Brimson, J. 0. At
kins, Prof. VV. T. Prescott.
2. "Po we need a revival of re
ligion? If so, how may it be ob
tained?'' Speakers, G. VV. Med
look, J. T. Littlejohn, Jr., Lewis
3. "State missions." Speakers,
P. B. Lanham, F. N". K. Bailey, J.
4. Some ways of bel pi nc our
pastor." Speakers, George Wright,
S. B. Mays, P. E. Lanham.
5. Are we as Christians intense
ly interested in the salvation of the
world?'' Paper by Mrs. A. B.
Sunday morning sermon by Rev.
iP. B. Lanham.
k Collection for State missions Sun
day af'.ernoon to be provided for.
Let each church send a full delega
tion- Let each speaker; be present
with a well-prepared speech. .
J .T. Littlejohn,
The union meeting of the third
division will meet with Red Oak
Grove church July 20-30.
11-Pevotional by moderator.
11:30-Enrollment of delegates
1st Query: What is the possibili
ties of a prayer meeting in a church?
J G McKie, J M Bussey.
2nd Query: Why am I a Baptist,
from choice or from environment?
G W Bussey, J C Harvley.
12:30: Adjournment for dinner.
3rd Query: Are Baptists as progres
sive as some other denominations?
Rev. J F Warren, L G Bell.
4th Query: How can we get our
mission work on a cash basis.
Sunday morning-Sunday school j
in usual order, missionary sermon
by Rev. G W Bussey.
12:30: Adjournment for dinner.
Sunday afternoon, song service.
Sermon by Rev. J F Warron.
H. E. Bunch,
A DOCTOR'S REMEDY FOR COjjgp
As a cure for coughs and colds
Pr. Bell's Pine-Tar-Hor.ey com
bines these remedies in jn?t the
right proportion to do the most
good for summer coughs or colds,
j A trial will prove the value of this
splendid cough medicine. Dr. Bell's
Pine-Tar-Honey soothes the irrita
tion, stops your cough, kills the
cold germs and does you a world of
i good. A 25c bottle will more
! than convince you-it will stop
?your cough. At druggists. 3
There "nave been some additional
campaign meetings provided fur
Edgefield County, and the dates of
some of the meetings have been
; changed by request. Following is
! a list of the campaign meetings as
at present fixed:
1st. At Johnston, on Saturday.
2nd. Al J. J. Griftis', on Friday.
3rd. At Colliers on Wednesday,
4tb. At Meeting Street on Thurs
day, August 3rd.
nth. At Ropers on Saturday,
7th. At Trenton on Saturday,
8th. At Edgefield on Saturday,
B. E. NICHOLSON,
The following schedule campaign
meetings for Congressional candi
dates in our Congressional Pistrict
has been fixed as follows:
Beaufort, August 1.
Jasper, August 2.
Hampton, August 3.
Bamberg, August 4.
Barnwell, August 5.
Saluda, August 7.
Edgefield, August 8.
Aiken, August 0.
B. E. NICHOLSON,
FOR SALE-Several thousand
tomato plants, ready to be trans
planted. Leave orders at the Bank
The Women of France Under
(By Edw. Fox Sainsbury.)
Ko poor words of raine can do
justice to the noble women of the
(.xreat French Republic. Before the
war the great mass of the women
were models of good wives. good
mothers, unod housekeepers ami the
friends ami loving helpers of the
poor or afflicted, but there were cer
tain classes of idle, frivolous women
of fashion giving up their lives to
pleasures and indulgence, which
wealth always brings in its train.
Paris and the large cities were, the
centers of luxury, wasteful expendi
ture and selfish indulgence. .Mad
ame and her daughters spent their
days and nidus seeking new amuse
ments, new ' distractions" to while
away the idie hours and danish
lt was once said by a French
writer. "Paris is the heaven of wo
men and the hell of horses." As
suredly the women were petted,
spoiled, flattered and pampered, and
we fear the poor horses of those days
received mora blows than corn.
Happily all this is now chanced.
How would women used to such
unhealthy moral surroundings be
have when the demon of war stalked
the land? The wiseacres shook
their heads and prophesied social
disaster and scandal. These croak
ers only looked on the surface of
things: the painted faces, the per
fumed woman of fashion, luxurious
homes, costly dresses, high living,
diamonds, carriages and automo
biles, but they forget or never knew
the ardent patriotism, the ceaseless
energy, and the courage of the race.
All the evil prophecies have been
At the first signal of national
danger, so soon as husbands, sons,
brothers, or fiances were summon
ed to save their land, the mask fell
off, frivolity and selfish pleasure
were banished and Io! the true wo
men and their true natures ap
When the war tocsin sounded
from every church steeple in France,
her women knew that tho hour of
?sacrifice had come, from chateau
'and cottage all ?vere prepared to pay
?to the utmost the price of duty; lux
juries disappeared as if by magic:
I fine dresses and jewelry were put
'aside; with one accord ali classes
with stout hearts set themselves the
task of helping to defend by their
helpfulness and charity their dear?
Motherland and their dear ones at
There were no wringing of hands,
no tears, n? complaints, no idle
words. Every face was al?ame with
hope and resolution. The vows
than made that so long as streugth
remained it should be used to serve
the land they loved so well, have
Seven millions of men have been
called to defend the Motherland.
Seven millions of woraeu have filled
their places behind the ploughs, in
Prince Albert it sold moerywhert
in toppy red bagt. Se; tidy re?
tint, 10c; hendi?me pound am
half-pound tin humidors - and
that clever cryttal-glast poam
humidor with tponge-moittene
top that keeps the tobacco in tad
R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co.
.workshop, iii warehouse or wherever
men were er?ploy?cl in peace time.
Women tram drivers, women fann
ers, women hank clerk?, policewo
men, all helping*, all toiling, all
sacrificing. Here in England and
Germany grumblers wail over high
cost of living, and because tho State
machine does not work so smoothly
in war as in peace time. Let the
grumblers come to France and feel
as I in med!
In France the average cost of liv
ing is double that of peace times, in
England about fifty percent, high
er. Thrifty and clever as are the
women the average French woman
is underfed; she sees that her chil
dren bave enough and shares her
short allowance wiih less prosperous
neighbor. Charity, State-aided char
ity, she will have none of it. The
food given as charity would choke
her: her pride would suffer. Thank
Heaven there are none of those de
grading and demoralizing institu
tions-workhouses in France.
Hundreds of thousands of women
live on half a dollar or less a day.
Think of it! try and realize what
half a dollar a day means, for food,
rent, and all expenses, yet none
complain. They suffer with a smile
on their thin intelligent faces!
In recording the noble deeds of
self-sacrifice of French women it is
a duty and pleasure to pay a special
tribute to the women formerly be
longing to the religious orders, the
nuns, little sisters of the pooi-all
have done their duty and will do so
to the end.
While the men are fighting for
national liberty; while they are fall
ing daily, defending the frontier,
the women are bravely fighting pov
erty and sickness, keeping home
readj and waiting, possessed of in
finite patience, the dawn of that day
when the war-worn and war-soiled
i warriors will return, if God so wills
it, to their loved ones. Heaven
grant tba', day be near at hand!
FOUND-A gold bracelet on the
street crossing between the ?tore of
Collett & Mitchell and the Edge
field Fruit Store. Apply at The
STEWART & ]
?ls if QT BITE trie TONGUE
TOBACCO IS! PREPARED g
FOR SMOKERS UNDERTHE I
PROCESS DISCOVERED ?N |
fl MAKING EXPERIMENTS TO
" PROO'JC?'?fHE SKOStjlbifr
Z- /^t'lGHTFUL AND WHOLE
cigarette unless you gel
with Prince Albert toba
P. A. comes to you with a rt
goodness and satisfaction it <
a patented process that reme
You can smoke it long and
back! Prince Albert has alv
coupons or premiums. We
Prince Albert affords the keei
enjoyment! And that flavc
coolness is as good as th:
answers the universal d
without bite, parch or kit
Introduction to Prince Alt
than to walk into the neg
tobacco and ask for "a suppl
out a little change, to be su
fullest investment you ever
, Winston-Salem, N. C. Copyright 1916 hy
Get Somebody Else.
The Lord had a job for me,
But I had so much to do
I said, You get somebody else,
Or wait till I pet through."
I don't know how the Lord came out,
But He seemed to get aiong;
But I felt a kind o' sneakin'-like
Knowed I'd done God wrong.
One day I needed the Lord,
Needed Him right away,
But He never answered me at all,
And I could hear Him say. '
Down in my accusing heart.
'"Nigger, I's? got too much to do;
You get somebody else,
Or wait till I get through."
Now, when the Lord He have a job
I never tries to shirk;
I drops what I have on hand,
And does the good Lord's work.
And my affairs can run along,
Or wait till I get through;
Nobody else can do the work
That God marked out for you.
-Paul Lawrence Dunbar.
WILL SLOAN'S LINIMENT RELIEVE
Try it and see-one application will
prove more than a column of claims.
James S. Ferguson, Phila., Pa.,
writes: "I have had wonderful re
lief since I used Sloan's Liniment
on my knees. To think after all
these years of pain one application
gave me relief. Many thanks for
what your remedy bas done for
me." Don't keep on suffering, ap
ply Sloan's Liniment where your
pain is and notice how quick you
get relief. Penetrates without rub
bing. Buy it at anv Drug Store. 25c.
Annual Farmers' Institute at
The Cleora farmers club will have
their annual barbecue and picnic
on Thursday, August l?. Promi
nent speakers will be on hand to
address the crowd on topics of in
terest to the farmers. Everybody
are especially invited to come and
have a good time and hear some
thing that will be interesting to all.
Dinner will be fifty cents for men
and boys over fourteen years'of
age, women and children free.
C. M. Williams,
For Com. on arrangements.
\ A. puts new joy
nto the sport o?
^/OU may live to
i be 110 and never
eel old enough to
^ote, but it's cer
ain-sure you'll not
mow the joy and
:ontentment of a
riendly old jimmy
)ipe or a hand rolled
t on talking-terms
=al reason for all the
Dffers. It is made by
>ves bite and parch!
hard without a come
/ays been sold without
prefer to give quality!
lest pipe and cigarette
>r and fragrance and
at sounds. P.A. just
emand for tobacco
lert isn't any harder
irest place that sells
ly of P. A." You pay
ire, but it's the cheer
' R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co.