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ROAD MAKING IS IMPORTANT
Work Should Be Done in Late Spring
or Summer to Get Well Settled
Before Cold Weather.
Road making is a matter of a lot
of importance to the cit)' man and the
farmer alike. Many thousands of
dollars are expended annually in this
work. Far too great a per cent of
the work is done in the fall, sometimes
running clear into the winter, for the
good of the road and for the judicious
expenditure of the money.
The road that is made in the late
spring or summer becomes well set
tled and solid before the freeze of
the winter season, and if properly
taken care of is a good road all win
ter. We have driven over a good
Road Drag ls Essential in Putting
Roads In Good Condition.
many miles of roads during the last
.winter, made in the late fall, that
iwere all but impassable practically
A new road made in the late fall
can hardly help but be rough all
.-winter. This kind of road means a
lot more wear on the auto, a higher
gasoline expense and a very much
general wear on the car. It also ;
means that the farmer cannot haul j
nearly as heavy a load with his team I
.and a quicker wearing out of the j
In the rural districts a lot of road
work is done by voters working out
rtheir poll tax. This work is gener
?ally done when they can best spare
"the time, which is in the fall. If
ithe men who do this work would
: consult their best interests we be
lieve they would arrange to do lt
iin the summer, even if it were not so
; convenient and it cost them more.
Road overseers who have this work
jin charge can help in this line more
than anyone else. If they will but try,
.a lot of this work now done in the fall
can be done when lt should be. This
official should look more to good roads
than to his own convenience.-Twen
tieth Century Farmer.
"GOOD ROADS DAY" WORKERS
Governor of Pennsylvania and Others
Contribute Their "Bit" to Improve
ment of Highways.
Governor Brumbaugh was one of the
150,000 Pennsylvanians who gave May
25 to the cause of better highways.
The photograph shows him doing "his
bit." Many womenfolks of the com
munity gave their day's work to the
improvement of the roads. Not only
did the governor make the dirt fly
Governor Brumbaugh Riding a Log
.with his shovel, but he also drove a
split-log drag, which is one of the
most effective road machines yet con
Making Roads Better.
Only 10 per cent of the estimated
2.300.000 miles of roadway in the
United States can be classed as "im
proved" according to the American
Highway association. But road im
provement is going forward in 10'iG
laster than at uny previous time in
the history of the countrj*.-Good
i Another Highway Link.
A new connecting highway has been
proposed leading from Savannah, Ga.,
to Seattle. Wash., crossing the Lincoln
highway at Omaha. An invitation will
shortly be extended to all the cities
along the route to send delegates to
a convention to be held in Omaha in
Courtesy on the Road.
Being courteous on the road does
Dot cost anything, but it makes the
trip much more pleasant for you, and
the other fellow, too.
The Cecil Manuscripts.
There is a rare mine of interesting
matter in the new volume of the pa
pers In the possession of the Marquis
of Salisbury, which has been pulv
lished by the British Historical Manu
script commission. Take, for exam
ple, the petition of the Calvacanti to
King Henry VIII for an extra duty
on wool to be paid to them "to recom
pense their past services to the crown,
und to enable them the better to con
tinue them." There is something that
sounds very modern in the argument.
"Complaints by Englishmen may be
met by pointing out that they still pay
loss than foreigners, and that the
price of cloth will not be sensibly
altered." Tho Calvacanti, however,
seem to have hud their doubts wheth
er the Englishmen would swallow that
tale, for they go on to say that "In or
der not to endanger the honest report
that they believe they have in the
kingdom, they pray that the grant be
made not to them, but to others who
will transfer it to them." The Calva
canti wanted tho money for them
selves and the trouble for other shoul
Party Names Explained.
The American party names, "Repub
lican" and "Democrat" seem to convey
distinction without difference to the
English mind. As with other party
names, however, their significance may
be extricated from their history. The
original "Republicans" were actually
the ancestors of the present Demo
crats. Jefferson's party appropriated
to themselves the name of "Republic
ans," suggesting that the Federalists
were anti-Republican. The Federal
ists then nicknamed the Jefferson
party "Democrats," and the hostile
nickname, as with our own Whig and
Tory, was eventually adopted with
pride by the Jeffersonians themselves.
Meanwhile the Federalists were long
known as Whigs. The modern Repub
lican party deliberately adopted its
name when the various antislavery
sections coalesced in Lincoln's time.
Biblical Diction Perfect
The whole Bible is a revelation of
perfection iu speech. The writings of
Paul, for instance, can be taken as
examples of perfect diction. The de
scription of the shipwreck when he
was making his way to Rome will
stand for all time as the most thrilling
narrative of a storm at sea. His ap
peals to the members of the various
congregations with whom he corre
sponded may be accepted as the best
writings we have upon teachings of
the Nazarene. The poems or psalms
of David, written hundreds of years
prior to the time the New Testament
was written, are still the choicest bits
of sentiment and imagination that can
be found, inspiring in their faith and
beauty and enchanting in their elo
quence. .._j --.^.-.g
Plastering Without Laths.
.Building in Naples and in the south
ern part of Italy, generally, are of
"tufa," a soft or porous stone. The
walls are, as a mle, from one to four
feef in thickness and are treated exter
nally with stucco work. Strips and laths
are not used for Interior work, but the
wall to be plastered ls first thoroughly
wet and the first coat of plaster is
then applied, having nothing to ad
here to except the tufa. Later the
putty coat is applied. It is doubtful
if there is an opportunity at present
for the sale of expanded metal laths
in the vicinity of Naples. Cement,
however, for building purposes ls com
ing gradually into use, the last figures
available showing that in one year, 2,
392 tons were imported into Naples.
Uses of Feldspar. ~* :'
The feldspar quarries in the United
States, with the exception of those in
California, are restricted to nine of j
the eastern seaboard states. Most of
the feldspar mined in the eastern
states ls of the potash or the soda va
riety or a mixture of thc two, and
these varieties are used in the pottery
Industry because after being melted
and cooled they form a glass. Feld
spar of the lower grade is used as a
binder in making emery and corundum
; wheels, in manufacturing opalescent
glass, as a poultry grit, as a constitu
ent of roofing material, and for sur
facing concrete work. Small quanti
ties of the purest grades of potash
feldspar ure used in the manufacture
of artificial teeth.
Poverty a Stimulant.
The stings of poverty are often the
j Incentives that stir to action. A fellow
will bestir himself mighty hard before
?he will starve. And if he has the right
; self-respect he will go the limit before
I he will resort to charity. All over the
j land there ure men looking for fellows
with the right metal for big enter
prises. When they see a fellow trying
i to make good they usually see that he
. gets the chance. In the hustle for
?bread and butter habits are formed
! that often lead to marked efficiency.
Necessity often starts movements that
! result lu untold good. What ls com
1 pulsion at first often becomes privilege
? and pleasure later on.
Some time ago a countryman went to
the parish priest and told him that he
? had seen a ghost nt the wall near the
i church gate. The clergyman onlj
laughed at him and asked: "What
shape was lt in?" "It was for all the
, world like an ass, sir." "Go homo, my
man," said the clergyman. "You must
; have been afraid of your own shadow !
: when you saw it on the wall."
Story of Atlantis Island.
Plato teils the story of the great
Island of Atlantis and puts its exis
tence 9,000 years before his time. His
location of lt is about half way be
tween the western projection of Africa
and the Gulf of Mexico. Its civiliza
tion was supposed to be very advanced
and its powerful annies were snid to
have penetrated Africa as far as
Egypt The whole island, according
to this legend, was engulfed by the sea
in a day and a night. Another story
says that a great earthquake destroyed
the island. The legend was ascribed
to Egyptian priests, and on some old
Italian maps Atlantis is placed to the
westward of the Azores. Among some
tribes of South and Central America
there is the legend of a vast cataclysm
which' engulfed u great extent of land.
Eminent scientists have found noth
ing impossible in the existence at some
time of a great Atlantic island, but the
story of Atlantis is generally regarded
as a myth.
Need More Training.
Tills Is what one college president
says in an address: "With the mul
tiplicity of subjects lt is only to be
expected that some anxiety may be
felt as to the results from present-day
methods of teaching. I must confess
there is some need for this sugges
tion of anxiety. Perhaps the pendulum
has swung too far, or we may have
discovered tho correct scientific meth
od of dealing with the subjects taught
in the elementary school. I feel con
vinced that training is not receiving Its
fair share of attention. There was
much wastage of time in the past, but
tile old-fashioned grinding was not
without its gaod points, one of which
was the cultivation of the faculty of
sticking to a task until it was known."
Tin Can or Canteen?
Popular etymology ls always more
interesting than the learned explana
tions of philologists. For Instance,
take the barrack-room derivation of
the word "canteen." It is no use try
ing to convince Tommy Atkins that it
comes frcm tue Italian "cantina," a
small celiar. He has his own deriva
tion, which he finds quite satisfactory.
"Canteen" is simply "tin cnn" said
backwards. To justify this theory he
simply invites one to look around. Cer
tainly tin enters largely into the uten
sils and furnishing of the average can
teen. The drinking vessels are tin, the
counter is tin, and in many cases the
tables also are covered with block tin.
No wonder Tommy holds that the word
has some connection with the metal
that is so much in evidence. ^
Oldest Weather Reports.
The oldest weather diary known to
be in existence was kept by a Lincoln
shire (Eng.) parson. William Elerie,
close on 600 years ago. From iStr to
1344 he wrote it up, often day by day,
in Latin, and his manuscript, being on
vellum, v:as somehow preserved and is
now in the Bodleian. Merle did not
trouble himself with the popular lore
about "skyey influences," but stuck to
an accurate record of fact, in the spirit
at least of the modern meteorologists.
And from his jottings it seems that he
had pretty much the same kind of
weather to deni with as folks In bis
parish of Frllby experience now. Con
trary to theory, the changes of six cen
turies have not reduced the number of
wet days In the year. _tJ0gff^^f
Nobility of Labor.
It ls the mission of the United States
In other lands to labor has been con
sidered the lot of serfs and peasants;
to gather the fruits and consume them
In luxury and war, the business of the
great Since the medieval times Eu
ropean society has been organized on
the basis of a nobility and a people,
. . . Thus has been set on human
industry and stigma of perpetual dis
grace. Something of this has been
transmitted to the new civilization In
the West-a certain disposition to re
new the old order of lord and laborer.
Let the odious distinction perish; the
true lord ls the laborer and the true
laborer the lord.-John Clark Ridpath.
No Joy In Invalidism.
Larry hud caught a severe chill
which necessitated medical attend
ance. A milk diet was ordered
"nothing but light food for a few
days." At the end of the second day
Larry refused "to he stharved to death
iny longir wid thim sups o' milky
stuff!" "Well, jewel, what can Ol do?" j
asked his wife. "The dochtor soys |
thet's fur the good o' yer hllth." "Ach,
bad scran to him fur a naygur!" cried
poor Larry. "What's the use o' bein'
an invalid if Ol can't git something
extry, let alone feedln' me loike a
chile? Oi'll git up and go to wurrk in
the marnin', and thin Oi'll hev to be
fed loike a mau !"-Exchange.
Dogs' Status Under the Law.
"The very fact that they (dogs) are
without the protection of the criminal
laws shows that property In dogs Is of
an imperfect or qualified nature and
that they stand, as it were, between
p ni mais ferae naturae, in which, until
killed or subdued, there is no property,
and domestic animals, In which the
right of property is perfect and com
plete. They are not considered as
being upon the same plane with horses,
cattle, sheep and other domesticated
unimals, but rather in the category of
cats, monkeys, parrots, singing birds
and similar animals kept for pleasure,
curiosity or caprice."-Brown. J., in
tfentell vs. New Orleans, Etc., lt. Co..
106 U\ S. 701.
to ennoble toll and honor
GUARD THE WATER SUPPLY
Subject That ls of Immense Impor
tance in Every Home in
In thousands of farm homes it is
now possible to find up-to-date water
systems, providing both hot and cold
water for the bathroom, the laundry,
the kitchen sir.K. and various other
parts of the house and barn.
When a water system is once in
stalled the farmer and his family usu
ally wonder hov; they ever managed
to get alcng without it before, and
seldom regret the cost. Yet, in spite
of the comparative ease with which
the average farm home can be
equipped with many of these conven
A Well Properly Protected From Sur
face Water. Brick Laid in Cement
and Backed Up With Puddled Clay
Makes a Practically Impervious Cas
iences, how often do we find the coun
try household still depending upon
the distant spring, the open well, or
at best the out-of-doors lift pump to
supply the hundreds of tons of water
required for each household every
Inquiry usually develops the fact
that the old methods are still retained
for one or the other of the following
reasons, namely: The cost of sewer
systems is assumed to be prohibitive,
or else the possibilities of fully uti
lizing the existing "water supply have
never been carefully explained and
brought to the farmers' notice.
A well can be protected from pollu
tion by extending the tight casing or
lining six or eight inches above the
ground and covering with a water
tight concrete curb having a slope
away from the center in every direc
tion. This cover should extend at
least one foot beyond the edge of a
dug well, and should never be less
than seven feet in diameter for a
driven well. A drain trough should,
of course, be provided1 to catch ? the
drip and convey it away to a safe dis
Sand-Box Filter for Cistern. All Wa
ter Entering the Cistern Must Pass
Through the Filter. The Sand Can
Easily Be Removed and Replaced
With Clean Sand. ,
tance. An open drain passing around
the well at a distance of four or five
feet from this curb and leading off to
the drip drain tile will help prevent
the entrance of surface waters that
wash down from a higher point.
In many cases, however, the diffi
culty is of a more serious nature. The
stratification of the clay, gravel and
rocks through which the well is sunk
may be such as to cause percolating
water from a nearby source of infec
tion to be led directly into the well.
In other instances the soil surround
ing the well may become so thorough
ly and so constantly saturated with
polluted seepage waters that it will ?
no longer perform its function as a i
filter, and germ-laden waters are al-1
lowed to pass into the well. For these
reasons the location of the well is of
Considered from the standpoint of
convenience, the well should be locat
ed as near the kitchen as possible.
But whenever such location would in
volve any danger of contamination due
to surface drainage or to an inade
quate kitchen sewerage disposal sys
tem, a location on higher ground and
above this source of contamination
should be selected. Select a site
where drainage and seepage from
barnyards, stock pens and manure
pits lead away from the well rosher
than toward it.
Gardens In Crowded Cities.
Nothing brings the country more
near to the city than a .garden.
The vacant-lot gardens are good in
But there are few who can have a
vacant-lot garden compared to those
who can have window boxes.
Get ready to put up the wintlow
boxes in the crowded sections and
tims gladden thousands.
? Gay geraniums and graceful vines
that trail their loaves over the sides
of the box are the things to plant.
The window-box garden should also
contain saury geraniums, wide-eyed pe
tunias and bright verbenas.
The placing of window-box gardens
in crowded city streets is one of the
happiest ways of easing the lot of
those who must live and work in the
city all summer.
A Cordial Invitation
?S? i 1
We extend a cordial invitation to our Edgefield
friends to visit us in our handsome
new home, where we will
be delighted to
Wm. Schweigert & Co.
840 Broad St. The Jewelers Augusta, Ga.
Bring Your Autos to US
When your cars are in need of repairs bring them to
our shop, where they will receive the atten
tion of expert machinist at
All work done with dispatch and only the best
of material is used.
Edgefield Auto Repair Shop
. J. T. MIMS, Jr., Proprietor
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Seeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
See our representative, C. E. May.
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Monday, September 4, 1916
AUGUSTA vs. COLUMBIA
(South Atlantic League)
FOR THE CHAMPIONSHIP
$1.05 TBETTON.TC. $105
~ . 1 m . Will leave Trenton 9:50 A. M.
I PSI in returning leave Columbia
opeuiai xi am atihoop. M.
For information and tickets apply
J. A- TOWXSFND, FRED. R, Mc MILLAN,
Ticket Agu Edgetield, S. C. District Passenger Agent,