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SWAT THE TICK" (
By CARL VROOMAN,
Assistant Secretary of Agriculture.
Two hundred and fifty-three thou
sand square miles is obviously a lot of
jfcerritory. Anybody can see that, by
Just looking at the figures, but nobody
?an realize Jost how big such a stretch
of country may be till he has had
something to do with ousting from
Buch an area a sit-back-and-hold-tlght
citizen like the cattle tick. The folks
*?. io ueariy as Dig as Texas
It ls more than four times os big as
It is 15 times as big as Switzerland.
It Is bigger than the whole German
ampire In Europe, wilb Denmark, Bel
TOMATOES FOR NORTH
Florida and Texas Lead in Pro
duction of Crop.
Convenience, Care and Judgment
Should Enter Into Preparation of
Product for Market-Exclude
All Leaky Fruit.
(Bv li. C. CORBETT.)
Commercial tomato growing in the
southern states Is almost exclusively
confined to the production of tomatoes
at a season when they cannot be
igrown in the North except in green
houses. On this account the commer
cial production of this crop is restrict
ed to areas where there is very little,
If any, freeziug during the winter
months. Florida and Texas lead in
the production of this crop.
Where tomatoes are extensively
grown for shipment to the North, con
venience, care and judgment should
enter bato the preparation of the prod
uct for the market. It is always ad
fvisable and usually necessary to assort
and grade the fruits as they come
from the field before placing them in
the shipping boxes. If this work can
be done in a shed located on the rail
way over which the fruits are to bo
transported, so much the better, but
If it Is necessary to haul the tomatoes
some distance for shipment then the
packing shed should be located at the
most convenient and accessible point
for both harvesting and shipping. The
same precautions in handling the
fruits should be observed in the South
as in the North.
The fruits as they come from the
Tines should pass the scrutiny of ex
perienced sorters and graders so that
tomatoes of a certain size and degree
of ripeness will reach the same ship
ping case. All leaky fruits should be
excluded, and the stems, if any are
found attached to the fruits, should
ne removed. Experience has shown
jthat fruits are less likely to be broken
and leaky upon arrival at their des- ?
tination if all stems are removed than
?when this feature is neglected.
The individual fruits are wrapped
In a soft brown or white tea paper
packed in two-layer boxes or In
CAMPAIGN IN SOUTH |
glum and Holland all thrown In.
? Scope of Work.
These figures give some faint Idea
of the scope of the work of the depart
ment of agriculture in its campaign
against this scourge of the live stock
Industry In the South. To get a full
realization of the magnitude of this
work, however, one must know how dif
ficult It has been to push the fight in
the face of popular opposition based
on a widespread belief that the ar
senical bath was poisonous to cattle
and caused milk cows to go dry-must
know that it usually tokes two or
three years of preliminary demonstra
tion work to persuade a county to
vote for tick eradication, and that oc
casionally dipping vats are blown up
with dynamite by overenthusiastic op
ponents of such new-fangled contrap
Now, however, the department seems
to have the campaign well in hand,
and the work of clearing territory is
going forward smoothly. Over a third
of the territory originally quarantined
has already been released and popular
sentiment is trending strongly ba favor
of pushing the fight
The department will demonstrate
the use of the dipping vat anywhere,
If there seems to be sufficient local in
terest to encourage the experiment,
but it will not begin systematic work
at eradication in a quarantined area
until the county has, by a special ref
erendum election, voted in favor of
such a campaign.
The din- 'nf '1r>
._uFuwcu uiar tue
unimals suffer no harm from the bath.
As a result of a few practical dem
onstrations of this nature the county
generally votes wet as regards the ar
senical bath-sometimes by a major
ity as large as ten to one.
a six-basket peach carrier. Fruits
packed In this way and shipped by
express are successfully carried from
Miami, Fia., to New York, and from
Corpus Christi, Tex., to Chicago.
For the long shipments wldch are
necessary in order to place the Florida
and Texas grown tomatoes in the
markets, the fruits are picked as soon
as they have reached full development
and show the slightest change in color.
The stage of ripeness at which fruits
should be picked and shipped should
be regulated by the season as well as
by the demands of the market for
which they are intended. During
cool weather the fruit should be riper
when gathered than during the warm
season. Thc most distant shipments
should be filled from the least ad
vanced fruits. These features would
appear to be self-evident, but they
are worthy of enumeration, for they
are important factors in gaining the
STARVING ROOTS OF WEEDS
If Foliage of Plant Is Constantly De
stroyed Death ls Only Mere Mat?
' ter of Time.
Perennial weeds of all kinds must
be cut repeatedly to starve out the !
underground roots or stems. If the
foliage of the plant is constantly de
stroyed, the death of the plant is only
a matter of time and will be caused
directly by root starvation.
Any breaking or cultivation of the
soil in which these plants grow only
serves the purpose of scattering them |
unless that cultivation is persistent
enough to keep down all growth of
SOME WEEDS SERIOUS PESTS !
Rotation of Crops Is Most Effective
Means of Eradication-Plow
Up All Thistles.
The fact that certain weeds are gen
erally found as serious pests with cer
tain cultivated crops an dare not gen-:
erally serious pests with others sug-!
gests the most important of all ways
of combating the weeds, viz., by the
rotation of farm crops.
If the thistles and mullens overrun
the pastures, plow them up and sow
CORN, OATS, WHEAT FOR FEED
Interesting Experiment at Wisconsin
Experiment Station With Three
Lots of Heifers.
In an experiment at the Wisconsin
experiment station three lots of heif
ers weighing about 350 pounds were
I fed equal amounts of nutrients. For
! one lot the nutrients were wholly from
the wheat plant, another from oats
and the third from corn. All lots grew
at about a normal rate, but after a few
months lt became easily observable
that the wheat lot was not so well
nourished as the others. This was evi
; dent from the appearance of the coat.
\ The corn and oat-fed lots bred earlier
; than the wheat fed one, showing that
! the latter were depressed in some de
gree. The corn-fed lot produced calves
which were of normal size and full of
! vigor. The oat-fed lot produced calves,
which were of about normal size but
j with very low vigor, while those from
j the wheat lot were about half as large
as the normal calf at birth and were
? dead or ready to die when born. When
1 half of the roughage of the wheat lot
! was replaced with alfalfa hay the
j calves were normal.
No reasons have yet been worked
out as to why these foods should act
so differently but lt is important to
know how they affect animals.
TREATING AN IRRITATED EYE
Bathe Affected Organ With Ten Per
Cent Solution of Boric Acid
Si ig ht ly Darken Barn.
When the eye of an a ni nial ls irri
tated and watery bathe it with a ten
I per cern, solution of boric acid twice
dally, using a new swab of absorbent
cotton each time. Slightly darken the
stable. Wet all feed to prevent dust,
and as far as possible keep the ani
mal out of dust
it muy be that the tear ducts are
obstructed, and if so thev RhnnM
_cuueu March 1915,
'. in which 20 horses and mules were
j used in the effort to find out the ef
fects of silage as food, the following
results were obtained. The results in
dicate that silage can be successfully
substituted for a part of the hay In
the ration of horses at the rate of two
pounds of silage for one pound of hay.
The animals studied included draft
I horses and mules, saddle mares, draft
and saddle foals, two-year-old fillies
and three-year-old geldings divided
I into pairs. Each animal received the
same grain ration consisting of corn
two parts, oats two parts, bran one
part One of the animals In each pair
of the growing and Idle horses re
ceived alfalfa hay as Its roughage, part
of which was fed at night and part in
tho morning. The other animal In
each pair received alfalfa hay in the
morning and corn silage at night. The
draft animals at work were fed the
same except that timothy hay was
used Instead of alfalfa. Some diffi
culty was experienced in getting the
animals that had been on dry feed
previous to the test to eat the silage.
With two exceptions the animals re
ceiving silage were in a more thrifty
condition at the end of the trial. The
sllage-fer1 mule was kept In better
condition as shown by the hair, skin
and general appearance, and yet cost
less to feed than a mule which re
ceived no silage.
FEEDING SKIM MILK TO PIGS
Younger and Smaller the Animals tho
More Valuable ls the Milk-Feed
Mixed With Grain.
Skim milk that is not from tubercu
lar cows is a valuable pig feed. The
best way to feed it Is three pounds of
skim milk to one pound of grain. Fed
in this proportion skim milk has se
cured all the way from 31 to 40 cents
per hundred pounds.
The younger and smaller the pigs
are the ;nore valuable is the milk. It
she lld always be mixed with grain in
the proportion given.
The Anderson brands of fertilizers are
made from the finest grades of quick
acting ammoniates, are well fixed, fine
and dry. They, will push your crops
and give you a splendid return on the
See our local representative, Mr. J. W.
Cheatham, Bdgefield, S. C., who will
give you prices and look after the de
liveries to your satisfaction.
Phosphate Oil Co.
J. W. Cheatham, Local Agent, Edgefield, S. C.
SOUTHERN COMBINATION PLANTER
Planting cotton, peas, velvet beans and rnrn. Will plant any distance aoarr nr the
drill c.? ? - vo]v.
Southern Planter Company, Columbia W. W. Adams & Company, Edgefield
Derrick Brothers, Johnston Holman-Cullum Hardware Co., Batesburg
P. C. STEVENS, Representative
Hardware of all Kinds
We want our Edgefield friends, particularly our farmer friends, to know
that we carry a large stock of Hardware of all kinds, and can always supply
their needs. It matters not what you need for the farm in the way of hard
ware or agricultural implements we have it for you.
Buy your plow steels, hames, traces, plow stocks,
etc., of us and let us save you money
It matters not what you need in hardware, we can supply your needs. If
you have any building to do, come in
and let us figure with you on the hard
ware needed. We buy nails, hinges,
locks in large quantities and can ma*ke
very low prices.
It will always be a pleasure for us to
serve you. If we haven't what you
want we will order it out at once. By
trading with us you get the benefit of
our large buying facilities.
Hardware Department of .
E. M. Andrews Furniture Company
1289 Broad Street