Newspaper Page Text
Recently Enacted Law Estab*
j lishes New Principle in
j American Government.
STATES JOIN WITH UNCLESAM
Measure Makes Co-operation Neces
; sary Where Friction Has Existed
Frequently in the
By DAVID F. HOUSTON,
j Secretary of Agriculture.
The federal-aid road act and another
law-the co-operative agricultural ex
tension act-that the department of
agriculture is charged with the duty of
enforcing, establish a new principle in
American government, the principle of
co-operation between federal and state
officers. They are the only laws I re
" call which recognize and Insist upon
this principle. They are therefore very
significant. Heretofore federal and
state officers have too frequently
looked at one another across the line,
sometimes with apprehension as to
what the other was going to do or
think, sometimes with jealousy, not in
frequently with friction.
I need not emphasize the impor
tance of good roads. Most Intelligent
people who think about good roads
know that they are essential to com
fortable living, essential to proper com
munity development, especially to the
development of rural life, to efficient
production and orderly marketing of
farm products, to good schools, and to
the development of a satisfactory rural
Many people, however, do not appre
ciate this, and I have occasionally met
road officers who, when the importance
David F. Houston.
of good roads was emphasized, have
said: "Yes, but they cost so much/'
Apparently they have not thought how
much more bad roads cost, not only lu
dollars and cents, but also in all those
indirect ways for which one can make
no definite calculation.
Much Money Now Being Spent
This law appeals to mo as of essen
tial Importance, not so much because
it carries with it out of the federal
treasury an appropriation of $S5,0UO,
000, not because lt will be met by an
appropriation of $75,000,000 or more
out of state funds, if all the states ac
cept the act, but because as great as
ls the aggregate, it is relatively Insig
nificant in comparison with amounts
the states are now annually expending
and will spend during the period cov
ered by the act.
I remember that, on one occasion,
when I was speaking to a public offi
cial about the road bill and suggested
that we ou^ht to begin with a modest
Initial appropriation of three, four or
five milllous of dollars, he expressed
surprise ind said that such an amount
would not get us anywhere; that the
expenditure by the nation of a few
millions of dollars for roads would be
merely timing witn tne matter. 1
asked him if he knew what the people
of the nation were contributing an
nually for road building, that the na
tion was already expending the equiva
lent of nearly half of what the Panama
canul has cost. Of course he did not
And the majority of people do not real
tee that the nation is expending ap
proximately $250,000,000 a year for
The main question that I am imme
diately concerned with, that the people
of tlie nation are immediately con
cerned with, is whethej we shall get a
dollar's result for every dollar we ex
pend for roads. I am quite sure that if
?we do so and we can convince the peo
ple that we have done'so, they will be
?willing to put much more money Into
good .-'ads where they are needed.
Therefore, the matter of administering
this law, of devising good road sys
tems, of careful selection of roads, of
formulating projects, of developing
plnns and specifications, of having all
matters considered on their merit by
competent men, seem to me to lie at
the root of this business. If, as the re
sult of this act, the people are Induced
fullf to realize the necessity of placing
skillful and experienced men in charge
of road building and road maintenance,
a great advance will have been mads
and che efforts of those who labored
to secure the legislation will have been
Real Experts Will Be Needed.
I assume, as a matter of necessity,
that this law will require the employ
ment in every state of experts, of real
experts. This word Is very much mis
used and abused. The public is some
what suspicious of experts, because, 1
think, so many people pose as experts
who are not. I repeat that this act
will necessitate trained intelligence in
the service of the state as well as in
the service of the federal government
The act requires the state to accept it
That, as I understand it, implies the
assent of the state to every provision
of the act One of these provisions is
that projects, plans, specifications and
contracts shull be submitted and ap
proved; and I have a suspicion that
plans and specifications will not be ap
proved unless they are submitted by
people who know about such things.
So the assent of the state involves the
calling of trained men into the service
of every state which ls now without
The law involves another thing, the
pledge of the faith of the state to meet
in full the federal appropriation for
the entire period covered by the act
but it can pledge the faith of the state
to meet the financial provisions of the
act for the period covered by lt. This
is as it should be. It would be unfor
tunate if it were otherwise. It would
be wasteful not to make plans at the
outset for the full period covered by
the net; lt would mean piece-meal
road building and much dissipation of
effort and misdirection of funds.
Japanese Merchant Ships.
A report of the imperial Japanese
department of communications gives
the number of seaworthy vessels ia
Japan as 2,146, with a total tonnage
of 1,027,103. Of these, 431 are ocean
traders of more than 1,000 tons each.
The numbers according to tonnage
are: Above 10,000 tons, 5; between
9,000 and 10,000, 6 ; between 7,000 and
9.000, 12 ; between 6,000 and 7,000, 12 ;
between 5,000 and 6,000, 80; between
4,000 and 5,000, 28; between 8,000 and
4,000, 86 ; between 2,000 and 3,000,126;
between 1,000 and 2,000,126 ; total, 43L
New York's Manufactures Gnow.
The Taine of the manufactured prod
ucts of New York state ia 1914 is
placed at $3,,814,661,000 by I'ncle Sam.
A report of the census bureau just is
sued shows a gain of 13.2 per cent
since 1909. The population of the
state was estimated at 9,900,000.
Doctors would oblige some nervous
people by telling them how to dress
to avoid being struck by lightning.
Civilized methods in darkest Africa
would lead the natives to shoot craps
to see whom they'd belong to after the
Just as infantile paralysis ls effec
tually banished by a fresh magazine
article the reckless malady breaks out
Holland Is protesting the" seizure of
fishing boats. The whole neutral world
is fast becoming one comprehensive
Say what you will, the annoyance
that people who don't work can (rive
people who do ls entirely beyond com
It begins to look ns though nothing
would end the European struggle ex
cept the intervention of the irreducible
Now that a study of gifted children
is advocated every mother in the land
will begin to take fresh Interest in
Few American Institutions are so
firmly established as the custom of
taking exhaustive testimony after the
harm has been done.
As there are still 11,000.000 men
without automobiles In this country
the motor car makers can save their
tears for a later date.
The man who clings to an old-fash
ioned motor car is nt least protected
from thieves. Nobody is going to steal
a car he has to crank up first.
About the only good feature of the
PM ra hour of daylight Is that some
husbands won't be able to stay out
quite so late at night as formerly.
The British have captured the Gov
man port of Pongan! In East Africa,
which ls the first most of us had heard
that the Germans owned such a place.
Mistake those trench fighters mnke
Is In trying to set up housekeeping in
their underground apartments. -The
furniture won't stand the wear and
"Temperance and labor are the two
real physicians of man." Isn't it sur
prising how many men make it a busi
ness of dodging these two particular
When a girl ls scheduled to become
a bride in about two months, she looks
down In pity from her summit of
ecstasy upon the poor princesses and
queens of the earth.
The fall styles are on exhibition,
and the girls say that they are scrump
tious. Hut don't let that worry you.
You'll be permitted to wear your In^t
yen r's furnace gloves just as you ex
By ELLIS BROWNE.
Professor Feldman brought his
chummy car to a standstill before the
door of the Inn. Alt Nuremberg, with
its concrete block towers and spiked
iroq-bound oaken gates, announced
hospitably on a board outside that it
served food and soft drinks. Another
placard pictured an amber brown mug
covered with a generous froth that
appealed more strongly to his dusty
palate, and, descending with haste, he
was soon inside the garden walting
to be served at a little white-clothed
iron table near a vine-covered wall.
A deep, steady roar told of the prox
imity of the ocean, and the professor
waited impatiently, as he wished to
finish his journey and have a cooling
dip In th?- surf before time to dress
The thought of dinner and evening
brought a flush of happiness, for he
had kept his car seaward for four hun
dred miles because Betty Pershing was
at Ocean Point with her family. And
an invitation from Mrs. Pershing one
day when summer outings were being
discussed was not to be overlooked.
, "You must come to Ocean Point
when we are there, professor," she had
insisted. "The golf course there is per
fect and the sailing ls fine."
"Yes, indeed, Feldman," agreed Tom
Pershing, heartily, slapping the other
Jovially on the bock.
"Thank you!" he had smiled appre
ciatively. "You certainly offer induce
ments. And you, Miss Betty? Have
I your approval?"
"Certainly, professor. I was just
wondering how we could get along
through the summer without youl"
Betty answered brightly.
"The die is cast I go," he an
nounced gratefully. "I assure you I
shall do my best to be useful. I shall
stock np on fresh new jokes for rainy
days, and make profeges of all the old
ladies and-" he stopped. He had
caught Bettys eye and hers dropped
in pretty confusion, for his eyes were
saying only too plainly that she was
the cause of his gratitude.
So the Pershlngs had gone and the
professor had followed.
The professor changed his mind and
ordered orangeade. After all, Alt Nu
remberg wasn't Heidelberg and he
was no longer a German student
Those were good old days, though.
That was where he had met'Tom Per
shing twenty years ago. Now he was
nearly forty. Heidelberg! How far
away-how long ago lt seemed 1 And
pretty little Elsa, flaxen-haired and
demure! That had been quite an af
fair. When he came to America he
told her he would make his fortune
and return when he was rich.
He finished his sandwich and got up
tc- go. More people had come in and a
little orchestra hud come from some
where and started to play.
The curtain at the rear of the little
stage parted and four singers came ont
dressed In native costume and picked
up the air ot the players. The profes
sor started to his feet, for the flaxen
hairea soprano In her velvet bodice
wac none other than the girl ha had
been thinking about-Elsa!
He sat staring, confused, his
thoughts a chaos. The song ended
and the singers Sat down listlessly.
The professor wide his way to ?he
platform and Elsa lowered her eyes
from the top ol the wall. "Emmet I
Du Emmet!" she cried.
"Yes Elsa. It's Emmett Can you
"Yes," she answered, giving him her
hand and jumping to the ground.
They sat down and he scanned her
face closely. "It's odd to find you here.
How long have you been In Ameri
"Heavens! And I not to know lt
Whut"-heavily-"what did you come
for?" He dreaded her answer.
She laughed. "I had to. My hus
"So you are married !" with relief.
"Sure I am. Fritz and I are doing
One. We have a cafe in Jersey City
and come here in summer. This ls a
I good money-maker. But tell me about
' yourself. You're a fine-looking man,
; Emmet. No one would think you were
! a day over thirty. Are you married,
j uud ure you making plenty of money?"
She leaned over the table and
'scanned him closely for earmarks of
prosperity. There was no diamond in
I hi? tie and none on his hands. She
j shook her head. "You must do better
! and get rich. Come and talk to my
j Fritz. Maybe he can put you in the
' way of something!"
Elsa, with her dreamy blue eyes
I and cheeks oi roses and cream, had
no sou? above the silver quart .-rs that
fell into Fritz's money box ! " He un
derstood now why he had not gone
back to her He thought of sensitive
high-strung Betty, her dark under
standing eyes and her quick sympa
thetic smile. He got up and held out
"No, thank you, Elsa! There are
other things beside money, but I will
come and see you again. I'm not mar
ried jv?t, but wish me luck, Elsa. I'm
going to ask her tonight"
She nodded. "That's good, Emmet
I do wish you luck. But hurry up and
get rich. America ls a great country,"
as he shook her hand warmly and
"And they say Americans are merce
nary," he exclaimed as he started ths
engine. "Betty, dear, be kind!"
(Copyright, 1916, by the McClure Newspa
Nebraska is adapted to grape*grow
It'* no crime for any army to forgi
Although the tussock moth says llt>
tie lt has a way of arriving.
London wur reports have made fist
Btories dull and uninteresting.
Vacation ls merely a mad competltloi
to spend In two weeks the savings of i
Where are the sentimentalists? Why.
not a society for the protection of hun
Efficiency may be a much overwork
ed word, but that only tends to prove
A European ruler always swells up
and speaks of "my troops" when
A goodly portion of Europe doesn't
care where lt eats its Christmas din
ner, just so it euts.
Nobody loves the neutral now, but
after the war. he will be hailed as
everybody's best friend.
Returning vacationists are convinced
that after all a rich brown tan is not
much as a tangible asset
Aside from the fact that our aero
planes on the border will not .fly, they
are pretty good aeroplanes.
Cleanliness ls coming to be nn essen
tial to business success in the handling
of foods. This ls progress.
Some of the best road records of
the season ure being made by Ameri
can aviators walking back.
It seems that lt is a fad of the North
sea fishermen to hear the noise of na
val battles that never happen.
One of the pitiful sights in life is to
see a man with a plan for ending the
war trying to raise a car window.
With gasoline and golf balls both
cheaper the sufferings of the unfortu
nate rich are somewhat alleviated.
The fault of our time and manners
ls, men are too apt to regard an office
a place to browse in Instead of serve
Maine fisherman says he knows fish
con talk. When they have anything to
say they probably te.'.l lt to the ma
Fortunately, lt is not necessary to
appeal to the supreme court to decide
whether every tennis service is in
What the world most needs is a
Winsted hen that will lay an egg with
the word "Peace" Indelibly etched in
Another costly variety of paper ls
that upon which are written the notes
that are bases for breach of promise
It is announced that there is $380,
201,767 in the Philadelphia mint That
ls one of the finest mint beds we ever
"Few men," sagely observes a wise
guy, "know what is really In them."
They should try eating ice cream with
pork and beans.
When a moving picture serial ls giv
en the managers should take pains to
see that the plot moves aloug u little
every week or so.
As soon as n possible shortage of
leather was announced Dame Fashion,
with characteristic extravagance, made
tho shoetop higher than ever.
Don't be pessimistic. If your grouch
becomes bothersome, and you feel like
kicking the dog, lt is quite possible that
a dose of castor oil will fix you up.
If you tell a giri she is pretty and
she pouts and deprecates lt. keep on a
telling her. There ls no music to equal
it so far as her ears ure concerned.
Still, In the long run lt Is better to
leave a boy with a good character and
let him make lils million dollars than
tj leave a milliou and ruin him entire
It must be embarrassing to the
guests nt-the summer hotels to have
to give the orders to college girl walt
ers who know how to pronounce the
A Cleveland pastor thinks Darwin ls
to blame for the war. Still, when get
ting right back to first principles,
Adam and Eve were probably funda
mentally to blame.
That San Francisco judge's proposal
for shooting feebleminded jurors
hasn't been carried out yet, we under
stand, hut the Juries are still com
pelled to suffer thc gas attacks of tJ?e
Nearly all the members of the mili
tia wear wrist watches. Nobody ques
tions the utility or desirability of the
wrist watch In the field ; lt's only the
-oft chap who wears lt In the ballroom
"?ho makes a Joke of lt
The man who loads a dual life ls n
consummate scoundrel, but the mat
who wears himself to a frazzle tryinp
to support one family, stern though hi
. .> in condemnation of the fellow wli
supports two, hands lt to him for man
Canoes are excellent Incentives tot
learning to swim.
The color of the shark's nose doesn't
matter if Its teeth are sound. "
The Russians are strong on high
speed, whether coming or going.
Going away on a vacation ls some
times less of a problem than getting
Gasoline Jins taken a drop, but not,
like some of those who use lt, a drop
to j much.
"Bowl of Bread and Milk Is Great
Aid to Insomnia," but' who wunts to
Corn on the cob would be wholly
admirable If lt had not ruined so many
About the only sure way of avoiding
an auto occident Is for a man to go
riding with his wife.
If you think courtesy doesn't cost
anything Just try loaning a newly
rigged out fishing pole.
Most of the newspapers are printing
editorials on the shark, and not one
has a kind word to say.
There are few spots In Europe where
the new masters haven't put the old
masters out of business.
The crab needs protection, it s?ems.
but like the creature itself, the laws
are backward In their case.
It Isn't the quality of the staff that
makes lt a luxury, but whether you
have the money to pay for lt
Some day some bright chap is going
to achieve fame by Inventing a smoke
consumer for rank cheap cigars.
A restaurant keeper accused of
cruelty towards a lobster insists it
isn't an animal. Still, It may be.
Half Your Living
Without Money Cos!
A right or wrong start In 1917 will
make or break most farmers in the
South. We are all facing a crisis.
This war in Europe puts things in
such uncertainty that no man can
foresee the future with any degree of
The sure and certain increase In
cotton acreage means lower cotton
prices next fall. Cost of all food and
grain products is high, so high that
no one can afford to buy and expect
to pay out with cotton.
It's a time above all others to play
safe; to produce all possible food,
grain and forage supplies on your
own acres; to cut down the store bill.
A good piece of garden ground,
rightly planted, rightly tended and
kept planted the year round, can be
made to pay half your living. It will
save you more money than you made
on the best five acres of cotton you
Hastings' 1917 Seed Book tells all
about the right kind of a money sav
ing garden and the vegetables to put
in it It tells about the field crops as
well and shows you the clear road to
real farm prosperity. ' lt's Free. Send
for it today to H. G. HASTINGS CO.,
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF EDGKFIELD.
By W. T. Kinnaird, Probate Judge.
Whereas, A. A. Edmunds made
suit to me. to grant him Letters of
Administration of the Estate and
effects of Mrs. Emily Middleton,
These Are Therefore to cite and
admonish all and singular the kin
dred and Creditors of the said Mrs.
Emily Middleton, deceased, that
they be and appear before me, in
the Court of Probate, to be held at
Edgetield, C. H., S. C., in my of
fice at ll o'clock on the 19th Janu
ary, 1917, next after publication
theieof, at ll o'clock in the fore
noon, to show cause, if any they
have, why the said Administration
should not be granted.
Given under my Hand, this 2nd
day of .January A. I)., IPI7.
- W. T. KINNAIRD,
Probate Judge E. C.
Jan. 3 -3t.
FISHING . TACKLE
Repairing of Fire Arms, Safes,
Talking Machines, etc.
Key Fitting a Specialty
Telephone 679 646 Broad St. I
Only One "BROMO QUININE"
To Ret the genuine, call for full name, LAXA
TIVE BROMO QUININE. Look for signature o?
E.W. GROVE. Cures o Cold in One Day. Stops
couch and headache, and works oft cold. 25c.
The County Treasurer's office will be
I open for the purpose of receiving taxes
from the 15th day of October, 1916, to
the 15th day of March, 1917.
All taxes shall be due and payable
between the 15th dav of October, 1916,
and December 31st, 1916.
That when taxes charged shall not be
paid by December 31st, 1916, the County
Auditor shall proceed to add a penalty
of one per cent, for January, and if
taxes are not paid on or before Feb
ruary 1st, 1917, the County Auditor
will proceed to add two per tent, and
five per cent, from the 1st of March to
the 15th of March, after which time all
unpaid tAxes will be collected by the
The tax levies for'the year 1916 are
For State purposes 6?
" Ordinary County 6h
" Constitutional School Tax 3~
" Antioch 4
" Bacon School District 7*
" Blocker p 2~
" Blocker-Limestone * 4
" Collier's 4
*' Flat Rock 4
" Oak Grove 3
" Red Hill 4
" Edgefield 5
" School Building 2
" Elmwood No. 8 2
" Elmwood No. 9 2
" Elmwood No. 30 2
Elmwood L. C. 3
" Hibler 3
" Johnston 8
" Meriwether (Gregg) 2
" Moss 3
" Shaw 4
" Talbert 2
" Trenton 5
" Wards 2
" Blocker R. R. (portion) 15
". Elmwood R. R. (portion) 15
" Johnston R. R. 3
" Pickens R. R. 3
" Wise R. R. li
" Corporatons andJR. R. Hi
All the male citizens between the
ages of 21 years and 60 years, except.
those exempt by law, are liable to a
poll tax of One Dollar each. A capita
tion tax of 51) cents each is to be paid
on all dogs.
The law prescribes that all male citi
zens between the ages of 18 and 55
years must pay $2.00 commutation tax
or work six days on the public roads.
As this is optional with the individual,
no commutation tax is included in the
property tax. So ask for road tax re
ceipt when you desire to pay road tax.
JAMES T. MIMS,
Co Treas. E: C.
All persons owning property of
any kind whatsoever, or in any ca
pacity, as husband, guardian, exe
cutor, administrator or trustees are
required to make returns of the
same to the Auditor under oath
within the time mentioned below
and the Auditor is required by law
to add a penalty of 50 per cent to
all property that is not returned on
or before the 20th day of February
in any year.
All male citizens between the
ages of 21 and 60 years except those
exempt by law are deemed taxable
polls. The T0 per cent penalty will
be added for failure to make re
For the convenience of tax pay
ers, I or my representative will be
at the following appointed places
on the dates mentioned to receive
Ropers, Wednesday, Jan. 17.
Meriwether, Thursday. Jan. 18.
Colliers, Friday, Jan. 19.
Red Hill, Saturday, Jan. 20.
\V. R. E. Winn's Store, Monday,
Cleora, Tuesday, Jan. 23.
Pleasant Lane, Wednesday, Jan.
Meeting Street, Thursday, Jan 25.
Johnston, Friday, Jan. 26.
Herring's Store, Saturday, eau 27.
Trenton, Monda}', Jan. 29.
This office will be open to receive
returns from the first day of Janu
ary till the 2?th day of February
1917 as prescribed by law.
J. R. TIM M ERM AN,
Auditor E. C. S, C.
Turn CT? the Lights!
Electric Lighting Systen
will give you .
Better Service-Last Longer
Than any other kind of lighting plnnt
u:: the market. It is cheaper than
acetylene- -< Irnncr. safer, less expen
sive to -i ?rate, ami will lust a life
WK HAVE \ VALUABLE BOOK
flint tells JOH all about Elceirio
Lfght?*ror the Farm.
Write for n copy or eal! and see UN.
egj Ute Dayton Electrical Mig. Co. ?
j&jj Dayton. Chlo, V. S. A. W
-PP-P-ze-T?r~]\- TI, .rnjrn
R. H. Middleton
Clark's Hill, S C., Dealer in Light
ing Plants and Water Works.