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(From the United States Department of j
Poultry owners who wish to obtain a
satisfactory production of eggs dur
lng the fall and early winter should j
arrange to hatch pullets in March or j
April. Birds hatched at this time will
be well matured in the fall. Further
more, a greater proportion of them
win go broody early in the spring,
thus completing the circle necessary
for production in the fall.
Pullets hatched in the spring can
be induced to lay more abundantly in
the winter if they are properly fed,
housed, and handled. On the average
general farm, very few eggs are se
cured at the time when eggs bring
the highest prices. It will pay the poul
try owner, therefore, to devote a lit
tle trouble to providing his birds with 1
the most favorable surroundings for
The house should be thoroughly
cleaned, disinfected, and made tight
before the cold weather sets in. If the
house has a dirt floor, it is well to re
move three or four Inches of dirt from
the top and to replace this material
with dry gravel or sand. On cement
or wooden floors four or five inches
of fresh straw or litter may be thrown
down after the floor has been cleaned.
Ventilation Is Important
Ventilation is another important fac
tor to consider. The house should be
tight on three sides, but for the fourth
muslin curtains may be used for froih
one-third to one half its extent In
?nv case, there should be some ven
." _-. .octice oi Ho?
The best soil you have on your farm
should be given to the potato, both be
cause it is more exacting in its de
mands on the soil than any of the
other staple crops and also because j
the value of the crop per acre is gen- j
The crop that precedes the potato
ls also important. A clover, alfalfa,
peas or cowpeas-any legume-is a
first rate preparation for a good crop
bf spuds. Rye or buckwheat plowed
under is good. If you had sod on
your farm plant corn first and then
potatoes; this is a first rate rotation.
Oats, then peas, then potatoes is an
Another good rotation is fall wheat
In which clover is seeded In the
spring; second year, clover, plowed
under in the fall or early winter; the
third year potatoes. However, Lt you
have plenty of land it is best to grow
potatoes only one or two years in suc
cession on any ground; thus you avoid
PLAN FOR BREAKING A HORSE
Most Successful Method for Preventing
Animal From Pulling at Hal
ter Is Outlined.
The most successful method of
breaking a horse from pulling at the
halter is as follows: Secure a new
half-inch rope about 15 feet long;
make a loop in one end. In tying,
throw looped end over animal around
the chest or flanks and run other end
of rope through the loop, between the
fore legs, through a neck strap or the
nose piece of the halter and tie se
curely to a strong manger or other ob
ject. "When the horse pulls back tho
rope runs through the loop and tight
ens up on the body, and after a few
trials the animal soon gives up the
habit of pulling. Tie in this manner
at all times until the animal has been '
broken thoroughly of the habit. Then
use a good strong halter or neck strap
that will not break under ordinary
JO INCREASE FLOW OF MILK
Cow With Chapped or Cracked Teats
Cannot Do Her Best-Carbolated
Vaseline Will Help.
A cow with chapped or cracked teats
is not likely to do her best. Very
often a little carbolated vaseline, or
something that is equally a? cheap,
will correct these things and increase
LETS LAY IN WINTER
ON AVERAGE FARM.
hand, drafts are likely to cause roup
and other trouble.
Many farmers, in feeding their
birds, overlook the fact that beef scrap
or some similar feed is very essential
during the winter months- if a good
supply of eggs is to be obtained. A
convenient method of feeding beef
scrap is in a mash made of three
parts cornmeal and one part each of
wheat bran, wheat middlings, and beef
scrap. Skim milk or buttermilk
may be used in place of the beef
Feeding Beef Scrap.
In experiments conducted by the de
partment it was found that for the
first four months pullets fed a ration
containing beef scrap produced, on an
average, 41.5 eggs, while those fed
the same ration without the scrap pro
duced only 1S.7. The cost of feeding
the latter birds was 2.2 cents higher
for every dozen eggs produced titan
in the case of the pullets fed beef
The birds should have plenty to eat,
but they also should nlways be eager
for each meal. If one-third of the
scratch grain furnished them is fed
In the morning and two-thirds at
night, the birds will take more exer
cise than if they received all the grain
they desire in the morning. Good
scratch mixtures may be made of
equal purls by weight of cracked corn,
wheat, and oats, or of two parts of
cracked corn and one part each of
wheat and oats.
Other direcHnna fn? -
Members of Staff of Plant Bureau;
Time Is Lessened.
The test to determine the acidity
of corn, which previously required 1G
to IS hours, can be made in less than
one hour by tfio use of improved ap
paratus developed by H. J. Besley and
G. H. Basion of the officer of grain
standardization, bureau of plant Indus
try. Under the new method an elec
tric mechanism, similar to those seen
on soda fountains, is used to mix
finely ground corn and alcohol. Thirty
minutes of mixing lt is found will ex
tract from the corn un amount of ncid
reacting substances comparable to the
amount extracted through digestion in
SO per cent alcohol at room tempera
ture for 18 hours.
The methods for making acidity de
terminations of corn with this ap
paratus are described in detail in
Circular 68, office of the secretary
recently published by the United
States department of agriculture.
WINTER HINTS OF CHICKENS
Repository Diseases Result From
Drafts-Fowls Should Not Be
Crowded-Use Straw Litter.
Colds, roup and similar repository
diseases largely result from drafts in
the poultry house. It will pay the
poultry keeper, therefore, to make
draft-proof any cracks in the back, side
and roof of tue houses.
The fowls should not be crowded in
the house and from two to five square
feet of floor space is needed per bird.
The exact ratio depends upon the breed
and the extent of the yarding. As a
rule, it will be found advisable to allow
four square feet and floor space for the
lighter breeds such as the Leghorn.
About five or six inches of straw lit
ter should be placed on the floor. Grnln
which is fed in this will mnke
the birds exercise continually. Clean
nesting material is needed in the nest
MANY SHEEP KILLED YEARLY
Estimated That in Thirty-Six Farm
States 100,000 Are Killed An
nually by Dogs.
The number of sheep killed annu
ally by dogs cannot be stated exactly,
since there are many cases which are
not reported nt all.
Judging from thc figures in those
counties and states in which reason
ably completo reports are obtainable,
however, it may be said that in the 36
farm states more than 100,000 sjheep
are killed each year by dogs.
I am a Candidate for the Prudential Hundred Thousand League this Year
Help me to the goal, that I may win one of the best Life Insurance trips. ?
have twenty-four thousand so far of the one hundred thousand.
As we have something better than others, and something better than usual,
I feel warranted in a good sum advertising expense to inform the people. The ,
. people want Life Insurance, and why should they buy Life Insurance no good
in time of War. There are no War Restrictions in the Policy of the PRU
DENTAIL. To give you an idea of the dependable soundness of the PRU
DENTIAL'S Policy and its popularity, the Company issued and revived more
Life Insurance in one year (191G) last year, than any other of the more than 260
V companies operating in the U. S. had in force from its entire record of existence,
. excepting eight, according to the Blue Book published by the Spectator Com
pany in 1916.
The Prudential Issued and Revived in 1916 $591,000,000 Life Insurance
The PRUDENTIAL has the STRENGTH of GIBRALTAR. It has the
lowest rat;es with annual dividends, further reducing the premiums. It has no
war restrictions, has no occupation restrictions, it has no travel restrictions, no
restrictions whatever, except suicide for one year. The policy is plain with no
catches. The policy provides without cost, that if the holder becomes physi
cally disabled, he is excused from paying the premiums, and this without effect
ing the policy.
If war comes you will find it hard to get Lite Insurance. Act at once before it is too late. I cannot
give here rates for all ages, but take for instance age 20, rate for ordinary life, $14.83; 20-pay life, $22.43
per $1,000.00. Age 30, $18.91 and $26.81, etc.
You can surrender a 20-pay life policy at the end of 20 years to the Company for more cash than you
have paid the Company. Drop me a card and I will see you.
Agent for Prudential Life Insurance Company
CoDTllsht 1909. bi C. E. Zimmerman Co.--No. SI
THERE is no doubt about
money in the bank, it is
sure and positive. Maybe slow, but there
is the satisfaction that it is sure. Posi
tive in every way, both that it will grow,
and that it is safe.
BANK OF ED GE FIELD
OFFICERS : J. C. Sheppard, President; B. E.Nicholson, vice-President
E. J. Mims, Cashier; J. H. Allen. Assistant Oashier.
DIRECTORS : J. C. Sheppard, Thos. H. Rainsford, John Rainsford, B. E.
Nicholson, A. S. Tompkins. C. C. F?ller. E. J. Mirna. J. H. Allen.
Stray Pony Taken Up.
One black pony horse weighing
between seven or eight hundred
pounds, white on both hind feet to
ankles, dim star between his eyes,
an old scar on his left hip with gond
saddle gait. The owner please
come and get it and pay expenses, 4
miles east of Clark's Hill.
Clarks Hill, S. C.
March 7. 1917.
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and g.asses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
The Universal Car
Have been built and actually delivered to retail buyers since
August 1, 1916.
These figures-320,817-represent the actual number of cars
manufactured by us since August 1, 1916, and delivered by our
agents to retail buyers.
This unusual fall and winter demand for Ford cars makes it
necessary for us to confine the distribution of cars only to those
agents who have orders for immediate delivery to retail customers,
rather than to permit any agent to stock cars in anticipation of
later spring sales.
We are issuing this notice to intending buyers that they may
protect themselves against delay or disappointment in securing
Ford cars. If, therefore, you are planning to purchase a Ford
car, we advise you to place your order and take delivery now.
Immediate orders will have prompt attention.
Delay in buying at this time may cause you to wait several
Enter your order to-day for immediate delivery with our Ford
agents listed below and don't be disappointed later on.
Runabout $345, Touring Car $360, Couplet $505
Town Car $595, Sedan $645-f. o. b. Detroit
Ford Motor Company
Eidson Auto Company, Agents
Edgefield, South Carolina
BUD) 111 ?mW
FARM LOANS I
Long-Term Loans to Farmers a Specialty.
Your farm land accepted as security WITHOUT ENDORSER o
other COLLATERAL. Unlimited funds immediately available in der
nominations of Three Hundred and un. Established 1892.
JAMES FRANK & SON, Augaeto, Ga. I