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SPOTTED BUR CLOVi
SPOTTED BUR <
(Prepared by the United States Depart- .
ment of Agriculture.)
That southern farmers grow bur
clover, especially the southern or snot
ted variety, as cover, pasture and green
manure crops is the advice of special
ists of the United States department
of agriculture in Farmers' Bulletin
No. 003, recently issued. This has
been found to be the cheapest legume
for use in the South which will pre
vent the washing of the soil.
One of the advantages of bur clover
is the facility with winch it reseeds
itself. Once established on pasture
lands, it will maintain itself indefinite
ly if the plants are permitted to ma
ture some seed, at least every other
year. This elimination of the neces
sity for additional seeding from year
tc year reduces both the cost and trou
ble to farmers in maintaining cover
crops. In addition to its value as a
cover and forage crop, the use of bur
clover has, In many instances, resulted
in material increases in cotton yield.
Directions for inoculating the soil and
seeding, and suggestions for rotations
including bur clover are contained in
the bulletin already mentloneu.
Sowing the Seed.
Bur clover should always be sown
in late summer or fall. In the cotton
states the best time for seeding ls the
month of September, but it may be
seeded in August, and seedings as late
as' October often give favorable re
sults, even as far north as South Caro
lina. Seedings later than October,
however, are to be avoided whenever
possible, as but little fall and winter
growth is usually secured from such
When the seed is sown in tho bur,
broadcasting is the only practicable
method. To obtain a full stand by
this method, from three to six bushels
of seed per acre are necessary. After
sowing, a light harrowing should be
given. In the regions, however, which
are well adapted to bur clover, it is
much more economical as a rule to
'begin with a light seeding and to de
pend In subsequent years on the vol
unteer crop when this is practicable.
In the cotton states lack of Inocula
CONTROL BOLL WEEVIL
Simplest Type of Mechanical De
vice Known as Chain Drag.
Combines in One Process Cultivation
of Crop and Drawing of Fallen,
Infested Squares to Middles
-Sun Kills Pests.
(By W. E. HINDS, Alabama Experiment
By far the simplest type of mechan
ical device for weevil control and one
that has fceen tested quite extensively
in Texas with beneficial results, is
known as the chain drag or cultivator.
A full description of such ls found in
Farmers' Bulletin No. 344 of the Unit
ed States department of agriculture.
This device is not expected to catch
weevils or to collect squares, but to
combine In one process the cultiva
tion of the crop and the drawing of
fallen, infested squares to the middles
by the use of heavy chains arranged
so that they will converge to the rear
from the outer ends of a spreader.
Thus the infested squares are exposed
to the heat of the sun and the weevil
stages are killed. The device ls of spe
cial value during periods of hot, dry
weather and on soils that are not
This device is an extreme simplifica
tion of the chain cultivator Idea and
may be easily made. It consists essen
tially of four parts. First, a spreader,
which may be a piece of heavy joist
or even a green branch of a tree. The
length should be six or eight inches
shorter than the distance between the
rows. It should be two or three inches
In diameter and fairly heavy. The
chain may be fastened to the ends by
?heavy staples or by wiring. It ls better
to have one side of a link held in a
notch sawed in the end of the spread
er. The second part Is the chain which
should be of a type commonly used in
logging operations and ?hould have
about seven or eight links per foot and
these made of about one-half-inch iron.
From 12 to 15 feet of chain is needed
to give two loops with a spreader of
three to four feet in length.
The chain is fastened so that one
loop ls shorter than the other, thus
bringing the loops about ten inches
ap:irt. The third part is a trace chain
for connecting the drag with the sin
gle tree. This may be fastened six or
eight inches from the ends of the
Spreader and should nm forward far
enough so that the spreader will not
be lifted from the ground as it is
* drawn forward. Fourth, the machine
rion apparently has often been the
cause of failure In establishing bur
clover crops, especially when hulled
seed was sown. Usually when seed
is sown in the bur there are enough
bacteria in the dust on die burs to
insure Inoculation. It is desirable,
however, in planting bur clover for
the first time, that fanners do not go
to the expense of purchasing a large
quantity of seed, but that they plaut a
comparatively small area, Inoculating
the soil either by the soil-transfer
method or, in the absence of inoculat
ed soil, by the use of pure cultures.
When once a patch of bur clover has
been grown successfully on a farm
the whole farm can easily be inoculat
ed by scattering soil from the places
where the bur ciover grew successful
Rotating Bur Clover.
Bur clover may be used as a winter
crop in rotation with any cultivated
summer crop. Among rotations that
have been suggested the following
First year-Cotton, bur clover sown
between the rows September 1.
Second year-Corn or soy beans, fol
lowed by bur clover.
A less simple rotation is the fol
First year-Cotton, bur clover sown
between the rows September 1.
Second year-Corn, followed by win
ter oats. - .\?"-<vTf<-.
Third year-Oats, followed by soy
beans or cowpeas, preferably in rows.
Bur clover sown in the rows Septem
ber 1. If the soy beans or cowpeas
are broadcasted, the bur clover should
not be sown before the crop is har
After bur clover has been once suc
cessfully grown stands can usually be
secured in such intertilled summer
crops as cotton, corn, soy beans, or
sorghums. In broadcasted crops, how
ever, such as soy beans, millet, and
cowpeas, the shade is so dense that
the young bur-clover plauts for the
most part perish.
may ne guided by attaching a plow
line or wires to the spreader where the
trace chains are attached. These
should run back to a short stick which
gives a ilrm and easy hand hold. Ono
end of the rope or wire may then bc
carried down to each chain so that
they may be lifted independently or
the entire machine lifted from the
ground to jump or dodge stumps and
to guide the machine so that it may
be used close to the plants.
In dry weather, weevil-infested fields
should be gone over twice a week with
this device. A man and mule can go
over seven or eight acres per day. This
is as large an area per mule as should
be in cotton in heavily infested terri
EXCESSIVE HEAT HURTS HOGS
More Easily Thrown Off Feed Than
Any Other Animal-Constipation
One of Effects.
One of the effects of hot weather is
to cause constipation in hogs. The ex
cessive heat seems to throw the hog
off feed more easily than It does other
animals. A laxative feed Is the natur
al preventive, but the whole environ
ment must be right to protect hogs
from this. A change of feed, particu
larly a change from a light to a heav
ier and drier feed, is most likely to
cause constipation. Pregnant sows
are troubled more from it than are
other classes of hogs. The practice of
confining them before farrowing time
has much to do with It und may result
in serious loss as they have trouble in
farrowing when constipated. Two to
four ounces of raw linseed oil fed dally
with the feed is an effective treatment
after the trouble sets In. Lots of exer
cise on a field covered with juicy grass
Is an effective method of keeping the
IODINE CURE FOR RINGWORM
Contagious Disease Caused by Growth
of Fungus in Skin-Ailment Will
(By DR. R. R. DYKSTRA. Kansas State
Ringworm is a contagious skin dis
ease caused by the growth of a fungus
in the skin and hair. The disease
spreads rapidly from animal to animal
and from animal to man. Care should
be exercised in handling animals affect
ed willi this condition.
It may lu? treated successfully by
scrubbing thc parts thoroughly with !
soap and water ?ind a stiff ?rustled
brush sn ns io remove all tile scabs.
The area then is to be painted daily j
for about a week with pure tincture of!
! "FAREWELL TO THEE"
?? By EARL REED SILVERS.
"I don't think that I can ever cari
for you in just that way, Dick."' Th
girl spoke softly, and there was a cer
tain wistfulness in her eyes. "You see
? I'm different from most girls. Dad ant
I have lived together for so long tha
I should't know what to do if I didn'
have him to look out for."
"But you can still have him," Dicl
Garrett persisted. "He can live witl
us and you eau look out for him al
you want to."
"No, Dick I" Dorothy Hayden shool
her head. "I think that I've given hin
so much love and care that I haven'i
any left for other people."
Music souuded from the ballroom ol
t"he Country club. The man rose.
"The orchestra is playing 'Aloh?
Oe,' " he said. "Do you mind dauciui
"I should love, to."
Together they made their way inte
the big ballroom. Dreamlike, the mu
sic floated across the iloor. Dick am;
Dorothy danced silently, the girl's eyes
half closed, her left hand resting, witt
a hint of a caress, on her partner's
arm. The weirdly sad music seemed
like a living thing, so subtly did it fil
in with the mood of the two dancers,
But finally the strains died away, and
Dick, stepping back, looked search
ingly into the girl's eyes. In their
depths he discovered a light which sel
his heart to beating wildly. Without a
word, he led her to the shadowed ter
"Are you still sure?" he asked softly.
For a moment Dorothy hesitated.
The charm of the music had not yet
been lost, the swaying rhythm of the
dance half intoxicated her. Her glance
wundered to the clubhouse porch, light
ed by the mellow glow of many lan
terns. As she looked, a gray-haired
man framed himself in the doorway,
his tliin face silhouetted ugainst the
brilliant background. The light died
from her eyes.
"I'm sure, Dick," she answered. "As
long as he lives, my father will always
"I'm not going to ask you again," he
said slowly, "because I believe that
you know your own mind. But I love
you, have loved you ever since I ruet
you five years ago. I had hoped-" His
voice broke, and he shook his head
half angrily at the display of emotion.
"But I'm not going to say anything
about that Tomorrow I'm going to ac
cept that position in Panama. A boat
sails in the afternoon, and I'll be on
He paused, and the girl caught her
breath sharply. "'Aloha Oe' means
farewell to thee,' in English," he con*
tiuued. "That<d?ace wa* probably the
last one we'll ever have together. But
I'll always remember it, and whenever
I hear the music again I'll think of this
one night with you." He held out his
hand. "So I guess it's good-by."
For a long time after he had gone,
Dorothy stared with unseeing eyes in
to the darkness surrounding the Coun
She reviewed her friendship with
Dick Garrett. It seemed only yester
day that he had moved to Westwood,
a blond-haired, blue-eyed college boy.
She remembered his little acts of kind
ness to her father, his consideration,
his unfailing loyalty. Suddenly she
realized that he meant more to her
than auyone else in the world.
A shadow fell across the porch and
a figure stood before her. She looked
up half hopefully. It was her father.
"Where's Dick?" he asked.
"He's gone." Her voice was dull.
"He-he leaves for Panama tomor
For a long two minutes the old man
"Why?" he questioned finally.
"Because I wouldn't marry him."
She tried to speak bravely, but a sob
caught in her throat
"Don't you love him?"
"I thought I didn't, but I do. Oh,
daddy, daddy!" Suddenly she burled
her face on his shoulder and sobbed
quietly. He waited until the sobbing
had spent itself, and then he spoke
"Would you like to go home?"
"Yes, any place where I can be by
Her father smiled, a light of reminis
cence in his eyes.
"You'll have to wait for ten minutes,
or so," he said. "I must see a man on
business. But I'll be back just as soon
"I'll walt here for you."
The music began again. But Dorothy
did not hear; she was thinking of other
things. She realized vaguely that an
automobile had drawn up before the
club entrance. A man loomed out of
the durkness and stood before her.
"Dorothy!" he said.
Her heart leaped wildly. She sprang
to her feet.
A strange mixture of wonder, unbe.
lief and happiness was in her voice.
The man smiled into her eyes.
"Your father phoned to me," he ex
plained. "He said that you wanted
"Oh!" She seemed unable to find
voice for the varied emotions which
surged within her.
"Do you?" he persisted gently.
She placed one hand on his am,
"Yes," she answered softly. "More
than all the world."
(Copyright, IMG. hy the McClure Newspa
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Long-Term Loans to Farmers a Specialty.
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