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FEEDING PERIOD FOR CATTLE
Animals Are on Full Feed When They)
Are Taking Grain and Roughage
to Full Capacity.
(By J. L. TORMEY. University of Wis
consin. Agricultural Experiment Sta
The period between the time the
steer is put into the feed lot and the
.time when he is ready to be turned
.off for beef is known as the feeding
period. The short feeding period lasts
(from sixty to ninety days. The long
.feeding period averages one hundred
"eighty days, or about six months.
.Cattle are said to be on full feed when
Excellent Beef Type.
they are taking grain and roughage
to their full capacity. Cattle cannot
go on to full feed suddenly, for they
cannot adjust themselves hurriedly to
a chance in diet. They must therefore
be worked up to full feed gradually,
and so be accustomed to the ration.
This period is often known as the
"warming up" period, and lasts from
two to six weeks, depending upon
whether the cattle have ever been ac
customed to any grain. Since this is
a filling-up process, cattle get on to
full feed somewhat more rapidly when
fed on a ration made np largely of
roughage material, and not a great
deal of grain. Too much groin at the
beginning will likely lead to digestive
disturbances from which the cattle re
cover only slowly. Moreover, the cattle
are later more subject to such attacks.
A langer proportion of steers are
short fed than formerly, principally
because the working margin is nar
rower, and the market does not make
enough difference in price for the de
gree of finish nut upon the cattle to
warrant the longer period. Cheaper
and larger daily gains can be made
during the short period than during
the long period, because, since the ra
tion can be made heavier and the steer
forced more rapidly, he will not waste
so much of the ration.
VAT FOR SMALL FARM FLOCK
Place for Tank ls Dug Out in Ground
and Lined With Cement or Bricks
-lt ls Inexpensive.
The illustration shows a good type
of small dipping vat of about the
right size for the average small farm
sheep flock. Its consrruction is sim
Dipping Vat for Sheep.
pie and fairly cheap. The place for
the vat is dug out in the ground and
lined with bricks or cement. The run
ways should be floored with pino
boards and the fencing may be of any
suitable material. Where it is not
desirable or possible to buy someone
of the many good metal, portable dip
ping vats for small flock use, a per
manent tank like this will meet all
.HORSES FINDING MOST FAVOR
Greatest Weakness in Industry Is
Production of Too Many Gen
eral Purpose Animals.
: The farmer who seeks to find favor
among the horse buyers of today must
produce an animal that ls especially
?adapted to some particular kind of
work. He must be a pecinl-purpose
.horse, must possess the ability to do
come one kind of work so exception
jally well, by reason of his conforma
tion, that he is out of place at any
Perhaps the greatest weakness la
?the horse-breeding industry is the pro
duction of . too many general purpose
?horses. This kind of animal, while
jiot especially adapted to-any 'one kind
?of work, will do fairly well almost any
kind of work, yet from the market
fetandpolnt be ls not a profitable ani
mal to breed. < The special-purpose
|animal, while not costing any more to
feed and raise, win sell in most cases
?for a mach higher price. ^
"So you refuse to tell me whether or
not you intend to go to that plebeian
public masque ball?" Gerald shifted
his hat and stick, which he held in
readiness for departure.
"I refuse to be bullied. So I refuse
to answer your question because you
flung it at me as a demand to account
to you in advance for my movements."
"Now, Dot, you can't think that; it
is all from my desire to exercise tho
right and the privilege which our en
gagement gives me to protect you."
"Protection actuated by jealousy and
intolerance isn't what I want or ex
pect. As for our engagement, why-"
She began to fumble with her ring.
"Please, Dot," said Gerald quickly,
"don't say anything about that now,
and please think seriously before you
join those feather-brained Gilbert girls
and Charley Mason in a lark at that
"Good afternoon." was Dorothy's
only reply, but as the front door closed
behind him she crumpled up on the
big davenport and sobbed.
Gerald's pleading failed to keep Dor
othy away from the public masque
ball, although she did decide to wear
a black domino instead of the fan
tastic costume she first had in mind.
The Gilbert girls, Charley Mason and
the two other young men in her party
dressed as a band of gypsies, and they
were surprised and disappointed whea
Dorothy appeared in her domino. Once
in the gay crowd, though, all entered
heartily into the merriment. Here
and there through the hilarious crowd
other domino-clad figures were scat
tered, giving a needed touch of black
to the kaleidoscopic whirl cf color.
Some energetic domino-clad man un
dertook to gather all the dominoes
together and line them up in mock
protest at some of the gayeties going
on about them. Dorothy was drawn
into his group, and she gayly, though
silently, tried to induce a tall, broad
shouldered fellow-domino to become
also a fellow participant in making
things gay. Reluctantly, at first, but
gradually more willingly, the tall fig
ure began to move about with some
show of life.
As the crowd grew more mirthful
Dorothy became less and less gay. Her
tall companion could see that she
was vainly searching for someone. He
squeezed her hand reassuringly arid
broke the long silence between them.
"I see that you have lost your
friends," he said simply. "Will you
allow me to help you find them or to
take you home if you can't find them?"
A few moments later, they were en
tering a taxi, to whose driver Dor
othy gave the half of a visiting card
containing her residence number, hav
ing nodded a vigorous negative when
her escort asked her destination. As
they were whirled along in the taxi,
the man softly asked her to speak to
him, as he was sure her voice must
be as charming as were her grace and
ease in dancing. He even squeezed her
hand lightly, and although she was
unresisting she still shook her head
and remained silent This seemed to
add to the young man's determina
tion, for he began to plead eloquently,
but was astounded to be roughly
pushed away with two tiny but deter
As the taxi turned a corner. Dor
othy realized that she was nearing
her home, and she quickly sprang up
and covered the eyes of her escort
with her hands.
"Swear you won't look." she whis
pered hoarsely, and with those soft
hands pressing his eyelids, the man
willingly promised. A few moments
later, the taxi came to a full stop, and
Dorothy electrified her companion by
kissing him full on the mouth and
springing from tho door the instant the
driver opened it.
Quite forgetting his promise, he
sprang after her, but took in his sur
roundings with a dumfounded glance.
About six strides took him the distance
that Dorothy had covered in sixty rap
id steps, and he overtook her just as
she reached the marble-lined vestibule
to her homo.
"Dorothy, dear," he pleaded, "why
didn't you let me know it was you?"
"Just because I wanted to see how
far you'd go in doing the very things
you tried to forbid me doing when I
hinted I was going to this ball," she
eyed him defiantly, like a plucky fight
er at bay. "Your tender pleading for
the sound cf my.voice and your gen
tle squeezing of my hand when you
thought I was somebody you didn't
even know convince me that you are
at least human enough to be incon
sistent and also that you're not to be
"Which ought also to convince you
that it's time to treat me like a human
and take me for better or worse."
Then, very softly, he added: "Don't
ycu know, dear, that it was only be
cause I wanted to lock after you that
I went to that old ball?"
Dorothy had backed up against the
bell so that with her elbow she had
managed to press the button without
"And don't you know," 6he retorted,
"that it was cnly because I recog
nized you by your dancing that I-pre
tended to be lost from my friends and
enticed you into bringing me home?"
The silent footman opened the front
door and Dorothy vanished through it
with a softly spoken good night before
Gerald fully realized the unexpected
food fortune that had come to him.
(Copyright, by the McClure Newspaper
Remarkable Sread Baking.
What, we wunder, was the ultimate
result of an experiment made In
Marylebone, England, in April, 1S54?
Two Frenchmen affirmed their ability
to produce 150 four-pound loaves from
a sack of flour, which at that time pro
duced only 90 to 100 loaves. The
Marylebone guardians lent their bak
ery for a trial. The bread was to
bear chemical tests, and to contain
nothing prejudicial to health, but the
process by which it was made was to
remain the secret of the two French
men, who offered a demonstratloa of
their skill. The experiment was de
clared ut the time to be perfectly suc
cessful. Two sacks of flour, under
seal, were issued by the workhouse au
thorities. One was worked up by Eng
lish bakers, and produced 90 loaves,
weighing 300 pounds; the other was
worked up by the French bakers, and
yielded 134 loaves, weighing 520
pounds. Several scientific men were
present, to "see fair," but not, as may
be guessed, to penetrate the mystery
of the French bakers.
About two miles northeast of Su
perior, Wyoming, are the Leucite hills,
which are made up largely of Igneous
rocks in the form of volcanic necks,
sheets Intruded Into the stratified
rocks, and dikes cutting across the
sedimentary strata. Associated with
these intrusive rocks are volcanic cones
and lava flows. These rocks have long
been objects of scientific interest be
cause of their unusual character. Late
ly they have attracted additional inter
est by reason of the potash-rich min
eral, leucite, they contain, which may
some duy be utilized if a process can
be found for extracting the potash
cheaply. It has been estimated that
the igneous rock of the Leucite hills
contains more than 197,000,000 tons of
potash.-Bulletin G12, U. S. Geological
In an eastern city a pastor of a col
onel church consulted a plumber and
steamfitter about the cost of putting
in u baptistry. The estimate was soon
furnished, and the figure was regarded
"But," said the plumber, "this cov
ers only the tank and the water sup
ply. ( )f course, you will want some ar
rangement to heat the water?"
But the colored pastor had a truly
economic mind, and his own ideas of
religion, also, for he promptly dis
"You see," said he to the plumber,
"I don't iow to baptize nobody in that
there baptistry that hain't got religion
enough to keep him warm."-Philadel
phia Public Ledger.
"Yes, sir; it seems simple enough to
put on a diving dress and go down Into
the sea, but I can assure you that it is
not quite so easy as it looks," said a
deep-sea diver. "The farther one goes
down l>elow the water the greater the
pressure, and, consequently, the labor
and exhaustion of working is greater.
You would probably find 70 feet quite
deep enough for your first dive. The
pressure on your head would be so
great that, not being used to it, your
ears nnd nose might bleed. In diving
the rate of ascent ls important If
the diver is less than SO feet below
tlie surface he can be pulled up two
feet a second with safety; for greater
depths the rate of ascent must be
Figs From Sycamores.
Ordinary fig trees in Palestine bear
the figs at the outer end of the boughs
and twigs. Just above our house In
Beirut stands a gnarled ancient syca
more. At certain seasons the trunk it
self und many of the larger branches
are covered with thousands .of small
green figs,-which grow on small twigs
springing directly from the huge trunk
and larger branches. They are green,
prickly, juiceless, and fall by thou
sands, with not even a hungry child
to pick them up. They never mature,
except when someone climbs the tree
and pinches them for a number of
days, as a boy pinches an apple or or
ange before eating or sucking iL-The
The tin-box philosopher, whose
rugged countenance greets tts from
many an advertising page, voices a
truism that ls particularly applicable
nt this season of the year. "What's
happiness?" asks he, and then, like all
philosophers, pedagogues and editorial
scribblers, answers Iiis own question:
"Huvin' a little less than we want and
the health to hustle for that 'little
less.'" After all, lt would be a pret
ty slow old world-no ambition, no
"pep," no hustle-if we were all sat
isfied-if we had everything we want
ed. And it's good to be able to pitch
in and make the dirt fly-it's line to be
doing sumething worth while.
Parents Largely to Blame,
A normal child provides his own
amusements unless he ls spoiled by in
dulgence. Many are the complaints
that children-modern children-are
hard to please, that more and more
are they coming to depend upon an
"expenditure of money. When children
repudiate the fascinating paper dolls
provided by the newspapers, dolls and
wardrobes that were not known In our
days, something is wrong with them.
When they want no gifts but wrist
watches and toys run by electricity
they are to be pitied for they have
reached the verge of boredom, Where
does the blame lie?
PLANS FOR DIPPING CATTLE
Solution May Be Applied With Scrub
bing Brush or Animals Can Be
Immersed in Tank.
Where the animals are few and
easy to handle, dip may be applied to
tile animals. To do this use a scrub
bing brush, sponge, etc., and apply
the dip. All parts should be rubbed,
and care taken to see that the dip ls
The second method is to immerse
the animals in the dipping solution.
There are at least two kinds of vats.
Healthy, Vigorous Type, Free From
One is the cage vat used for a few
cattle. It consists of a cage in which
the animal is placed and then low
ered into tlie vat of solution. But
where a large number of animals are
to be dipped, the swimming vat is de
sirable. In this type '?he animals are
forced to swim through the vat and
thus become immersed in the solution
when they plunge Into it.
The coal-tar dips advertised are
made from some of the products of the
distillation of coal tar. When mixed
with water they form a milky emul
sion having a strong odor of coal tar.
Most of these products have u decid
edly deadly effect upon parasites, and
In addition are used as disinfectants in
hospitals, barns, poultry yards, hog
SHEEP BUSINESS OF COUNTRY
Generally in Healthy and Prosperous
Condition-More Mutton and
Wool Are Demanded.
The sheep business of the country
is generally in a very healthy and
prosperous condition. The Flanges and
farms are not crowded ; in fact, there
is a scarcity of sheep to supply the de
mand. Sheep owners lind there is as
much clear money in raising sheep
and producing wool at present prices
as there is in most other live stock op
The evidences of better bred .sheep,
whereby more mutton and wool are
produced, is the argument that counts
in these days. The demand is for
mutton first, then the largest fleece of
good merchantable wool. The ability
of mun to increase both mutton and
Wool qualities by selection of breed
ing stock is a plain and workable
HANDY AS WATERING TROUGH
Substantial Device Constructed Out of
Old Boiler by California Farmer
Fitted to Barn.
A substantial watering trough was
made by a California fanner of au
old boiler fitted to the side of the barn,
Use for Discarded Kitchen Boiler.
as shown in the sketch, writes John
Hoeck of Alamada, Cal., in Popular
Mechanics Magazine. The openings
were plugged and a section was cut on
three sides and bent back to form a
support, giving an opening at which
the anlmuls could drink.
Good Weed Killers.
Sheep are good weed killers. The
fleece will more than pay for the feed
eaten. The lambs are clear profit.
Buy a few head as an experiment.
Pigs in Right Place.
Pigs in alfalaf mean alfalfa in pigs
-a good Illustration of the right thing
lu the right place,
Copyright 1909. by C. E. Zimmerman Co.-No. 44
AF all the unhappy homes
^ not one in a hundred has a bank
account and not one home in a hundred who has a
bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to
put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assistant Oashier. tatf*. ',
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, B. E.
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins, C. C. Fuller. E. J. Mims. J. H. Allen.
The long lived hose with the
aristocratic appearance. Sheer
and lustrous at "points of view*'.
Reinforced at "points of wear".
DORN & MIMS
Bank of Parksville
Pays Five Per Cent, on Time
:Vk Certificates of Deposits
Wo have all the resources of
this big country behind us to
lend you money to the extent ol
your nt eds.
We are Conservative
We are Safe
k at Ike Panama
? Pacific Exposiiiorf
Superiority of Educational Merit.
This new creation answers with
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questions such as 1 'How isPrzemytl
pronounced?" "Where is Flan
ders? " "What is a continuous voy
age?" "Whatisa/.omV-vr/" ''What
is ichite coal?" "How ia skat pro
nounced?" and thousands of others.
More than 400,000 Vocabulary Terms.
30,000 Geographical Subjects. 12,000
Biographical Entries. Over 6000 illus
trations. 2700 Pages. The only dich?n
arjwith the divided page-a Strohe of
Regular and India.
Write for speci
men pages, il
Free, a set of
Pocket Maps if
you samo this
Will keep the young folks nt home.
It will make them happy auil con
Invincible Dayton Electric Lighting System
is the best plant on the market.
Complete, plant* installed as low
ns si 75.Q0. including engine with
Cnn you afford to do without
^ The Dayton
mi Electrical Mfg,
_Jg| ? Company.
R. H. Middleton
Clark's Hill, S. C., Dealer in Light
ins;: Plants and Water Works.
We have the agency for Ford auto
mobiles for the western part of Edge
field county. There is no better car on
the market for the money. The Ford
owners who have thoroughly tested
these cars will tell you that. If you
want a car, drop us a card and we will
call on you and demonstrate the Ford
W. F. RUSH & CO.
PLUM BRANCH. S. C.
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and glasses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.