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FIELD STONES FOR BUILDINGS
These Bowlders Are Used Extensively
in Constructing Homes in Many
Sections of California.
Cobblestones combined with cement
are used extensively in the West for
all kinds of ornamental and utilitarian
construction. From ornamental urns
and corner markers to foundations,
bandstands, bridges, and evea such
large structures as two-story houses,
churches, and even an observatory,
may all be found in California, built
of -*he cobbles that are removed in
The resulting edifices are ofremark
ably artistic appearance. The econ
omy of this type of building is well
shown by the fact that in the citrus
belt near Los Angeles thousands of
tons of cobblestones are dug up by
the Hindu laborers and piled in great
heaps Letween the groves. These cob
ble piles are often fifteen feet high
and twenty feet broad, and extend for
many rods between the cleared fields.
They are literally cheaper than dirt.
It is but natural that many of the
best specimens of cobble construction
are found in that district. The round
ed stones merely encumber the ground,
and most owners are willing to help
pay for their removal to a building
In the citrus section may be found
an observatory in the grounds of Po
mona college, which is a splendid bit
Near by is one c? the most attractive
homes in the West, a great, rambling
bungalow of field stones which has for
its main interior feature a sun parlor
or glass-roofed patio. This is a most
attractive detail of a charming home,
with ferns and flowers growing as In
a conservatory, but In a temperature
suited for its use as a general living
In Azuza may be found a decidedly
artistic cobblestone church, with only
n few roughly squared stones used in
.connection with the natural-shaped
bowlders and field stones.. San Diego
has two large two-story houses formed
of this material, and the suggestion of
permanence as well as rustic charm
is- made by the utilization ol the big
In the larger cities there are count
less specimens of public as well as pri
vate construction formed of this
rough-and-ready material. The parks
contain splendid examples of the deco
rative possibilities of cobblestones. The
bridge in Ganeslta park is far more in
keeping with Its surroundings of trees
and shrubs than a more formal struc
ture would be, and this applies to the,
r.^'is^miL.iu the same park and to
*- IITJ drinking fountain in Eastlake
park, Los Angeles.-Popular Science
BE CAREFUL OF HOME PLANS
Don't Forget That Slight Details, Now
Overlooked, May Cause Much
Dissatisfaction Later On.
When planning the new house, as
much attention should be given to the
tilings which should not be done as to
those which should be done. Unless
thought is given to many details ap
parently slight, but which may cause
.=?-?-Pivch trouble and annoyance later, if
n<-; properly planned at the start, dis
satisfaction is sure to result when the
. honi.> is completed and occupied.
Some of the things which should not
be done, if future convenience is de
sired, may be avoided by carefully ob
serving the following "don'ts:"
Don't set your house too low. Better
have it a foot high than an inch too
low. The street grade may be raised
nt any time, and if the house sets low
this will make lt look squatty.
Don't fail to provide proper drnln
under the cellar wall and through
the center of the cellar, under the con
crete floor. This may easily be ac
complished by constructing a dry drain
or trenches filled with small stone. If
I this precaution Is omitted, a damp
cellar will be the result In nine cases
' out of ten, unless there is a very
abrupt slope to the land on which the
f house stands.
What Baltimore Did.
Which would you rather have, a
'?dirty lot in the rear of your home or a
beautiful green garden that produces
vegetables, f. ult and pretty flowers
each year? It Is not a hard matter
to decide, yet when this question was
put up to the people living^ In a part
of Baltimore some few years ago there
were many who preferred the dirty
back lot. Of course, there were others
.who desired the pretty garden, and
now that the garden is a reality not
one person In that neighborhood would
take 20 lots for one small section of
the green spot.
It was ^through the efforts of the
Woman's Civic league that dirty lots
In all sections of that city have been
transformed Into pretty vegetable and
fruit gardens. On the very same spots
win-re boys played ball and people
threw all kinds of rubbish, one finds
beds of beautiful flowers and rows of
potatoes, tomatoes, peas, beans, car
rots, onions and corn every summer.
Berries of all descriptions In season,
ind poach, apple and other fruit trees
ure ah 3 to be found there.
LAND NOT ALL TAKEN
More Than 250,000 Acres Left
in Public Domain.
Territory Still Open to Homestead
Scattered Over Twenty-Five
States-Nevada Has Most.
I Uncle Sam still has considerable
I land to give to the enterprising citi
zen, man or woman, who wishes to
establish a home. Secretary of the In
terior Lane has announced that more
than a quarter of a billion acres of
land remain in the public domain, ac
cording to official figures, just com
piled by the general land office. These
acres are located in 25 different states,
extending from California to Michigan,
from Florida to Washington. Ali but
2,290,000 acres of it is in the far
west, wich Nevada containing the high
est acreage, 55,375,077. An even dozen
of the extreme western states alone
hold more than 250,000,000 acres. The
exact amount of land that is unre
served and unappropriated, according
to the official figures, is 254,945,589
acres. Of this amount, approximately
92,000,000 acres are unsurveyed.
Missouri reports the least area of
vacant laad,. having but 952 acres,
which are scattered over 16 counties.
In 52 counties of Michigan may be
found 90,540 acres, while 30 coun
ties in Wisconsin report 5,872 acres.
Of the Pacific stajtes, California has
20,025,999 acres of vacant land; Ore
gon, 15,337,809, and Washington, ly
The land in the Dakotas Is rapidly
passing into private ownership, only
2,382,588 acres of vacant land being
reported In South Dakota, and 381,199
acres in North Dakota.
Of the northwestern states, Idaho
contains 15,510,561 acres of vacant
land, of which 6,679,071 acres are un
surveyed; Montana, 16,649,725 acres
with 7,420,571 unsurveyed, and Wyom
ing, 28,528,492 acres with 1,960,752
In Colorado over two and a quarter
million acres were appropriated dur
ing the last fiscal year, leaving 14,908,
127 acres now vacant Of this area
over 2,000,000 acres are unsurveyed.
The total area of unappropriated
land, surveyed and unsurveyed, in the
j 25 public-land states, is reported as
Alabama . 42.6S0
Arizona ..?. 23,597,21s
Arkansas .?. 402,219
? California . 20,025,999
Florida . 135.237
Louisiana . 44,804
Minnesota . 798,804
Mississippi . -80,374
Missouri . 952
Montana . 16,649.725
Nebraska ., 146,256
Nevada . 55,375.077
New Mexico . 26,338,379
North Dakota . ' 3S1.199
Oklahoma . 55,250
Oregon . 15.337,809
South Dakota . 2.3S2.5S8
Utah .;. 82,968.837
Wasnington .i. 1,132.571
Wisconsin ...A.?i. 6,873
Wyoming . 28,528,492
Total .254,945,589 j
UNCLE SAM AIDS SPORTSMEN
Prepares Directory Showing From
Whom Information Can Be Ob
tained Concerning Game Laws.
Uncle Sam has made it easy for
anyone interested in the subject to ob
tain information regarding the multi
tude of game laws that ure in force in
the United States and Canada.
The seventeenth annual directory of !
officials and organizations concerned j
with the protection of birds and game j
In the United States and Canada, re- j
v:sed to July 15, 191G, has been issued
by the bureau of biological survey, I
United States department of agricul-:
ture. It presents in convenient form
the addresses of persons from whom ;
information may be obtained concern- j
ing the game laws. It shows the date
of establishment of each state cominis
Sion or wardenship, the changes which j
occur in such offices, and the publica
tions issued by game officials.
It contains also the names and ad
dresses of the president and secretary
of each national, state and Canadian
club or association organized for the !
protection of birds and game. The j
Audubon societies, organized for the
study and protection of birds, are also
listed, together with the names and J
addresses of the presidents and secre
t Marines Read Recruits' ?
Character In Fingers
Men with long, tapering
"piano" fingers are apt to de
sert after short service, while
those having stubby digits, de
noting stability of character
and utter lack of the artistic
temperament, usually stand by
their oaths and make the best
marines, according to finger
print experts at headquarters of
the United States Marine corps.
Although desertions from the
corps are light at all times it
has been found that actors, sign
writers, and, strange to say,
waiters, furnish the largest num
ber of deserters.
Records, Including finger
prints, of all men enlisted In
the murine corps are kept at
headquarters for purposes of
identification, and there are
cases on record where bodies,
with finger tips Intact, have
been positively identified through
the finger-print medium.
tilizers Assures You a
We told you last year that if you used COE-MORTIMER Fertilizer
you would make a good crop-and those who used it DID! COE-'
MORTIMER means QUALITY and QUALITY means RESULTS.
COE-MORTIMER has been on the market for over 70 years-and
has a PROVEN REPUTATION.
Don't be misled into buying low-grade fertilizers-get
the best. It is cheaper in the long run.
ASK OUR NEAREST DEALER or see or write. .
$25.00 in Gold FREE
We will give $25.00 in gold to the
one who raises the best acre of corn
in Edgefield county by the use of
C O E- M EUT IM ER Fertilizers.
YV. P. CASSELS, Johnston, S. C.
W. W. Adams
California . Fruit . Store
GEO. COCLIN & BROS. Proprietors
Fruit From Every Clime
Importers of the World's Best Goods
Cigars . Cigarettes . Tobacco . Etc.
We Solicit the Patronage of Our Edgefield
Corner Jackson and Ellis Sts.
imtmmm v m
Licensed agent for regular li
censed companies by the State
of South Carolina can insure
country homes, barns, etc., coun
try churches and schools, well
rated country merchants, cotton
on farms, gin-houses, seed.
Write me before the fire.
E. J. NORRIS
Established Over a Quarter Century
Davison & Fargo
Cotton Commission Merchants
Liberal Advances on Cotton Shipments
account and not one home in a hundred who has a
bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to
put it off any longer, when it is such h simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. F Nicholson, vice-President
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rain?ford, John Rainsford, B. E.
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins. C. C. Fuller. E. J. Mims. J. H. Allin.
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Seeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
j^SF" See our representative, C. E. May.