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I ' ' EFFICIENCY OF CORN I
1} "Were a seedsman to aaver- ?
?I ?se Indian corn by a new name, |
f recounting its actual merits f
:| while ingeniously concealing its I
f identity, either his words would f
; be discredited cr he would hare |
t an unlimited demand for the ?
I seed of the supposed novelty. I
. ? The possibilit?s of American T
i farms in the live stock they may I
? carry and the animal products ?
I they may turn off are restricted .
j only by the quantity of corn and ?
i clover or other legume which I
I the laud will produce, and this I
* under good management seems T
i almost unlimited."-Dean W. A. I
I Henry of Wisconsin. f
FINC BITTERNESS IN CREAM
Frequent Trouble During Winter
Months Is Attributed to Three Dif
Bitterness in cream and milk is a
frequent trouble during winter months.
Percy Warner, Jr., of the Missouri
College of Agriculture, attributes it
to the following causes: If milk is
bitter when it is drawn, the trouble
is with the cow or her feed. Very
often cows give bitter milk toward
tho close of their lacteal period. The
old dry weed's of winter pasture also
give rise to a bitter flavor in milk.
The remedy in this case is to keep
the cow from such pastures.
However, if the bitterness develops
after the milk is drawn, which is most
often the case in winter, it is due to
the growth in It of certain varieties
of bacteria. These bacteria get into
the milk usually from pieces of dirt
or manure from the bairn. At low tem?
peraturfes they will develop a bitter
flavor before the milk or cream sours.
When the dairy is once infested with!
such bacteria they may remain in tho
separator, pails, strainers or cooling
tank for a long time. To prevent bit
terness due to this cause, these bac
teria must be eliminated. This means
that all utensils, separator parts,
strainers and cooling tanks must be
thoroughly washed and scalded. All
dirt should be kept out of the pail
at milking time by keeping the caa
clean and using a pail with a small
While making such a cleanup the
trouble might be prevented by adding
some sour milk to the cream as soon
as separated and keeping it in a warm
place until the batch is sour. Then it
can be cooled and kept, till churning
time. Sour cream seldom turns bitter
unless kept several days.
BOARD G?TE IS NOWS?GGING
Most Improved Method of Placing
Braces ls Shown In Illustration
Triod With Success.
The usual method of bracing a gate
built up of boards is to fasten horizon
tal cleats across it, one near the top
and another near the bottom, and a
third diagonally between them, form
ing a Z-shape, writes C. F. J. Charliss
of Houston. Tex., in Popular Mechan
ics Magazine. This is often unsatis
factory ia that the gate saps easily by
strain in use, as weil as from its own
weight A better method of disposing
the braces is shown in the sketch. This
was tried out with succ?s*, the gate
.withstanding unusual strain. The
lower brace is placed horizontally
across the boards and well nailed.
The upper brace extends diagonally
downward and is notched into an in
termedi?te brace, which in turn is
notched into the lower one. The hinges
are fastened to the edge, at thc left
of the sketch.
GOCD SIRE VERY ESSENTIAL
Most Practical Means of Improvement
of Any Kind of Live Stock ls
Through Best Males.
Whether the live stock is cattle,
hogs, sheep or horses, the good ones
are appreciated when sold, and conse
quently bring higher prices and nor
mally yield greater returns.
The most practical means of Im
provement is through the use of good
sires, for the male may become the
parent of from 40 to 100 animals each
FEED IN TROUGHS AND RACKS
System Outlined Whereby Each Ani
mal Will Get Full Allowance and
Waste ls Avoided.
All grain, hay, fodder and straw
should be fed either to cattle in their
stalls or in long troughs and racks un
der cover in the sheds.
By this system each animal will get
Its full allowance of both grain and
forage and there will be no waste of
Programme of Edgefield County
Annual Field Day, April 13
To all the People of Edgefield County
You are given a cordial invitation to attend the Annual Field
Day, to be held at the Graded and High School building at Edgefield,
S. C., Friday, April the 13th, 1917. The trustees, patrons and friends
in each school district are urged to accompany their school, and thus
give encouragement and inspiration to the pupils.
10:30 A. M., School Grounds
Opening Exercises-Supt. W. W. Fuller.
Welcoming Address-Ex-Governor John C. Sheppard.
READING CONTEST. 11:00 A. M.
Teacher in charge, Miss Isabel Chappell, Edgefield, S. C.
Time-ll:00 A. M.
Signal-Ringing of school bell.
Place-Room No. 5, school building.
Children from the first, second, third and fourth grades will take
part in this contest. Selections will be given according to the grade
of the child from the readers in use in the public schools.
MAP DRAWING CONTEST
Teacher in charge, Miss Emmie G. Wright, Johnston, S. C.
Signal-Ringing of school bell.
Place-Room No. 6, school building.
Children from the fifth, sixth and seventh grades are eligible. It
is probable that the contestant will be required to draw a map of
South Carolina, locating the principal cities and rivers and placing on
the map Edgefield county. Time limit twenty minutes.
Teacher in charge, Prof. G. F. Long, Trenton, S. C.
Signal-Ringing of school bell.
Place-Room No. 7, school building.
This contest is open to pupils from the High School department
or from the eighth ninth, tenth and eleventh grades. The words will
be selected from Payne's common words commonly misspelled.
DECLAMATION AND RECITATION CONTEST
Teacher in charge, T. J. Lyon, Edgefield, S. C.
Signal-Ringing of school bell.
This contest will be divided into four parts, as follows: (a) Dec
lamation contest for boys from fifth, sixth and seventh grades,
(b) Recitation contest for girls from the same grades, (c) Declama
tion contest for boys from the eighth, ninth, tenth and eleventh
grades, (d) Recitation contest for girls from the same grades.
The selections in (a) and (b) shall not exceed five ?minutes, and
those in (c) and (d) ten minutes.
NOTE-In ail the mental contests where paper and pencil is used
the contestants will be required to supply themselves with the neces
DINNER-l:30 P. M.
Signal-Sounding of dinner call by bugler.
ATHLETIC CONTESTS FOR BOYS-2:30 P. M.
Teachers in charge. Profs. C. C..Stewart, Trenton, S. C., James
N. Bonner, Edgefield, S. G.
Signal-Ringing school bell.
50-yard dash, open to boys under fourteen.
100-yard dash, open to boys under fourteen.
100-yard dash, open to boys over fourteen.
320-yard*dash, open to beys over fourteen.
Running high jump, open to boys under fourteen.
Running high jump, open to boys over fourteen.
Running broad jump, open to boys under fourteen.
Running broad jump, open to boys over fourteen.
ATHLETIC CONTESTS FOR GIRLS
Teachers in charge. MissHortcr.se Padgett, Edgefield, S. C., Miss
Bertha Ferguson, Antioch, S. C.
Time-2:30 P. 3L
Signal-Ringing of school bell.
50-yard dash, open to all girls.
Running high jump, open to all girls.
Running broad jump, open to all girls.
Open to all girls.
This is a very interesting and exciting event, and it is earnestly
hoped many teams will be in the contest. Ten girls constitute a
NUMBER OF CONTESTANTS
Each school ls limited to one contestant in each event, except in
the hag race. This rule applies in both mental and athletic contests.
The contests are open only to school children. All teachers are re
quired to send to the Central Committee at Edgefield, S. C., a list of
the representatives from their respective schools not later than Mun
day.. April the 9th.
Tho rules used in all'athletic contests will be the same as used at
the State athletic meet. Celvmbia, S. C.
Appropriate prizes will be awarded to the winner in each contest,
Competent, and impartial judges will be selected for each contest.
The committee has made arrangements for a good brass band to
enliven the occasion. We suggest, too, that the different schools
learn to sing some patriotic songs, such as "America," "Columbia,
the Gem of the Ocean" and "Dixie."
BASKETS AND DINNER
A picnic dinner will be served on the school grounds. We earn
estly request everybody who can to bring well-filled baskets. A com
mit :ee will'be glad to take charge of your basket if you so desire.
We suggest that you bring dinner in boxes or inexpensive baskets,
and use trays instead of dishes as
greasiest care dishes may be misp
A WORD TO THE TEA<
Every school has the privilege
Day exercises. The committee h?
would appeal to every school in th
the day depends largely upon th
teachers. The day is precminen
children. It is our day, and lets n
If you desire information in ri
write or communicate v"!th the tet
general information may be had b,
Care of T. J. LYON.
OWL IS DAYLIGHT COWARD
But He ls One of the Most Dangerous
.of Birds to Be Encountered at
There are about two hundred kinds
of owls. Some are tiny owls ; some are
big eagle owls, 28 inches in length,
very fierce and strong, ready to attack
a man who goes near, able to kill
fawns and large game birds and to do
battle with the golden eagle. The cour
age of one of these goftlen owls de
serts it In the daytime, and then little
birds, led by a crow, may find it and
drive it into the open and tease and
worry it without danger to themselves.
But when night comes, and the bird
can see, only a mighty eagle dare do
battle with it
The hawk owl is one of the owls
which work by day. It ls big and
strong and savage. There are. owls
with great ear tufts of feathers and
owls with none at all. Some are snowy
white; others are mottled. Some live
in holes in the ground with prairie
dogs and such animals, some make bur
rows for themselves. But most owls
live in hollow trees or in church bel
fries or other high towera. Among so
many kinds of owls there are some of
coarse that do more good for men than
Invigorating to the Pale and Sickly
The Old Standar ! general strengthening tonic,
GROVE'S TASTELESS chill TONIC.drivcs out
MaJaria.enricbes the blood, builds up the system.
A true Tonic For adults and children. Wc
Planting cotton, peas, velvi
drill. Saves labor and seed
ing reservoir, which is the c
been thoroughly tried and t
I Southern Planter Compan
g Derrick Brothers, Johnstoi
We want ot
that;we carry a
ware or agricult
Ruy your j
E. M. Ant
289 Rroad Street
much as possible, for even with the
:HERS OF THE COUNTY
and right to take part in the Field
LS tried to arrange a program that
e county. The success or failure of
e interest and enthusiasm of the
tly a day for teachers and school
sake it worth while.
?ference to any particular contest,
icher having same in charge. Any
Edgefield, S. C.
The Thri ce-a-Week
Edition of the
New York World
Practically a Daily at the Price of a
Weekly. No other Newspaper in the
world gives so much at so low a price.
The value and need ot a newspaper
in the household was never greater
than at the present time. The great
war in Europe is now half-way into its
third year, and, whether peace be at
hand or yet be far off, it and the events
to follow it are sure to be of absorbing
interest for many a month to come.
These are world-shaking affairs, in
which the United States, willing or un
willing, is compelled to take a part.
No intelligent person can ignore such
THE THRICE-A-WEEK WORLD'S
regular subscription price is only SI.00
per year, and this pays for 156 papers.
We offer this unequalled newspaper and
EDGEFIELD ADVERTISER, together
for one year for $2.15.
The regular subscription price of the
two papers is $3.50.
tr53 ? S?GTT ?9 ?- TNT: BEST FOR
9* ?M?&?J?!J? BILIOUSNESS
?> Bl TT E RS ?iiI> KIDNEYS
Sr, Sag's Kew Emvwj
.aU8 THE COUGH. CURES THE LUNGS
;t beans and corn. Will plant a
; gives a quick stand ; guarantee
mly perfect adjitator. A simple
y, Columbia W. W. Adam:
P. C. STEVENS, Repr?sentatif
ir Edgefield friends, p rticularly our farr
large stock of Hardware of all kinds, am
matters not what you need for the farm
ural implements we have it for you.
plow steels, .hames, traces,
of us and let us save you D
ot what you need in hardware, we can su]
you have any buil
and let us figure wi
ware needed. We
locks in large quan
very lo?v prices.
It will always be
serve you. If we
want we will order
trading with ns yo;
our large buying fa
Notice of Final Dis
To All Whom These Presents May
Whereas, J. M. Bell has made
applcation unto this Court for Final
Discharge and Administrator in re
the Estate of John Galloway, late
of said County and State, deceased,
on this the 2 Sib day ol February,
These Are Therefore, to cite any
and all kindred, creditors, or par
ties interested, to show cause be
fore me at my office at Edgefield
Court House, Suuih Carolina, on
the 2nd day of April 1917 at ll
o'clock a. m., why said order of
discharge should not be granted.
x W. T. KINNAIRD,
J. P., E. C., S. C.
HaK Your Living
Without Money Cost
A right or wrong start in 1917 will
make or break most farmers in the
South. We are ail facing a crisis.
This war in Europe puts things in
such uncertainty that no man can
foresee the future with any degree of
The sure and certain increase in
cotton acreage means lower cotton
prices nest fall. Cost of all food and
grain products is high, so high that
no one can afford to buy and expect
to pay out with cotton.
It's a time above all others to play
safe; to produce all possible food,
grain and forage supplies on your
own acres; to cut down the store bilL
A good piece of garden ground,
rightly planted, rightly tended and
kept planted the year rouna, can be
made to pay half your living. It will
save you more money than you made
on the best five acres of cotton you
Hastings' 1917 Seed Book tells all
about the right kind of a money sav
ing garden and the vegetables to put
in it It tells about the field crops as
well and shows you the clear road to
real farm prosperity, lt's Free. Send
for lt today to H. G. HASTINGS CO,
Atlanta, Ga.-Advt .
my distance apart or in the
d not to miss; has a revolv
:, durable machine that has
y* / ?Sf
s & Company. Edgefield
m Hardware Co., Batesburg
BBaaaBsaacBsi a aaa
ner friends, to know
J can always supply
in the way of hard
oply your needs,
ding to do, com
ith you on the h...d
buy nails, hin"'?,
ti ties and can rr>
a pleasure for us to
haven't what .\ <u
it out at once, i ly
a get the benefit of