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Animal is Often Stung by Swarm
SINGLE STING NOTCANOEPiO?S
Nostrils May Be Closed as Result of
Swelling and Possibly Cause
?urns and Scalds.
(Prepared by the United States Depart
ment ot" Agriculture.)
Poisoned wounds are the result of
bites of snakes, rabid dogs, stings of
bees, wasps, etc. A single sting is not
dangerous, but an animal is often stung
by a swai'in of Insects, wheu the chief
danger occurs from the swelling pr .
duced. If stung about the head, the
nostrils may be closed as a result of
the swelling, causing luoored breath
ing and possibly asphyxiation. Intoxi
cation may be produced by the ab
sorption of this poison and is manifest
ed by staggering gait, spreading of the
. legs, paralysis of the muscles, difficult
respiration, and a rise of temperature.
Death may follow in live to len hours.
Douse the animal with cold water
and apply an alkaline liquid, such as
soapsuds, bicarbonate of soda, or weak
solution of ammouia. Internally give
ajcohol, ether, or camphor to
strengthen the heart. In case of bites
by rattlesnakes, moccasin, or other poi
sonous snakes, u painful swelling oc
itirs about the bitten part, which is
I illowed by labored breathing, weak
ness, retching, fever, and death from
collapse. The animal usually recov
ers, if it cnn be kei>t alive over the
third day. in treating the animal, a
tight ligature should be passed about
tlie part above the wound to keep the
?sou from entering the general circu
la tiou. Wash out the wound thorough
ly with antiseptics and then apply a
caustic, such as silver uitrate, or burn
wih a hot instrument. A subcutane
ous Injection of oue-fourth dram of
one per cent solution of chromic acid
a?'uve the wound ls also beneficial.
Cold water may be applied to the
wound to combat the Inflammation.
Bites of rabid dogs produce au in
fected wound, and the virus of rabies
iuiroduced iu this manner should be
removed or destroyed in the wound.
Therefore produce considerable bleed
ing by incising the wound, wash out
thoroughly with ten per cent solution
of zinc chloride, and then apply caus
tics or the actual cautery. Horses thus
binen shouiu be maintained under
strict observation for the possible de
velopment of rabies during a period of
at least three months, aud if the dis
ease appears, the horse should be
Burns and Scalds.
These wounds of domestic animals
are. fortunately, of rare occurreuce;
however, when they do occur. If at all
extensive, they prove to be quite trou
blesome and in many cases are
fatal. They are classified in three
degrees according to the severity of
th?- burn: First degree, where there
is :. imple reddening of the skin; sec
ond (?egree, where there is a formation
of vesicles, or blisters; third degree,
where there is a complete .destruction
of vitality of the tissues, such as would
occur in charring from direct contact
with Hames or from escaping steam.
I?( ??des the burns caused by Hames and
slea m, there are other causative
ag< nts, such as chemicals (caustic, al
k:i\'- ami acids), lightning StBoke, and
occasionally the broken trolley wires
ul electric railways. When a large
surface of the skin is burnell or scald?
e?l. i he animal (if it does not die at
om i- froiu shock) will soon show signs
ot' fever-shivering, coldness of the
ex t remit? es, wea k ness, rest ! essa . ?ss,
hu ri; and feeble pulse, and labored
breathing. No matter which agent is
a l": 'tor tn the production of burns, the
lesions are practically of tho same na
ture. The extent and site oflhe Inirii
should lead one In the determination
ami course of treatment. limns of
the shoulder and those about the re
giou of the elbow or other parts where
there Is much movement of the tissues
ai*.- grave, mid, If at all extensive,
treatment should not be attempted, but
the immediate destruction of the ani
ma! is advised. A burn of the third
decree, where there ls a destruction
of the vitality of large areas of tissue,
even on parts not subject to much mo
tion. is extremely tedious to treat; in
fact, i; is questionable whether the
treatment and keep of the animal will
ever be compensated for, even though
recovery does take place; this, in any
event, will require at least six or eight
weeks. Burns caused by lightning
stroke and trolley wires are liable to
occur in irregular lines, and, unless
death occurs at once, they generally
ure not serious.
Treatment should be prompt and ef
fect iv?-. If the burns are extensive,
the constitutional symptoms should be
combated with whisky and milk and
ogL's or ammonia carbonate, strychnin,
cafl'cin. and other stimulants to pre
vent shock. In the local treatment, to
Alleviate the pain, the application of
cold water in some form and the hypo
dermic Injection of morphine are reo
II ruled. In burns of the tirst degree,
v.i. here is only n superficial In
?I), lead carbonate (white
: ? - merit ls very goori. Carron
ni leutnter and linseed nil. equal
?. n standard remedy, bul n ti ni -
? :. . losed pf linseed oil and lime*
v.-, h 2U0 parts, bicarbonate or
?vd. parts, and thymol *1 part.
:.\ ; - bt.t:er. Thc scorched sur
face shuuiu be covered with this lini
ment and then with a layer of borated
gauze or absorbent cotton, to protect
it from the air. The application
should be frequently renewed. Carbo
luted vaseline may he used In place of
the above. In case the burn is more
extensive, the following solution muy
be used: Picric acid 2 parts, alcohol
.JU parts, water 400 parts. ^The le
sion should be thoroughly cleansed
with this solution used on absorbent
cotton. The vesicles, if any appear,
should be opened with a cleau needle,
allowing the skin to remain. Strips
of gauze or absorbent cotton saturated
with the solution should now be ap
plied and renewed only occasionally.
In burns of the second and third de
grees more satisfactory results tuny be
obtained with nonpoisonous, dry dress
ing powder, such as ls used in ordinary
open wounds, ns tannie acid S parts
and iodoforin 1 part, or a salve
made of this powder and a sufficient
quantity of vaseline. When slough
ing of the tissues takes place the
wounds should be cleansed with a
warm 3 per cent solution of carbolic
acid, nil loose fragments of tissue re
moved, and either a dry, antiseptic
dressing powder or carbolated vaseline
ointment applied to exclude the air.
Proud flesh should be controlled by the
application of silver nitrate in the
form of a caustic pencil.
Burns due to mineral acids may be
treated by flushing the parts with a
copious quantity of cold water or by
the application of whiting or chalk.
Either use a large quantity of water at
the start or use the chalk first, then
wash with water. If the Irritant has
been a caustic alkali, such as potash,
lye, ammonia or soda, then vinegar
should be the first application. Car
ron oil is a good general application
for all burns for the first week ; then
this should be followed by the ordinary
antiseptic wound dressings.
ECONOMIC PASTURE ON FARM
Practical Data Should Be Secured as
to Number of Acres Needed to
Support One Head.
In many cases land ls given over
to use as pasture which will not sup
port sufficient stock to make any rea
sonable return on the investment.
Such land properly belongs in the cat
egory of nonproductive land, In that it
makes no return commensurate with
the Interest on the money Invested.
It should be borne In mind that the
quality of the pasturage in relation to
the land value is an Important con
sideration In choosing a farm. For
Instance, what is economic pasture on
land that is worth $10 per acre might,
on land valued at $100 an acre, be> de
cidedly uneconomic. This relation
should be carefully studied in buying
a farm with much pasture land. To
determine whether pasture land is eco
nomic or not, practical data should
bff secured as to the numher of acres
necessary to support one head of stock
and the Interest on the value of the
land in question compared with the
current charge per head of the same
kind of stock for a season's pasturage.
Or the estimated value of the return in
increased value of the stock or its
products may be used for comparison.
By this means the relative economy of
pastures may be determined.
TREATING COLT FOR VERMIN
Most of Lice Powders Will Prove Effi
cient If Used Frequently-Coal
Tar Dip ls Good.
Care mnst he taken that the colt
docs not become lousy, for nrt colt will
thrive and make good growth while
troubled with lice. If tho owner of a
good colt which is not thriving as well
as his feed and management warrant
will make a close examination he will
discover that the young anima! is be
ing eaten tip hy lice.
Most of thc lice powders on the mar
ket will prove very efficient if used
frequently, or one of the coal-tar dip
prci?arations may he applied asa spray
with a lin nd sprayer. As lue'; rho
Jico persist this treatment should he
administered once a wee!;. Spray well
under ?he inane, under the jaws, along
the backbone, haek of the forelegs
and around the flanks. A thorough
treatment muy he given in a few min
?tes with a good sprayer.
BEES ARE GREAT TRAVELERS
To Collect a Pound of Clover Honey
Insects Must Get Material From
The bee ls famed for Industry, but
to show how much work the bee really
does a naturalist says that to collect
a pound of clover honey the bees must
deprive r.2,000 clover blossoms.
The flowers must he visited by 3,7.r?0,
000 bees, or, In other words, to collect
his pound of honey one bee must make
8,7."0.OOO trips to and from the hive.
As bees are known to fly for miles
in their quest of suitable fields of op
eration. lt ls clear that a single ounce
of honey represents millions of miles
COMPOSTED MANURE IS GOOD
Better Than Well-Rotted Article and
Very Much Cheaper-ls Well
Balanced Plant Pood.
Composted manure is as good or
heltrr than the ordinary well-rotted
article and very much cheaper because
more can be saved and much less is
wasted hy being washed away or leach
ing into (he soil while rotting. It ls
:. better balanced plant food and does
nut produce so much leaf and vine
instead of the fruit or roors tor which
most garden crops are grown.
A mounting of recent invention per
mits a single-lens camera to take a
Traces of light have been detected
in the ocean at depths of more than
three hundred feet by British scien
Ry a new refrigeration process a
Louisiana euglneer claims to freeze a
block of ice a foot thick in an Ljur.
The government of Peru will send
two men to Cuba to study the cultiva
tion and manufacture of tobacco for a
Chopped banana stalks, used just
after tho fruit has been harvested, are
Utilized for horse fed in Queensland.
A key that can be used repeatedly
has been invented for squeezing all the
contents from collapsible metal tubes.
A private train luis been built for the
sultan of Egypt that is composed of
cars that get their current from motors
driven by gasoline engines.
Of German invention is an electric
hlue-printinc apparatus that so re
flects the rays from au arc lamp that
all parts of the print are illuminated
Beneath the usual visor of a cap de
signed for athletes is another made of
a material that is transparent but so
colored as to shade the eyes from the
FROM THE PENCIL'S POINT
It's difficult for a doctor to cure a
A sharper is a keen man with a dull
Somehow we can't help feeling sor
ry for an ex-hero.
Be sure of your aim In life before
moving into a glass house.
A good scare ls of more benefit to
some men than good advice.
Most men who are shadowed by de
tectives are more or less shady.
Men who make good.don't sit down
and wait for their ship to come in.
A woman may win a man's love
without trying, but she can't keep lt
Bees can't talk, but they often get
back at a fellow with a few stinging
Music is the food of love-which Is
more than can be truthfully suid of
It isn't difficult to Induce the other
chap to compromise when he realizes
that you have the best of it
IN OTHER CITIES
Camdon. N. J., is to have a new ship
Atlantic City jitney busses are go
ing out of business gradually.
Milwaukee has ten citiz"iis with an
nual incomes in excess of $100,000. s
Cleveland bears men aro being en
listed liiere for the Russian anny.
Philadelphia will rush construction
of twn new sections of subway, to cost
Cincinnati women .ire organizing to
raise funds to save the city's zoological
Pittsburgh board of education is try
ing t<> discharge woiuau teachers fur
Washington, P. C., Is to entertain
in lill7 the twenty-seventh reunion of
the Confederate Veterans and Sons of
"Mister, here's them live tons of coal
you ordered this morning."
"No, sir, this isn't the real, genuine
olive oil ; that's the reason we sell It
so cheap." .
"You don't need to waste any sym
pathy on me, old peg; I am satisfied
with my job, my boss and my wages."
"Gentlemen, the conductor is ask
ing us to move forward in the car.
Come on, there's plenty of room."
"Young man, we find that we have
not been paying you enough, so we'll
increase your salary $10 a week, be
ginning today."-Portland Express.
THINGS WE NEVER-HEAR
"No, I did not resign. I was fired."
"Wife, I believe you need a new
"Your hill is very reasonable, In
"I did not marry him for love; I
wanted a position in society."
"It iv>". not hard luck. We were de
feat; d because they were the hotter
Half Your Living
Without Money Cos
A right or wrong start in 1917 wi:
make or break most farmers in th
South. We are all facing a crisis
This war in Europe puts things i
such uncertainty that no man ca
foresee the future with any degree c
The sure and certain Increase t
cotton acreage means lower cotto:
prices next fail. Cost of all food am
grain products is high, so high tha
no one can afford to buy and expec
to pay out with cotton.
It's a time above all others to pla;
safe; to produro all possible food
grain and iorage supplies on you
own acres; to cut down the store bill
A good piece of garden ground
rightly planted, rightly tended an<
kept plantea tho year round, can bi
made to pay haif your living. It wil
save you more money than you mad<
on the best five acres of cotton yoi
Hastings* 1917 Seed Book tells al
about the right kind of a money sav
lng garden and the vegetables to pu
in it. It tells about the field crops* a?
well and shows you the clear road tc
real farm prosperity, lt's Free. Sene
for it today to H. G. HASTINGS CO.
State of Sonth Carolina,
County of Edgefield.
Court of Common Pleas.
The Bank of Edgefield- Plain tiff
Agains!- \Y. D. Holland in hi
own Right and as Executor o
Last Will and Testament of E
S Holland D^c'd., et. al.,-Defer
Pursuant lo a decree in thc abov
entitled cause, I shall offer for sal
at public outcry to the highest bid
der before the Court House, Towi
of Edgefield, County and Stat
aforesaid, on salcsday in February
1917, the same being the 5th day o
said month, between the legal hour
of sale the following describee
realty, to wit:
Tract No. 1, All that parcel o
tract of land, situate, in the Count;
and State aforesaid, containin<
eighty acres, more or less, boundec
on the North by land of I. A. Webl
and the Estate of B- W. Bettis; oi
the South by the estate of B. W
Tract No. 2, All that tract o;
parcel of land known as the Hom?
Place of B. S. Holland, deceased
situate in the Town of Trenton, ii
said County and State containini
Twelve and one-half acres, more oi
less, bounded on the North bj
Church Street; on the East by lol
of J. C. Long and Mrs. Leila Ro
per; on the South by Public Streei
and on the West by the Augusti
Road. This tract formerly con
tamed 22 i acres, 10 acres ol
which has been heretofore sold.
Terms of Sale-One-half cash,
balance on a credit of one year,
with interest from date of said sale,
or all cash at purchaser's option:
the credit portion, if any, to be se
cured by the bond of the purchaser
and a mortgage of thc premises,
Said bond ami mortage to provide
for interest from date, and ten per
cent, attorney's fees, in case same
shall be placed in bands of an at
torney for collection.
If purchaser at said sale shall fail
to comply with the terms thereof,
within one hour from the lime ol'
said sale, said premises, upon direc
tion of pl ai mi ff, or his attorney,
will be resold <>n said day at the
risk ol' the former purchaser. Pur
chaser to pay for papers.
J. II. CANTELOTJ,
Master, E. C., S. ?
Jan. 2, 1'.? 17.
Notice of Sale.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OP EDGEFIELD,
(In Probate Court.)"""
Mrs. Mattie W. Denny, as Admin
istratrix of the estate of Tillman
R. Denny, deceased, and in her
Mrs. Mary Louono Reese, Claud
Willa Denny, Antoinette \V.
Denny and Mrs. M. E. Walker
Notice is Hereby Given that by
virtue of the decree of the probate
Court for Edgefield County in this
cause, I will sell at public auction
in front of the Court House, at
Edgefield, in the County of Edge
field, said State, on salesday in Feb
ruary next, being the 5th day of
said month, the following described
real estate belonging to the estate
of Tillman R. Denny, deceased, to
A certain lot of land in the Town
of Johnston, Edgefield Connty,
South Carolina, and the dwelling
and improvements thereon, con
taining one (l) acre, more or less,
bounded on the North by lot of
Mrs. Georgia Turner; East by J.
L. Smith; .South by Minis Avenue;
and West by the Preeby terian
W. T. KINNAIRD,
.Judge of Probate of Edgefield,
County of South Carolina.
Jan. 5, 1!)17.
Or- Kiig's - ' fewery
:;L;.S THE CO1 . JBES T;?E LUNGS.
OB! SO HAPPY
To nave A
Oowrieht 1909. by C. E. Zimmerman Co-No. 14
F all the unhappy homes
not one in a hundred has a bank
account and not one home in a hundred who has a
bank account is unhappy. It seems almost foolish to
put it off any longer, when it is such a simple, easy
matter to start a bank account.
BANK OF EDGEFIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E. Nicholson, Vice-president
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, B. E.
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins. C. C. Fuller. E. J. Mims. J. H. Allen.
S California . Fruit . Store
GEO. COCLIN & BROS. Proprietors
Fruit From Every Clime
Importers of the World's Best Goods
Cigars . Cigarettes . Tobacco . Etc. ES
We Solicit the Patronage of Our Edsrefield
Corner Jackson and Ellis Sts.
Licensed agent for regular li
censed companies by the State
of South Carolina can insure
country homes, barns, etc., coun
try churches and schools, well
rated country merchants, cotton
on farms, gin-houses, seed.
Write me before the fire.
E. J. NORRIS
'?in Minn II ? II 11 i
S. & co.
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Seeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
August a, Ga.
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
gjflff" See our representative, C. E. May.
Established Over a Quarter Century
Davison & Eargo
Cotton Commission Merchants
Liberal Advances on Cotton Shipments