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Ali Sorts of Contrivances to Stop
Simple Barbed Wire ls Not Considered
Sufficient for the Purpose-Some
of the More Modern
The chevaux-de-frise is sometimes
known as die "kinie-rest," and con
sists simply of a long pole, resting at
each end on two pieces of wood con
structed in the form of a St. Andrew's
cross. Tc this framework the wire ic
attached, and the chevaux-de-frise is
then thrown over the parapet by two
men. When the garrison of the
trench have not the necessary frame
work, the wire is distributed in loose
roils in front of the position, forming
rough cylinders three or four feet in
diameter and eight to twelve feet in
length. Used even in this impromptu
way barbed wire has proved itself to
be of the greatest assistance to a de
The erection of wire entanglements,
even when the trenches are some dis
jtance apart, is at all times dangerous
; (300 yards is thought a considerable
distance in the western front-I have
been in firing trenches only 60 yards
'from the Germans). The men slip
over the parapet and in the first case
knock in the supports with mallets,
naving previously carefully wrapped
cloth round the heads of the latter so
that the sound may be deadened. Two
other men carry the wire drum-a
wooden cylinder around which the
wire is roljed-with a long pole
through the center for carrying pur
poses, while a comrade attaches the
wire to its supports. The work is
slow and nerve-straining, as star-shells
burst often and oblige the men to
Drum on Which Barbed Wire is Car
crouch low, remaining motionless un
til the flare burns out.
To each soldier who takes part in
modern warfare thick gloves for grip
ping wire and strong pliers for cutting
it are as essential as the rifle and
bayonet. Before an assau't by his own
regiment the soldier cuts his own wire,
and he must then endeavor as best he
may to cut and hack his way through
the enemy's, pulling down a support
here, cutting the wires while the ma
ch \ae-gun batteries rap out their mes
sage of death towards him. Thus
barbed wire, so simple in itself, so
. deadly when used in the various ways
' I have described, enters into every
; phase of operations in the firing zone,
Only Hero Husbands tor Breton Girls.
S The young girls in Brittany have
formed themselves into an association
which forbids its members marrying
any young man who has not taken his
'part in the war.
This does not only refer to the de
'serters and those who fled their duty,
but to the "slackers" who found the
. means, through influence or lying;
without reason of ill health or for oth
er just cause, to keep safe in the rear
and leave their comrades to do the
? The rallying cry of- these patriotic
?young Breton girls is: "Better a crip
1 pie than a slacker!"
! One member of the association ex
pressed thus her thought: "I would
; rather love a man who had no arm
!than one who had no heart."
! "Any activity in real estate about
?here?" asked the tourist.
! "None whatever," answered the dis
consolate citizen of an Arizona town,
'"except when a puff of wind comes
:along and shifts a little sand."
j "Why didn't you call my street?"
asked the irate passenger.
"Beg pardon," answered the polite
conductor, "but I didn't know it was
True to Life.
? He-And how did the novel end?
She-Oh, in the usual manner. The
duke married thc American heiress,
and they lived unhappy ever alter.
EVIDENCE IN A SINGLE HAIR
Human or Animal? What Kind of
Animal? Scientists Can Tell
To the German analyst hair is
packed with information. The approx
imate age and physical condition can
be constructed by an examination of
a single hair, Melville Davlsson Post
writes in the Saturday Evening Post.
The hair of every animal has cer
tain distinguishing characteristics. It
is not to be mistaken by a competent
Investigator. Some animals, as for
example the cow, have three types of
hair. These will be known by their
structure. Under ? proper microscop
ical examination hairs will be as eas
ily distinguished by an expert as va
rieties of trees in a grove will be dis
tinguished by a forester.
There was a case in which a dagger
found on the prisoner had a few short
hairs caught entangled in a nick of the
blade. He explained this by saying
that he had used the dagger to kill a
rabbit that he had found trapped in a
hedge. The authorities reported to
the police, after an examination of the
dagger, that the hairs were not of hu
man origin, but they also added that
they were not rabbit hairs-they were
The police were extremely puzzled
until they finally discovered that on
the night of the homicide the prison
er had worn a great coat trimmed with
squirrel fur. He had, in fact, carefully
washed the knife after the assassina
tion and thereby removed every evi
dence of his act, but, unfortunately
for him, he made the mistake of at
tempting to dry the dagger by wiping
it on the fur lining of his great coat.
SOME FACTS ABOUT RADIUM
Found Only in the Most Minute Quan
tities^-Minerals That Carry lt
Easy to Determine.
Radium is a metal and is described
as having a white metallic luster. It
has been isolated only once or twice
and few people have seen it. Radium
is ordinarily obtained from its ores in
the form of hydrous BUlphate, chloride
or bromide, and it is In the form of
these salts that lt ls usually sold and
used. These are all white or nearly
white substances, whose appearance
is no more remarkable than common
salt or baking powder. Radium is
feund in nature in such exceedingly
small quantities that it is never visible
even when the material is examined
with a microscope. Ordinarily radium
ore carries only a small fraction of a
grain to the ton of material, and ra
dium will ?ever be found In large quan
tiles because it is'formed by t?e de
cay "of uranium, a $f?cSsfl" wh?cn is
wonderfully slow, and radium itself de
cays and changes to other elements so
rapidly that it is impossible for it to
accumulate naturally in visible massoB.
Minerals that carry radium, however,
are fairly easy to determine. One of
them, pitchblende, as generally found,
Is a black mineral about as heavy as
ordinary iron, but much softer. The
principal radium mineral, carnotite,
has a bright canary yellow color, and
is generally powdery. There are other
radium-bearing minerals of less im
Webster's Power Over Audience.
An interesting anecdote of Daniel
Webster is found in "Bygone Days in
Boston" in" the North American Re
view. Webster was delivering an ad
dress in Faneuil hall on the necessity
for individual exertion and unflinch
ing patriotism to avert the dangers
that threatened the political party
whose principles he espoused, when
he perceived a terrible sway of the
packed assembly, consequent on the
rush of those endeavoring to enter,
and noted the danger that might en
sue. The orator stopped short In the
middle of a sentence, advanced to the
edge of the platform, extended his
arms In an authoritative attitude, and,
in a stentorian voice* of command,
cried out: "Let each man stand firm!"
The effect was instantaneous. Each
man stood firm; the great heaving
mass of humanity gained its equilib
rium, and, save the long breath of re
lief that filled the air, perfect stillness
ensued. "That," exclaimed the great
orator, "is what we call self-govern
ment!" so apt an illustration of the
principle he was expounding that the
vast audience responded with deafen
Five Kinds of Thunderstorms.
Recent study of thunderstorms has
resulted in science's dividing them
into five distinct types. They are the
heat thunderstorms which occur In
regions of high temperature and near
ly uniform pressure; storms which
occur in the southeast quadrant of an
almost circular cyclone; storms which
occur between two anticyclones; and
those which occur on the boundary be
tween warm and cold waves. Of these,
all but the first aro produced by the
over and undemuming of wlndB of
different temperatures, which In some
way not yet understood, cauBe masses
of moist air to rise.
Matter of Business.
"I hope you don't associate with
that man I saw you speak to in the
street just now?"
"Associate with him! What do you
take me for? Tha man, sir, is one
of the most rascally, corrupt, sneak
ing, under-handed, low-down, villain
ous, and depraved scoundrels that
ever kept out of Jail!"
"I know it. But why are you on
speaking terms with him at all?"
"Why, I'm-er-his lawyer."
By LOUISE OLIVER.
Madeline dipped the hot sirupy
strawberries out of the big kettle on to
four large platters on the table, and
turned out the burners of the gaso
line stove. She surveyed her morn
ing's work proudly.
Lifting one platter at a time in her
strong, white arms, she carried them
to a bench on the back deck of the
houseboat on which tho Cardwells
spent four months every summer.
On an island a short distance below,
ivas Greenglade, a fashionable summer
resort, with an immense hotel in its
Madeline, leaning over the water,
heard a whistle, and listened intently.
"There's the steamer with the new ar
rivals at the dock. I wonder if Austin
Maycourt, the much-expected, i3
among them. Here I am up to my
ears preserving berries for mother to
give as Christmas gifts to our rela
tives next winter, and every other girl
within a radius of ten mile3 is primp
ing for the dance tonight."
In a few minutes, a figure in a blue
silk swimming suit and rubber cap
climbed to the top of the rail, gave a
little spring and disappeared like a
knife blade under the smooth surface
of the water.
"Bravo!" cried a young man In flan
nels, who.had just appeared on the
island shore unseen by the water
nymph. "That was a bully dive, by
George! Here Krist, come back, sir!"
to his dog. But Krist, a big wolf
hound, was in the water headed for
the boat and refused to turn.
Madeline, swimming under water,
came up on the opposite bank, then
turned and to her horrror saw a deg
swimming for dear life toward the
boat. "My berries!" she cried in dis
may and plunged instantly into the wa
ter again. "If he gets there first he'll
But the dog won the race! Just at
first, he didn't see the berries, but
kept sniffing around for Taj, the Per
sian cat. that Madeline had locked in
the dining room. But giving it up as
a bad Job, he returned to the porch,
and, lo, the berries! A long, red
tongue shot out and he tasted, he
lapped awhile, essayed another search
for the cat, and then returned to sam
ple another platter.
Madeline pulled herself up the
steps and saw the devastation of her
morning's work. She gave a little
scream of dismay. "You nasty, horrid
beast, get out of here! I-I'd like to
"Krist here, Krist!" And this time,
being satisfied, Krist went.
Madeline went to the dance that
night in a belligerent mood. "Now,
dear," admonished her mother, -wUo
had returned, "be careful what you
do and say."
"Oh, mother, dear, pigeonhole that
particular lecture, please. That man
had no business to let his dog get
away. I'm sure it was Austin May
court, and that only makes lt worse.
He's spoiled and petted wherever he
goes, and he thinks the king can do no
That evening Austin Maycourt
asked for a dance after he had been
presented, and Madeline refused, say
ing she was tired.
"Well, I'd rather sit it out with you
anyway, if I may," he suggested.
Madeline did not answer.
"I take it that silence gives con
sent," as he sat down. "You see, I'm
anxious to find out what my dog did
She told him briefly and forcibly;
also what she thought of the whole
"But j'ou'll let me pay for the ber
ries, surely!" he cried in consterna
"You can settle with mother if you
like, but I gave up a good game of
tennis for those berries, and I can't
see that you can help that much."
And, do what he could, Austin could
not make 2-iadeline unbend.
The next day Madeline, armed with
her racquet, turned her boat for the
mainland. In the stern sat Taj, the
cat. "You must be very good today,
puss. Remember, you ewe this vaca
tion to the cut on your paw that I
want tho doctor to see. And while I'm
playing tennis you must take a nap
and be very quiet."
So Madeline played In a double se:
and Taj, with a bandaged foot, slep:
near by. But by and by he woke u?
and, feeling like exploring, slippel
away unnoticed by his mistress. A.
row of cottages stocd across the streit
from the court and several windovs
were open. Taj leaped through one >f
these. Then Madeline missed him.
"Puss, here, puss! Kitty, kitty, kt
ty! Oh, I must find him," she cried
She left the court and gave chase to
her pet. In the middle of the road sie
met Austin Maycourt and bowed. lut
before they passed Taj appeared wth
something green in his mouth. Audn
leaped for the cat and caught hm,
taking a dead bird from his mouth
"It's Peter! My pet parrakeet,"he
cried. "We let him run over the base
because he was so tame. Poor lttle
Peter!" stroking the lifeless lttle
bunch of feathers.
Madeline wept softly as she touhed
the bird. "I'm so sorry! It'B al'my
fault. I let my cat get away. Oh,
what can I do to make up for it"
"Be a little kind to ne," suggsted
"I will," she promised. "Comeover
to the boat and I will give you ; cup
(Copyright, by tho McClure Newpapei .
ABLE TO GIVE DEADLY SHOCK
Electric Eels, Found In South Amer
ica, Have Been Provided With
The marshy waters of Bera and Ras
tro in South America are filled with in
numerable electric eels, which can at
pleasure discharge from every part of
their slimy, yellow-speckleu bouies a
This species of gymnotus is about
five or six feet in length. It is power
ful enough to kill human beings and
the largest animals when it discharges
its nervous orrans at one shock in a
favorable direction. It was once found
necessary to change the line of road
from Uritucu across the steppe, owing
to the number of horses which, in ford
ing a certain rivulet, annually fell a
sacrifice to these gymnoti, which had
accumulated there in great numbers.
All other species of fish shun the vi
cinity of these formidable creatures.
Even the angler, when fishing from
the high bank, is in dread lest an
electric shock should be conveyed to
him along the moistened line.
Ancient "Cures" Still Persist.
Superstitions as to methods of cur
ing diseases, once very prevalent, are
not altogether extinct yet. Some of
them were very ridiculous. Much
ancient faith clustered about the man
drake root, which was carved in the
form of a doll, dressed In fine clothes,
and kept in a box or coffin concealed
in some corner of the house. Each
month it was washed in wine and wa
ter and freshly garbed. Another uni
versal cure was to carry a piece of
mistletoe which had been cut from a;
tree by a golden sickle and caught in1
a white vessel as it fell. Metal ?
scraped from a church bell or a piece
of the rope was supposed to have a'
similar protective influence against;
disease, as also a cloth stained in the
blood of a murderer, or the rope with j
which he was hanged.
Catch Aeroplanes by Cowboy Lasso.'
Cowboys of the air may be the new
title of airmen if the invention of Jo
seph A. Steinmetz of Philadelphia is
adopted in war. It has been developed.
from the principle of the lasso.
The attacking machine soars higher ;
and suspends a bomb lower than the*
hostile craft. The bomb is attached!
to a long wire, on the other end of
which is a heavier weight, which is
-.tfc?ow?--on tho -other side of the ene
The weight descends by gravity and
draws the lighter bomb up Into con
tact with the craft. This causes the
bomb to explode and destroys the air
ship. Mr. Steinmetz is convinced that
it is not necessary to catch the enemy
aviators asleep in order to effect the
Quickly Recover From Wounda.
A remarkable recovery among the
Austrian wounded is reported. It is
stated in Vienna that no less than S9.5
per cent of the total wounded soldiers
in 1915 recovered so completely as to
be fit for service again. Of the re
mainder 8.S per cent were retired, and
only 1.7 per cent died. These figures
show a considerable improvement over
the returns at the beginning of the
war. In August, 1914. out of 100 wound- j
ed 85 recovered, twelve were retired,
and three died; but after this the per-?
centage of recoveries rose gradually,
though varying somewhat in differ-1
ent months. The highest rate of com
plete recoveries was reached in the !
summer months-91.7 in June and 91.8 j
in May and July. In December, 1914,
the death rate had been reduced below j
2 per cent, and in January and Feh-1
ruary, 1915, it was only 1.4 and 1.3 re
Make Use of Derelicts.
The utilization of trees which have
been washed loose along the river bot
tom, has developed into a remunera
tive industry in Nebraska, on the Mis
souri river. The floating logs are made
into rafts and floated to the town of
Decatur, where a sawmill has been
erected solely for the utilization of
this salvage timber. More than 20.000
feet of good lumber were made last
year from these derelicts. The indus
try'is under the control of one man.
He frequently digs out logs which
have been submerged for years. He
asserts that if a log is fully sub
merged, so that no air reaches it, no
deterioration comes from its being un
der water, while half submerged logs
begin to rot in a few months.
Putting Him to the Test.
"I can't tell you how sorry I am
to see you in such a plight," said the
ready sympathizer to an old friend in
"Don't attempt to tell me," replied
the old friend. "I know you are a
busy man and I don't want to take
up much of your time. Just show me
and I will be on my way."
The Crux of the Matter.
"It isn't the high cost of living that
causes so much trouble in the world.''
"You surprise me."
"It's the high cost of living up to a
more or less imaginary position in life
which people think they are bound to
not give your ?
boy and girl an |
opportunity to ?
make their home |
study easy and |
effective? Give j
them the same |
chances to win pro- |
motion and success |
as the lad having the |
I Dictionary in his home. This new j
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I ity all kinds of puzzling questions I
I in history, geography, biography, ?
I spelling, pronunciation, sports, arts, =
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1 400,000 Vocabulary Terms. 2700 Paftes. I
? Over 6000 Illustrations. Colored Plates. I
3 The only dictionary wltli the Divided Page. g
I The type matter is equivalent to tnat ?
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G. & C. MERRIAM CO., I
SPRINGFIELD, MASS, f
Bank of Parksvilie
Pays Five Per Cent, on Time
^. Certificates of Deposits
We have all the resources of
this big country behind us to
lend you money to tLe extent of
We are Conservative
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They will save in insuran
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2 For Sa
STEWART & I
J. C. LEE, President
If you are going to bui
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BJ
We manufacture and de
stairs, interior trim, ston
pews, pulpits, etc., rough
lath, pine and cypress shir
Distributing agents for
Estimates cheerfully an
Corner Roberts am
My shop,.lot, shop tools, mate
rial and machinery (except Grist mill
and engine). Also, mj home on
Columbia street. Reason for sell
ing change of business.
W. H. POWELL.
ii lt will make them happy and con
|j Invincible Dayton Electric Lizhtins System
ja is thc best plant on the market.
I Complete plant* Installed as ?ow
? ns ;iiT?.0?, Including engine with
? built-in magneto.
Pj Can you afford to do tvit?out
The Dayfon r??
R. H. Middleton
Clark's Hill, S. C., Dealer, in Light
ing Plants and Water Works.
We have the agency for Ford auto
mobiles for the western part of Edge
field county. There is no better car on
the market for the money. The Ford
owners who have thoroughly tested
these cars will tell you that. If you
want a car, drop us a card and we will
call on you and dem?nstrate the Ford
W. F. RUSH & CO.
PLUM BRANCH. S. C.
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and glasses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work Ox all kinds.
EDGEFIfLD, S. C.
ce on jour house, for they
ley are permanent, weather
F. E. Gibson, Sec. and Treas.
?ld, remodel or repair,
ILLS A SPECIALTY.
al in doors, sash, blinds
? fronts and fixtures,
. and dressed lumber,
igles, flooring, ceiling
d carefully mane.
? Dugas Streets.
A. H. Cori ey,
Appointments at Trenton
?RS'? Wm LIFE PILLS
7!i3 F?;? That Sc Cure.