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GARDENS AND CHILD WELFARE
Experiment Being Made in New York
is of Interest to the Entire
Of far moro than ordinary interest
is an experiment conducted this spring
in New York. -There, under the di
rection of the International Child Wel
fare league, and with the co-operation
of state and federal departments, a
?practical demonstration of the value
of vacant-lot gardening for children is
being made. At first it will be con
fined to Westchester county, where it
began in February under the guidance
of President Jarvis of the Connecticut
School of Agriculture. Outlining the
purposes of the experiment, an officer
of the league says :
"We believe that to abolish child
labor we must do constructive work.
It has been found by actual practice
that where children have taken up
gardening they can earn more in a
jsummer in that work than they can
i during an entire year in a factory. The
garden products of the children are
used first for the family and the sur
plus is then marketed.
"When the parents find that the
children can make more money in
?this way they will be willing to allow
?them to remain longer in school to
iprepare them for better positions. Tn j
jthe meantime the children have been
jbuilding character as well as building
(themselves up physically. Taking the
(Children from the factories will lessen
;the number of the unemployed. There
are now 1.500,000 children in the fac
tories and there are 1,000,000 unem- j
ployed. When we are able to take
the children from the factories we
will leave their positions for the adults
who are now idle."
;0PEN CENTER A NECESSITY
For Appearance's Sake Such a Plan
for Landscape Gardening Should
Alvwys Be Followed. ?
It seems quite difficult to get the j
masses to observe the most ordinary
?rules of landscape gardening when
?planting small places, though some of
?these rules are common to all styles of
'gardening and their observance so nec
?esstry to order that "he who runs
jmay read." The one great fundamen
;tal law which should govern all plan
jning is the preservation of open lawn
centers. Too many planters, having
?at their disposal but a small front
lawn, usually bisected by a walk to
the frout door, feel it incumbent upon
them to plant Dne or two, or more
large objects, often, very often, two
large palms. Having thus planted, it i
is quite impossible to stand in the |
center of your landscape and view a
fine variety of plants about you, as
you should be able to do. Those who
have lived in the Eastern States will
recall seeing little openings, or nat
ural "clearings" in the woods, of one
or many acres. Though in the midst
of forest trees, the floor of the open- ?
ing is inviolate, not a tree upon it.
Grass and low, flowering herbs cover
the floor, bushes about the edges;
next, small trees, and then the woods
or forest, forming a perfect amphi
theater. Thus is the picture fittingly
framed, and one may stand in the cen
ter and see about him the varied won-1
ders of local plant life.-Los Angeles !
It has been suggested that archi* I
tects could do a great deal toward I
improvement in city planning by en
'cou rn gi ns owners to build self-con
tained houses-that is, structures that I
would contain the entire establish-1
ment in itself, whether it is a house J
of business or a factory, says Con-1
struction News. Next to nature ar- j
ehiteets have more to do with mak
lng this world beautiful than any oth- 1
er agency, human or divine, and it is I
? a grave responsibility, and one sees [
about him every day evidences of one j
kind or another as to how they live or i
attempt to live up to it, particularly
in the matter of a house, a self-con
tained establishment, that is wholly
a house without annexes, leantos or
projecting parts, which, in a few years
are used for such a wonderful com
bination of purposes that people won
der at the original intention of the
owner or the architect.
Urges City Improvement.
i The American City, a publication re
viewing municipal work throughout
'the country and promoting civic de
[velopmeut. urges that cities in this
?country formulate a three-year im
provement program immediately fol
lowing the termination of the Euro
pean war. It points out that such a
'plan will serve greatly to diminish the
?ill effects of the sudden stoppage of
.'the heavy operations of munitions and
other factories in the country and the
consequent throwing of thousands of
men out of employment for the time
?being. The suggestion is a good oue,
land if generally adopted would, be
Isides accomplishing the effects above
?indicated, result in many public iin
iproveinents that nearly every munici
pality needs and must have in the
course of time if it hopes to be num? j
ibered among the "live ones."
By ETHEL VANE.
(Copyright. 191C, by th.- McClure Newspa
Anne Morrell sighed hopelessly and
dashed up from her typewriter. The
neighbor's dog barked first at the front
of the house and then at the back. In
the kitchen below. Bridget sang hap
pily, but excruciatingly, and outside
motors in unbroken succession whizzed
Anne was visibly distracted. She
had tried every room in the house in
her effort to find seclusion and quiet.
Apparently such conditions did not
exist. Her stories were beginning to
show the strain under which she was
dragging them from her noise-racked
brain. "Soon, at thi? rate, I shall have
no checks coming in," she told herself
as she banged out of the noisy house
and off through the meadows. There,
at least, was freedom from irritation.
She could have an hour or two of con
centrated thought among the greens
and yellows of nature.
Anne had to walk through the vil
lage in order to reach that haven of
quiet. During that- walk, she' caught
sight of what seemed to her the very
things she most needed in life.
At a rustic shop there was displayed
a small thatched summerhouse. Anne's
heart beat ecstatically. The summer
house, if the price were not too great,
would make a perfectly darling den. It
could be placed at the extreme foot of
the garden, away from barking dogs
and Bridget's singing.
Anne tripped over the threshold of
the shop in her anxiety to secure the
treasure. It occurred to her suddenly
that she was all sorts of a small idiot
never before to have thought of such
a simple means of seclusion.
The following day, she carried her
typewriter and low table down to the
thatched and rustic summerhouse. She
smiled affectionately upon Bridget as
she left the house with the last load of
writer's odds and ends. After all, the
Irish maid was a treasure even if her
song was distracting.
That rustic summerhouse proved to
be one of the best investments of
Anne's literary career. The fifteen
dollars which she had paid for it had
seemed large enough at the time, but
when a few weeks of seclusion within
its shelter sent her stories into the
better magazines she rejoiced over her
purchase. From time to time, small
improvements found their way into the
little den. Flowered cretonnes covered
Anne's desk and chair and a picture or
two crept into the homey atmosphere.
A tiny bit of lace draped the single
window, and toward midsummer vines
held the rough exterior in loving em
brace. She kept her tiny percolator
on an improvised shelf within easy
reach, and altogether the summer- I
house became a most satisfactory
workshop. Anne realized that she
could never again go back to a house
peopled by other personalities and
continue to do good work.
It was not until the cool autumn
clays came on that she realized that a
means of protection against chilly days
must be considered.
So she purchased tar paper with
which to seal up 6mall apertures
against the entrance of unfriendly
It was while engaged in this laud
able business of making herself proof
against wind and chill that Anne dis
covered several old canvases. They
were stored away between the dusty
aad weather-stained layers of the
wheat straw which formed the roof
At sight of them the creative ele
ment in Anne was seized with sudden
inspiration. Surely a worth-while story
Df some nature should develop from
these abandoned and probably long
She laughed aloud as she saw the
first one. Surely no less artistic use of
paint and canvas had ever been made.
And each one seemed more absurd and
toneless than its predecessor. So far
as art was concerned, these paintings
were scarcely on a level with Bridget's
Surely the story of a sad or even
Iragie finish hung closely about these
deserted canvases! It took some time
for Anne to recognize the fact that the
sketches had been made in the
meadows through which she so often
walked for inspiration. One less fa
millar with the landscape might have i
mistaken the sorry affairs for scenes
"Poor soul!" soliloquized Anne. "Is
there anything so sad in life as miss
ing one's ideals?"
Then she sat down at once and
worked out a delightfully romantic
tale about those canvases found in the
thatch. No doubt the plot was bro
midic, but the story had novelty and
charm enough to sell for an unusually
In her story, Anne had been so real
istic in her treatment as to quote some
lines she had discovered on the back
of a wooden box which had once held
paint tubes. "Farewell to art-Gran
ville." was the touching and suggestive
legend. Anne had smiled when she
read the words, for really there had
been no art to bid farewell to. But
apparently the painter had thought dif
ferently. Anne wondered if he had
gone back to the brushes and was now
starving in a garret or haunting maga
zine offices with st-aggllng hair, wild
eyes and an armful of atrocious draw
As a matter of fact, Jack Granville,
a month later, was comfortably en-1
sconced In his most luxurious arm
chair smoking a gond cigar. His hair
was short cropped, his eyes were wild
only with the life that sparkled In
them and there was nothing at all in
his general make-up to suggest Bohe
mia or the artistic temperament.
It was the hour of his rather hearty
bachelor breakfast and his six feet of
decided masculinity was still envel
oped in a futurist-patterned dressing
gown which he had slipped on after
his cold bath. A cup of excellent cof
fee steamed on a table beside him
and a copy of a popular magazine lay
open on the broad arm of his chair.
His valet whistled softly in the ad
"Stubbs!" called out Granville sud
denly. "Get Evans on the wire. I
want to talk with him."
While Stubbs was getting into com
munication with the editor of the
magazine in which Anne Morrell's
story was published. Granville sat with
half-closed eyes pondering over the
odd situation. Evans was his inti
mate friend, it happened, so Granville
knew he was on the right track.
"Peach!" was the inelegant expres
sion Evans used to picture Anne to
his inquiring friend. "Glorious red
hair and a pair of eyes that make you
blink. I've proposed to her a half
dozen times, but there's nothing doing
in that line. One of those wedded-to
art, temperamental girls, you know."
After sufficient good-natured delay
on Evans' part, Granville was given
Anne's address, and that afternoon he
donned his most attractive habili
ments, ordered Stubbs to bring around
his car and motored over to the Mor
Bridget pointed to the summerhouse
at the foot of the garden when Gran
ville asked for Miss Morrell.
"Sure ye'll be a sorry man if ye dis
turb her in wan of thim trances," she
admonished Granville as he turned
quickly toward the thatch.
Anne looked out of her tiny window
when crunching footsteps warned her
of someone's approach. Then she
popped her head over the rustic .rail
ing and Granville smiled in apprecia
tion. Evans, he admitted, had not ex
aggerated. Then memory turned him
back to youthful days when he had sat
in that selfsame summerhouse and
wasted perfectly good paints, canvases
and oil in wanton recklessness.
"I'm Granville," he said by way of
introduction, stepping without invita
tion into the attractive little den. "I
am the person whose canvases you
found in the thatch." Then he seated
himself precariously on a camp stool
and beamed genially upon the aston
ished girl, who was quite breathless
with interest and amazement.
"But-you-surely you didn't suc
ceed-with that start!" she gasped,
ending a covert appraising glance at
his prosperous appearance. She drew
out from beneath her table some of
the fearfully inartistic daubs and
spread them out before Granville.
At which he laughed merrily and
"I keep them close beside me for
inspiration," Anne said, with a dry
"Lord! What a fool I was!" he
"But how did you ever succeed
with such a start?" she insisted.
"By selling automobiles," he con
fessed. "But my awful daubs have
served one good purpose," he said. "I'd
like to have them-if you don't mind."
"But I do mind." she declared. "I
want them. I paid fifteen dollars for
this summerhouse and I wouldn't take
anything-for it now"-she was blush
ing furiously and she knew it. "I am
going to make some tea," she faltered.
"I don't mind being called a thing
any old thing-under the circum
stances," Granville laughed.
On Board the Local.
"I'm out of sorts this morning," said
the conductor after he had finished
collecting the pasteboards. "I've got
a bad fit of the blues."
"So I perceive," rejoined the brake
man, as he sized up the conductor's
new uniform. "Why don't you patron
ize another tailor?"
Young Husband (angrily)-I want
you to understand that I intend to
be master In my own house, and I
don't want any back talk from you
Young Wife (wearily)-Why, dear,
that's just like the rows father used
Preserving the Essentials.
"We won't have time for you to de
liver all the speech you are to make
at the next stop," said the cam
"WhatH I do?" asked the orator.
"Cut out the facts and logical con
clusion and get down to epigrams and
The One Flaw.
"I suppose you are engaged to the
"What's the hitch? Awaiting his
"No; he can't marry without a ma
jority favorable report from his cred
Out of Sight.
"Say," said the landlord to the ten
ant who was two months shy with his
rent, "when am I going to see the
color of your money?"
"Can't say." replied the party ol
the second part. "The color just now
Is an inv'~'ble green."
"There's no use borrowing trouble,"
said the philosophic citizen.
"You don't have to borrow it," re
plied Mr. Growcher. "Somebody is
always willing to come along and
hand it to you gratis."
DESTROYING VERMIN ON HOGS
Crude Oil, Mixed With Equal Volume
of Warm Water, ls One of Best
Crude oil is one of the best applica
tions for killing lice on hogs. It is
sometimes used on cattle, though less
often. Use it mixed with an equal
volume of warm water. Apply with
rag. sponge or spray pump.
For quicker hut less thorough work
it can simply be poured on from a
kerosene can and allowed to run down
the sides. For a large number of ani
mals, use a dipping tank or hog oiler.
Crude oil makes dark stains, and is
objected to by some men who keep
white hogs. One gallon of crude car
bolic acid added to each barrel of oil
makes it more effective.*
Machine oil mixed with kerosene,
half and half, can he used in the same
way. Pure kerosene is too harsh on
Tobacco infusion is an old reliable
remedy. Soak tobacco stems for 12
hours in water, using one pound stems
to two gallons water then bring the
water to boiling for a few minutes,
and let lt cool. This decoction can be
used on all kinds of animals, applied
by hnnd or as a dip.
With all these preparations, the
treatment should be repeated after
one week. Most of the lice will be
killed the first time, but not all the
GIVE YOUNG HORSES CHANCE
Colt Will Never Develop Properly If
He ls Stunted in Early Growth
Good Feeding Pays.
Give the colts a chance! No colt
can develop into a large useful horse
if he is stunted in his early growth.
The result of good care and feeding
is forcefully shown by the condition
of the young work horses of the ani
mal husbandry department of the Kan
sas state agricultural college. These
horses were purchased three years
ago as weanlings. They were given
care and proper feed their first winter
and were in a good healthy growing1
condition when turned out to pasture
In the spring.
When three years old these colts
were worth $2?0 to $300 each. Colts
of the same age and from the same
mares, but kept on the farm and giv
en the usual farm treatment were
worth only S125 to $140 each. Thus
a difference in value of $125 to $1G0
was due to no other reason than the
care given to the horses as colts.
"The horse is made the first 18
months of his life." says Dr. C. W.
McCampbell, assistant professor of
animal husbundry in the Kansas state
agricultural college. "If he is stunt
ed he never reaches his maximum de
"Too often colts are turned out to
rustle for themselves, the first win
ter and all such colts can do is to
keep alive. Their growth is stunted
and they make a small ordinary type
HARVESTING CORN WITH HOGS
Economical and Practical Way of Fat.
tening Animals-Also Feed Al
falfa or Clover.
Hogging down corn ls an economi
cal and practical way of fattening
hogs and of harvesting corn. For
best results some supplementary feed
like alfalfa or clover ls advisable. If
you have such a field adjoining the
corn field the combination is ideal. If
neither of these crops is available and
you have a stand of rape in the oats
stubble or cornstalks, this makes a
good combination. You have to plan
ahead to get this, and many farmers
sow a little rape In the corn along In
July, especially if there is a thin stand
In the absence of pasture good're
sults are obtained from such feeds as
tankage, oil meal or meat meal. These
can be fed ns a slop or In a self-feed
er with corn. With both" available the
pig will balance the ration to suit him
self and will balance it about right.
FOR RHEUMATISM IN CATTLE
Affected Parts Should Be Rubbed
With Some Liniment or Woolen
As treatment for rheumatism In
cattle, the affected parts should be
rubbed with ?onie liniment or a wool
en cloth, saturated with hot water or
a mild liniment, should be wrapped
around the joint, it should ho covered
With a dry cloth over which is placed
a rubber cloth to prevent cooling.
IT MAKES fl
Om So HAPPY
CocTright 1909, by C. E. Zimmerman Co-No. 44
F all the unhappy homes
not one in a hundred has a bank
account and not one home in a hundred who has a
bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to
put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, B. E.
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins. C. C. Fuller. E. J. Mims. J. H. Allen.
! Crystal . Spring . Water f
i Nature' Health-Giving Water |
t - t
J Unexcelled for Indigestion, Stomach and Kidney J
* Trouble. Highly Recommended by %
% Prominent Physicians. I
.fr * *
% A Trial Bottle Will Convince You of Its Merits. *
f r*wiTn</ r\ 1 C! v\ mi >i no \KT ot r\m r\ ?
! AT F. G. MERTINS
* Phone 101 854 Broad Street Augusta, Ga. *
Crystal Spring Water Co.
Bring Your Autos to US
When your cars are in need of repairs bring them to
our shop, where they will receive the atten
tion of expert machinist at
All work done with dispatch and only the best
of material is used.
Edgefield Auto Repair Shop
J. T. MIMS, Jr., Proprietor
Ready for 1916
I have had my entire ginnery thoroughly overhauled
and am ready to serve the people, giving entire satis
tion in quantity and quality c*' lint.
I pay the highest market price for seed, and give my
personal attention to my ginnery and seed business.
R. T. HILL
Long-Term Loans to Farmers a Specialty.
Your farm land accepted as security WITHOUT KNDORSER or
other COLLATERAL. Unlimited funds immediately available in de
nominations of Three Hundred and up. Established 1892.
JAMES FRANK ,V- SOX. Augasta, Ga.