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KEEP ROADS FROM 'WASHING'
Colorado Agricultural College Expert
Makes Trip Through Mountains
and Comments Thereon.
(By E. B. HOUSE. Colorado Agricultural
College. Fort Collins. Colo.)
Having just returned from a trip
into the mountains over the worst of
roads, a comment or two should not
be out of pince at this time.
First. The road builder has followed
the linos of "least resistance" and has
given grades as steep as 20 per cent.
Second. He has made no provision
for raking care of the rainwater fall
ing upon or coming to these steep
Result.-The road proceeds to "wash
out" whenever a heavy shower strikes
Remedy.-Whenever a road is built
on a steep grade broad, shallow ditches
Stone Road Through Ute Pass.
should be built af> right angles to
the road in such a manner that the
water coming down the road to them
will be caught and passed to the side
and away from tho road. These ditches
on steep grades should not be over 300
feet apart so that the water may be
caught and diverted before It collects
in sufficient quantities to cut the
ground. If a smoother road is desired
these ditches may be covered by 2 by G
Inch planks placed one ir.ch apart to
allow the water to run through the
cracks and into the ditch.
KEEP ROADS IN GOOD SHAPE
Split-Log Drag ls of Great Service In
Keeping Roadways in Economi
The use of the road drag is im
portant in putting the roads in good
shape for winter use. There are over
2,000,000 miles of earth roads in the
country, and the split-log drag is of
great service in keeping them in eco
nomical repair. The drag is used in
many states and in foreign countries.
It Is used with two, three, or four
horses, and is easily constructed.
Drags are often constructed of
planks instead of logs. The plank
should be strengthened alon^ the mid
dle line by a 2 by G inch strip. A tri
angular strip may be used under the j
lower ediio of the blade to give the
proper cutting slope.
Usualiy two horses are enough to
pull a drag over an ordinary earth
road. The team should be driven
with one horse on either side of the
right-hand wheel track the full length
of the portion to be dragged and the
return made over the other half of
The Plank Drag.
the roadway. The objec t of this treat
ment is to move earth toward the cen
ter of the roadway and raise it gradu
ally above the surrounding level.
While this is being accomplished all
mudholes and ruts will be filled, into
which traffic will pack the fresh
Drag Roads When Idle.
After the rain, when you can't work
In the fields drag that road.
Dragging the Roads.
In dragging roads only a small
amount of earth is moved, just enough
to lill tho ruts and level off the hifdi
plaeos. In general, the drag is drawn
over the road at an augie of about 45
Prizes for Pictures.
The National Highway association
is offering $2,600 in cash prizes for
photographs <>f jr..???i roods. "Gond
Bonds Everywhere." is the comprehen
sive watchword of this movement.
The "Vision of God" ls Not Hid
den or Withheld From
I have boen asked to speak to you
j upon tho thought <?f the "Vision of
God." It is, I feel, most holy ground to
tread. Let us try to approach it in the
spirit of devout reverence.
The subject !s bound up with the
personal side of religious life. All
vision is personal, whether it be an
image conveyed to th* hrr'n from the
retina of tho eye or th? inception con
veyed hy "the heart" to the inner man.
No two persons will see exactly the
same thing. They will view it at a
different angle; or one is short-sighted
and another long-sighted. The impres
sion produced cannot be the same, and
some aro blind altogether, and can see
So also it is with the spiritual vision.
We must not all expect to see the same
thing at the same time in the same
way. We share with one another the
blessings and privileges of corporate
life in the church. But from the cradle
to the grave there aro deep things in
life which we cannot share and which
our powers of expression could not,
perhaps, communicate to others. There
must be much loneliness lu the
spiritual life. The blessedness of "the
vision of God" can only be fragmen
tarily interpreted in words that fall
short of actual experience, or in im
agery that will convey no adequate
meaning to another mind.
Visions That Were Alike.
By "the Vision of God" I am not re
ferring to that which, at ordinary
times, is a rare, and, itt the most, a
very Intermittent experience of spiri
tual life. The visions of the Prophets
Isaiah and Ezekiel, the visions of St
Paul and St. John were varied in char
acter. But they were alike in this,
that they represented no continuous
condition of spiritual privilege, and, in
a great measure, they seem to have
been accompanied by a kind of sus
pense of mental activity.
On a minor scale, I daresay some
thing similar has occurred In the spiri
tual experience of a large number of
people. It has been granted at times
of deep spiritual contemplation, at mo
ments of Intense prayer, and on occa
sions of sore peril and anxiety.
Slowly, very slowly, the divine will
works out the accomplishment both of
creative and of redemptive purpose. It
ls hard for man, in his short-lived
hurry cf self-importance, to see any
vision of God in the welter of warring
nations. But he that can see God in
the face of Jesus Christ has caught
something of that vision which will
transform his conception of the uni
verse, and enable him to look for the
triumph of love toward the human
race above and behind the spectacle of
the hideous carnage In the world's
most universal and most deadly war.
World's Need Today.
We know. Indeed, that there are
those who exclaim that contemporary
events only prove that Christianity is
a failure, and that a new gospel is
wanted. But it is not so much a re
vised gospel that we need as a purer
and more humbie spirit to receive and
welcome the old one. Jesus Christ, tho
same yesterday, today, and forever.
Amid the ghastly orgy of slaughter we
crave, again and again, for that "Vi
sion of God" which ls the only source
of true comfort, peace and hope. All
humanity In this hour of distress and
bereavement seems to be stretching
out imploring hands Godward. Where
is the promise of his presence? Can
not even the Savior's supreme brother
hood intervene? Man's nature is not
altered ; millions of years intervene be
tween the envy that prompted the first
solitary, barbarous, murderous blow
and the envy that has incited to the
massacre of millions of the world's
most civilized and Christian peoples.
The evil only differs In degree of suf
fering. "The Vision" ls not hidden or
withheld. High above the deluge of
blood stretches the bow of peace and
Its promise of mercy. Never, I dare
to say, has the sacrament of the Lord's
own body and blood been so genuinely
hallowed to the believer's heart as the
appointed means for the renewal in the
inner life of "the Vision of God" as it
has been during the agony and stress
of this European conflict, In the hours
of suffering, of aching suspense, and
agitation. God is always with us. And
If on earth there can be no vision of
God in the fullness of the divine na
ture, there Is a wonderful promise for
the future: "Beloved, now are we tho
children of God, and lt ls not yet made
manifest what we shall be. We know
that when he Is made manifest we
shall be like unto him, for we shall
see him face to face" (I Johu 3:1, 2).-?
Rev. Ralph Hall.
Way of the True Christian.
Some men will follow Christ on cer
tain conditions-If he will not lead
them through rough roads; If he will
not enjoin them any painful tasks;
if the sun and wind do not annoy
them; If he will rem?t a part of his
plan and order. But the true Chris
tian, who has the spirit of Jesus, will
say. as Ruth said to Naomi : "Whith
er thou goest I will go," whatever dif
ficulties and dangers may be In tho
Wouldn't Be Wooden.
The near-sighted woman who talked
to an Indian in front of a cigar store
about his soul's salvation declared
afterward that she would rather talk
to a woden man than be a wooden
Christ ian and never talk to anybody.
THROWING TRASH IN STREET
Nuisance Complained Of in Washing
ton Prevails in Many Other of the
When the wind blows with force it
emphasizes the carelessness of the
people who disregard the injunction
against throwing trash in the streets,
says the Washington Star. At nearly
every corner in the downtown section
thc wind forms eddies in which are
gathered the hits of paper that have
been carelessly tossed aside and al
lowed to drift. These papers repre
sent an ignoring of a police regula
tion which prohibits the throwing of
refuse in the streets. As an induce
ment to full observance of this re
quirement receptacles are stationed at
convenient places in which trash of
this kind can be placed. It only re
quires a little care on the part of all
to keep the streets clean. Every bit
of litter drifting about the streets on
a windy day or lying In the gutters
waiting for the street cleaners' brooms
and shovels represents slovenly con
duct on the part of Washingtonians.
A very few people of this thoughtless
habit can give the whole city an as
pect of neglect and lack of care. The
most perfect system of street cleaning
cannot cope with this tendency and
keep the city looking neat so long as
trash is discarded against the regula
tion and without the use of the re
ceptacles. Prosecutions should not be
necessary to put a stop to this bad
habit, but apparently they are needed
to remind the people that the rule
against throwing litter into the streets
is in force and should be observed.
PLANNING FOR SMALL TOWNS
By No Means Should Only the Large
Cities Be Laid Out With Scien
Another bothersome misconception is
that city planning relates only to the
larger communities already great and
populous and prosperous, and is not
needed, or at least is not available,
by the smaller places. It seems to be
the unconscious conclusion that it is
best to first make all the mistakes of
civic Ignorance and community
thoughtlessness, and to yield as fully
as possible to the greed of special
privilege, in the thought that when the
town becomes really great, lt can af
ford to plan for convenience, practic
ability and progress. The good people
who take this view remind me of an
acquaintance who considered the serv
ices of an architect superfluous for a
certain building he was having erected.
The carpenter had handled many build
ings-was he not good enough to see
that this simple structure was properly
put up? So the work proceeded, the
carpenter accepting and using the floor
plans of his customer without ques
tion, and it was not until the building
was under roof that the lack of pro
vision for any stairway to the second
floor appeared. Of course, the final
cost of the revised house considerably
?exceeded what it would have been had
the architect done his work and the
carpenter his. I know many towns
that pretty nearly lack a stairway, and
for just about the same reason.-Amer
ican Civic Association.
City Managing as a Profession.
Illinois has at least two "city man
agers" of the new type, and it Is no vio
lent presumption that she is interested
in the progress of the city manager
plan of administration. With what
amazement one read, some years back,
the items from Germany telling us of
the Teutonic way of electing mayors
of advertising for them all over the
empire and giving a trained man the
position regardless of residence, poli
tics or what not! Now the idea seems
far less startling. We are not as yet
thinking of advertising for our mayors,
but in conjunction with the commis
sion form of government or modifica
tion of that form we are slowly devel
oping the science of city managing and
the profession of the city manager.
A City Managers* association came
into existence a few weeks ago. Tho
latest report showed about nineteen
cities and villages under the city man
ager plan, and several communities
are about to submit the same plan to
a referendum. The University of Wis
consin has established a course for
would-be city managers, and it seems
a very liberal and practical one.-Chi
Restricting Home Streets.
Home streets should be Bacred to
homes and they should be protected
from the invasion of all kinds of busi
ness. The home is the climax of urban
activity, and it should never be sacri
ficed to commerce or industry of any
character. A city wounds itself when
it harms a home. And so there should
be regulations and ordinances to pro
tect the h >Tiies against business. Busi
ness can take caro of itself; the home
can't. A happy home, the most useful
and honorable thing in a community,
loses its high character if a shop of
some kind is stuck up alongside of it.
Yes, it is necessary for a man to make
a living, but it is not right to make
other people unhappy in doing it. We
simply suggest that there is ample
room here for a salutary regulation.
Ohio State Journal.
FORGET YOUR ACHES
j Stiff knees, aching limbs, lame
back make life a burden. If you
suffer from rheumatism, gout, lum
bago, neuralgia, get a bottle of
Sloan's Liniment, the universal
remedy for pain. Easy to apply;
it penetrates without rubbing and
soothes the tender flesh. Cleaner
and more effective than mussy oint
ments or poultices. For strains or
sprains, sore muscles or wrenched
ligaments resulting from strenuous
exercise, Sloan's Liniment gives
quick relief. Keep it on hand for
emergencies. At your Druggist,
State of South Carolina,
County of Ridgefield,
In Court Common Pleas.
Woodward Lumber Company
Plaintiff-against-J. J. Langley
Pursuant to the decree in the
above entitled cause I shall oiler for
sale at public outcry to the highest
bidder before the Court House,
Town of Ed ge fi eld, County and
State aforesaid, on Salesday in Oc
tober 1916, the same being the 2nd
day of said month, between the le
gal hours of sale the interest of the
defendant, J. J. Langley, in the
following described realty, to wit:
All that piece, parcel or tract of
land, situate, lying and being form
erly in thc county of Edgefield (now
McCormick county) and State afore
said, containing Two Hundred and
Fifty (250) Acres, more or less, and
bounded as follows: Adjoining
lands of W. J. White, T.K. Col
lier, C. M. Minor and C. M. Till
man and others.
If purchaser at said sale shall fail
to comply with the terms thereof
within one hour from the time of
.said sale, said premises, upon direc
Ition Plaintiff, or his Attorneys, will
be resold on said day at the risk of
the former purchaser.
Purchaser to pay for papers.
J. H. CANTELOU,
Master, E. C. S. C.
Sept. 5, 1916.
I take this means of an
nouncing that I have acquired
the Edgefield agency for the
people's Oil Company, and
shall be pleased to serve all ot
the patrons of Mr. John ll.
Tompkins, my nredecessor,
and also add many new ones
to my list. 1 can supply
Kerosene, Gasoline and Lu
bricating Oils at all times.
We make a specialty of serv
ing garages and ginneries.
W. D. ALLEN.
Phone 90. P. O. Box 131.
See me before insuring else
where. I represent the Epuita
ble Fire Insurance Company of
ICharleston and the Southern
Stock Fire Insurance Company
of Greensboro, N. C. I also rep
resent the Life .Insurance Com
pany of Virginia.
J. T. Harling
At the Farmers Bank, Edgefield
Age Whole 15
18-20 $14.83 $27.08
22 15.49 27.97
25 16.61 29.43
30 18.91 32.26
35 21.90 35.70
40 25.85 39.91
50 38.83 51.91
(JO , 1)3.08 72.60
05 82.86 89.33
Disability clause free. Reduced
oy AP""*! dividends.
E. J. NORRIS, A?t.
Builds up the Whole System. 50 cents.
rik . s?
IT MMES I
CoDTright 1909. by C. E. Zimmerman Co-No. 44
F all the unhappy homes
not one in a hundred has a bank
account and not one home in a hundred who has a
bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to
put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E. Nicholson, vice-President
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, B. E.
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins. C. C. Fuller. E. J. Mims. J. H. Allen.
Crystal . Spring . Water
Nature' Health-Giving Water
Unexcelled for Indigestion, Stomach and Kidney
Trouble. Highly Recommended by
A Trial Bottle Will Convince You of Its Merits.
Crystal Spring Water Co.
AT F. G. MERTINS
854 Broad Street Augusta, Ga.
Bring Your Autos to US
When your cars are in need of repairs bring them to
our shop, where they will receive the atten
tion of expert machinist at
All work done with dispatch and only the best
of material is used.
Edgefleld Auto Repair Shop
J. T. MIMS, Jr., Proprietor
Ready for 1916
I have had my entire ginnery thoroughly overhauled
and am ready to serve the people, giving entire satis
tion in quantity and quality of lint.
1 pay the highest market price for seed, and give my
personal attention to my ginnery and seed business.
R. T. HILL