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GOVERNMENT EXPERTS TELL OF
Directions for Preparing a Cleansing
Material That Has Much Virtue
?. Must Be Applied With Care
< and .Thoroughness.
For the benefit of those who have
the care of silver, the office of home
economics at Washington has made
a thorough study of the electrolytic
method of cleaning and has published
th? results of their work in United
States Department of Agriculture Bul
letin No. 44?).
After discussing several types of
commercial cleaners and giving the re
sults of various analyses, they suggest
the following method as being cheap
"An enamel or agateware dish
should be partly filled with a cleaning
solution of one teaspoonful of either
washing or baking soda and one tea
spoonful of common table salt to each
quart of water and placed directly
.on the stove to boil. A sheet of alumi
num or clean zinc should then be
dropped into the dish and tarnished
silver placed in contact with the metal.
It is best that the silver be entirely
?covered with the cleaning solution and
that the solution remain at the boiling
temperature. As soon as the tarnish
has been removed the silver should be
removed, rinsed In clean water, and
wiped with a soft cloth. Zinc may be
used in place of aluminum, but it be
comes corroded and inactive in a much
The electrolytic method cleans plated
-or sterling silverware without loss of
metal, giving, however, a satin finish
rather than a burnished appearance,
and has the additional advantages of
being both clean and labor-saving.
Clara Glidden, Colorado Agricultural
College, Fort Collins, Colo.
Beat whites of four eggs stiff, one
and one-half cupfuls sugar, one-half
cupful butter, one cupful cream or rich
milk, two and one-third cupfuls flour,
two teaspoonfuls cream tartar, one
teaspoonful soda or two and one-half
'teaspoonfuls baking powder, one tea
spoonful scant of salt, flavor with
lemon. Cream butter and sugar to
gether. Add egg whites, then milk, al
ternately, with flour in which baking
powder and salt have been sifted four
times. Last add one cupful coconut
If liked. Frost with cream frosting
made as follows: One and one-half
cupfuls powdered sugar, two tea
spoonfuls butter and sufficient cream
to make of right consistency to
spread. No flavoring, as butter and
cream flavor it. Beat hard five min
utes and spread on cake.
Delmonico Cream Roll Potatoes.
Here are two Delmonico potato
recipes: Pare potatoes and cut them
into bits the size of a pea. Keep them
in cold water until all are ready. For
each scant pint of. potatoes make a
pint of white sauce, seasoning with
onion juice or celery salt. Stir the po
tatoes into the hot sauce, turn into a
well-buttered agate sauce pan and cook
in the oven until the potatoes are ten
der and the sauce is absorbed, with
the exception of just enough to hold
the bits of potatoes together. Fold one
part over the other as an omelet and
turn onto a hot dish. The potatoes
should not brown above or below. If
necessary, set them on the grate and
cover the pan.
We always use a little fried parsley
to ornament our meat dishes with.
This is how it is done: Wait until a
bluish smoke is rising from the fat.
then remove it to the side of the fire.
When it has cooled slightly throw in
the parsley, and leave it until the fat
has almost stopped spluttering. Then
lift it out at once and drain it well,
when it should be a lovely green color.
Be careful not to overfry lt, or it will
turn an ugly brownish color.-Boston
Sauce-One and one-half cupfuls of
sugar, one and one-half cupfuls water,
butter size of egg, juice and rind of one
Batter-One cupful sugar, one cupful
"water, butter size of egg, one teaspoon
ful baking powder, flour enough to
make batter like cake.
Mix the sance in granite pan and let
stand till dissolved, then pour batter
over sauce and bake in a medium oven.
Good either hot or cold.
Steamed Suet Pudding.
One cupful chopped suet, one-hal*
teaspoonful salt, one teaspoonful sod&.
two teaspoonfuls cream of tartar, one
cupful molasses, one and one-half cup
fuls milk, two and one-half cupfuls
flour, one cupful chopped raisins, one
.cupful currants, a little cut up citron,
one teaspoonful of lemon extract, one
teaspoonful nutmeg. Steam four hours.
Serve hot wkh hard sauce.
To Protect Bed Springs.
Cover your bed springs with a cover
i of heavy unbleached muslin or ticking,
sewing tapes to each corner to keep lt
tied on firmly. This will protect your
mattress from iron rust and can be
'taken off and shaken every week and
; washed when soiled.
There are bags for corks and bags
ifor string and bags for paper, all of
which offer suggestions for the em
? broiderer who wants to contribute to a
?kitchen or linea showe/,_j
LEARNING TO KNOW FLOWERS
Information That Would Be of Im
mense Value to the Man Who ls
Planning a Home.
The home-maker, with facilities at
hand, could choose wisely what to
plant in his own home grounds. Lec
tures, instructive and helpful though
they are, can hardly accomplish for
the amateur planter in the course of
half a year what a single visit to a
shrubbery or a perennial garden would
accomplish for him in half an hour.
And, in addition, as everyone knows,
the parks themselves would be all the
more interesting and delightful for
these garden sections.
The average perron knows few
shrubs and few flowers. To tell one
of these that the snowball with which
he is familiar is only one of a score
or,more of available viburnums; that
the shrub he knows as a "lilac" can
be had in numerous varieties, some
growing even into tree form, or that
what he calls the "syringa" or the
"mock orange," can be had in dwarf
bush that is a mere pygmy beside its
robust cousin-to recount facts of this
sort is to surprise him. Yet it is im
portant that facts of this sort be
brought before him. There' is too
much uniformity in the planting of
city yards-too much use made of
the same material. Public gardens,
exhibiting net only the common varie
ties, but the uncommon as well, those
not so often met with but despite that,
quite as beautiful as the others, would
serve to overcome the tendency toward
monotony already only too apparent.
There are many purposes, as a mat
ter of fact, that these gardens would
serve, all of which the park board
might do well to consider.
MAIL BOX OF RUSTIC DESIGN
Minnesota Farmer Had Good Idea
When He Placed Ornament in
Fr nt ii His Home.
A mr .".mall box, rusty and dilapi
dated, *ch as one occasionally see9
fastened to the
top of an inse
cure post at a
presents a sharp
contrast to the
mail box which a
has erected in
front of his home.
The box itself,
which is of the
type, ls Inclosed
In a miniature
log cabin with a
gable roof. The
the box and
cabin is sur
rounded with short sticks which have
?cen laid crisscross. The rustic effect
is very pleasing.-Popular Mechanics
Fire Prevention Education.
Fire prevention in public schools
and fire prevention In homes are mat
ters naturally of keen Interest. In the
fir? case the question is largely one
of proper legislation regarding the con
struction and protection of school
buildings; in the second case it is
largely a matter of individual educa
tion. It is estimated that 60 per cent
of fires occur In homes, thouprh of
course GO per cent of the fire loss does
not result therefrom.
Perhaps It ls education which must
be relied upon to furnish the chief
weapon in the fight for fire preven
tion. Legislation is important ; so is
inspection of the construction and con
dition of buildings so that legislation
may be backed up. But, speaking \
broadly, the co-operation of the indi
vidual, due to his "enlightened self
interest," is probably the essential fae- .
tor in fire prevention as it is in the
other activities of the Safety First fed
Owning Home Gives Sense of Security
Ownership, like faith, affords a sense
of security-and the whole concep
tion of home is based on a feeling of
security. You can close the door and ,
the world is shut out. You can go
away from lt, and it will be there '
when you come back. I
Now the tenant, the man who lives
in other people's houses, cnn never be
sure that it will be there when he
comes back. In fact, that is one of the
reasons why he lives in another man's
house-he doesn't want it there when
he comes back. And he sets forth on '<
an eternal quest after an elusive, vi
sionary something whose absence
makes this present dwelling a whited
Need Not Endanger Sewers.
Complaints are heard of tree roots
entering sewers, but if the joints are
perfect no such thing is possible. Roots
are attracted only by soil moisture and
cannot partake of food through any
other medium. Therefore no moisture,
no roots. Concrete is never water
proof, but may be made so by asphalt
and other coverings. If so treated and
a good Job is done, no tree roots will
ever enter a sewer through a joint in
^Vbenever You Need a Generai Tonic
The Old Standard Grove's Tasteless
chill Tonic is equally valuable as a
General Tonic because it contains the
well known tonic properties of QUININE
and IRON. It acts on the Liver, Drives
out Malaria, Enriches the Blood and
Builds up the Whole System. 50 cents.
The Quinine That OMS Not Affect The Head
Because of ?ts tonic and laxative effect, LAX A
riVE BROMO QUININE is better than ordinary
Quinine and does not cause nervousness nor
ringing in head. Remember the full name and
look for the signature o? E. W. GROVE. 25c.
SOME FACTS ABOUT AFRICA
Every Eighth Person of the Popula
tion of the World l ives in the
Nearly one-fourth of the earth's
land surface is comprised within the
continent of Africa. It ls as far around
the coast of Africa as it is around the
world. Every eighth person of the
world's population lives in the Dark
Continent. The blacks double their
number every 40 years and the whites
every SO years. There are S-13 lan
guages and dialects in use among the
blacks of Africa. Only a few of the
languages have been reduced to writ
ing. Thirty-five years ago the export
of cocoa from the Gold Coast amount
ed to $20. Today is is over $8,000,000.
The coal fields of Africa aggregate
300,000 square miles; its copper fields
equal those of North America and Eu
rope combined, and it has undeveloped
.jon ore amounting to five times that
of North America. Africa has 40,000
miles of river and lake navigation, and
water powers aggregating 90 times
those of Niagara Falls.
If Africa had the same proportion
of railroad mileage as the United
States according to its size, it would
have a million miles of track instead
of the 25,000 miles now In operation.
One area in Africa unoccupied by mis
sionaries is three times the size of
New England, a second would make
four states like New York, a third
would cover eight Iowas, and a fourth
Is 18 times the size of Ohio. Through
out Africa there is one missionary fop
every 133,000 souls.
Almost the entire continent Is now
under European flags. France has a
colony in Africa 20 times the size of
France Itself. The British flag flies
over a territory as large as the United
States, and extends almost without In
terruption from the Cape to Cairo, a
distance of 6,000 miles.-World Out
DON'T NEGLECT THE SUMMER
We "catch cold" in warm'weath
er because colds are germ diseases
and our vitality is too low to resist
them. To kill those cold germs,
the antiseptic pine-tar of Dr. Bell's
Pine-Tar-Honey is famously ef
fective, besides helping to relieve
the tight chest and invigorate the
tissues. The honey and expectorant
ingredients heal the throat and
soothe the cough. Always have a
bottle of Dr. Bell's Pine-Tar-Honej
in your home, 25c. at your drug
ror Weakness and Loss of Appetite
The Old Standard general strengthening tonie,
GROVE'S TASTELESS ch?l TONIC, drives out
Malaria and builds up the system. A true tonio
ard ?ure Appetizer. Fnr &dv4ts and child r*n. 50c
To My Friends an 5 the
Although I have accepted the
position as City Carrier, I have
no intention of discontinuing the
Insurance business. Your busi
ness will receive the same core
ful attention, and will be appre
Office Hours:-6:00 P. M. to
8:00 P. M.
J. T. HARLING
At The Farmers Bank.
Edgefield, S. C.
tual Insurance Associ
Property Insured $2,500,000.
WRITE OR CALL on the un
dersigned for any information you
may desire about our plan of insur
We insure your property against
FIRE, WINDSTORM or LIGHT
ind do so cheaper than any Com-j
pany in existence.
Remember, we are prepared to
prove to you that ours is the safest
ind cheapest plan of insurance
Our Association is now licensed
to write Insurance in the counties
:>f Abbeville, Greenwood, McCor
mick, Laurens and Edgefield.
The officers are: Gen. J. Frasei
Lyon, President, Columbia, S. C.
J. R. Biak*, Gen. Agt., Secy. &
Treas., Greenwood, S. C.
A O. Grant, Mt. Carmel, S. C.
T. M. Gambrell, Abbeville, S. C.
Jno. H. Childs, Bradley, S. C.
k. W. Youngblood, Hodges, S. C.
3. P. Morrah, Willington, S. C.
L.N. Chamberlain, McCormick, S. C.
R. H. Nicholson, Edgefield, S. C.
F.L.Timmerman, Pln't. Lane, S. C.
T. C. Martin, Princeton, S. C.
W. H. Wharton, Waterloo, S. C.
J. R. BLAKE, Gen. Agt.
Greenwood, S. C.
Jan. 1st, 1917.
The cruellest lies are often told In
silence. A man may have sat in a
room hours and not opened his teeth,
and yet como out of that room a dis
loyal friend or a calumniator.-R. Lu
FOR SPECIAL OCCASIONS.
A dainty dish for a luncheon is pre
pared as follows: Boil two pairs of
sweetbreads in salted
water till tender. Re
move and drop in ice wa
ter, take off all the skins
and gristle- and dice
thorn ; add a can of diced
mushrooms or an equal
quantity of fresh ones;
melt two tablespoonfuls
of butter in a saucepan
and stir smoothly into it
one tablespoonful of
flour. To this add one cupful of stock
or a cupful of scalded cream. Allow
to boil and then put in the meat and
mushrooms. Cook a minute or two
then add two well beaten egg yolks.
Set away to cool, then form into rolls,
dip in egg and crumbs and fry a deli
cate brown. Serve in nests of water
A thin slice of cheese placed on thin
sliced buttered bread in the form of a
sandwich and sauted in a little olive
oil ls a good sandwich to serve hot
with a salad.
Breast of Chicken With Virginia
Ham.-Take two slices of uncooked
chicken breast, two thin slices of ham,
six tablespoonfuls of butter, one cupful
of cream with paprika and salt Place
the chicken in a hot chafing dish or an
omelet pan with two tablespoonfuls of
butter and a little cream. When part
ly cooked turn them over and place on
the top of each a slice of ham, add an
other tablespoonful of butter and a lit
tle more cream. When this is partial
ly cooked, turn them over again, still
keeping the ham on top; add the re
maining butter and cream with a gen
erous seasoning of salt and paprika ;
turn until well cooked, always keeping
the ham on top. When well done serve
a piece of chicken and a piece of ham
to each person. Increase the amount
for any number of people. Serve with
Tomatoes Stuffed With Ripe Olives.
-Scoop out the tomatoes and fhT with
stuffed olives that have been stoned, a
few tablespoonfuls of bread crumbs,
salt and pepper. Fry a small onion
until brown; add the pulp of the to
matoes, the bread crumbs and olives;
fill the tomatoes and bake. Cover with
buttered crumbs to brown and serve
.y; ? "* ' "
SAFETY FIRST WITH COUGH & COLD
"Oh, just a cough" to-d3y may
aecome grippe or pneumonia to
morrow. Thousands die from neg
lected colds. Take Dr. King,s New
Discovery before your cough be
2omes chronic. A few doses check
the cold by killing the germs. The
bealing balsams soothe the throat,
loosen the phlegm and clear the air
passages of secretions which pro
voke coughing. Contains mildly
laxative ingredients which remove
the waste that aggravates the cold.
At your druggist, 50c. $1.00. 2
6:00 A. M.-around town and
9:00 A. M.-Buncombe.
11:00 A. M.-around town and
5:00 P. M.- Buncombe.
6:00 P. M.-around town.
Daily except Sunday.
6:00 A. M.-Buncombe and west.
Gasoline is high but ice is cheap,
md I will appreciate all ordering
ce in time for either schedule, and
lave me extra trips.
M. A. Taylor.
GEO. F. MIMS
Eyes examined and g.asses fitted
only when necessary. Optical
work of all kinds.
EDGEFIELD, S. C.
DR J.S. BYRD,
OFFICE OVER POSTOFFICE
Residence 'Phone 17-R. Office 3.
Best cow feed on the mark
it for the price. Ask for
"Buco Meal" and "Buckeye"
Cotton Seed Hulls.
J. G. ALFORD,
At Addison Mills.
IS IS TH
GOVERNOR MANNING JO?
MITTEE IN URGING
Columbia, S. C.-(Special)-June 15 i
ls the last day upon which Liberty
Loan bonds can be purchased; and be- i
tween now and that day, it wiH1 be
necessary for the state of South Caro
lina to finish raising her allottment,
which now is ten millions of dollars.
In the great drive that was insti
tuted on registration day, June 5,
about twenty-five per cent of this
amount was subscribed; but thero
still remains a remnant to be taken in
spite of the very vigorous work which
has been going on since that day ia,
every part of the state.
People in the cities, towns and coun
try districts are realizing more and
more the great responsibility that
rests upon our people to take up all
the bonds that have been assigned us;
and in the closing days of the cam
paign, there has been a series of short
and powerful drives instituted that
will very probably result in the de
In every section, there have been
speakers provided for every kind of
occasion. At the cotton mills and oth
er industrial plants, the operators are
being addressed at the noon hour;
?peeches are being made in the pic
ture shows between films; and wher
ever a crowd is gathered, a speaker
is bc'ng provided to carry on the taak
of Liberty Bond education.
The women of the state have taken
hold of the idea with great enthusiasm.
They have been quicker to see the
possibilities for saving and for thrift
than the men in many instances; and
now the slogan, "A bond in every
home," and its running mate, "Buy a
bond for baby" may be heard on every
sido wherever women are gathered.
Mrs. Richard I. Manning, the first
lady of the state, has been giving
much of her time and efforts toward
the sale of the bonds in the capital re
cently. In connection with her work
In the Woman's League for National
Denfense, she has directed her forces
to do all In their power to carry the
idea of the bonds into the homes and
Interest the women in the movement.
Her committee on registration day
manned the registration booths and
did missionary work on every band
among those who registered and those
who looked on.
The Liberty Loan committee 'has
F. E. GIBSON, President Lt
If you are going to bu i
we invite your inquiries.
COMPLETE HOUSE BI
We manufacture and de;
stairs, interior trim, store
pews, pulpits, etc., rough
lath, pine and cypress shin
Distributing agents for
Estimates cheerfully am
Corner Roberts anc
are invited to make our stor
when in Augusta.
On our first floor we carn
ing, Hats and Furnishings I
buy from the largest man
show the most stylish and
See our large assortment
On our second floor we hi
ment, showing the latest in
Dresses, Waists, Skirts, etc
field ladies to visit our ste
will be extended them.
J. Willie Le\
NS LIBERTY BOND COM
PEOPLE OF SOUTH
calculated that the money paid for a
fifty dollar bond, the smallest denom
ination that can be secured, will
equip one soldier for the Iront; or it
will buy sixteen shelter tents, accom
modating'thirty-two men; or buy eight
pair of army blankets; or provide a
thousand rounds of ammunition; or
furnish three standard rifles. Tho
sum of $500 will keep a soldier at th?
front for a year.
It is believed that when a man real
izes that his money is put to very
definite use in fighting the battles of
the country he will be much more
willing to put up the ready cash.
And further than that, every man
should realize that he ls not making
a donation of fifty or a hundred dol
lars when he buys a bofcd. For he
gets in return a government certi
ficate that is much better than the
five dollar bill that he has in his
pocket. He can keep the five dollars
for ten years and be none the richer;
but if he keeps a Liberty Bond for tea
years, it is working all the time, and
bringing in more money for him.
And at any time that a man wants
to secure ready money for the bond,
all he has to do is to take lt to any
bond broker, who will buy it outright,
or to a bank and secure a loan equal
to the face value of the bond without a
moment's delay. By special ruling of
the treasury department recently, any
bank can negotiate a paper that has
Lizerty Loans for collateral, through
the Reserve Bank, whether the bank
Is a member of the reserve system or
Millions of government money are
being brought into the state of South
Carolina because of the war. The
farmers are getting the benefit of It
and the cities are also getting the ben
efit of it. It will be gross ingratitude
if the citizens of the state are not
willing to subscribe then* part towards
the loan which makes these expendi
It will be Impossible to buy a bend
from the government out of the first
of the present bond issue after Friday.
All who wish to invest must do so im
mediately so that the local bank may
get the application through without
a moment's delay.
South Carolina ie expecting aU hag
eons to do their full duty.
LNSING B, LEE, Sec. and Treas.
ld, remodel or repair,
LIS A SPECIALTY.
? in doors, sash, blinds
! fronts and fixtures,
and dressed lumber,
gles, Mooring, ceiling
d carefully mane.
i Dugas Streets,
e their headquarters when
; a large stock of Cloth
for boys and men. We
ufacturers, therefore we
the best of everything.
of Underwear, Shirts,
ave our Ladies' Depart
i Tailored Suits, Evening
. We invite the Edge
>re. A cordial welcome