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MAINTENANCE CF D!RT ROAD
ls Now and Will Continue to Be Real
Highway Problem of Kansas
Management ls Lacking.
Earth mad maintenance now is and
will continue for some years to be the
real road problem of Kansas, since it is
not likely that more than a very small
per cent of the highways will be paved
in this generation.
"Practically all the work done on an
earth road," says W. S. Gearhart, pro
fessor of highway engineering in the
Kansas State Agricultural college, and
state highway engineer, "except reduc
tion of grades, correction of horizontal
alignment, building of drainage struc
tures, and elimination of railway grade
crossings, is temporary and should
properly bc considered maintenance.
"Doing permanent work is a compar
atively easy maiter, for when once it
I .? ? ?... .-. . '. -&l
Good Road in Kansas.
is done correctly it will last for a num
ber of years. The maintenance of an
earth road, however, is a never-end
ing job. It is like milking the cows
and doing other chores, for the builder
knows that the work of maintenance
will have to be done over and over
again and can never feel that it is in
uny sense permanent.
"For yds reason the earth road has
a bad reputation. The trouble is not
so much with the material of which
the road is composed as with our sys
tem or lack of system of management.
Other types of roads when treated as
we treat the earth roads are much
mor? exper.Pfve and serve the traveling
public little if any better. The vast
improvement that can be made on our
present earth roads by intelligent di
rection in their construction and main
tenance is little realized by the pub
lic, and the serviceability of a prop
erly maintained earth road is not ap
preciated when compared with other
types of roads as to cost of construc
"Successful construction and main
tenance of nny kind of n road depends
upon the recognition by the public and
the builders of a few fixed and funda
"One practical, well-paid road build
er should be made responsible for the
upkeep of a certain section of road
and should be employed throughout
the year, his tenure of office being
made dependent entirely upon the
character of services rendered. The
graded portion of the road should be
elevated and crowned so that the wa
ter from every section of the road
surface will flow into the side ditches."
HIGHER COST OF BAD ROADS
Substantial Reasons Why Farmers
Should Get Together and Save
Cost of Poor Highways.
' The Toad that connects your farm
with the nearest town has more to do
with the cost of living, doubtless, than
you realize. Have you ever thought
that every product you sell and every
article you buy must be hauled over
the road ; .that your teams and vehicles
or your automobile must bear the
"wear and tear" caused by a rough
road to sell farra products or to bring
the necessities from the town?
. The fact that your neighbor must
'also pay the high cost of bad mads is
all the better reason why you, he and
the rest of the neighborhood should
:get together and Improve the road to
.save .some of this expense. What you
"and your neighbors lose in hauling
farm products over bad roads would
soon build a good road and give you
quick and satisfactory service.
How long can you afford such loss?
And when shall the road be improved?
In 190-1 the actual cash road and
bridge expenditure in the United
States averaged slightly less than ??2S
per mile of rural roads. In 1915 the
cash road and bridge expenditure had
increased to an average of $109 per
mile of road.
Crop Succors or F?i!t>re.
While weat lier is perhaps ike most
Important factor In crop yield, certain
controllable conditions <?f soil and seed
? often determine tuc success or failure
t>i the crop.
Taking Christ's Yoke Upon Us
Means Help and Rest in
Bearing Life's Load.
I want to consider the secret of rest,
and to do so under the guidance of the
New Testament. There is this advan
tage about the subject, it is certainly
not remote from the urgent call of com
mon need. There is a suggestion of
weariness about the majority of us, a
look of strain and tiredness as though
we were burdened with the greatness
of the way; there is surely a holy
urgency that we try to find the secret
of God's rest.
There are one or two distinctions
we must make before we can clearly
think of a really royal spiritual rest.
Rest is not ease. Ease is doing noth
lng ; rest is fullness of strefigth to do '
what we need to do. Ease is rust, i
not rest. Ease is the feeling of indol
ence ; rest is the sense of power. Ease !
evades its task : rest feels level with !
it and still has strength to spare. Ease !
is to lie down; rest is to walk with
God. And then again, rest is not iso
lation. We do not obtain rest by cut
ting ourselves adrift from the human
calls and needs of our fellowmen.
Rest ls Fruit of Restoration.
Rest is the fruit of restoration. It
is life ever being filled with the im
parted life of God. So that the sym
bol of rest is not a man lying on a
bed, but a tree rooted in some wealthy
bed and drawing up into all its
branches, and Into every twig and
leaf, the vigor which will make it in
vincible in the fiercest days of
drought. So that at the very founda
tion of things rest is just a wealthy
sense of the immediate presence and
power of our gracious God.
How, then do we come into posses
sion of this rich and beautiful rest?
What guidance does the New Testa
ment give to us? Let us turn to the
teachings of the Lord. "Take my yoke
upon you and learn of me . . . and
ye shall find rest." There are two
sorts of yokes, single yokes and double
yokes. The single yoke is for the sin
gle ox who pulls his load without a
partner. The double yoke is for a pair
of oxen, each sharing the burden of the
other. And in human life there are two
sorts of yokes, and I can choose which
I will wear. I can wear a single one,
?or I can accept the double one which is
offered me by Christ. The Lord says
to me: "I bring thee a double yoke in
exchange for the single one ! My yoke
is for two! Take my yoke upon you
and let us pull the load together."
When I wear the single collar I con
front everything in my individual
strength. When I wear the double col
lar I face everything in partnership;
it is the fellowship of the Lord and me.
Now this is the first and primary
secret of rest. The restful life is born
of divine fellowship. We are to accept
the yoke-fellow and plow every furrow
with him. This is precisely what the
apostle meant when he made his
triumphant boast : "I can do all things
through Christ, who strengtheneth
So it is needful that we examine our
yokes and ascertain whether we are
pulling our load in single collar or in
communion with Christ. That heavy
load of anxieties which I have been
dragging about for some years! Let
mo examine my collar. Am I regarding
it as a merely individual burden, or am
I casting my burden on the Lord? And
there is that big load of small worries,
and a number of small worries can be
extraordinarily burdensome. A load of
sand is heavier than a load of larger
A heap of tiny worries can be more
depressing than three or four larger
cares? What am I doing with them?
For life strange thing about this sort
of burden is that when we yoke up
with Jesus we often leave the cart be
hind! Then there is that bit of diffi
cult road I ara traveling, full of ruts
and holes, and with many steep grad
ients, so that in many places It is
scarcely a road at all. What ? hard pull
it is for a soul ! What am I doing with
It? Am I using the single collar or the
double yoke? Is it a lonely travail or
is it a divine communion? "Take my
yoke upon you." This is the secret of
essential rest.-Rev. J. H. Jowett, D. D.
God's Servants Must Be Alert.
God uses and blesses, as a rule at
least, only eager and alert people, who,
not keeping their gaze fastened on
the ground ut their feet, look afar, as
from some Carmel's height, to see
what may be calliug to them from be
yond the floods. Let us not miss the
Vision of the cloud out of the sea, for
by it God may now be calling to our
spirits to prepare themselves to re
ceive the copious showers of blessing
-perhaps revival blessing-which will
betoken and secure the plenteous har
vestings of such a spiritual gathering
as the world has never seen.-Rev. C.
A. S. Dwight.
The mantle of Divine Providence ls
thrown over the entire world. It
shields not only the great oak, mon
arch of the forest, but also the sprit;
of grass, a tiny shred of the earth's
carpet. And, if in his infinite watch
care God is so vigilant of these leas,
things, will he be unmindful of mar;
whom he has made the crown an;'
glory of his creation. If he clothe
with die beauty of the lily Hie vegeto
tion of the i i ; - ! ?* .vilieh today bloom
and tomorrow burns, snail he n<
much more clothe us who are made ii
his likeness?-Biblical Recorder.
When thou dost tell another's Jest,
Omit the oaths, which true wit can
Pick out the tales of mirth, but not
He pares his apple that will cleanly
Any sponge cake or plain white
cake that has become dry, may be
steamed and served with
a sauce, making n most
Whole Wheat Pudding.
-Take two cupfuls of
whole wheat flour,, half a
teaspoonful of soda, half
a teaspoonful of salt,
half a cupful of mo
lasses, one cupful of
milk and a cupful of
dates, cut One. Steam in
small molds for two or three hours,
und serve with sauce.
Suet Pudding.-Sift with two cup
fuls of flour, half a teaspoonful each
of soda, mixed spices and salt, half
a cupful of suet, finely chopped ; a half
cupful each of molasses, sour milk and
desired chopped "fruit, either stewed
prunes, dates or figs. Steam in six
small cups for an hour or in a lr-ger
mold for three hours. Serve with an
Ginger Pudding.-Sift two cupfuls
of flour with two teaspoonfuls of gin
ger, a teaspoonful of soda, one tea
spoonful of baking powder, and a half
teaspoonful of salt. Add half a cup
ful of raisins, half a cupful of sour
milk, and half a cupful of molasses.
Beat well, and add three tablespoon
fuls of melted butter. Turn into a
buttered mold and steam for three
Potato Pudding.-Take two cupfuls
of suet chopped fine, one and a half
cupfuls of mushed potato, one and a
half cupfuls of sugar, one cupful of
currants, half a cupful of milk, three
cupfuls of flour, two teaspoonfuls of
baking powder, mixed with the flour;
two eggs and a teaspoonful each of
salt, cloves and nutmeg. Steam three
hours and serve with any desired
Brown Betty Is another pudding
which will cause dry bread to disap
pear; i se one part crumbs to two
parts chopped apple. Put in layers
in a baking pan with sugar and butter
to season; pour over a little canned
fruit juice, which is an improvement
over water, and bake until the apple
Terrible Sneering From Headache,
Sideache, Backache, and Weak
ness, Relieved by Cardui,
Says This Tesas Lady.
Gonzales, Tex.- Mrs. Minnie Phil
pot, of this place, writes: "Five years
ago I was taken with a pain In my
left side. It was right under tay
kit rib. It would commence with an
aching and extend up into my left
shculier and on down into my back.
By that time the pain would be BO
severe I would have to take to bed,
and suffered usually about three days
... I suffered this way for three years,
and got to be a mere skeleton and was
so weak I could hardly stand alone
Was not able to go anywhere and had
to let my house work go...I suffered
awful with a pain in my back and I
had the headache all the time. I just
was unable to do a thing. My life
was a misery, my stomach got In an
awful condition, caused from taking
BO much medicine. I suffered so much
pain. I had just about given up all
holies of our getting anything to help
One day a Birthday Almanac was
thrown in my yard. After reading
its testimonials I decided to try Car
dui, and am so thankful that I did,
for I began to improve when on the
second bottle...I am now a well
woman and feeling fine and the cure
has been permanent for it has been
two years since my awful bad health.
I will always praise and recommend
Cardui." Try Cardui today. JJ 78
I take this means of letting the
people know that I have re-opened
my pressing club, and will appre
ciate their patronage. I am better
prepared than ever to clean and
press all kinds of garments, both
for ladies and gentlemen. All work
guaranteed. Let me know when
you have work and I will send for
it and make prompt delivery.
Sheppard Building Down Stairs
jaar J f?(L?T ?? 5^ TUB BEST FOft
S? UHJL ?O-r-S; BILIOUSNESS
Ssa B' < PE RS AND KIDNEYS
How To Use The
Did it ever occur to you that you
might not be using the telephone in the
Do you speak sideways, above, be
low, or six inches away from the trans
mitter of your telephone?
You should talk directly into the
transmitter-not simply at it. Keep your
lips about one inch from the mouthpiece.
Speak in an even tone. It is not neces
sary to shout.
There is much that can be said about
the proper way to telephone, but these
little rules will help.
When you Telephone-Smile
SOUTHERN BELL TELEPHONE
AND TELEGRAPH COMPANY ^
J. J. Eoacli, Manager, Aiken, S. C.
The constant strain of
factory work very often
results in Headaches,
Backaches and other
Aches, and also weak
ens the Nerves. ?S?Sll
will quickly relieve the
Nerves, or Pain, while
is very helpful when
the Heart is overtaxed.
IF FIRST BOX, OR BOTTLE,
FAILS TO BENEFIT YOU, YOUR
MONEY WILL BE REFUNDED.
"I used to suffer a great deal
?with lumbago in my shoulders
and back. A friend induced me
to try Dr. Miles' Anti-Pain
Pills and I am only too glad to
be able to attest to the reliof
that I got from these splendid
pills. They form a valuable
medicino and do all that it is
claimed they will do."
LEWIS J. CUTTER.
Licensed agent for regular li
censed companies by the State
of South Carolina can insure
country homes, barns, etc., coun
try churches and schools, well
rated country merchants, cotton
on farms, gin-houses, seed.
rite me before the fire.
E. J. NORRIS
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA
COUNTY OF EDGEFIELD.
By W. T. Kinnaird, Probate Judge.
Whereas, Charles Strom, made
suit to me, to grant him Letters of
Administration of the Estate and
effects of J. P. Strom; deceased,
late of above county and State.
These Are Therefore to cite and
admonish all and singular the kin
dred and Creditors of the said J. P.
Strom deceased, that they be and
appear before me, in the Court nf
Probate, to be held at Edgetield,
C. H., S C., on the ISth day of
May (lin?) next after publication j
thereof, at ll o'clock in the fore-!
noon, to show cause, if any they jv
have, why the said Administration
should not" be granted.
Given under my Hand, this 27th
day of April A. D., 1917.
W. P. KINNAIRD,
P. J., E. C., S. C.
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and g.asses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
Colds, LaGrippe, Rheumatism
A pleasant but effective emulsion,
which rebuilds the tissues, revives the
system, adds strength and stimulates
the nervous system. It has no alco
hol, and is in every sense a tonic.
$L00 PER BOTTLE
Ask Your Druggist.
Monufactured Solely By
THE FEKEOL CO.,
Columbia, S. C.
Effective Dec. 10th 1916.
Between Edgefield and??Aiken.
Trains 109, 129, 107, |l08, 130
and 106-No change.
Train 131 leave Edgefield 11:45
a. m., carne as at present, time at
Pine Ridge Camp 1:05 p. m., ar
rive Trenton 1:10 p. m., same as
Train No. Ill leave Trenton ll:
15 a. m., Baynham 11:30 a. m., Eu.
reka 11:40 a. m., Milledgeville ll:
50 a. m., Lakeview 11:55 a. m.,
Croft 12:20 p. m.. Pine Ridge Camp
12:35 p. m., arrive Aiken 12:45 p.
Train No. 132 leave Aiken 1:25
p. m.. same as at present. Arrive
Trenton 2:15 p. m.-No other chan
Train No. 110 leave Aiken 1:35
p. m., Pine Ridge Camp 1:39 p. m.,
Croft 1:50 p. m., Lakeview 1:57 p.
m., Milledgeville 2:10 p. m., Eure
ka L:18 p. m., Baynham 2:26 p. m.,
Trenton 2:40 p. m., Park Hill 2:50
p. m. Arrive Edgefield 3:00 p. m.
Schedule figures are shown as in
formation and are not guaranteed.
Fred R, McMillin,
District Passenger Agent,
228 Eighth Street,
State of South Carolina, )
County of Edgefield. \
By W. T. Kinnaird, Esquire, Pro
Whereas, W. C. Derrick made
suit to me to grant him Letters of
Administration of the Estate of and
effects of M. A. Houston.
These Are Therefore, to cite and
admonish all and singular the kin
dred and creditors of the said M. A.
Houston, deceased, that they be and
appear before me, in the Court of
Probate, to be held at Edgefield C.
H., S. C., in my ofiice on May 18
next, after publication thereof, at
il o'clock in the forenoon, to 6how
cause, if any they have, why the
said administration should not be
Given Under My Hand, this 1st
day of May, Anno Domini 1917.
W. T. Kinnaird,
J. P. C., E. C., S. C.
Published on the 2d, 9th and 16th
days of May, 1917, in the Edgefield
W. T. Kinnaird,
May 2 3t.
Light Saw, Lathe and Shin
gle Mills, Engines. Boilers,
Supplies and Repairs, Porta
ble, Steam and Gasoline En
gines, Scaw Teeth, Files. Belts
and Pipes, WOOD SAWS
GINS and PRESS REPAIRS
A. H. Corley,
Appointments at Trenton
.::L:.S TKE'C?J?GH. cjnst TUF. LVX??