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BUILDING OF ROAD CULVERTS
If Not Constructed of Good Material
They Will Have to Se Rebuilt in
Very Few Years.
IT tho culverts are not built of crood
material they will have to be rebuilt
'v i few years, whatever the quality
".i>- ronds they are made to servo.
> iiv-> culverts vitiate one of the
entary principles of highway eeo
dcs, and the interests of the tax
ers require thai the annual cost of
ry part <.!' thc roads built for their
be reduced to the lowest possible
re consistent wiih efficiency. Man
tl.V, it would be worse than folly
ir? build culverts of boards to take
care of roads that have cost hundreds
or thousands of dollars the mile and
it would ho none Hie less foolish, or
Culvert Built of Concrete.
worse, to waste nu moy in work of
this sort with the use of bad material.
i:i building a culvert the road
builder must observe three funda
mental' requirements :
1. Tho first requirement is that the
culvert must be so placed that it will
draiu across the road, and under the
road, of course, all the water that is
delivered io it by the side ditch alon:;
the road If this be not done, the
earth along the road and about the
end of the culvert will be wet and
soggy the most of the year and tile
culvert opening will require almost
constant repairs. Repairing a high
way culvert is relatively more ex
pensive than similar work in a town
because of the waste of time of the
workmen in going to and from the
point at which the work must bo done.
In placing the culvert care must also
be takou that it will not be choked
by brush and leaves, and this duty
must bo discharged hy the road super
visor, und will be, if he is worth his
2. The second and very important
requin aient in the building of a cul
vert is that its ends must be protected
by some kind of a wall or facing car
ried down to a firm foundation. If
this be d ?ne, it will bo found that tho
end of the culvert will not he under
cut by the water and will not be
broken, irost will not injure it, the
surrounding or superincumbent earth
will not slide down into the ditch in
front of iii" opening, and, with the
further necessary work of keeping tho
feeding ditches clear, the culvert will :
lie able to take care of ali the water!
alongside the road.
3. The third requirement is that the j
culvert must he mude so strong that '
it will not become broken and so tight !
that it will not leak. These ends can !
be reached by building the culvert of
masonry, concrete or of good piping, t
The material to be useu must be do-1
termined by the relative cost of the j
several materials at the locality'
where the culvert is to be built and ?
by the distance from the top of the'
culvert to the surf;!ce of the road.
RhUUCE EXPENSE OF HAULING 1
Improved Roads Put Farmer In Posi
tion Where He Can Go to Market
Every Day in Year.
Permanent road building costs
money, and it is well to look at the
cold-cash side of tho proposition. True,
the beneficial effects upon the social
and educational standards of the Com
munity are not always susceptible of
exact calculation, but they are certain
to come; and since a permanent road
costs money, we must know there is to
he a ^profit from somewhere to offset
the cost. Something for nothing has
never yet been found.
Profits from a permanent road come
to the farmer in the reduction of haul
ing costs. It puts him in a position
where he can get to market every day
in the year, and where he can haul two
loads at one trip instead of having to
make two trips to haul one load.
Paved Country Roads.
Many country roads are paved-with
good intentions, but for the most part
with lumps of sod, stone, ruts und
Good Only in Pedigree.
Too many sins are good only in
pedigree. A good grade is better than
a poor pu rel? red.
Hen Outdoors in Winter.
Tho hon can spend little of ?he win
ter season in the opeu air and :i pron
erly constructed house is necessary.
RULES FOR A LONG LIFE
They Are Simpie and Can Be Followed
hy All, Says a Magazine
There ls no panacea that will brin:?
long life-to every user. "What is one
man's meat is another man's poi
son." But u few rules are applicable
to everyone, declares a writer in the
Be moderate In everything. Excess
In eating, drinking, in anything tends
to bring old age.
Be faithful lu your exercise and he
sure to choose an exercise that is help
Stand and sit erect and use your
Keep your teeth and gums and throat
clean. The mouth is the principal part
of entry for undesirable immigrant
Be careful to maintain the bowel
functions. The digestive tract is a
favorite abiding place for hordes of
Have your body occasionally exam
ined. The physician will take notice i
of what is wnmg and will advise you j
accordingly. And let him do the
worrying. Fortunately, the exact con
dition of the organs of the body can
usually be seen by physicians, even
when they are but slightly off nor
Be happy. Do no worry; do not al
low yourself to become a grouch ; do
not "get mad." Remember that psy
chologists now contend that you
do not clench your hands because you
are angry. You aro angry because
you clench your hands. So do not
Act happy, and you will become so.
Act young, and you will become so.
OLD VOLCANO IS DISCOVERED
Exploring Party in the Philippine
Islands Adds Another Spouter
to the Maps.
Tho Philippine islands still are un
explored land to the white mnn. On
a march some time ago. n lieutenant
of tho constabulary found a lava flow
and other evidences of volcanic activ
ity nt tho base of tho Raming moun
tains. Recently an exploring party
climbed the mountains and now an
other volcano ls being added to the i
The volcano which the party found
consists of three peaks between which
extends the crater, now quiet. A !
fourth peak ls thought once to have ,
stood at ono corner of the crater, for
there is evidence that a great explo
sion shattered lt.
Vegetation in tho form of huckle
berry bushes, scrubhy trees, small j
tufts of short grass and Canadian
thistle extends to near the top of the
peaks. Covering tho peaks is a thin
crust of hardened lava which ls eas
ily kicked up by the shoe, and the
rock underneath is soft, spongy and
At innumerable vents an odorless
steam was Issuing. There was no
bubbling lava or signs of a recent lava
flow, although on ono side there ap
peared to have been a recent blast of
hot gases. The trees there were
scorched and burned, while the leaves
wore still hangimr to tho dead
branches.-Kansas City Times.
When Children Hike.
A certain hill in one of tho suburbs
has afforded opportunity for such lino
coasting within the last few days that
many of the gcown-ups have joined
with the children in the sport.
One couple in particular attracted
The man must have been sixty, but
the brightness of his eye and the buoy
ancy of his general demeanor gave the
lie to his white hair.
The woman was also the picture of
vivacity, although lier ugo was close
to that of the man.
Everyone on the hill seemed to en
joy watching these two, as together
they drew their sled to the top, and
starting with the rest, slid to the bot
tom in a whirl of delight
Everybody laughed when the woman
Said to her husband, in mock conster
nation : - . . .. ... *" . . v?
"Oh, Jim, now We'll have to go
"Why?" Jim inquired.
"Because," smiled the wife, "I just
heard the curfew blow."-Youngstown
The Girl's Suggestion.
An old gentleman walked up to the
pretty girl attendant at the counter of
a daily newspaper oilice a few days ugo
"Miss, I would like to get copies of
your paper for a week back."
"You had better get a porous plas
ter," she abstractedly replied. "You
get them just across the street.'V-New
Behind the Scenes.
"I see where a prominent politician
and his wife went to a polling place to
gether aud voted."
"Now, that's the way for married
people to net!"
"Apparently so. But nobody knows
what acrimonious debate as to the
merits of respective candidates may
have occurred before they left home."
"I'm seein' America first." said the
tramp at the dour. "Could you assist
me in me travels, mum?"
"Certainly," answered Hie kindly
housewife. "My husband is an auto
mobile enthusiast and has dozens of
road maps. You are quite welcome to
one of them."
SPRING COLDS ARE DANGEROUS.
Sudden changes of temperature
and underwear bring spring colds
with stuffed up head, sore? throat
?and general cold symptoms. A duse
of Dr. King's New Discovery is
sure relief, this happy combination
of antiseptic balsams clears the
head, soothes the irritated mem
branes and what might have been
a lingering cold is broken ui>. Don't
stop treatment when relief is first
felt as a half cured cold is danger
ous. Take Dr. King's New Dis
covery till your cold is gone. I
Airs. J. A. Cox, of Al
derton, W. Va., writes:
"My daughter . . . suf
fered terribly. She ccu'.d
net turn in bcd .. . the
doc'ors rave her upi a::d
wc brought her home to
die. She had suffered so
much at. .. lime. Hav
ing heard cf Cardui, we
got it for her."
Bo Woman's Tonio
"In a few days, sne be
gan to improve," Airs.
Cox continues, "and had
nc trouble at.. . Cardui
cured her, and we sing
i'.s praises everywhere."
We receive many thou
sands of similar letters
every year, telling of the
good Cardui has dons for
women who suffer from
complaints so common to
their sex. If should do
you good, too. Try
I take this means of letting the
people know that I have re-opened
my pressing club, and will appre
ciate their patronage. I am better
prepared than ever to clean and
press all kinds of garments, both
for ladies and gentlemen. All work
guaranteed. Let me know when
you have work and I will send for
it and make prompt delivery.
State of South Carolina,
County of Edgefield,
In Court of Common Picas.
E. L. Crooks-Plaintiff-Against
Ii. J. Swearingen-Defendant.
Pursuant to a decree in the above
entitled cause, I shall offer for sale
at public outcry, to highest bidder
before the Cont House, Town of
Edgefield, County and State afore
said, on Salesday in May 1917, the
same being the 7th day of said
month, between the legal huurs of
sale the following described realty,
All that lot or tract of land, sit
uate, lying, and being in the county
of Edgefield, State of South Caro
lina, about 12 miles Southeast of
Edgefield, C. H., containing eigh
teen (is) acres more or less, known
as the B. B. Swearingen tract, and
bounded on the North by lands of
J. H. Swearingen, East by linc
branch, South by lands of W. YV.
Swearingen, West by Columbia dirt
Terms of Sale Cash: If purchaser
at said sale shall fail to comply with
the terms thereof, within one hour
from the time of said sale, said
premises, upon direction of plaintiff,
or his attorney, will be resold on
said day at the risk of the former
. J. H. OANTELOU.
Master E. C.
April 0, 1917.
To Drive Out Malaria
And Build Up The System
Take the Old Standard GROVE'S
TASTELESS chill TONIC. You know
what you are taking, as the formula is
printed on every label, showing it is
Quinine and Iron in a tasteless form.
The Quinine drives out malaria, the
hon builds uo the system. 50 cent?
?K?.K!NG'S NEW ?ISCOVER?
WUI Surely Sloe Thal Couch.
? Word to (Mr Edgefield Farmer Friends
We want you to give us a trial when you need Hard
ware or Plantation Supplies of any kind. We buy right,
in large quantities, and sell right.
We can make very close prices on hog wire, the best
quality. Twenty-six inch at $7.00 per roll and 32 inch
at $8.00 per roil. We also have poultry wire. Begin ?
your fight on the boll weevil now by building pastures.
Have you bought your plow steels. We can sell you
what you want at 62 cents the pound up.
Come in to see us w hen in Augusta. .
E. M. Andrews Furniture Company
I 1289 Broad Street
'.'.-.-'?'U. ' r.'.T-T..'-Lr'.0'r./,lL.-?Ji-'"^.->&"<f.lJlf>ftf<?HI^Wti, ap?
don't forget to have g.
= Anti ?
with you. They are in
valuable for Headache
and all other Pains.
25 Doses, 25 Cents.
IF FIRST BOX IS NOT SATIS
FACTORY, YOUR MONEY WILL
BRING DESIRED RELIEF.
"I have used Dr. Milos' Anti-Pain
Pills for some limo and find Diem
an invaluable remedy for headache.
I have always taken great pleasure
in rconmniondins them to my
friends, being confident that they
will bring the desired relief. I am
never without them and use them
for all attacks of pain, knowing
that they will not disappoint me."
MRS. W. H. BENSON.
"West Haven, Conn.
Colds, LaGrippe, Rheumatism
A pleasant but effective emulsion,
which rebuilds the tissues, revives the
system, adds strength and stimulates
the nervous system. It has no alco
hol, and is iu every sense a tonic.
$1,00 PER BOTTLE
Ask Your Druggist.
Monufactured Solely By
THE PEEE01 CO.,
Columbia, S. C.
Licensed agent for regular li
censed companies by the State
of South Carolina can insure
country homes, barns, etc., coun
try churches and schools, well
rated country merchants, cotton
on farms, gin-houses, seed.
rite me before the fire.
E. J. NORRIS
Used 40 Years ?
? The Woman's Tonic |
g Sold Everywhere M
Whenever You Need n G?nerai Tonic
The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless
chill Tonic is equally valuable as a
General Tonic bec ause it contains the
well known tonic properties of QUININE
and IRON, lt acts on tile Liver, Drives
out ?Malaria, Enriches thc Blood and
Builds up the Whole System. 50 cents.
Edition of the
New York World
Practically a Daily at the Price of a
Weekly. No other Newspaper in the
world gives so much at so low a price.
Effective Dec. 10th 1916.
Between Edgefield and^Aiken.
Trains 100, 129, 107, ilOS, 130
and 100-Iso change.
Train 131 leave Edgefield 11:45
a. m., same as at present, time at
Pine Ridire Camp 1:05 p. m., ar
rive Trenton 1:10 p. m., same as
Train No. Ill leave Trenton ll:
15 a. m., Baynham 11:30 a. m., Eu.
reka 11:40 a. m., Milledgeville Hi
.30 a. m., Lakeview 11:55 a. m.,
Croft 12:20 p. rp.. Pine Ridge Camp
1-2:35 p. m., arrive Aiken 1:2:45 p.
Train No. 132 leave Aiken 1:25
p. m.. same as at present. Arrive
Trenton 2:15 p. m.->.'o other chan
Train No. 110 leave Aiken 1:35
p. m., Pine Ridge Camp 1:39 p. m.,
Croft 1:50 p. m., Lakevier. 1:57 p.
m., Milledgeville 2:lo p. m., Eure
ka 2:18 p. m., Baynham 2:20 p. m.,
Trenton 2:4u p. m., Park Hill 2:50
p. DI. Arrive Edgefield 3:0U p. m.
Schedule figures are shown as in
formation and are not guaranteed.
Fred R. McMillin,
District Passenger Agent,
228 Eighth Street,
The value and need ot a newspaper
in the household was never greater
than at the present time. The great
war in Europe is now half-way into its
third year, and, whether peace be at
hand or yet be far-off, it and the events
to follow it are sure to be of absorbing
interest for many a month to come.
These are world-shaking affairs, in
which the United States, willing or un
willing, is compelled to take a part.
No intelligent person can ignore such
THE THRICE-A-WEEK WORLD'S
regular subscription price is only $1.00
per year, and this pays for 156 papers.
We offer this unequalled newspaper and
E DC. EFIEL D A D VERTI S ER, together
for one year for $2.15.
The regular subscription price of the
two papers is So. 50.
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines. Boilers,'
Supplies and Repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines. Saw Teeth, Files. Hclts
and Pipes, WOOD SAWS
GINS and PRESS REPAIRS
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton