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TREES DESTROYED BY FUNGI
No Kind of Fruit-Bearing Trees Enjoy
|rr.n:unity From Parasitical Vege
(By J. M. BALTIMORE.)
In extremely warm countries, it not
infrequently occurs that lichens girdle
fruii trees and kill them. It is usual
ly thc citrus orchards that suffer
pretest, but no kind of fruit-bearing
trees enjoy entire immunity from
these parasitical vegetable growths.
A large and healthy apple tree grow
ing in nn orchard in southern Cali
fornia was killed by lichens. This is
said to be the first case on record in
this section of the country.
The killing of the tree is supposed
to have taken about three years
Tree Killed by Fungi.
though the fungous prowth was first
observed not more thun a year ago.
The fungi came up from the earth
fir.st, covering about ome-third of the
They continued this growth to a
height of about three feet, when they
completely surrounded the tree, send
ing large filament-like suckers deep
into the heart of the trunk.
Even now, when the tree and the
lichens are both dead, close inspection
of the broken cross-sections shows
white lines where once these rootlets
burrowed through the wood.1
FRUIT OF HIGHEST QUALITY
Opportunity Without Limit Awaits
Man Who Will Supply Demand
Variation ls Fatal.
"The difference of the multitude Is
t!ie opportunity of the few." This is
a recent utterance of a college pro
fessor, but there never will-tie a more
truthful statemeut of the situation as
regards the fruit-growing industry.
Opportunity without limit awaits the
mun who will supply the demand for
strictly first quality fruit
The man who has the nerve to put
ur :.. pack that can be absolutely de
penileU upon is the man who will make
money, and there ure not enough of
thu; sort of men yet in the fruit busi
U0.c? io cause uuy very serious compe
t? ti nu, hut the slightest variation In
qualiiy is fatal to success.-Fruit
DE::~P0Y PEACH TREE BORER
Wcr:< May Be Done From Now On
Cold Weather of Winter Will
Kill the Insects.
Worming the peach trees for borers
may 1?? done from now on, and after
lt 's ,:nished the dirt may either be
lefi itwuy from the tree or the bole
If there Is no danger of water col
lecting about the base of the trunk the
.cold mouther of the winter will kill
the borers, and when worming is done
airain early in the spring the holes con
'NOT MUCH TRIMMING NEEDED
For First Three Years Cut Out Only
New Growth of Currant and
. Currants and gooseberries do not
need much trimming. For the first
three or four years only the surplus
new prowth needs cutting out to pre
ven, IK:-hes getting too thick.
After that some of the old stalks
should ne taken out every year or two
.to permit the new growth to develop,
as it produces the most and largest
INSECTS INJURE MUCH FRUIT
Twenty Per Cent of Crop of Country
Destroyed Each Year-Loss
Amounts to $?0,000,000.
ets destroy 20 per cent of the
*..:;> of this country every year,
ns $30.000,000 yearly taken
pockets of American fruit
. s rs if it would pay one to get
1 with ihese bugs, even if he
"y a litiic fruit for his own
. . -.. ? it?
KILLING WHITE GRUBS
Plowing in Late Fall and During
Winter Will Help.
According to Their Life Cycles Pests
Will BJ Abundant Next Year,
Causing Much Damage to
Various Farm Crops.
Every effort should be made to pre
vent destruction by white . grubs,
which, according to their life cycles,
will be abundant in 1917 and 191S,
causing damage to timothy and small
grains In 1017 and to com in HHS.
Late fall and winter plowing will
destroy many of the hibernating cut
worms as well as such Insect pests
as white grubs. This, therefore, should
be practiced when earlier plowing is
impracticable. Farm poultry trained
to follow the plow are also a groat
value In destroying the pest, and hogs
White Grub and Parent Beetle.
that are allowed to pasture upon land
that harbors cutworms will root up
and devour great quantities of the in
In most cases the moths lay their
eggs In the late summer or early fall
in fields which are covered with grass
or weeds. The worms hatch In a few
weeks, feed upon this vegetation until
cold weather, and then hibernate as
partly-grown caterpillars. Wheo the
infested field ls broken up and planted
to corn or other wide-row crops In the
spring, the worms are deprived of their
natural food and are compelled to at
tack tlie newly-planted crop. They
continue to consume an enormous
amount of food until they have at
tained their full growth, and change
to the pupal or resting stage in late
June or early July.
LAYING QUALITY OF PULLETS
Purchase a Purebred Male and Stop
Trying to Keep Flock of All
Kinds and Colors.
The thinking poultryman realizes
that the male ls "half of the pen,"
The chickens have one father In com
mon and may have separate mothers,
so the male's vigor and personality is
in every chick.
Get a purebred male. Stop this keep
ing a flock of ali kinds and colors. Be
careful to choose a male of real merit,
bred with care and for a purpose.
Whichever of the two alma-eggs ar
meat-ls the best with you. select for
that purpose, but never forget that a
well-bred cockerel, one bred from
meat-producing and egg-laying ances
try, will decidely Improve the laying
quality of tile pullets, evan If you are
aiming and have chosen for the pur
pose of size.
ATTENTION TO COLTS FEET
Uneven Growth Will Often Result in
Misshappen Joints and Bones
Use Rasp and Nippers.
The colt's feet require attention. An
uneven growth of the feet at this pe
riod will often result In mishapen
bones and joints that will provo to be
pw-inanent Injuries. If the colt will
let you handle him at ail lt is easy to
keop the feet correctly proportioned
wl'ji nippers and a rasp ; pructlce and
observation will soon enable a man
who has fair judgment to determine
what trimming th a feet of each colt
As a general rule the feet should
be examined avery six or dght weeks.
If thu colt's owner can't look after
this matter him seif he should obtain
the services of someone who eau, for
it may moan the differ en ao of fifty
or ene hundred dollars in the value of
the ar J mai later in life.
CHARCOAL GOOD FOR CHICKS
Given to Poultry as Corrective, Not
as Food, Says Expert of Kan
sas State College.
Charcoal ls given to poultry as a
corrective, and not as a food, asserts
B. M. Sherwood, acting head of tho
department of poultry husbandry in
the Kansas State Agricultural college.
"In case of Improper feeding lt ls
well to give charcoal to absorb Intes
tinal gasas," said ilr. Sherwood. "It
ls generally fed to growing chicks
only, because of Its high cost
"When there ls a supply of cobs on
the farra, charcoal can be made from
them, and this would be cheap enough
to warrant feeding lt to hens as well
CUTTING PEAS WITH MOWER
Machines Run Better If Land Is
Smooth-Harrow Will Put Land
in Good condition.
Farmers should always remember
that In sowing peas they must be cut
with n mower.
Mowing machines run better If the
?and Is smooth. By using a harrow on
the land, lt can easily be put In good
condition for the mower. In cutting
[?eas on rough land, lt Is bard on the
driver, the mower and the stock.
As war becomes more efficient lt be
comes more barbarous.
j "Is en ti nj; tl lost n rt?" demands th?3
I New York World. It is getting to be
Life ls rapidly becoming less worth
while, for now some misanthrope has
invented an alarm watch?
The man who reads all tho official
war reports must have n great deal of
spare time on his hands.
There are n few pessimists who be
lieve that pork and heans will soon be
served with champagne.
If Arabia intends to revive Its an
cient glories lt will find that its 40
thieves are somewhat behind the times.
Perhaps the wny to the highest ef
fieoney lies through wnr, which ls
Linn's most Inefficient accomplishment.
Leather is so valuable that many n
man ls now chirking up and swelling
with pride on account of his binding.
Postmasters are being enjoined to
save the twine because of the abnor
mal price. What does war use twine
According to n western philosopher,
the reason why boys leave the farm ls
that Willie's calf grows up to be pa's
Much praise Is being bestowed upon
Airedale dogs, but nobody ls likely to
envy an Airedale on account of Its
Those twitterings of pence are nt
least ns noticeable as the song of a
sparrow immured In a busy boiler fac
A careful study of opera tri
umphs signifies that a chsp cnn be
any kind of a hero If he only bas the
"Should a man reveal his past?"
asks Miss Libby. That depends upon
his relative ability In memory and in
It Is just possible that there would
be fewer colds In the head If It were
Dot for the fact that nature abhors a
Cauliflower Is becoming so expensive
that soon lt may take Its deserved
place as a decorative plant beside the
An esteemed contemporary refers to
an unhappy couple's "martial" woes,
but perhaps the proofreader knew
what he waa about
What has become of the old-fash
ioned shoestring that was long enough
to reach tho top of tko shoe and tie
In a double bow-knot?
The time' seems to be nt hand when
a housewife will carry her money to
market In a basket and bring back her
purchases In her purse.
Aesthetically considered the steam
radiator ls an abomination, but In
cold weather nobody considers the
steam radiator aesthetically.
Thc old-time combatant who didn't
know when he was licked simply Isn't
In It with tlie Serbian army that never
knows wheu lt lias been annihilated.
Women teachers are replacing men '
In the big universities and colleges
j in England. This is the last, worst
? gasp of dying precedent in John Bull's
It wasn't necessary for the papers to
announce that the hick of dyes has
brought white stockings Into vogue
uguln. Everybody can see what baa
Another possible method of reducing '
the congestion of divorce courts would |
be to provide a closed season each
year on husbands along with other
Dorothy Dix says the time for a [
woman to learn a man's true character I
Is before rnnrringe. Does Dorothy want
to starve the preachers and Justices of
the peace to death?
Birds, according to the department
of agriculture, show a wonderful Ul
erease In the West, nnd from the re
turns lt would seem that every bloom
in' English spurrow In the bunch reg
Women are warned that after the '
war there ls likely to be a husband
famine. But perhaps the women will
not worry over not getting the hus
bands os long as they can keep the
Skirts are to be longer In the *?pnng,
say the fashion authorities. It Is in
line with the Innate perversity of all
things feminine that the skirts will
grow longer ns the purse of pater
familias grows shorter.
Before the doctors take all the cred
it for the marvelous progress made In
surgery since the marvelous progress
made In surgery since the war we beg
to submit n brief for the wounded who
helped the cause ulong.
Rnbblts are going up because am
munition ls so hiyh that it costs n lot
tc kill a rabbit. Ammunition is high
because lt requires so much to kill
human beings. Living continues to
grow more complex all thc lime.
HOW IO CHECK THAT COLD
When n ?a painful to breathe and
fever sends chilla up and down
your dark, you ure in for a cold. A
timely do.*? of Dr. Bell's Pine Tar
[louey will stun ihe sneezes and
sniffles. The pi.-e balsam loosens
the phlegm und (dears the bronchia]
tubes, thc honey soothes and re
lieves the sore throat. The anti
septic, qualities kill the germ and
the congested condition is relieved.
Croup,whooping cough and chronic
bronchial effections quickly reliev
ed. At al! Druggists, 25c, 2
Agents Wanted at Good Pay
F. Leo Shoppy, 8th floor-243
17th St., New York City, General
Sales .Manager of the largest con
cern of its kind in the world, wants
three or four men in Edgefield
County and several men in adjoin
ing counties, to work for him spare
time or all the time. He can usc
only those who have a rig or auto.
Work is very pleasant and no pre
vious selling experience is necessa
ry. Work consists of leaving a
wonderful new household necessity
in the homes on free trial. Tests
at more than thirty of the leading
Universities and the Government
Bureau of Standards show this new
article to be four times as efficient
as article now in general use in this
Article is needed in every rural
home and benefits every member of
the household, bringing cheer, com
fort and happiness into the homes.
Not-necessary to be away from
home nights. Pay from ?6.00 to
$10.00 per day according to ability
and number of homes visited.
In writing Mr. Sheppy, mention
what townships will be most con
venient for you to work in; what
your regular occupation is; your
age; married or single; how long
you have lived in the community;
what kind of a rig or auto you
have; whether you wish to work
spare time or steady; how much
time you will have to devote to the
work; when you can start, and about
how many homes are within six
miles of you in each direction. This
is a splendid opportunity for several
men in Edgefield County and coun
ties adjoining to make good money,
working steady or spare time. Some
of the field men earn $100.00 per
month; one farmer earned $1,000.00
working spare time only. No in
vestment or bond necessary.
Free Flower Seed
Tells You About Et
No matter whether you farm on a
large scale or only plant vegetables
or flowers in a small way, you need
Hastings' 1917 Seed Catalog. It's
ready now and we have a copy for
you absolutely free, If you ask for it,
mentioning tbe name of tbla paper.
In addition to showing you about all
the varieties of vegetables, farm
grass, clover and flower seeds, this
catalog tells how you can get free five
splendid varieties of easily grown, yet
beautiful flowers, with which to beau
tify your home surroundings.
Good seeds of almost every kind
are scarce this season, and you can't
afford to take chances in your seed
supply. Hastings' Seeds are depend
able seeds, the kind you can always
depend on having "good luck" with.
You are going to gardeu or farm
this spring. Why not insure success
so far as possible by starting with
the right seed? Don't take chances
that you do not have to. a
Write today for Hastings' 1917
Catalog. It's free and will both inter
est and help you to succeed in 1917.
-H. G. HASTINGS CO, Soedsmon,
Edition of the
New York World
Practically a Daily at the Price of a
Weekly. No other Newspaper in the
world gives so much at BO low a price.
The value and need of a newspaper
in the household was never greater
than at the present time. The great
war in Europe ia now half-way into its
third year, and, whether peace be at
band or yet be far off, it and the events
to follow it are sure to be of absorbing
interest for many a month to come.
These are world-shaking affairs, in
which the United States, willing or un
willing, is compelled to take a part.
No intelligent person can ignore such
THE THRICE-A-WEEK WORLD'S
regular subscription price is only $1.00
per year, and this pays for 156 papers.
We offer this unequalled newspaper and
EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER, together
for one year for $2.15.
The regulur subscription price of the
two papers is $3.50.
Whenever You Need a General Tonic;
The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless
chill Tonie is equally valuable as flt
General Tonic because it contains the
well known tonic propertiesof QUININE
and IRON. It nets on the Liver, Drives
out Malaria, Enriches tbe Blood und
Builds up the Whole System. 50 cents
fja.KING'3 NEW DISCOVERY
Will Surely Sfoo That Couflft.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
Mondav, March 5th, 1917
Tickets will be sold March 1, 2, 3, 4, with final re
turn limit, March 10, unless extended to April 10 by
deposit of ticket at Washington prior to March 10,
and payment of $1.00.
Convenient Schedules in both Directions.
THROUGH STEEL ELECTRIC LIGHTED
PULLMAN SLEEPING CARS, COACHES
DINING CAR SERVICE.
For details, apply nearest Ticket Agent, or
Fred R. McMiliin,
District Passenger Agent,
228 Eighth St,
Through the attractive and historic Piedmont sec
tions of the Carolinas and Virginia.
California . Fruit . Store
GEO. COCLIN & BROS. Proprietors
Fruit From Every Clime
Importers of the World's Bett Gooda
Cigars . Cigarettes . Tobacco . Etc.
We Solicit the Patronage of Our Edgefield
Corner Jackson and Ellis Sts.
Licensed agent for regular li
censed companies by the State
of South Carolina can insure
country homes, barns, etc., coun
try churches and schools, well
rated country merchants, cotton
on farms, gin-houses, seed.
Write me before the fire.
E. J. NORRIS
ARRINGTON BROS. & CO
Wholesale Grocers and Dealers in
Corn, Oats, Hay and all
Kinds of Seeds
Corner Cumming and Fenwick Streets
On Georgia R. R. Tracks
YOUR PATRONAGE SOLICITED
See our representative, C. E. May.